This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in
Events [edit ]
January 3 – Première of Oscar Wilde's comedy at the An Ideal Husband Haymarket Theatre in London.
January 12 – The National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty is registered in England and begins acquiring properties and making them accessible to the public. Carlyle's House in Chelsea is one of the first to be opened. February – The monthly
is first published by The Bookman (New York) Dodd, Mead and Company under the editorship of Harry Thurston Peck and publishes the first bestseller list, which is headed by Frank R. Stockton's novel . The Adventures of Captain Horn
February 14 – Première of Oscar Wilde's last play, the comedy , at The Importance of Being Earnest St. James' Theatre, London. 
February 18 – The Marquess of Queensberry (father of Lord Alfred Douglas, Oscar Wilde's lover), leaves his calling card at the Albemarle Club in London, inscribed: "For Oscar Wilde, posing somdomite", i.e. a sodomite, inducing Wilde to charge him with criminal libel.  In a meeting on March 25 at the  Café Royal in London, Frank Harris and George Bernard Shaw fail to dissuade Wilde from proceeding with the action. April/May –
, a German arts and literary magazine, is first published, in Berlin. Pan
April 3– 5 – Libel case of Wilde v Queensberry at the Old Bailey in London: Queensberry is acquitted. Evidence of Wilde's homosexual relationships with young men renders him liable to criminal prosecution under the Labouchere Amendment, while the Libel Act 1843 renders him legally liable for the considerable expenses Queensberry has incurred in his defence, leaving Wilde penniless.
April 6 – Oscar Wilde is arrested at the Cadogan Hotel, London (in the company of Robbie Ross), for "unlawfully committing acts of gross indecency with certain male persons" and detained on remand in Holloway Prison.
April 29 – Joseph Conrad's novel is published in London by Almayer's Folly T. Fisher Unwin, Conrad's first published work (following retirement from his career at sea) and the first appearance of his pseudonym.
May 23 – Representatives of the Astor Library and Lenox Library agree to merge and form the New York Public Library.
November 1 – Thomas Hardy's last completed novel, is published by Osgood, McIlvaine, and Co. in London (dated 1896) on completion of an Jude the Obscure expurgated serialization under the title Hearts Insurgent in . It receives strong criticism on moral grounds; Hardy later claims that Harper's Magazine Walsham How, Bishop of Wakefield, burned a copy. 
December 19 – Robert Frost marries Elinor Miriam White at Lawrence, Massachusetts.
George du Maurier's novel , serialized in Trilby 1894, is first published in book form. It is also adapted as a play, , first in the United States (opening on March 4 at the Trilby Boston Museum (theatre) with a New York première on April 15 at the Garden Theatre) with Wilton Lackaye as Svengali and Virginia Harned in the title rôle; then in England (opening on September 7 at the Theatre Royal, Manchester with a London première on October 30 at the Haymarket Theatre) with Herbert Beerbohm Tree and Dorothea Baird. The stage version is so successful that Tree is able to use the profits to build Her Majesty's Theatre; it also introduces the trilby hat.
William Poel establishes the Elizabethan Stage Society to promote productions of plays by Shakespeare and his contemporaries in the performance style of the English Renaissance theatre. Abdallah bin Hemedi bin Ali Ajjemy's
Habari za Wakilindi is the first Swahili novel.  Publication in
Boston (U.S.) of Castello Holford's utopian novel , the first full-length Aristopia: A Romance-History of the New World alternate history in English.
