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This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in
Events [edit ]
January 31 – At Jilava prison, Sandu Tudor begins serving a 40-year sentence for "conspiracy against the social order" and "intense activity against the working class", as meted out by a Romanian communist tribunal; he would die in 1962, at Aiud prison, possibly from torture. 
April 30 – Theatrical première of Bertolt Brecht's , originally performed on radio in 1932. Saint Joan of the Stockyards
May 7 – Scientist and novelist C. P. Snow delivers an influential Rede Lecture on , concerning a perceived breakdown of communication between the The Two Cultures sciences and humanities, in the Senate House, University of Cambridge. It is subsequently published as The Two Cultures and the Scientific Revolution.
May 28 – The Mermaid Theatre opens in the City of London.
July 21 – D. H. Lawrence's is one of a trio of books (the others being Lady Chatterley's Lover and Tropic of Cancer ), the ban on which is fought and overturned in court with assistance by lawyer Fanny Hill Charles Rembar in the United States; the book, published in 1928, legally circulates in the U.S. after a 31-year obscenity ban. 
July 29 – Obscene Publications Act in the United Kingdom becomes law (coming into force on August 29), requiring a work to be considered as a whole, permitting a "public good" defence against a prosecution for obscenity, and making prosecutions for obscene libel difficult.
October 29 – First appearance of Astérix the Gaul, in the first regular issue of the comic magazine . Pilote 
November 11 – Release in the United States of the short film , adapted from his unperformed play Pull My Daisy and narrated by Beat Generation Jack Kerouac and starring poets Allen Ginsberg, Peter Orlovsky and Gregory Corso.
Anthony Burgess is invalided home to England from a teaching post in Brunei and becomes a full-time novelist.
Aldous Huxley turns down the offer of a knighthood.
Colin Dexter begins teaching at Corby Grammar School.
Frank Herbert begins researching . Dune
Frederik Pohl becomes an editor of the American science fiction magazine . Galaxy
Marcel Achard is elected to the Académie française.
Literature Wales is established as The Academi. The first
butoh performance piece, Kinjiki by Tatsumi Hijikata, premieres at a dance festival in Japan. It is based on the novel of the same name ( ) by Forbidden Colors Yukio Mishima and explores the taboos of male homosexuality and paedophilia.
New books [edit ]
Fiction [edit ]
Children and young people [edit ]
Drama [edit ]
Non-fiction [edit ]
Births [edit ]
January 8 – Ovidiu Pecican, Romanian writer and poet
January 9 – Rigoberta Menchú, Guatemalan writer and Nobel Peace Prize winner
January 20 – R. A. Salvatore, American science fiction and fantasy author
January 28 – Megan McDonald, American children's author
February 2 – Jari Tervo, Finnish author
March 11 – Dejan Stojanović, Serbian-American poet and essayist
March 15 – Ben Okri, Nigerian poet and novelist
March 18 – Frédéric-Yves Jeannet, French-born writer in French and Spanish
April 15 – Emma Thompson, English actress and screenwriter
April 30 – Alessandro Barbero, Italian historian, novelist and essayist c.
May 1 – Yasmina Reza, French novelist and dramatist
May 3 – Ben Elton, English comedian, novelist and screenwriter
June 12 – Hilary McKay, English children's writer
June 13 – Maurice G. Dantec, French science fiction author
August 27 – Jeanette Winterson, English novelist
September 9 – Matti Rönkä, Finnish TV journalist and novelist
September 29 – Benjamin Sehene, Rwandan writer
October 1 – Brian P. Cleary, American humorist, author and poet
October 31 – Neal Stephenson, American science fiction writer
November 1 – Susanna Clarke, English novelist
December 20 – Sandra Cisneros, Mexican-born American author
Deaths [edit ]
January 3 – Edwin Muir, Scottish poet, novelist and translator (born 1887)
January 29 – Pauline Smith, South African novelist (born 1882)
February 20 – Laurence Housman, English playwright and writer (born 1865)
February 22 – Percy F. Westerman, English children's author (born 1876)
February 23 – Luis Palés Matos, Puerto Rican poet (heart failure (born 1898)
February 28 – Maxwell Anderson, American playwright and film writer (born 1888)
March 4 – W. W. Greg, English literary scholar (born 1875)
March 17 – Galaktion Tabidze (Galaktioni), Georgian poet (suicide, born 1892)
March 26 – Raymond Chandler, American crime writer (born 1888)
April 14 – Julien Josephson, American screenwriter (born 1881)
May 18 – Apsley Cherry-Garrard, English memoirist and explorer (born 1886)
May 20 – Alfred Schütz, Austrian philosopher and sociologist (born 1899)
June 1 – Sax Rohmer (Arthur Henry Ward), English novelist (born 1883)
June 23 – Boris Vian, French novelist (heart attack, born 1920)
June 30 – José Vasconcelos, Mexican poet and political writer (born 1882)
July 3 – Johan Bojer, Norwegian novelist (born 1872)
July 26 – Manuel Altolaguirre, Spanish poet, editor and publisher (car accident, born 1905)
August 8 – Emil František Burian, Czech poet, journalist and playwright (born 1904)
September 18 – Benjamin Péret, French poet and Surrealist (born 1899)
Awards [edit ]
Carnegie Medal for children's literature: Rosemary Sutcliff, The Lantern Bearers
Hugo Award for Best Novel: James Blish, A Case of Conscience
James Tait Black Memorial Prize for fiction: Morris West, The Devil's Advocate
James Tait Black Memorial Prize for biography: Christopher Hassall, Edward Marsh
Miles Franklin Award: Vance Palmer, The Big Fellow
Newbery Medal for children's literature: Elizabeth George Speare, The Witch of Blackbird Pond
Nobel Prize for literature: Salvatore Quasimodo
Premio Nadal: Ana María Matute, Primera memoria
Pulitzer Prize for Drama: Archibald MacLeish, J. B.
Pulitzer Prize for Fiction: Robert Lewis Taylor, The Travels of Jaimie McPheeters
Pulitzer Prize for Poetry: Stanley Kunitz, Selected Poems 1928-1958
Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry: Francis Cornford
References [edit ]