From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Ab urbe condita||2716|
|British Regnal year||11 Eliz. 2 – 12 Eliz. 2|
|Chinese calendar||壬寅年 (Water Tiger)
4659 or 4599
— to —
癸卯年 (Water Rabbit)
4660 or 4600
|- Vikram Samvat||2019–2020|
|- Shaka Samvat||1884–1885|
|- Kali Yuga||5063–5064|
|Japanese calendar||Shōwa 38
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 13 days|
|Minguo calendar||ROC 52
|Thai solar calendar||2506|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1963.|
1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (dominical letter F) of the Gregorian calendar, the 1963rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 963rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 63rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1960s decade.
- 1 Events
- 2 Births
- 3 Deaths
- 4 Nobel Prizes
- 5 References
- January 1
- Osamu Tezuka's Tetsuwan Atomu (Astro Boy), Japan's first serialized animated series based on the popular manga, debuts on Japanese television station Fuji Television.
- Bogle–Chandler case: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation scientist Dr. Gilbert Bogle and Mrs. Margaret Chandler are found dead (presumed poisoned), in bushland near the Lane Cove River, Sydney, Australia.
- January 2 – Vietnam War: The Viet Cong win their first major victory in the Battle of Ap Bac.
- January 8 – Leonardo da Vinci's Mona Lisa is exhibited in the United States for the first time, at the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C.
- January 14
- George Wallace becomes governor of Alabama. In his inaugural speech, he defiantly proclaims "segregation now, segregation tomorrow, and segregation forever!"
- The steam locomotive Flying Scotsman (British Railways No. 60103) makes its last scheduled run, before going into the hands of Alan Pegler for preservation.
- January 18 – Due to severe winter conditions the twelfth elfstedentocht skating tour in the Netherlands turns into an almost total disaster. Of the 9,294 participants only 69 manage to finish, making this the heaviest elfstedentocht ever held.
- January 22 – France and West Germany sign the Élysée Treaty.
- January 26 – The Australia Day shootings rock Perth; 2 people are shot dead and 3 others injured by Eric Edgar Cooke.
- January 28 – Black student Harvey Gantt enters Clemson University in South Carolina, the last U.S. state to hold out against racial integration.
- January 29 – French President Charles de Gaulle vetoes the United Kingdom's entry into the European Common Market.
- February 5 – The European Court of Justice's ruling in Van Gend en Loos v Nederlandse Administratie der Belastingen establishes the principle of direct effect, one of the basic tenets of European Union law.
- February 8 – Travel, financial and commercial transactions by United States citizens to Cuba are made illegal by the John F. Kennedy Administration.
- February 10 – Five Japanese cities located on the northernmost part of Kyūshū are merged and become the city of Kitakyūshū, with a population of more than 1 million.
- February 11
- February 12 – Northwest Airlines Flight 705 crashes in the Florida Everglades, killing all 43 aboard.
- February 14 – Harold Wilson becomes leader of the opposition Labour Party in the United Kingdom; in October 1964 he became prime minister.
- February 19 – The publication of Betty Friedan's The Feminine Mystique launches the reawakening of the Women's Movement in the United States as women's organizations and consciousness raising groups spread.
- February 21 – An earthquake destroys the village of Marj, Libya, killing 900.
- February 27
- February 28 – Dorothy Schiff resigns from the New York Newspaper Publishers' Association, feeling that the city needs at least one paper as New York's 83-day newspayer strike ensued. Her paper, the New York Post, resumes publication on March 4.
- March 4 – In Paris, six people are sentenced to death for conspiring to assassinate President Charles de Gaulle. De Gaulle pardons five, but the other conspirator, Jean Bastien-Thiry, is executed by firing squad several days later.
- March 5 – In Camden, Tennessee, country music superstar Patsy Cline (Virginia Patterson Hensley) is killed in a plane crash along with fellow performers Hawkshaw Hawkins, Cowboy Copas and Cline's manager and pilot Randy Hughes, while returning from a benefit performance in Kansas City, Kansas, for country radio disc jockey "Cactus" Jack Call.
- March 17 – Mount Agung erupts on Bali, killing approximately 1,500.
