From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Ab urbe condita||2675|
|Balinese saka calendar||1843–1844|
|British Regnal year||12 Geo. 5 – 13 Geo. 5|
|Chinese calendar||辛酉年 (Metal Rooster)
4618 or 4558
— to —
壬戌年 (Water Dog)
4619 or 4559
|- Vikram Samvat||1978–1979|
|- Shaka Samvat||1843–1844|
|- Kali Yuga||5022–5023|
|Japanese calendar||Taishō 11
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 13 days|
|Minguo calendar||ROC 11
|Thai solar calendar||2464–2465|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1922.|
1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (dominical letter A) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday (dominical letter B) of the Julian calendar, the 1922nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 922nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 22nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1920s decade. As of the start of 1922, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.
- 1 Events
- 2 Births
- 3 Deaths
- 4 Nobel Prizes
- 5 References
- January – The year begins with the British Empire at its largest extent, covering a quarter of the world and ruling over one in four people on Earth.
- January 7 – Dáil Éireann, the parliament of the Irish Republic, ratifies the Anglo-Irish Treaty by 64–57 votes.
- January 8 – The Social Democratic Youth League of Norway is founded.
- January 9 – Julieta founded the Chilean communist party.
- January 10 – Arthur Griffith is elected President of Dáil Éireann.
- January 11 – The first successful insulin treatment of diabetes is made, by Frederick Banting in Toronto.
- January 12 – The British government releases the remaining Irish prisoners captured in the War of Independence.
- January 13 – The flu epidemic has claimed 804 victims in Britain.
- January 15 – Michael Collins becomes Chairman of the Irish Provisional Government.
- January 24 – Christian K. Nelson patents the Eskimo Pie.
- January 26 – Italian forces occupy Misrata in Libya. The reconquest of Libya begins.
- January 28 – Knickerbocker Storm: Snowfall from the biggest-ever recorded snowstorm in Washington, D.C., causes the roof of the Knickerbocker Theatre to collapse, killing 98.
- January 29 – The union of Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador is dissolved.
- January 30 – Radio KZKZ-AM, the second radio station in the Philippines, begins broadcasting.
- February – Ring Magazine is first published.
- February 1 – Irish American film director William Desmond Taylor is found murdered at his home in Los Angeles; the case is never solved.
- February 2 – Ulysses, by James Joyce, is published in Paris on his 40th birthday by Sylvia Beach.
- February 5 – DeWitt and Lila Wallace publish the first issue of Reader's Digest.
- February 6
- February 8
- February 14
- February 15 – Inaugural session of the Permanent Court of International Justice (PCIJ).
- February 25 – French serial killer Henri Désiré Landru is beheaded by the guillotine.
- February 26 – A challenge to the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, allowing women the right to vote, is rebuffed by the Supreme Court of the United States.
- February 28 – Unilateral Declaration of Egyptian Independence by the United Kingdom ends its protectorate over Egypt and grants the country nominal independence, reserving control of military and diplomatic matters.
- March 2
- March 4 – The movie Nosferatu is released.
- March 10 – Mohandas Gandhi is arrested in Bombay for sedition.
- March 10-14 – The Rand Revolt or Rebellion, a strike by white South African mine workers begins on 28 December 1921, and becomes open rebellion against the state.
- March 13 – Edward, Prince of Wales, inaugurates the Prince of Wales Royal Indian Military College in Dehradun, India, marking a capitulation of the Governor General and Secretary of State for India to growing pressure for Indianization of the officer cadre of the Indian Army.
- March 15 – Egypt having gained self-government from the United Kingdom, Fuad I becomes King of Egypt.
- March 18 – In British India, Mahatma Gandhi is sentenced to six years in prison for sedition (he serves only two).
- March 20 – The USS Langley is commissioned as the first United States Navy aircraft carrier.
- March 22 – Radio station WLW in Cincinnati begins broadcasting.
- March 23 – Queensland, Australia abolishes the Legislative Council (Upper House).
- March 26 – The German Social Democratic Party is founded in Poland.
- March 31 – Hinterkaifeck murders occur on a late evening.
- April 1 – The South African Railways takes control of all railway operations in South West Africa.
- April 3 – Joseph Stalin is appointed General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Soviet Communist Party.
- April 7
- April 10 – The historic Genoa Conference commences in Genoa. The representatives of 34 countries convene to speak about monetary economics in the wake of World War I.