Ernest Thayer recites at a Casey at the Bat Harvard class reunion, resolving the "mystery" of the poem's authorship. The first edition of the
is published at the office of Times Atlas of the World newspaper in London. The Times
New books [edit ]
Fiction [edit ]
Children and young people [edit ]
Drama [edit ]
Poetry [edit ]
Non-fiction [edit ]
Births [edit ]
February 14 – Max Horkheimer, German philosopher (died 1973)
February 28 – Marcel Pagnol, French novelist (died 1974)
March 29 – Ernst Jünger, German novelist (died 1998)
April 17 – Ion Vinea, Romanian poet and novelist (died 1964)
April 23 – Ngaio Marsh, New Zealand novelist (died 1982)
May 9 – Lucian Blaga, Romanian poet and philosopher (died 1961)
May 19 – Charles Sorley, Scottish-born poet (killed in action 1915)
May 24 – Marcel Janco, Romanian–Israeli artist, art theorist, essayist and poet (died 1984)
June 16 – Warren Lewis, Irish-born historian (died 1973)
July 14 – F. R. Leavis, English literary critic (died 1978)
July 24 – Robert Graves, English poet and novelist (died 1985)
September 21 – Sergei Yesenin, Russian poet (died 1925)
October 3 – Giovanni Comisso, Italian writer (died 1969)
October 17 – C. H. B. Kitchin, English novelist (died 1967)
October 20 – Alexandru Rosetti, Romanian linguist, editor and memoirist (died 1990)
October 31 – B. H. Liddell Hart, English military historian (died 1970)
November 1 – David Jones, British poet and artist (died 1974)
November 16 – Michael Arlen, Armenian novelist and short story writer (died 1956)
December 1 – Henry Williamson, English novelist (died 1977)
December 9 – Vivian de Sola Pinto, English poet, literary critic, and historian (died 1969)
December 14 – Paul Éluard, French poet (died 1952)
December 24 – Noel Streatfeild, English novelist and children's writer (died 1986)
Deaths [edit ]
January 13 – John Robert Seeley, English historian and essayist (born 1834)
January 15 – Lady Charlotte Guest, English translator of Welsh literature (born 1812)
February 16 – Camilla Dufour Crosland, English writer and poet (born 1812)
February 19 – Auguste Vacquerie, French journalist (born 1819)
February 20 – Frederick Douglass, African-American abolitionist, orator and writer (born 1818)
March 5 – Nikolai Leskov, Russian journalist, novelist and short story writer (born 1831)
March 15 – Cesare Cantù, Italian historian (born 1804)
March 22 – Henry Coppée, American historian and biographer (born 1821)
April 3 – Gustav Freytag, German novelist and dramatist (born 1816)
April 17 – Jorge Isaacs, Colombian writer, politician and explorer (born 1837)
April 26 – Eric Stenbock, German poet (born 1858)
May 26 – Ahmet Cevdet Pasha, Ottoman historian and legal writer (born 1822)
August 1 – Heinrich von Sybel, German historian (born 1817)
August 5 – Friedrich Engels, German socialist writer (born 1820)
November 4 – Eugene Field, American children's author (born 1850)
November 27 – Alexandre Dumas, fils, French novelist and dramatist (born 1824)
November 28 – L. S. Bevington, English anarchist poet and essayist (born 1845)
Unknown date – William Grainge, English local historian (born 1818)
Awards [edit ]
References [edit ]
^ Kennedy, Maev (10 November 2000). "Toulouse-Lautrec portrait of Oscar Wilde resurfaces". . London The Guardian . Retrieved . 2012-06-18
^ Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
^ Holland, Merlin, ed. (2003). The Complete Works of Oscar Wilde. London: Harper Collins. p. 300. ISBN 0-00-714436-9.
^ Holland, Merlin (2003). Irish Peacock & Scarlet Marquess: The Real Trial of Oscar Wilde. London: Fourth Estate. p. 300. ISBN 0-00-715418-6.
^ "Oscar Fingal O'Fflahartie Wills Wilde, Alfred Waterhouse Somerset Taylor, Sexual Offences ... 20th May 1895". The Proceedings of the Old Bailey. April 2013 . Retrieved . 2014-11-24
^ Lister, Moira (1998). Ellen Terry. Stroud: Sutton Publishing. p. 99. ISBN 0-7509-1526-9.
^ JSTOR: All issues of The American Historical Review.
^ Slack, Robert C. Nineteenth-Century Fiction 11(4) (March 1957) pp. 261–275.
^ Pettersson, Anders (ed.). . Literary History: Towards a Global Perspective 1. p. 231.
^ Sutherland, John (2007). Bestsellers: a very short introduction. Oxford University Press. p. 85. ISBN 978-0-19-921489-1.