- March 18 – Gideon v. Wainwright: The Supreme Court of the United States rules that state courts are required to provide counsel in criminal cases for defendants who cannot afford to pay their own attorneys.
- March 21 – The Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary on Alcatraz Island in San Francisco Bay closes; the last 27 prisoners are transferred elsewhere at the order of United States Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy.
- March 22 – The Beatles release their first album, Please Please Me, in the United Kingdom.
- March 23 – Dansevise by Grethe & Jørgen Ingmann (music by Otto Francker, text by Sejr Volmer-Sørensen) wins the Eurovision Song Contest 1963 for Denmark.
- March 27 – In Britain, Dr. Richard Beeching issues a report, The Reshaping of British Railways, calling for huge cuts to the country's rail network.
- March 28 – Director Alfred Hitchcock's film The Birds is released in the United States.
- March 30 – Indigenous Australians are legally allowed to drink alcohol in New South Wales.
- March 31 – The 1962–63 New York City newspaper strike ends after 114 days.
- April 1 – The long-running soap opera General Hospital debuts on ABC Television in the United States.
- April 3 – Southern Christian Leadership Conference volunteers kick off the Birmingham campaign (Birmingham, Alabama) against racial segregation in the United States with a sit-in.
- April 7 – Yugoslavia is proclaimed to be a socialist republic, and Josip Broz Tito is named President for Life.
- April 8 – The 35th Academy Awards ceremony is held. Lawrence of Arabia wins Best Picture.
- April 9 – British statesman Sir Winston Churchill becomes an honorary citizen of the United States.
- April 10 – The U.S. nuclear submarine Thresher sinks 220 mi (190 nmi; 350 km) east of Cape Cod; all 129 aboard (112 crewmen plus yard personnel) die.
- April 12
- Martin Luther King Jr., Ralph Abernathy, Fred Shuttlesworth and others are arrested in a Birmingham, Alabama protest for "parading without a permit".
- The Soviet nuclear powered submarine K-33 collides with the Finnish merchant vessel M/S Finnclipper in the Danish Straits. Although severely damaged, both vessels make it to port.
- April 14 – The Institute of Mental Health (Belgrade) is established.
- April 15 – 70,000 marchers arrive in London from Aldermaston, to demonstrate against nuclear weapons.
- April 16 – Martin Luther King, Jr. issues his "Letter from Birmingham Jail".
- April 20 – In Quebec, Canada, members of the terrorist group Front de libération du Québec bomb a Canadian Army recruitment center, killing night watchman Wilfred V. O'Neill.
- April 21–April 23 – The first election of the Supreme Institution of the Bahá'í Faith (known as the Universal House of Justice, whose seat is at the Bahá'í World Centre on Mount Carmel in Haifa, Israel) is held.
- April 22 – Lester Bowles Pearson becomes the 14th Prime Minister of Canada.
- April 28 – A general election is held in Italy.
- April 29 – Buddy Rogers becomes the first WWWF Champion.
- May 1 – The Coca-Cola Company introduces its first diet drink, Tab cola.
- May 2
- Thousands of blacks, many of them children, are arrested while protesting segregation in Birmingham, Alabama. Public Safety Commissioner Eugene "Bull" Connor later unleashes fire hoses and police dogs on the demonstrators.
- Berthold Seliger launches near Cuxhaven a 3-stage rocket with a maximum flight altitude of more than 62 miles (the only sounding rocket developed in Germany).
- May 4 – The Le Monde Theater fire in Dioirbel, Senegal kills 64.
- May 8
- Dr. No, the first James Bond film, is shown in U.S. theaters.
- Huế Phật Đản shootings: The Army of the Republic of Vietnam opens fire on Buddhists who defy a ban on the flying of the Buddhist flag on Vesak, the birthday of Gautama Buddha, killing 9. (Earlier, President Ngô Đình Diệm allowed the flying of the Vatican flag in honour of his brother, Archbishop Ngô Đình Thục.) Start of Buddhist crisis in South Vietnam.
- CVS Pharmacy opens in Lowell, Massachusetts.
- May 12 – The Shanty is established in New Castle, Indiana.
- May 13 – A smallpox outbreak hits Stockholm, Sweden, lasting until July.
- May 14 – Kuwait becomes the 111th member of the United Nations.