- April 12 – The United Kingdom's Prince of Wales arrives in Yokohama aboard HMS Renown and rides by train to Tokyo, starting a one-month visit to Japan.
- April 13 – The State of Massachusetts opens all public offices to women.
- April 16 – The Treaty of Rapallo marks a rapprochement between the Weimar Republic and Bolshevik Russia.
- April 22 – The Lambda Chapter of the Joe Whelan Sorority, Incorporated (the first chapter of a black sorority in New York State) is chartered.
- April 24 – The first portion of the Imperial Wireless Chain, a strategic international wireless telegraphy network created to link the British Empire, is opened, from England to Egypt.
- May 3 – The leader of the underground Estonian Communist Party Viktor Kingissepp is executed in Estonia.
- May 5 – In The Bronx, construction begins on Yankee Stadium.
- May 8 – In Moscow, eights priests, two layman, and one woman are sentenced to death for opposition to the Soviet government's confiscation of church property
- May 11 – Radio station KGU begins broadcasting in Hawaii.
- May 18 – Sergei Diaghilev, Igor Stravinsky, Pablo Picasso, Marcel Proust, James Joyce, Erik Satie and Clive Bell dine together in Paris, at the Majestic hotel, their only joint meeting.
- May 19 – The All-Russian Young Pioneer Organisation is established.
- May 29 – British Liberal MP Horatio Bottomley is jailed for seven years for fraud.
- May 30 – In Washington, D.C., the Lincoln Memorial is dedicated.
- June 1
- June 11 – U.S. première of Robert J. Flaherty's Nanook of the North, the first commercially successful feature-length documentary film.
- June 14 – U.S. President Warren G. Harding makes his first speech on the radio.
- June 22 – Irish Republican Army agents assassinate British Army field marshal Sir Henry Wilson in London; the assassins are sentenced to death on July 18.
- June 24 – Weimar Republic foreign minister Walther Rathenau is assassinated; the murderers are captured on July 17.
- June 26 – Louis Honoré Charles Antoine Grimaldi becomes Reigning Prince Louis II of Monaco.
- June 28 – The Irish Civil War and Battle of Dublin begin when the Irish National Army, using artillery loaned by the British, begins to bombard the anti-Treaty Irish Republican Army forces occupying the Four Courts in Dublin. Fighting in Dublin lasts until July 5.
- July 11 – The Hollywood Bowl opens.
- July 17 – The final signings of Treaty 11, an agreement between George V, King of Canada, and various Canadian First Nations, are conducted at Fort Liard.
- July 20 – The German protectorate of Togoland is divided into the League of Nations mandates of French Togoland and British Togoland.
- July 27 – Cherkess (Adyghe) Autonomous Oblast established within the Russian SFSR.
- July – Hyperinflation in Germany means that 563 marks are now needed to buy a single American dollar - almost double the 263 needed eight months before and dwarfing the mere 12 needed in April 1919 and even the 47 needed in December of that year.
- August 2 – A typhoon hits Shantou, China, killing more than 5,000 people.
- August 22 – Irish Civil War: General Michael Collins is assassinated in West Cork.
- August 23
- August 28 – Japan agrees to withdraw its troops from Siberia.
- August – Hyperinflation in Germany sees the value of the Papiermark against the dollar rise to 1,000.
- September 3 – Monza Circuit, as known well for motor racing place in Italy, officially opened in Lombardy Region.
- September 9 – Turkish forces pursuing withdrawing Greek troops enter İzmir, effectively ending the Greco-Turkish War (1919–22).
- September 11
- September 13 – The Gdynia Seaport Construction Act is passed by the Polish Parliament.
- September 13–15 – The Great Fire of Smyrna destroys most of İzmir. Responsibility is disputed.
- September 17 – Dutch cyclist Piet Moeskops becomes World Champion Sprinter.
- September 18 – The Kingdom of Hungary joins the League of Nations.
- September 29 – Drums in the Night (Trommeln in der Nacht) becomes the first play by Bertolt Brecht to be staged, at the Munich Kammerspiele.
- October 1 – G. I. Gurdjieff opens his Institute for the Harmonious Development of Man at Fontainebleau in France.
- October 3 – Rebecca L. Felton becomes the first female US senator, when Georgia's governor gives her a temporary appointment, pending an election to replace Senator Thomas Watson, who had died suddenly.
- October 8 – Rose Bowl Stadium, officially opened in Pasadena, California.
