1921 in Wales
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- Prince of Wales - Edward
- Princess of Wales – vacant
- Archbishop of Wales – Alfred George Edwards, Bishop of St Asaph
- Archdruid of the National Eisteddfod of Wales – Dyfed
- 26 January - The Abermule train collision claims 17 lives, including that of Lord Herbert Vane-Tempest, youngest son of the Marquess of Londonderry.
- February - Ernest Evans becomes Liberal MP for Cardiganshire, winning the seat vacated by Matthew Vaughan-Davies, 1st Baron Ystwyth, on the latter's elevation to the peerage.
- 1 April - Alfred Mond becomes Minister of Health.
- April–June - Lockout in the coal mining industry; A. J. Cook, the miner's leader, is sentenced to two months’ imprisonment for "inciting to unlawful assembly".
- December - Leslie Morris becomes a founder member of the Communist Party of Canada.
- 23 December - The Maid of Delos sinks off the coast of Dyfed, with 26 deaths.
- The Anglo-Persian Oil Company Limited begins work on the UK's first oil refinery at Llandarcy.
- Last copper smelting in the Lower Swansea valley.
- Hugh Robert Jones founds the Byddin Ymreolaeth Cymru (“Home Rule Army”), which forms the basis for the development of Plaid Cymru.
- Cardiologist Thomas Lewis is knighted.
- John Bodvan Anwyl is appointed secretary of the Welsh dictionary project sponsored by the Board of Celtic Studies of the University of Wales.
- Francis Edward Mostyn becomes Roman Catholic Archbishop of Cardiff.
Arts and literature
- National Eisteddfod of Wales (held in Caernarfon)
- National Eisteddfod of Wales: Chair - Robert John Rowlands
- National Eisteddfod of Wales: Crown - Albert Evans-Jones
- Edward Tegla Davies - Tir Y Dyneddon
- John Evan Davies - Blodau'r Grug
- Edwin Sidney Hartland - Primitive Society
- Moelona - Y Wers Olaf
- Evan Frederic Morgan, 2nd Viscount Tredegar - Trial by Ordeal
- Margaret Haig Thomas, Viscountess Rhondda - D. A. Thomas, Viscount Rhondda, by his Daughter and Others
- Francis Brett Young - The Black Diamond
- Saunders Lewis - The Eve of St John
- Ivor Novello & Dion Titheradge - "And Her Mother Came Too"
- The composer Peter Warlock returns to the family home at Cefn-bryntalch Hall, near Abermule, where he will stay until June 1924.
- Edmund Gwenn stars in a silent version of The Skin Game.
- Roger Livesey makes his screen debut in The Four Feathers.
- 5 February (in Birkenhead) - Marion Eames, novelist (d. 2007)
- 19 March - Tommy Cooper, comedian (d. 1984)
- 21 May - Leslie Norris, poet (d. 2006)
- 4 June - Allen Forward, Wales international rugby union player (d. 1994)
- 28 June - R. Tudur Jones, theologian (d. 1998)
- 31 August - Raymond Williams, academic and writer (d. 1988)
- 8 September - Sir Harry Secombe, entertainer (d. 2001)
- 13 September - Handel Greville, Wales international rugby union player
- 15 September - Billy Cleaver, Wales international rugby union player (d. 2003)
- 12 October - Kenneth Griffith, actor and director (d. 2006)
- 18 October – Billy James, footballer (d. 1980)
- 11 February - William Evans (Tonyrefail), minister and author, 82
- 25 February - John Thomas of Llanwrtyd, composer, 81
- 6 July - Alfred Onions, politician, 62
- 15 August (at Ilfracombe) - Sir David Brynmor Jones QC, lawyer and historian, 68 or 69
- 21 July - Tom Deacon - Wales international rugby union player
- 27 July - John Jones (Myrddin Fardd), author, 85
- 27 July (in London) - James Winstone, miners' leader and politician, 58
- 23 August (in Oswestry) - Francis Jayne, bishop and academic, 76
- 11 October - Willie Thomas, Wales international rugby captain, 55
- 15 December - Hopkin Maddock, Wales international rugby player, 40
- 16 December - Owen Morgan, journalist, 85
- 21 December - Joseph Morewood Staniforth, editorial cartoonist, 57 or 58