- May 15 – Project Mercury: NASA launches Gordon Cooper on Mercury-Atlas 9, the last mission (on June 12 NASA Administrator James E. Webb tells Congress the program is complete).
- May 22 – A.C. Milan beats Benfica 2-1 at Wembley Stadium, London and wins the 1962–63 European Cup (football).
- May 23 – Fidel Castro visits the Soviet Union.
- May 25 – The Organisation of African Unity is established in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
- May 27 – The Freewheelin' Bob Dylan is singer-songwriter Bob Dylan's second studio album, and most influential, opening with the song "Blowin' in the Wind", released by Columbia Records.
- June 3
- June 4 – President John F. Kennedy signs Executive Order 11110, authorizing the Secretary of the Treasury to issue silver certificates.
- June 5 – The first annual National Hockey League Entry Draft is held in Montreal.
- June 10 – President John F. Kennedy delivers his American University speech, "A Strategy of Peace", in Washington, D.C.
- June 10 – The University of Central Florida is established by the Florida legislature.
- June 11
- In Saigon, Buddhist monk Thích Quảng Đức commits self-immolation to protest the oppression of Buddhists by the Ngô Đình Diệm administration.
- Alabama Governor George Wallace stands in the door of the University of Alabama to protest against integration, before stepping aside and allowing blacks James Hood and Vivian Malone to enroll.
- President John F. Kennedy broadcasts a historic Civil Rights Address, in which he promises a Civil Rights Bill, and asks for "the kind of equality of treatment that we would want for ourselves".
- June 12
- June 13
- June 15 – The AC Cobra makes its first appearance at the 24 Hours of Le Mans. It would go on to win its class the following year.
- June 16 – Vostok 6 carries Soviet cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova, the first woman into space.
- June 17 – Abington School District v. Schempp: The U.S. Supreme Court rules that state-mandated Bible reading in public schools is unconstitutional.
- June 19 – Valentina Tereshkova the first woman in space, returns to Earth.
- June 20
- Establishment of the Moscow–Washington hotline (officially, the Direct Communications Link or DCL; unofficially, the "red telephone"; and in fact a teleprinter link) is authorized by signing of a Memorandum of Understanding in Geneva by representatives of the Soviet Union and the United States.
- Swedish Air Force Colonel Stig Wennerström is arrested as a spy for the Soviet Union.
- June 21 – Pope Paul VI (Giovanni Battista Montini) succeeds Pope John XXIII as the 262nd pope.
- June 23 – Walt Disney's Enchanted Tiki Room opens at Disneyland, premiering the first Audio-Animatronics in the park.
- June 26 – John F. Kennedy gives his "Ich bin ein Berliner" speech in West Berlin, East Germany.
- June – UNESCO History of Mankind, vol. 1 published.
- July 1 – ZIP codes are introduced by the United States Postal Service.
- July 5
- Diplomatic relations between the Israeli and the Japanese governments are raised to embassy level.
- July 7 – Double Seven Day scuffle: Secret police loyal to Ngô Đình Nhu, brother of President Ngô Đình Diệm, attack American journalists including Peter Arnett and David Halberstam at a demonstration during the Buddhist crisis in South Vietnam.
- July 11 – South Africa: police raid Liliesleaf Farm to the north of Johannesburg, arresting a group of ANC leaders.
- July 12 – Pauline Reade (16) is abducted by Ian Brady and Myra Hindley in Manchester, England, the first victim of the Moors murders; her remains are located in July 1987.
- July 19 – American test pilot Joe Walker, flying the X-15, reaches an altitude of 65.8 miles (105.9 kilometers), making it a sub-orbital spaceflight by recognized international standards.
- July 26
- July 30 – The Soviet newspaper Izvestia reports that British diplomat and double agent Kim Philby has been given asylum in Moscow.
- August 5 – The United States, United Kingdom, and Soviet Union sign the Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty.
- August 8 – The Great Train Robbery takes place in Buckinghamshire, England.
- August 15 – Trois Glorieuses: President Fulbert Youlou is overthrown in the Republic of Congo after a three-day uprising in the capital, Brazzaville.
- August 18 – American civil rights movement: James Meredith becomes the first black person to graduate from the University of Mississippi.