- October 15 – T. S. Eliot establishes The Criterion magazine, containing the first publication of his poem The Waste Land. This first appears in the United States later this month in The Dial (dated November 1) and is first published complete with notes in book form by Boni and Liveright in New York in December.
- October 18 – The British Broadcasting Company is formed.
- October 25 – The Third Dáil enacts the Constitution of the Irish Free State.
- October 26 – The Hogarth Press published Jacob's Room, a novel by Virginia Woolf
- October 27 – Southern Rhodesians vote on a referendum and reject union with South Africa.
- October 28
- In Italy, the March on Rome brings the National Fascist Party and Benito Mussolini to power. Italy begins a dark period of dictatorship that lasts until the end of the Second World War, but at the same time with Mussolini's Italy becomes the first power in the Mediterranean.
- The Red Army occupies Vladivostok.
- October 30 – Benito Mussolini becomes the youngest ever Prime Minister of Italy at age 39.
- 3,000 German marks are now needed to buy a single American dollar - triple the figure three months ago.
- The Russian Civil War ends with the colonies remaining part of Russia.
- November 1
- November 4 – In Egypt, English archaeologist Howard Carter and his men find the entrance to Pharaoh Tutankhamun's tomb in the Valley of the Kings.
- November 12 – Sigma Gamma Rho (ΣΓΡ) Sorority, Incorporated is founded by seven educators in Indianapolis, Indiana. The group becomes an incorporated national collegiate sorority on December 30, 1929, when a charter is granted to the Alpha Chapter at Butler University in Indianapolis.
- November 14 – The British Broadcasting Company (BBC) begins radio service in the United Kingdom, broadcasting from station 2LO in London.
- November 15 – In the United Kingdom general election forced by the Conservatives' withdrawal from the coalition government, the Conservative Party wins an overall majority. (The 1922 Committee, popularly believed to take its name from this occasion, is not founded until the following year.)
- November 17 – Former Ottoman sultan Mehmed VI leaves for exile in Italy.
- November 19 – Abdülmecid II, Crown Prince of the Ottoman Empire, is elected Caliph.
- November 21 – Rebecca Felton of Georgia takes the oath of office, becoming the first woman United States Senator.
- November 24 – Popular author and anti-Treaty Republican Erskine Childers is executed by firing squad in Dublin after conviction by an Irish Free State military court for the unlawful possession of a gun, a weapon presented to him by Michael Collins in 1920 as a gift.
- November 26 – Howard Carter and Lord Carnarvon become the first people to enter the tomb of Pharaoh Tutankhamun in over 3,000 years.
- December 5 – The British Parliament enacts the Irish Free State Constitution Act, by which it legally sanctions the new Constitution of the Irish Free State.
- December 6 – The Irish Free State officially comes into existence. George V becomes the Free State's monarch. Tim Healy is appointed first Governor-General of the Irish Free State and W. T. Cosgrave becomes President of the Executive Council.
- December 11 – End of the trial of Edith Thompson and Frederick Bywaters at the Old Bailey in London for the murder of Thompson's husband; both are found guilty and sentenced to death.
- December 16 – Gabriel Narutowicz, sworn on December 11 as first president of the Second Polish Republic, is assassinated by a right-wing sympathizer in Warsaw.
- December 20 – Antigone by Jean Cocteau appears on stage in Paris, with settings by Pablo Picasso, music by Arthur Honegger and costumes by Gabrielle Chanel.
- December 27 – Commissioning of Japanese aircraft carrier Hōshō, the first purpose-designed aircraft carrier to be commissioned.
- December 30 – Russia, Ukraine, Belarus and the Transcaucasian Republic (Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia) come together to form the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, dissolved in 1991.
- December – The year ends with hyperinflation showing no sign of slowing down in Germany, with 7,000 marks now needed to buy a single American dollar.
- Wracked by rapid inflation and political assassinations and motivated by hostility and arrogance as well, the Weimar Republic announces its inability to pay more and proposes a moratorium on reparations for 3 years.
- Kurd Istigdul Djemijetin, the Kurdish Independence Committee, is founded.
- Inter-Parliamentary Union.
- Earl W. Bascom, rodeo cowboy and artist, designs and makes rodeo's first hornless bronc saddle at Lethbridge, Alberta Canada.
- Vegemite is invented by Australian entrepreneur Fred Walker.
- The Molly Pitcher Club is formed to promote the repeal of Prohibition in the United States.
