1731 English cricket season

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The 1731 cricket season was the 134th in England since the earliest known definite reference to cricket in January 1597 (i.e., Old Style – 1598 New Style). Match reports in the newspapers were increasingly common and tended to contain more detail, sometimes including the names of patrons and players. Tim Coleman was named in the report of a minor match in which he was playing, and referred to as "the famous Tim Coleman". Records have been found of 30 important matches in 1731.

The most dramatic match of the season was the one at Richmond Green on 23 August. It ended in a riot and it is believed that the 2nd Duke of Richmond conceded defeat after the match was originally declared a draw. Of greater significance, it is the earliest match for which the team totals were recorded and have been preserved, rather than simply who won the wager.

Important matches[edit]

The following matches are classified as important:[fc 1]

date match title venue result source
17 April (Sa) London v Surrey Lamb's Conduit Fields London won by 35 runs [1]
notes

The Daily Advertiser reported that the match was "played for 30 guineas a side and, after a great deal of good Play on both sides, it was won by (Kent) by three Notches only".

31 May (M) London v Sevenoaks Kennington Common result unknown [2]
notes

Advance notice was given of this game and the one below, both at the same venue.

notes

Tuesday, 1 June. London played a team from Chelsfield, then in Kent, on Kennington Common. It was an evening match with a stake of 30 guineas and won by London. This is the only time a Chelsfield team appears in the sources.[2][3]

5 June (S) London v Dartford Artillery Ground London won by 15 runs [2][3]
notes

Played for 50 guineas a side in the "old" (sic) Artillery Ground. Play went on for several hours and bets of between £400 and £500 were laid; those amounts were a fortune at the time.

8 June (Tu) London v Kent Kennington Common London won [2]
notes

An evening match played for 30 guineas.

16 June (W) Dartford v London Dartford Brent drawn [4]
notes

A return match was immediately arranged, to be played on Thursday, 24 June at the Artillery Ground.

notes

Friday, 18 June. London defeated an Enfield team in Lamb's Conduit Fields by 14 runs.[2]

24 June (Th) London v Dartford Artillery Ground result unknown [4]
notes

This was arranged immediately after the game at Dartford Brent on Wednesday, 16 June (according to the St James Evening Post).

26 June (S) Sunbury v Kent Sunbury Common Sunbury won by "several notches" [2][3]
notes

Played for 30 guineas a side. The Kent side was organised by Edwin Stead of Maidstone. Sunbury had a leading team at the time.

30 June (W) Dartford v London Dartford Brent drawn [2][3]
notes

The match ran out of time but "it was thought (London) would have won had there been time to play it out". They arranged to play again on Monday, 5 July (see below).

5 July (M) London v Dartford Artillery Ground result unknown [4][3]
notes

H. T. Waghorn recorded that play did not finish at Dartford Brent on Wednesday, 30 June (see above) and the match was to be replayed at the Artillery Ground on the following Monday, 5 July. There was an advert dated Saturday, 3 July for the re-match.[4] Stumps were "to be pitched exactly at two o'clock". Time in those days was determined by the local church clock.

12 July (M) London v Sevenoaks Kennington Common result unknown [5][3]
notes

This game is the first known to have been played in an enclosed ground, though with only a rope around the field. The newspaper report says: "the ground will be roped round and all persons are desired to keep without side of the same". The stakes were "a guinea a man"; wickets to be pitched "by one o'clock".

notes

Monday, 12 July. Surrey played a team from East Grinstead at Smitham Bottom in Coulsdon and were defeated by 5 wickets.[2][3]

notes

Tuesday, 13 July. Two games between teams representing the west London districts of Chelsea and Fulham. The first was at Chelsea Common and the return at Parsons Green. Fulham won both games.[6]

14 July (W) Hampton v Brentford Moulsey Hurst result unknown [4]
notes

Reported in advance only: "we hear that above £500 is already laid on their heads, neither party having yet been beat".

19 July (M) Kent v Middlesex Kennington Common result unknown [4]
notes

Reported in advance only: "for £50 a side". The report stresses that the contestants are "the County of Kent" and "the County of Middlesex".