- August 21 – Xá Lợi Pagoda raids: The Army of the Republic of Vietnam Special Forces loyal to Ngô Đình Nhu, brother of President Ngô Đình Diệm, vandalise Buddhist pagodas across South Vietnam, arresting thousands and leaving an estimated hundreds dead. In the wake of the raids, the Kennedy administration by Cable 243 orders the United States Embassy, Saigon to explore alternative leadership in the country, opening the way towards a coup against Diệm.
- August 22 – American test pilot Joe Walker again achieves a sub-orbital spaceflight according to international standards, this time by piloting the X-15 to an altitude of 67.0 miles (107.8 kilometers).
- August 24 – Bundesliga, as known well for professional football league of world, first games in West Germany, replacing from West German Oberliga.
- August 28 – Martin Luther King Jr. delivers his "I Have a Dream" speech on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial to an audience of at least 250,000, during the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.
- September 1 – The language border in Belgium is fixed. This will become the foundation for the further federalization of the county.
- September 5 – British prostitute Christine Keeler is arrested for perjury for her part in the Profumo affair. On December 6 she is sentenced to 9 months in prison.
- September 6 – The Centre for International Intellectual Property Studies (CEIPI) is founded.
- September 7 – The Pro Football Hall of Fame opens in Canton, Ohio with 17 charter members.
- September 10 – Mafia boss Bernardo Provenzano is indicted for murder (he is captured 43 years later, on April 11, 2006).
- September 15 – American civil rights movement: The 16th Street Baptist Church bombing, in Birmingham, Alabama, kills 4 and injures 22.
- September 16 – Malaysia is formed through the merging of the Federation of Malaya and the British crown colony of Singapore, North Borneo (renamed Sabah) and Sarawak.
- September 18 – Rioters burn down the British Embassy in Jakarta, to protest the formation of Malaysia.
- September 23 – King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals is established by a Saudi Royal Decree as the College of Petroleum and Minerals.
- September 24 – The United States Senate ratifies the Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty.
- September 25
- September 29
- October 1 – John F. Kennedy Toasts of the President and Emperor Haile Selassie at a Luncheon in Rockville, Maryland.
- October 2
- October 3 – 1963 Honduran coup d'état: A violent coup in Honduras pre-empts the October 13 election, ends a period of reform under President Ramón Villeda Morales and begins two decades of military rule under General Oswaldo López Arellano.
- October 4 – Hurricane Flora, one of the worst Atlantic storms in history, hits Hispaniola and Cuba, killing nearly 7,000 people.
- October 8 – Sam Cooke and his band are arrested after trying to register at a "whites only" motel in Louisiana. In the months following, he records the song "A Change Is Gonna Come".
- October 9 – In northeast Italy, over 2,000 people are killed when a large landslide behind the Vajont Dam causes a giant wave of water to overtop it.
- October 10
- October 14 – A revolution starts in Radfan, South Yemen, against British colonial rule.
- October 16 – The thousandth day of John F. Kennedy's presidency.
- October 19 – Alec Douglas-Home succeeds Harold Macmillan as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
- October 28 – Demolition of the 1910 Pennsylvania Station begins in New York City, continuing until 1966.
- October 30 – The car manufacturing firm Lamborghini is founded in Italy.
- October 31 – 74 die in a gas explosion during a Holiday on Ice show at the Indiana State Fair Coliseum in Indianapolis.
- November 1 – Arecibo Observatory, a radio telescope, officially begins operation in Puerto Rico.
- November 2 – 1963 South Vietnamese coup: Arrest and assassination of Ngo Dinh Diem, the South Vietnamese President.
- November 6 – 1963 South Vietnamese coup: Coup leader General Dương Văn Minh takes over as leader of South Vietnam.
- November 7 – 11 German miners are rescued from a collapsed mine after 14 days in what became known as the "Wunder von Lengede" ("miracle of Legend").
- November 8 – Finnair aircraft OH-LCA crashes before landing at Mariehamn Airport on the Åland Islands.
- November 9 – Two disasters in Japan:
- November 10 – Malcolm X makes an historic speech in Detroit, Michigan ("Message to the Grass Roots").
