1863 in rail transport
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|Years in rail transport|
This article lists events related to rail transport that occurred in 1863.
- January 8 - Ground is broken by the Central Pacific Railroad in Sacramento, California, on the western half of the First Transcontinental Railroad in North America.
- January 10 - The Metropolitan Railway, first section of the London Underground, opens from Paddington to Farringdon Street.
- February 20 - The London Pneumatic Despatch Company inaugurates its pneumatic tube atmospheric railway for parcels between Euston station and the G.P.O. North Western District sorting office in London, England (0.75 mi (1.21 km) of 2 ft (60 cm) gauge).
- March 2 - Clapham Junction railway station in England opens.
- March 6 - The final vote between construction of a rail line or a channel is taken with the result six to three in favor of the rail line, which would eventually become the Randsfjorden Line in Norway.
- March 16 - Berlin-Stettiner Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft in Germany opens its Szczecin–Pasewalk and Anklam–Pasewalk–Prenzlau–Angermünde lines.
- May 3 - The Atchison and Topeka Railroad officially changes names to the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad to more closely match the railroad's goal of reaching Santa Fe, New Mexico, by rail.
- May 14 - The Great Indian Peninsula Railway line from Bombay (Mumbai) to Poonah (Pune) through the Bhor Ghat using zig zag and 28 tunnels is opened.
- June 11 - The Parliament of Norway passes the construction of what would become the Randsfjorden Line with 65 against 44 votes.
- September - The Kansas Pacific Railway begins construction in Kansas, building westward from Kansas City toward Colorado.
- September - The Western Railroad from Fayetteville to the coalfields of Egypt, North Carolina, is completed.
- October 5 - The Brooklyn, Bath and Coney Island Rail Road starts operations in Brooklyn, New York; this is now the oldest right-of-way on the New York City Subway, the largest rapid transit system in the United States and one of the largest in the world.
- October 23 - Festiniog Railway in North Wales introduces steam locomotives into general service, the first time this has been done anywhere in the world on a public railway of such a narrow gauge (2 ft (60 cm)).
- October 26 - The first rails are laid for construction of the Central Pacific Railroad in California.
- November 9 - Gov. Stanford, Central Pacific Railroad's first locomotive, enters service in California.
- December 1 - Opening of first steam-operated passenger railway in New Zealand, at Christchurch in South Island 1,600 mm (5 ft 3 in) gauge).[page needed]
- December 2 - Union Pacific Railroad holds groundbreaking ceremonies in the construction of the First Transcontinental Railroad at Omaha, Nebraska, but the first rails aren't laid for another year.
- December 4 - Construction begins on the Randsfjorden Line in Norway.
- December 15 - First mountain railway opens in Romania, from Anina to Oraviţa.
Unknown date events
- Henry Farnam retires from the presidency of the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad.
- Jackson and Sharp Company, later to become part of American Car and Foundry, is founded in Wilmington, Delaware.
August 8, 1829
- November 2 - Theodore Judah, American engineer who argued the case for construction of the First Transcontinental Railroad (b. 1826).
- Ambrose, Stephen E. (2000). Nothing Like It in the World. New York: Simon & Schuster. p. 106. ISBN 0-7432-0317-8.
- "California Choo-Choos". Sierra Foothill Magazine. Archived from the original on 20 December 2005. Retrieved 2005-12-02.
- Left, Sarah (2002-01-15). "Key dates in Britain's railway history". The Guardian Unlimited. Retrieved 7 July 2007.
- Hadfield, Charles (1967). Atmospheric Railways. Newton Abbot: David & Charles. ISBN 0-7153-4107-3.
- Baker Library Historical Collections, Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad Records, 1879-1896. Retrieved May 10, 2005.
- Balkwill, Richard; Marshall, John (1993). The Guinness Book of Railway Facts and Feats (6th ed.). Enfield: Guinness Publishing. pp. 66–7. ISBN 978-0-85112-707-1.
- Berntsen, Ulf; Lund, Thure; Lunner, Dagfinn (1997). På sporet med Krøderkippen (in Norwegian). Norwegian Railway Club / Krøderen Line Foundation. p. 27. ISBN 82-90286-20-1.
- "Railroad — Western Railroad Company". North Carolina Business History. CommunicationSolutions/ISI. 2006. Retrieved 2010-02-01.
- Ransom, P. J. G. (1996). Narrow Gauge Steam: its origins and world-wide development. Sparkford: Oxford Publishing Co. ISBN 0-86093-533-7.
- Robertson, Donald B. (1998). Cornell, Wayne, ed. "Encyclopedia of Western Railroad History". Archived from the original on 15 October 2006. Retrieved 2006-10-26.
- Diebert, Timothy S.; Strapac, Joseph A. (1987). Southern Pacific Company Steam Locomotive Conpendium. Shade Tree Books. ISBN 0-930742-12-5.
- Marshall, John (1989). The Guinness Railway Book. Enfield: Guinness Books. ISBN 0-8511-2359-7. OCLC 24175552.