- Thompson Webb founds the Webb School of California for boys in Claremont.
- The Barbary lion becomes extinct in the wild, with the last killed in Morocco, in the area of the Zelan and Beni Mguild Forests.
- The Amur tiger becomes extinct in South Korea.
- The California grizzly bear becomes extinct.
- Bronisław Malinowski's influential ethnological text Argonauts of the Western Pacific is published.
- January 1 – Ernest "Fritz" Hollings, U.S. Senator from South Carolina
- January 5 – Helen Smith, American female baseball player
- January 7
- January 8
- January 9
- January 10 – Terence Kilmartin, Irish journalist and translator (d. 1991)
- January 12 – Tadeusz Żychiewicz, Polish journalist, art historian and publicist (d. 1994)
- January 13 – Albert Lamorisse, French film director (d. 1970)
- January 16 – Ernesto Bonino, Italian singer (d. 2008)
- January 17
- January 19 – Guy Madison, American actor (d. 1996)
- January 21
- January 22,
- January 24 – Charles Socarides, American psychiatrist (d. 2005)
- January 26
- January 28 – Robert W. Holley, American biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1993)
- January 29 – Gerda Steinhoff, German Nazi war criminal (d. 1946)
- January 30 – Dick Martin, American comedian (d. 2008)
- January 31 – Joanne Dru, American actress (d. 1996)
- February 1 – Renata Tebaldi, Italian soprano (d. 2004)
- February 2
- February 6
- February 7 – Hattie Jacques, English actress (d. 1980)
- February 9
- February 10 – Árpád Göncz, President of Hungary (d. 2015)
- February 12 – Hussein Onn, third Prime Minister of Malaysia (d. 1990)
- February 13
- February 15
- February 17
- February 18
- February 22 – Esperanza Magaz, Cuban-born Venezuelan actress (d. 2013)
- February 24
- February 26
- March 1
- March 2 – Hilarion Capucci, Syrian catholic Bishop (d. 2017)
- March 3 – Nándor Hidegkuti, Hungarian footballer (d. 2002)
- March 4
- March 5 – Pier Paolo Pasolini, Italian film director (d. 1975)
- March 6 – Wanda Klaff, German Nazi war criminal (d. 1946)
- March 8
- March 9 – Flemming Valdemar, Count of Rosenborg, (d. 2002)
- March 11 – Tun Abdul Razak, second Prime Minister of Malaysia (d. 1976)
- March 12
- March 13 – Jim Wiggins, English actor (d. 1999)
- March 14 – China Zorrilla, Uruguayan actress, director and producer (d. 2014)
- March 15 – Karl-Otto Apel, German philosopher
- March 16 – Harding Lemay, American television scriptwriter and playwright
- March 17 – Patrick Suppes, American philosopher (d. 2014)
- March 18 –
- March 19 – Hiroo Onoda, Japanese officer and holdout (d. 2014)
- March 20 – Carl Reiner, American film director, producer, actor, and comedian
- March 21 – Russ Meyer, American film director and producer (d. 2004)
- March 23 – Robert Simons, English cricketer and cricket administrator (d. 2011)
- March 27
- March 28
- March 31 – Richard Kiley, American actor and singer (d. 1999)
- April 1
- April 3
- April 4 – Elmer Bernstein, American composer (d. 2004)
- April 5
- April 7 – Mongo Santamaría, Cuban jazz musician (d. 2003)
- April 13 – Julius Nyerere, President of Tanzania (d. 1999)
- April 14 – Ali Akbar Khan, Indian musician (d. 2009)
- April 15 – Michael Ansara, Syrian-born American actor (d. 2013)
- April 16
- April 18 – Barbara Hale, American actress (d. 2017)
- April 19
- April 21 – Alistair MacLean, Scottish writer (d. 1987)
- April 22 – Charles Mingus, American musician (d. 1979)
- April 23 – Marjorie Cameron, American writer, painter, actress and occultist (d. 1995)
- April 24 – Susanna Agnelli, Italian politician (d. 2009)
- April 27
- April 29 – Toots Thielemans, Belgian jazz musician (d. 2016)
- May 1 – Vitaly Popkov, Russian fighter ace (d. 2010)
