10th Canadian Infantry Brigade

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10th Canadian Infantry Brigade
4 Canadian Armoured Division patch.png
4th Canadian (Armoured) Division Formation Patch
Active 1915–1944
Country Canada
Branch 1st British Army, Canadian Army, Canadian Corps, 4th Division
Type Infantry
Size Brigade
Part of Canadian 4th Armoured Division+ Canadian 4th Division
Engagements Vimy Ridge
2nd Ypres
Passchendaele Battle of Somme
Battle of Normandy
Battle of the Scheldt
battle of Moerbrugge
Battle honours Capture of Hill 145 in Vimy Ridge Capture of the Pimple, Battle of Vimy Ridge

History[edit]

World War I[edit]

The 10th Battalion was a Battalion in the Canadian Expeditionary Force during the First World War, which participated in every major Canadian engagement from Second Ypres (April 1915) to the last 100 days (1918). 1,313 Tenth Battalion soldiers gave their lives during the First World War. [1] The 10th Canadian Infantry Brigade in World War I, consisted of 4 battalions, and was in the 4th Division. The Battalions were the 47th Battalion 48th Battalion, 49th Battalion and the 50th Battalion.

World War II[edit]

The 10th Canadian Infantry Brigade was first assembled at Nanaimo, British Columbia in October 1940, although Nanaimo was not established as its headquarters until February 1941. In April 1941 it was moved east to the Niagara area, exchanging places with the 13th Canadian Infantry Brigade. During World War II, it was part of the Canadian 4th Armoured Division, alongside the 4th Canadian Armoured Brigade.

Formation[edit]

Normandy[edit]

As part of 4th Armoured Division, it did not arrive in Normandy until the end of July 1944. It was present for Operation Totalize, Operation Tractable, and the Battle of Falaise. After reaching the River Seine, they advanced along the French coast to Belgium.

North West Europe[edit]

After France and Belgium the Brigade still part of 4th Armoured was involved in the critical Battle of the Scheldt, to open the port of Antwerp, to Allied shipping. Next came Operation Veritable clearing the land between the Rhine and Roer rivers and their last major operation of the war the Battle of the Reichswald.

Battle of Moerbrugge[edit]

Main article: Battle of Moerbrugge

The 10th Canadian Infantry Brigade was tasked to cross the Ghent Canal about five kilometers south of Bruges at a small village called Oostkamp in early September 1944. Directly across the canal from Oostkamp was another small village named Moerbrugge. The canal is about 20 metres wide and very deep. Opposition was not expected so only one battalion was chosen for the crossing: The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders of Canada (Princess Louise's), the Argylls.

Two batteries of the 15th Field Regiment, RCA were placed in support and The South Alberta Regiment (SARs) would place its tanks on the friendly side of the canal at either side of the crossing point and hold the flanks of the crossing with their fire along with the Vickers machine guns of The New Brunswick Rangers. The 3-inch (76 mm) mortars of the Argylls and the 4.2-inch (110 mm) mortars of the Rangers were in support.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Daniel G. Dancocks "Gallant Canadians – The story of the 10th Canadian Infantry Battalion" (Calgary Highlanders Regimental Funds Foundation; 1990) ISBN/Reference: 0-969-46160-7

Books[edit]

  • Daniel G. Dancocks "Gallant Canadians – The story of the 10th Canadian Infantry Battalion" (Calgary Highlanders Regimental Funds Foundation; 1990) ISBN/Reference: 0-969-46160-7