- November 14 – A volcanic eruption under the sea near Iceland creates a new island, Surtsey.
- November 16 – A newspaper strike begins in Toledo, Ohio.
- November 18
- November 22
- Assassination of John F. Kennedy: In a motorcade in Dallas, Texas, U.S. President John F. Kennedy is fatally shot by Lee Harvey Oswald, and Governor of Texas John Connally is seriously wounded. Upon Kennedy's death, Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson becomes President of the United States. A few hours later, President Johnson is sworn in aboard Air Force One, as Kennedy's body is flown back to Washington, D.C. Stores and businesses shut down for the entire weekend and Monday, in tribute.
- English-born writer Aldous Huxley, author of Brave New World, dies of cancer in the United States.
- Irish-born theologian and writer C. S. Lewis, author of works including The Chronicles of Narnia, The Screwtape Letters and Mere Christianity, dies of renal failure at his home in Oxford (England).
- Phil Spector's A Christmas Gift for You from Phil Spector is released.
- The Beatles' second UK album, With the Beatles, is released.
- November 23
- November 24
- November 25 – State funeral of John F. Kennedy: President Kennedy is buried at Arlington National Cemetery. Schools around the nation cancel classes that day; millions watch the funeral on live international television.
- November 29
- U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson establishes the Warren Commission to investigate the assassination of John F. Kennedy.
- Trans-Canada Air Lines Flight 831, a Douglas DC-8 crashes into a wooded hillside after taking-off from Dorval International Airport near Montreal, killing all 118 on board, the worst air disaster for many years in Canada's history.
- Foundation stone for Mirzapur Cadet College is laid in East Pakistan (present-day Bangladesh).
- December 3 – The Warren Commission begins its investigation into the assassination of John F. Kennedy.
- December 4 – The second period of the Second Vatican Council closes.
- December 5 – The Seliger Forschungs-und-Entwicklungsgesellschaft mbH demonstrates rockets for military use to military representatives of non-NATO-countries near Cuxhaven. Although these rockets land via parachute at the end of their flight and no allied laws are violated, the Soviet Union protests this action.
- December 7 – Tony Verna, a CBS-TV director, debuts an improved version of instant replay during his direction of a live televised sporting event, the Army–Navy Game of college football played in Philadelphia. This instance is notable as it was the first instant replay system to use videotape instead of film.
- December 8
- December 10
- In the United States, the X-20 Dyna-Soar spaceplane program is cancelled.
- Chuck Yeager narrowly escapes death while testing an NF-104A rocket-augmented aerospace trainer when his aircraft goes out of control at 108,700 feet (nearly 21 miles up) and crashes. He parachutes to safety at 8,500 feet after vainly battling to gain control of the powerless, rapidly falling craft. In this incident he becomes the first pilot to make an emergency ejection in the full pressure suit needed for high altitude flights.
- December 12 – Kenya gains independence from the United Kingdom, with Jomo Kenyatta as prime minister.
- December 19 – Zanzibar gains independence from the United Kingdom, as a constitutional monarchy under Sultan Jamshid bin Abdullah.
- December 21 – Cyprus Emergency: Inter-communal fighting erupts between Greek and Turkish Cypriots.
- December 22 – The cruise ship Lakonia burns 180 miles (290 km) north of Madeira, with the loss of 128 lives.
- December 25
- Walt Disney releases his 18th feature-length animated motion picture The Sword in the Stone, about the boyhood of King Arthur. It is the penultimate animated film personally supervised by Disney.
- İsmet İnönü of the Republican People's Party (CHP) forms the new government of Turkey (28th government, coalition partners; independents, İnönü has served 10 ten times as a prime minister, this is his last government).
- December 26 – The Beatles' "I Want to Hold Your Hand" and "I Saw Her Standing There" are released in the United States, marking the beginning of Beatlemania on an international level.
- David H. Frisch and J.H. Smith prove that the radioactive decay of mesons is slowed by their motion (see Einstein's special relativity and general relativity).
- The Semi-Automatic Ground Environment for the defense of the United States is fully deployed.
- The TAT-3 transatlantic communications cable goes into operation.
- Ivan Sutherland writes the revolutionary Sketchpad program and runs it on the Lincoln TX-2 computer at Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
- Construction of Moscow's Ostankino Tower begins.