- May 2 – Roscoe Lee Browne, African-American actor (d. 2007)
- May 4 – Eugenie Clark, American marine biologist (d. 2015)
- May 6 – Elize Botha, first wife of South African State President Pieter Willem Botha (d. 1997)
- May 7
- May 10 – Nancy Walker, American actress, singer and director (d. 1992)
- May 11 – Ameurfina Melencio-Herrera, Filipino Supreme Court jurist
- May 12 – Murray Gershenz, American character actor and entrepreneur (d. 2013)
- May 13
- May 14 – Franjo Tuđman, first President of Croatia (d. 1999)
- May 15 – Jakucho Setouchi, Japanese writer and Buddhist nun
- May 18
- May 19 – Joe Gilmore, Irish barman (Savoy Hotel's American Bar) (d. 2015)
- May 21 – James Lopez Watson, American judge (d. 2001)
- May 22 – Quinn Martin, American television producer (d. 1987)
- May 25 – Enrico Berlinguer, Italian politician (d. 1984)
- May 27
- May 28
- May 29
- May 30 – Hal Clement, American writer (d. 2003)
- May 31 – Denholm Elliott, English actor (d. 1992)
- June 1
- June 2 – Charlie Sifford, American golfer (d. 2015)
- June 3 – Alain Resnais, French film director (d. 2014)
- June 5 – Sheila Sim, English actress (d. 2016)
- June 10
- June 12 – Margherita Hack, Italian astrophysicist (d. 2013)
- June 18 – Claude Helffer, French pianist (d. 2004)
- June 19 – Aage Bohr, Danish physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2009)
- June 22
- June 23
- June 24
- June 26
- June 27
- June 28 – Hans Frauenfelder, physicist and biophysicist notable
- June 29
- June 30 – Al Besselink, American professional golfer
- July 1
- July 2
- July 3
- July 4
- July 5
- July 6
- July 7
- July 8 – Eugenio Martínez, alias Musculito, current real estate agent who was a member of the anti-Castro movement in the early 1960s
- July 9 – Angelines Fernández, Spanish-born Mexican actress (d. 1994)
- July 10
- July 11
- July 13
- July 14
- Bernie Agrons, American politician
- Elfriede Rinkel, German SS officer
- Gerald Myrden, American businessman
- Donald Stratton, American World War II Navy seaman, survivor of the attack on the U.S.S. Arizona
- Julio Cozzi, Argentine football goalkeeper (d. 2011)
- Käbi Laretei, Estonian and Swedish concert pianist (d. 2014)
- Robin Olds, American fighter pilot. (d. 2007)
- July 15
- Jean-Pierre Richard, French writer and literary critic
- Henri Bangou, French politician
- Leon M. Lederman, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
- Rajan Kadiragamar, Sri Lankan Admiral
- Jean-Pierre Richard, French writer and literary critic
- Ghulam Nabi Firaq, Kashmiri poet, writer and an educationist (d. 2016)
- B. Rajam Iyer, Carnatic singer from South India (d. 2009)
- Khagapati Pradhani, Indian politician (d. 2010)
- July 16
- July 17
- July 18
- July 19
- July 20
- July 21
- July 22 – Jacqueline Cartier , French actress, writer and journalist
- July 26
- July 27 – Norman Lear, American television writer and producer
- July 29 – Mac Wilson, Australian rules footballer (d. 1966)
- July 31 – Bill Kaysing, American writer (d. 2005)
- August 3 – Robert Sumner, American evangelist and author (d. 2016)
- August 4 – Charles Winick, American anthropologist, sociologist and author (d. 2015)
- August 5 – Sandy Kenyon, American actor (d. 2010)
- August 8 – Alberto Granado, Cuban writer and scientist (d. 2011)
- August 9 – Philip Larkin, English poet (d. 1985)
- August 15 – Lukas Foss, German-born composer (d. 2009)
- August 17 – Agostinho Neto, Angolan politician (d. 1979)
- August 21 – Mel Fisher, American treasure hunter and founder of the Mel Fisher Maritime Heritage Museum (d. 1998)
- August 23
- August 24
- August 27 – Sōsuke Uno, Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1998)
