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See also: 1825 in Canada, 1827 in Canada.
Events from the year 1826 in Canada.
- March 10 - Louis-Ovide Brunet, priest and botanist (died 1876)
- March 17 - Alexander Morris, politician, Minister and 2nd Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba (died 1889)
- June 11 - James Colledge Pope, politician and 5th Premier of Prince Edward Island (died 1885)
- June 21 - Frederick Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, 1st Marquess of Dufferin and Ava, Governor General of Canada (died 1902)
- July 21 - Hugh Richardson, jurist (died 1913)
- August 25 - Hector-Louis Langevin, lawyer, politician and a Father of Confederation (died 1906)
- September 17 - Jean-Baptiste-Éric Dorion, journalist and politician (died 1866)
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