- The IEEE Computer Society is founded.
- The Urdu keyboard is standardised by the Central Language Board in Pakistan.
- Harvey Ball invents the ubiquitous smiley face symbol.
- The Reformed Druids of North America is founded.
- The 1955 film Oklahoma!, an adaptation of the famed Rodgers and Hammerstein musical, is re-released.
- The iconic Porsche 911 is first produced.
- Conference Premier football club Welling United is formed.
- Hergé's The Castafiore Emerald is published.
- January 1 – Linda Henry, English actress
- January 2
- January 4
- January 6 – Tony Halme, Finnish boxer and politician (d. 2010)
- January 7 – Rand Paul, U.S Senator from Kentucky
- January 13 – Jiang Wen, Chinese actor
- January 14 – Steven Soderbergh, American film director
- January 15 – Mathias Döpfner, journalist and chief executive officer of German media group Axel Springer SE
- January 16 – James May, English motoring journalist and television show host
- January 18 – Ian Crook, English footballer
- January 17 – Kai Hansen, German power metal guitarist and singer
- January 19 – Caron Wheeler, British singer-songwriter (Soul II Soul)
- January 20 – Firebreaker Chip, American professional wrestler
- January 21
- January 23 – Gail O'Grady, American actress
- January 24 – Arnold Vanderlyde, Dutch boxer
- January 26
- January 29 – Octave Octavian Teodorescu, Romanian composer, vanguard rock musician, multi-instrumentist
- January 30
- February 2 – Eva Cassidy, American vocalist (d. 1996)
- February 3 – Gretel Killeen, Australian journalist
- February 4 – Pirmin Zurbriggen, Swiss alpine skier
- February 8
- February 10 – Smiley Culture, British reggae singer (d. 2011)
- February 11 – Diane Franklin, American actress
- February 12 – Brent Jones, American football player
- February 14
- February 17
- February 18 – Rob Andrew, English rugby union player
- February 19
- February 20 – Charles Barkley, American basketball player
- February 21 – William Baldwin, American actor
- February 22
- February 23 – Bobby Bonilla, American baseball player
- February 26 – Chase Masterson, American actress and singer
- February 27 – Virginie Boutaud, Brazilian singer and actress (Metrô, Virginie & Fruto Proibido)
- March 1
- March 2 – Tuff Hedeman, American PRCA World Champion Bull Rider
- March 3 – Martín Fiz, Spanish long-distance runner
- March 4
- March 5
- March 6 – Gary Stevens, American jockey
- March 7 – Kim Ung-yong, Korean child prodigy
- March 12 – Joaquim Cruz, Brazilian runner
- March 13 – Fito Páez, Argentine musician
- March 14
- March 15 – Bret Michaels, American rock singer (Poison)
- March 17 – Alex Fong, Hong Kong actor
- March 18
- March 19 – Mary Scheer, American actress and comedian
- March 20
- March 21 – Ronald Koeman, Dutch football player and manager
- March 22 – Susan Ann Sulley, British musician
- March 23 – Jose Miguel Gonzalez Martin del Campo, Spanish football player
- March 24 – John T. Chisholm, American prosecutor; District Attorney of Milwaukee County, Wisconsin (2007–present)
- March 26 – Natsuhiko Kyogoku, Japanese writer
- March 27
- March 28 – Chieko Honda, Japanese voice actress (d. 2013)
- April 3
- April 4
- April 6 – Rafael Correa, President of Ecuador
- April 8 – Julian Lennon, British musician, son of John Lennon
- April 9 – Joe Scarborough, American newscaster
- April 10
- April 11 – Chris Ferguson, American poker player
- April 12
- April 13 – Garry Kasparov, Russian chess player
- April 15 – Beata Szydło, Prime Minister of Poland
- April 16 – Jimmy Osmond, American singer
- April 17 – Joel Murray, American actor
- April 18
- April 19 – Valerie Plame, former United States CIA Operations officer
- April 21
- April 24 – Tõnu Trubetsky, Estonian rock musician (Vennaskond)
- April 25 – Pascal of Bollywood, French singer
- April 26
- April 27
- April 29 – Mike Babcock, Canadian ice hockey coach