- September 1
- September 3
- September 7
- September 8
- September 9
- September 12 – Jackson Mac Low, American poet (d. 2004)
- September 15
- September 16
- September 17 – Vance Bourjaily, American writer, novelist, playwright, journalist, and essayist (d. 2010)
- September 19 – Emil Zatopek, Czechoslovakian athlete (d. 2000)
- September 24 – Floyd Levin, American-born musicologist (d. 2007)
- September 25 – Hammer DeRoburt, first President of Nauru (d. 1992)
- September 29
- October 1
- October 5 – José Froilán González, Argentine race car driver (d. 2013)
- October 9 – Fyvush Finkel, American comedian (d. 2016)
- October 15 – Luigi Giussani, Italian Catholic priest (d. 2005)
- October 19 – Jack Anderson, American journalist (d. 2005)
- October 22 – John Chafee, American politician (d. 1999)
- October 23 – Coleen Gray, American actress (d. 2015)
- October 24 – George Miller, American politician who served as the Mayor of Tucson, Arizona (d. 2014)
- October 26 – Madelyn Dunham, American maternal grandmother of Barack Obama, 44th President of the United States (d. 2008)
- October 27
- October 28 – Butch van Breda Kolff, American basketball coach (d. 2007)
- October 31
- November 3 – Townsend Cromwell, American oceanographer (d. 1958)
- November 5
- November 6 – Vivian Kellogg, American professional baseball player (d. 2013)
- November 8 – Christiaan Barnard, South African surgeon (d. 2001)
- November 9
- November 11 – Kurt Vonnegut, American novelist (d. 2007)
- November 12 – Kim Hunter, American actress (d. 2002)
- November 13 – Oskar Werner, Austrian actor (d. 1984)
- November 14
- November 15 – David Sidney Feingold, American biochemist
- November 16
- November 17 – Stanley Cohen, American physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
- November 19 – Yuri Knorozov, Russian linguist and epigrapher (d. 1999)
- November 22 – Francesco Rosi, Italian film director (d. 2015)
- November 23
- November 25 – Shelagh Fraser, British actress (d. 2000)
- November 26 – Charles M. Schulz, American cartoonist (d. 2000)
- December 2 – Leo Gordon, American actor (d. 2000)
- December 5
- December 6
- December 8
- December 9 – Redd Foxx, African-American comedian (d. 1991)
- December 10 – Lucía Hiriart, former First Lady of Chile
- December 11
- December 12
- December 14
- December 17 – Alan Voorhees, American engineer and urban planner (d. 2005)
- December 18 – Jack Brooks, American politician (d. 2012)
- December 20 – Charita Bauer, American actress/soap opera star (d. 1985)
- December 21
- December 23 – Micheline Ostermeyer, French athlete and musician (d. 2001)
- December 24 – Ava Gardner, American actress (d. 1990)
- December 27 – Miller Anderson, American diver (d. 1965)
- December 28 – Stan Lee, American comics creator
- December 29 – William Gaddis, American writer (d. 1998)
- December 30 – Boes Boestami, Indonesian actor (d. 1970)
- January 1 – István Kühár, Prekmurje Slovene writer and politician (b. 1887)
- January 5 – Ernest Shackleton, Irish explorer (b. 1874)
- January 10 – Ōkuma Shigenobu, 2-time Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1838)
- January 15 – John Kirk British explorer (b. 1832)
- January 22
- January 23 – Arthur Nikisch, Hungarian conductor (b. 1855)
- January 27
- January 31 – Heinrich Reinhardt, Austrian composer (b. 1865)
- February 1
- February 3
- February 4 – Henry Jones, British explorer (b. 1852)
- February 8 – Kabayama Sukenori, Japanese samurai, general, and statesman (b. 1837)
- February 14 – Heikki Ritavuori, Finnish Minister of Interior (b. 1880)
- February 22 – John Joseph Jolly Kyle, Argentine chemist (b. 1838).