20 July (Tu) Croydon v London Duppas Hill Croydon won [4]
notes

The original report in Fog's Weekly Journal calls the winning team "Surrey" but a report of the return match on Monday, 26 July refers to "Croydon". As the names seem to be interchangeable, it must be assumed that the Croydon club was effectively representative of Surrey as a county at this time. This match was played at Duppas Hill, home venue of the Croydon club.

26 July (M) London v Croydon Artillery Ground Croydon won [4][3]
notes

Buckley's source was the Daily Advertiser on Tues 27 July. Another source (Read's Weekly Journal, quoted in Dawn of Cricket) reports that London were playing Dartford, but this match was almost certainly a return of the one at Duppas Hill on Tuesday, 20 July. "Wickets to be pitched at 1 pm under forfeiture of £10 on either side".

9 August (M) "A Great Cricket Match" Richmond Green result unknown [7][8]
notes

The St James's Evening Post on 27–29 July announced "a great Cricket match" to be held "on Monday se'nnight" (i.e., Monday, 9 August, as the term means "a week on Monday") at Richmond Green for 100 guineas "by several persons of Distinction". The Prince of Wales was expected to be present.

notes

Tuesday, 10 August. Two games between teams representing the west London districts of Chelsea and Fulham. The first was at Chelsea Common and the return at Parsons Green. Fulham won both games.[6]

16 August (M) 2nd Duke of Richmond's XI v Thomas Chambers' XI Chichester Chambers' XI won [9][3]
notes

The stake in this game was 100 guineas. No details are reported other than that Chambers' XI won. It seems that Chambers and his team all came from Middlesex so the match could perhaps be titled Sussex v Middlesex. According to John Major, Thomas Chambers was a forebear of Lord Frederick Beauclerk.[10]

23 August (M) Thomas Chambers' XI v 2nd Duke of Richmond's XI Richmond Green Duke of Richmond conceded? [9][3]
notes

This return match was played for 200 guineas and it is notable as the earliest match from which team scores are known: Richmond's XI 79, Chambers' XI 119; Richmond's XI 72, Chambers' XI 23-5 (approx.). The game ended promptly at a pre-agreed time although Chambers' XI with "four or five more to have come in" and needing "about 8 to 10 notches" clearly had the upper hand. The end result caused a fracas among the crowd at Richmond Green who were incensed by the prompt finish because the Duke of Richmond had arrived late and delayed the start of the game. The riot resulted in some of the Sussex players "having the shirts torn off their backs; and it was said a law suit would commence about the play". The source (Buckley) includes a further note which suggests the Duke of Richmond may have later conceded the result to Thomas Chambers (see match on Monday, 6 September below).

2 September (Th) Croydon v London Duppas Hill Surrey won [9]
notes

Played for 11 guineas. It is reported that "a dispute arose and it was agreed to play it again on Monday, 13 September".

4 September (S) Surrey v Kent Dulwich Common drawn (rain) [11][3]
notes

This game was drawn due to heavy rain. Kent led by 17 on first innings but Surrey, with 3 wickets standing, needed just 12 to win when rain ended it. The report says the participants originally intended to continue another time but it seems they settled for the draw.

6 September (M) Surrey v Thomas Chambers' XI Sanderstead Common Surrey won [9]
notes

The Daily Post Boy reported on Wednesday, 8 September that "11 of Surrey beat the 11 who about a fortnight ago beat the Duke of Richmond's men". See the game on Monday, 23 August above. The report suggests that the Duke of Richmond conceded his controversial game against Chambers.

15 September (W) London v Croydon Artillery Ground Croydon won [11][4]
notes

Again the confusion between Croydon and Surrey: one report says Croydon, another says Surrey. Croydon is the more likely. This was probably the replay of the game on Thursday, 2 September (see above), but postponed by two days from the originally agreed date.

28 September (Tu) Surrey v London Kennington Common result unknown [11]
notes

No post-match report was found for this match despite its being promoted as "likely to be the best performance of this kind that has been seen for some time, there being great wagers depending". It was reported that "for the convenience of the gamesters, the ground is to be staked and roped out" so it seems that enclosure quickly became common practice in 1731. In addition, the advertisement refers to "the whole county of Surrey" as London's opponents. The Prince of Wales was expected to attend.