- April 30 – Michael Waltrip, American race car driver
- May 1 – Benjamin LaGuer, American prisoner proclaiming innocence for more than two decades
- May 2 – Ray Traylor, American professional wrestler ("Big Boss Man") (d. 2004)
- May 5 – James LaBrie, Canadian vocalist (Dream Theater)
- May 9 – Gary Daniels, British martial artist and actor
- May 10 – A. Raja, Indian politician
- May 11 – Natasha Richardson, English actress (d. 2009)
- May 12 – Jerry Trimble, American actor and martial artist
- May 16
- May 23 – Wally Dallenbach Jr., American race car driver and announcer
- May 24
- May 25
- May 26
- May 29
- May 31
- June 1 – David Westhead, English actor and producer
- June 4 – Sean Fitzpatrick, New Zealand rugby union player
- June 5 – Joe Rudán, Hungarian heavy metal singer
- June 6 – Jason Isaacs, British actor
- June 9 – Johnny Depp, American actor
- June 12
- June 13 – Bettina Bunge, German tennis player
- June 14 – Rambo Amadeus, Montenegrin singer-songwriter
- June 15 – Helen Hunt, American actress
- June 16 – The Sandman, American professional wrestler
- June 17 – Greg Kinnear, American actor
- June 18
- June 20 – Amir Derakh, American musician
- June 22
- June 23 – Colin Montgomerie, Scottish golfer
- June 24
- June 25
- June 26 – Mikhail Khodorkovsky, Russian businessman, activist and former oligarch
- June 29 – Anne-Sophie Mutter, German violinist
- June 30 – Yngwie Malmsteen, Swedish guitarist, composer, and bandleader
- July 4 – Christopher G. Kennedy, son of Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy
- July 6 – Miguel Garikoitz Aspiazu Rubina, Basque separatist
- July 11 – Lisa Rinna, American actress
- July 13 – Spud Webb, American basketball player
- July 15 – Brigitte Nielsen, Danish actress
- July 16 – Phoebe Cates, American actress
- July 17
- July 18
- July 22 – Emilio Butragueño, Spanish football player
- July 24
- July 27 – Donnie Yen, Hong Kong actor and martial artist
- July 28 – Beverley Craven, British singer-songwriter
- July 29
- July 30
- August 1
- August 2 – Laura Bennett, American fashion designer
- August 3
- August 5 – Mark Strong, English actor
- August 6 – Kevin Mitnick, American computer hacker
- August 7
- August 8
- August 9 – Whitney Houston, African-American singer (d. 2012)
- August 10 – Andrew Sullivan, British-born American blogger and political commentator
- August 13
- August 15
- August 17 – James Whitbourn, British composer
- August 18 – Heino Ferch, German actor
- August 19
- August 22 – Tori Amos, American singer
- August 23
- August 24 – Hideo Kojima, Japanese video-game director
- August 25 – Miro Cerar, Prime Minister of Slovenia
- August 26
- August 30
- August 31
- September 1 – Carola Smit, Dutch musician
- September 6 – Geert Wilders, Dutch politician
- September 7 – Eric Wright (Eazy-E), African-American rapper (d. 1995)
- September 8 – Li Ning, Chinese gymnast
- September 9 – Markus Wasmeier, German alpine-skier
- September 10 – Randy Johnson, American baseball player
- September 11 – Joey Dedio, American actor
- September 12 – Norberto Barba, American cinematographer and film director
- September 14 – Robert Herjavec, Canadian businessman, investor, and television personality
- September 15 – Stephen C. Spiteri, Maltese military historian
- September 16 – Richard Marx, American pop/rock singer
- September 17 – Masahiro Chono, Japanese professional wrestler
- September 18 – Dan Povenmire, American animator and voice actor
- September 19
- September 21
- September 28 – Steve Blackman, American professional wrestler
- September 29
- October 1 – Mark McGwire, American baseball player
- October 5
- October 6 – Elisabeth Shue, American actress
- October 10
- October 12
- October 13
- Mabi de Almeida, Angolan professional football coach
- October 14
- October 17 – Norm Macdonald, Canadian comedian
