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- April 25 – Battle of Hedgeley Moor in England: Yorkist forces under John Neville defeat Lancastrians under Sir Ralph Percy, who is killed.
- May 1 – Edward IV of England secretly marries Elizabeth Woodville, and keeps the marriage a secret for 5 months afterwards.
- May 15 – Battle of Hexham: Neville defeats another Lancastrian army, this one led by King Henry and Queen Margaret themselves. This marks the end of organized Lancastrian resistance for several years.
- June 11 – Fifteen year-truce between the kingdoms of England and Scotland signed.
- June 18 – Pope Pius II himself shoulders the cross of the Crusades and departs for Ancona to participate in person. He names Skanderbeg general captain of the Holy See under the title Athleta Christi. This plan forces Skanderbeg to break his 10 year peace treaty with the Ottomans signed in 1463 by attacking their forces near Ohrid.
- June 23 – Christian I of Denmark and Norway, who is also serving as King of Sweden, is declared deposed from the latter throne. His deposed predecessor Charles VIII of Sweden is re-elected to the throne on August 9.
- August 21 – Emperor Go-Hanazono of Japan abdicates, and is succeeded by his son, Emperor Go-Tsuchimikado.
- August 30 – Pope Paul II succeeds Pope Pius II as the 211th pope.
- In China, a small rebellion occurs in the interior province of Huguang, during the Ming Dynasty; a subsequent rebellion springs up in Guangxi, where a rebellion of the Miao people and Yao people forces the Ming throne to respond by sending 30,000 troops (including 1,000 Mongol cavalry) to aid the 160,000 local troops stationed in the region to crush the rebellion that will end in 1466.
- Jehan Lagadeuc writes a Breton-French-Latin dictionary called the Catholicon. It is the first French dictionary as well as the first Breton dictionary of world history, and it will be published in 1499.
- Tenguella, the founder of the Empire of Great Fulo, becomes chief of the Fula people.
- April 23
- May 6 – Sophia Jagiellon, Margravine of Brandenburg-Ansbach, Polish princess (d. 1512)
- May 30 – Barbara of Brandenburg, Bohemian queen (d. 1515)
- June 27 – Ernst II of Saxony, Archbishop of Magdeburg (1476–1513) and Administrator of Halberstadt (1480–1513) (d. 1513)
- July 1 – Clara Gonzaga, Italian noble (d. 1503)
- November 19 – Emperor Go-Kashiwabara of Japan (d. 1526)
- date unknown
- January – Desiderio da Settignano, Italian sculptor
- February 23 – Zhengtong Emperor of China (b. 1427)
- May 15 – Henry Beaufort, 3rd Duke of Somerset (executed) (b. 1436)
- May 17 – Thomas de Ros, 9th Baron de Ros, English politician (executed) (b. 1427)
- May 25 – Charles I, Count of Nevers (b. 1414)
- June 18 – Rogier van der Weyden, Flemish painter
- August 1 – Cosimo de' Medici, ruler of Florence (b. 1389)
- August 11 – Nicholas of Cusa, German mathematician and astronomer (b. 1401)
- August 14 – Pope Pius II (b. 1405)
- November 16 – John, Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach (b. 1406)
- November 23 – Blessed Margaret of Savoy (b. 1390)
- date unknown
- Palmer, Alan; Palmer, Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 128–131. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- Bowman, John Stewart (2000). Columbia Chronologies of Asian History and Culture - Google Books. books.google.com. Columbia University Press. Retrieved 9 November 2014.
- Beck, Sanderson (2010). "Ming Empire 1368-1644 by Sanderson Beck". san.beck.org. Retrieved 9 November 2014.