 ? September Surrey v Kingston Moulsey Hurst Surrey won [12]
notes

The exact date is unknown. Played for 25 guineas a side and "some thousands of persons of both sexes were present on this occasion".

notes

Saturday, 2 October. At Mitcham Cricket Green in Surrey, the local club played against Ewell, also in Surrey, for a small stake. The report mentions "the famous Tim Coleman" who usually played for London and was in the Ewell team on this occasion. It is rarely that a player is mentioned by name in these early reports and even more rarely that he is given praise. Tim Coleman was on the losing side in this game as the home team won "by several notches".[11]

2 October (S) "A Great Cricket Match" Artillery Ground result unknown [11]
notes

The source reports: "A great cricket match will be play'd in the Artillery Ground; it will be the last plaid (sic) this season; 11 of a side, stumps to be pitch'd exactly at 12 o'clock". Nothing further has been found and the match might not have been played.[11]

Single wicket[edit]

July. A single wicket match was played at Maidstone between two officers of the Royal Horse Guards, Captain Beak and Lieutenant Coke. It was for a "considerable sum of money" and won by Captain Beak after three hours "very hard played". Waghorn stated that it was the first military match he found during his researches.[13]

Other events[edit]

July (exact date unknown). An unusual match at Duppas Hill, Croydon, between a Kent team and a Surrey team who were all called Wood. The Woods won. This is interesting given the well documented confusion over different players called Wood or Woods in the 1770s.[13]

First mentions[edit]

Counties[edit]

  • none

Clubs and teams[edit]

Players[edit]

Venues[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ First-class cricket was officially defined in May 1894 by a meeting at Lord's of Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) and the county clubs which were then competing in the County Championship. The ruling was effective from the beginning of the 1895 season. Pre-1895 matches of the same standard have no official definition of status because the ruling is not retrospective and the important matches designation, as applied to a given match, is based on the views of one or more substantial historical sources. For further information, see First-class cricket, Forms of cricket and History of cricket.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Maun, p. 47.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Waghorn (DC), p. 8.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r ACS, Important Matches, p. 20.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i Buckley (FL18), p. 5.
  5. ^ Waghorn (DC), pp. 8–9.
  6. ^ a b c d Waghorn (DC), p. 9.
  7. ^ Leach, John (2007). "From Lads to Lord's – 1731". Stumpsite. Archived from the original on 29 June 2011. 
  8. ^ Leach, John (2008). "Classification of cricket matches from 1697 to 1825". Stumpsite. Archived from the original on 29 June 2011. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g Buckley (FL18), p. 6.
  10. ^ a b c Major, p. 56.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Waghorn (DC), p. 10.
  12. ^ Waghorn (CS), p. 4.
  13. ^ a b c Waghorn (CS), p. 3.

Bibliography[edit]

  • ACS (1981). A Guide to Important Cricket Matches Played in the British Isles 1709 – 1863. Nottingham: ACS. 
  • Buckley, G. B. (1935). Fresh Light on 18th Century Cricket. Cotterell. 
  • Waghorn, H. T. (1899). Cricket Scores, Notes, etc. (1730–1773). Blackwood. 
  • Waghorn, H. T. (1906). The Dawn of Cricket. Electric Press. 
  • Wilson, Martin (2005). An Index to Waghorn. Bodyline. 

Additional reading[edit]

  • Altham, H. S. (1962). A History of Cricket, Volume 1 (to 1914). George Allen & Unwin. 
  • Birley, Derek (1999). A Social History of English Cricket. Aurum. 
  • Bowen, Rowland (1970). Cricket: A History of its Growth and Development. Eyre & Spottiswoode. 
  • Buckley, G. B. (1937). Fresh Light on pre-Victorian Cricket. Cotterell. 
  • McCann, Tim (2004). Sussex Cricket in the Eighteenth Century. Sussex Record Society. 
  • Major, John (2007). More Than A Game. HarperCollins. 
  • Marshall, John (1961). The Duke who was Cricket. Muller. 
  • Maun, Ian (2009). From Commons to Lord's, Volume One: 1700 to 1750. Roger Heavens. ISBN 978-1-900592-52-9. 
  • Underdown, David (2000). Start of Play. Allen Lane. 

External links[edit]