1880 in Canada
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Events from the year 1880 in Canada.
- February 4 - Five members of the Donnelly family are killed near Lucan, Ontario
- February 14 - The wife of the governor general, The Princess Louise, Marchioness of Lorne, is seriously injured when the viceregal sleigh overturns on a Rudolph Ottawa street.
- March 25 - George Brown fatally shot by a disgruntled employee
- May 4 - Edward Blake becomes the new leader of the Liberal Party of Canada
- June 24 - "O Canada" first performed
- October 9 - The United Kingdom gives Canada control of the Arctic islands.
Full date unknown
- Emily Stowe becomes the first woman doctor to practise medicine in Canada
- Sanford Fleming becomes chancellor of Queen's University
- Bell Canada founded
- Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR). British-backed Canadian firm, headed by US railroad building genius (Sir William Cornelius Van Horne) gets the deal: $25 million, 25 million acres (100,000 km2), already completed sections free, all under-construction sections finished free, 20 year monopoly as only railway and 20-year control over rate-setting.
- The Varsity, created.
Arts and literature
- March 6 - The Royal Academy for the Arts is founded.
- Charles G.D. Roberts, Orion and Other Poems
- January 17 - Mack Sennett, actor, producer, screenwriter and film director (d.1960)
- January 18 - Richard Squires, politician and Prime Minister of Newfoundland (d.1940)
- March 22 - Allison Dysart, politician, lawyer, judge and 21st Premier of New Brunswick (d.1962)
- October 1 - Charles Christie, motion picture studio owner (d.1955)
- August 6 - Leland Payson Bancroft, politician (d.1951)
- August 12 - Jacob Penner, politician (d.1965)
- August 29 - Marie-Louise Meilleur, supercentenarian, the oldest validated Canadian ever (d.1998)
- October 12 - Healey Willan, organist and composer (d.1968)
- October 27 - Vere Ponsonby, 9th Earl of Bessborough, businessman, politician and Governor General of Canada (d.1956)
- February 6 - Edward Barron Chandler, politician (b.1800)
- May 9 - George Brown, journalist, politician and one of the Fathers of the Confederation (b.1818)
- June 12 - William Evan Price, businessman and politician (b.1827)
- October 8 - Caleb Hopkins, farmer and politician (b.1785)
- October 18 - Luc-Hyacinthe Masson, physician, businessman and politician (b.1811)
- December 8 - Charles Fisher, politician and 1st Premier of the Colony of New Brunswick (b.1808)
- December 24 - David Christie, politician (b.1818)