1762 in Great Britain
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Events from the year 1762 in Great Britain.
- Monarch - George III
- Prime Minister - Duke of Newcastle (Whig) (until 26 May), Earl of Bute (Tory) (starting 26 May)
- January - The "Cock Lane ghost" appears in London.
- 4 January - Britain declares war on Spain and Naples.
- February - 12 sperm whales strand on the east coast of England.
- 10 March - Seven Years' War - Britain captures Grenada from France.
- May - Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne resigns and is succeeded as Prime Minister by John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute, the first Scottish Prime Minister of Great Britain; a large number of Newcastle's 'Old Corps Whig' followers are dismissed from public office in the following months in what is known facetiously as the "Massacre of the Pelhamite Innocents".
- 22 May - Royal family first takes up residence at Buckingham House.
- 5 June - John Wilkes founds the radical newspaper The North Briton.
- 24 June - Seven Years' War: At the Battle of Wilhelmsthal, the Anglo-Hanoverian army of Ferdinand of Brunswick defeats the French forces in Westphalia. The British commander Lord Granby distinguishes himself.
- mid-July–24 November - Seven Years' War: British troops reinforce the Portuguese to resist the Invasion of Portugal by Spain.
- 13 August - Seven Years' War: The Battle of Havana concludes after more than two months with the surrender of Havana to Britain by Spain.
- September - Society for Equitable Assurances on Lives and Survivorships is founded in London. The world's oldest mutual insurer, it pioneers age-based premiums based on the mortality rate.
- 15 September - French and Indian War: Battle of Signal Hill is fought between France and Britain in North America.
- 24 September–6 October - Seven Years' War: Battle of Manila fought between Great Britain and Spain resulting in the British occupation of the Philippines until 1764. The British take Manila and make it an Open Port.
- November - First recorded mention of the sandwich.
- Admiral John Ross of Balnagowan Castle initiates land tenure reform in the Scottish Highlands which will evolve into the Highland Clearances.
- Building of the Plymouth Synagogue, the oldest built by Ashkenazi Jews in the English-speaking world.
- The last remaining buildings are cleared from London Bridge.
- William Williams Pantycelyn's Mor o Wydr (including "Gweddi am Nerth i fyned trwy anialwch y Byd", the Welsh original of the hymn "Cwm Rhondda").
- Laurence Sterne's collected sermons The Sermons of Mr. Yorick.
- James Stuart and Nicholas Revett's architectural treatise Antiquities of Athens.
- 31 January - Lachlan Macquarie, Scottish-born British Army officer and Governor of New South Wales (died 1824)
- 12 February - Solomon Hirschell, chief rabbi of the United Kingdom (died 1842)
- 17 March (bapt.) - William Dawes, Royal Marines officer and colonial administrator (died 1836)
- 12 August - King George IV of the United Kingdom (died 1830)
- 11 September - Joanna Baillie, Scottish-born poet and dramatist (died 1851)
- 24 September - William Lisle Bowles, poet and critic (died 1850)
- 21 October - George Colman the Younger, dramatist and miscellaneous writer (died 1836)
- 1 November - Spencer Perceval, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (assassinated 1812)
- 3 February - Beau Nash, dandy (born 1674)
- 23 June - Charles Cornwallis, 1st Earl Cornwallis (died 1700)
- 13 July - James Bradley, English Astronomer Royal (born 1693)
- 28 July - George Dodington, 1st Baron Melcombe, English politician (born 1691)
- 21 August - Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, English writer (born 1689)
- Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 321–322. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
- Smeenk, C. (1997). "Strandings of sperm whales Physeter macrocephalus in the North Sea: history and patterns" (PDF). Bulletin de l'Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgiques. Retrieved 2014-12-12.
- Palmer, Alan; Palmer, Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 223–224. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- The History Today Companion to British History. London: Collins & Brown. 1995. p. 591. ISBN 1-85585-178-4.
- Simms, Brendan (2007). Three Victories and a Defeat: the Rise and Fall of the First British Empire, 1714-1783. London: Allen Lane. ISBN 978-0-7139-9426-1.
- "Today & History". Equitable Life. 2009-06-26. Archived from the original on 2009-06-29. Retrieved 2010-10-20.
- In Edward Gibbon's journal - Oxford English Dictionary.
- Richards, Eric (1982). A History of the Highland Clearances. 1. London: Croom Helm. p. 249. ISBN 0-7099-2249-3.
- "Synagogue, Catherine Street, Plymouth". English Heritage. Archived from the original on 2009-08-02. Retrieved 2010-10-15.
- Latham, Mark (2010). "The death of London's 'living bridge'". The London Journal. 35: 164–84. doi:10.1179/174963210x12729493038379.