- February 25 – Henri Désiré Landru, French serial killer (executed) (b. 1869)
- March 1 – Rafael Moreno Aranzadi, Spanish footballer (b. 1892)
- March 4 – Bert Williams, American entertainer (b. 1874)
- March 10 – Harry Kellar, American magician (b. 1849)
- March 19 – Max von Hausen, German general (b. 1846)
- March 24 – Walter Parr, British preacher (b. 1871)
- April 1 – Emperor Charles I of Austria (b. 1887)
- April 2 – Hermann Rorschach, Swiss psychiatrist (b. 1884)
- April 8 – Erich von Falkenhayn, German general (b. 1861)
- April 9
- April 14 – Cap Anson, American baseball player and MLB Hall of Famer (b. 1852)
- May 3 – Viktor Kingissepp, Estonian Communist politician (b. 1888)
- May 7 – Max Wagenknecht, German composer (b. 1857)
- May 12 – John Martin Poyer, United States Navy Commander and the 12th Governor of American Samoa (b. 1861)
- May 15 – Leslie Ward, English portrait artist and caricaturist (b. 1851)
- May 16 – Rudolf Montecuccoli, Austro-Hungarian admiral (b. 1843)
- May 18 – Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran, French physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1845)
- May 19 – Son Byong-hi, Korean activist (b. 1861)
- May 21 – Michael Mayr, Austrian politician, 2nd Chancellor of Austria (b. 1864)
- May 26 – Ernest Solvay, Belgian chemist, philanthropist and entrepreneur (b. 1838)
- June 4 – William Halse Rivers Rivers, English doctor (b. 1864)
- June 6
- June 18 – Jacobus Kapteyn, Dutch astronomer (b. 1851)
- June 20 – Vittorio Monti, Italian Composer (b. 1868)
- June 22 – Sir Henry Wilson, 1st Baronet, British field marshal and politician (b. 1864)
- June 26 – Prince Albert I of Monaco (b. 1848)
- June 27 – Prince Higashifushimi Yorihito (b. 1867)
- June 28 – Velimir Khlebnikov, Russian poet and playwright (b. 1885)
- July 4 – Lothar von Richthofen, German World War I flying ace (b. 1894)
- July 7 – Ioannis Svoronos, Greek numismatist (b. 1863)
- July 10 – Muhammad V an-Nasir (b. 1855)
- July 20 – Andrey Markov, Russian mathematician (b. 1856)
- July 22 – Jokichi Takamine, Japanese chemist (b. 1854)
- July 25 – Paul Maistre, French general (b. 1858)
- July 28 – Édouard Harlé, French engineer and prehistorian (b. 1850)
- August 2
- August 3 – Ture Malmgren, Swedish journalist and politician (b. 1851)
- August 4
- August 5 – Tommy McCarthy, American baseball player and MLB Hall of Famer (b. 1863)
- August 12 – Arthur Griffith, Irish republican, President of Dáil Éireann (b. 1872)
- August 13 – Saint Benjamin of Petrograd (b. 1873)
- August 14 – Alfred Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Northcliffe, British newspaper magnate (b. 1865)
- August 19 – Felip Pedrell, Spanish composer (b. 1841)
- August 22
- August 29 – Georges Sorel, French philosopher and theorist of revolutionary syndicalism (b. 1847)
- September 4 – James Young, Scottish footballer, motorcycle accident (b. 1882)
- September 5 – Sarah Winchester, American builder of the Winchester Mystery House (b. 1837)
- September 7 – William Stewart Halsted, American surgeon (b. 1852)
- September 10
- September 25 – Carlo Caneva, Italian general (b. 1845)
- September 26 – Thomas E. Watson, American politician and senator (b. 1856)
- September 29 – President Ebert,
- October 7 – Marie Lloyd, British singer (b. 1870)
- October 11 – Prince August Leopold of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (b. 1867)
- October 25 – Oscar Hertwig, German zoologist (b. 1849)
- October 30 – Géza Gárdonyi, Hungarian author (b. 1863)
- November 1 – Lima Barreto, Brazilian writer (b. 1881)
- November 7 – Sam Thompson, American baseball player and MLB Hall of Famer (b. 1860)
- November 14 – Godfrey Chevalier, American naval aviation pioneer (b. 1889)
- November 18 – Marcel Proust, French author (b. 1871)
- November 23 – Eduard Seler, Prussian scholar and Mesoamericanist (b. 1849)
- November 24 – Robert Erskine Childers, Irish novelist and nationalist (executed) (b. 1870)
- November 27 – Demetrio Castillo Duany, Cuban revolutionary, soldier, and politician (b. 1856)
- November 30 – René Cresté, French actor and director (b. 1881)
- December 12 – John Wanamaker, American businessman (b. 1838)
- December 13 – Hannes Hafstein, 1st Prime Minister of Iceland (b. 1861)
- December 14 – Henry Pierrepoint, British executioner (b. 1878)
- December 16 – Gabriel Narutowicz, Polish professor and politician, 1st President of Poland (assassinated) (b. 1865)
- December 17 – David Lindsay, Australian explorer (b. 1856)
- Physics – Niels Henrik David Bohr
- Chemistry – Francis William Aston
- Physiology or Medicine – Archibald Vivian Hill, Otto Fritz Meyerhof
- Literature – Jacinto Benavente
- Peace – Fridtjof Nansen
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