- October 19 – Sinitta, Anglo-US singer
- October 20 – John Storgårds, Finnish conductor and violinist
- October 22 – Brian Boitano, American figure skater
- October 23
- October 25 – John Levén, Swedish bassist (Europe)
- October 26
- October 27
- October 28 – Lauren Holly, American actress
- October 30 – Kristina Wagner, American actress
- October 31
- November 1
- November 2
- November 4 – Lena Zavaroni, Scottish entertainer (d. 1999)
- November 5 – Gabby Concepcion, Filipino actor
- November 7 – John Barnes, Jamaican-born English footballer
- November 10 – Hugh Bonneville, British actor
- November 11 – Kip James, American professional wrestler
- November 13 – Vinny Testaverde, American football player
- November 15 – Benny Elias, Australian rugby player
- November 18 – Dante Bichette, American baseball player
- November 19
- November 21 – Nicollette Sheridan, English actress
- November 22 – Winsor Harmon, American actor
- November 23
- November 25
- December 2 – Ann Patchett, American novelist
- December 3 – Terri Schiavo, American right-to-die cause célèbre (d. 2005)
- December 4 – Sergey Bubka, Ukrainian pole vaulter
- December 7
- December 8
- December 12
- December 13
- December 14
- December 16
- December 18
- December 19
- December 21
- December 22
- December 23
- December 24 – Sanjay Mehrotra, Indian entrepreneur
- December 26 – Lars Ulrich, Danish rock drummer (Metallica)
- December 29
- December 30 – Kim Hill, American Christian singer
- January 1
- January 2
- January 5
- January 6
- January 7 – Erik Lundqvist, Swedish athlete (b. 1908)
- January 8
- January 10 – Franz Planer, European film cinematographer (b. 1894)
- January 11 – Arthur Nock, English classicist, theologian, and Harvard University professor (b. 1902)
- January 13
- January 14 – Gustav Regler, German Socialist novelist (b. 1898)
- January 16
- January 18 – Edward Charles Titchmarsh, British mathematician (b. 1899)
- January 20 – Fyodor Terentyev, Soviet Olympic cross-country skiier (b. 1925)
- January 21 – Al St. John, American actor (b. 1893)
- January 23 – Józef Gosławski, Polish sculptor and medallic artist (b. 1908)
- January 24
- January 25 – Marion Sunshine, American actress (b. 1894)
- January 26 – Ole Olsen, American actor (b. 1892)
- January 27 – Evelyn Francisco, silent film actress (b. 1904)
- January 28
- January 29
- January 30
- January 31
- February 1
- February 2 – William Gaxton, star of vaudeville, film, and theatre (b. 1893)
- February 6 – Piero Manzoni, Italian artist (b. 1933)
- February 8 – George Dolenz, American actor (b. 1908)
- February 9 – Abd al-Karim Qasim, Prime minister of Iraq (b. 1914)
- February 11 – Sylvia Plath, American poet and novelist (b. 1932)
- February 15
- February 16
- February 18
- February 19 – Benny Moré, Cuban singer (b. 1919)
- February 20
- February 22 – Arthur Guy Empey, soldier, author, screenwriter, and actor (b. 1883)
- February 24 – Herbert Asbury, American journalist and writer (b. 1889)
- February 28
- March 1 – Irish Meusel, American professional baseball player (b. 1893)
- March 4 – William Carlos Williams, American writer (b. 1883)
- March 5
- March 6 – Robert E. Cornish, scientist (b. 1903)
- March 7 – Joachim Holst-Jensen, Norwegian film actor (b. 1880)
- March 11
- March 16 – Archduchess Elisabeth Marie of Austria (b. 1883)
- March 17
- March 18
- March 21 – Felice Minotti, Italian film actor (b. 1887)
- March 22
- March 23 – Thoralf Skolem, Norwegian mathematician (b. 1887)
- March 25 – Felix Adler, American screenwriter (b. 1884)
- March 26 – Jean Bruce, French writer (b. 1921)
- March 27 – Harry Piel, German actor, film director, screenwriter, and film producer (b. 1892)
- March 28
- March 29
- March 31 – Harry Akst, American songwriter (b. 1894)
- April 1 – Agnes Mowinckel, Norwegian actress and stage producer (b. 1875)
- April 3 – Alma Richards, American Olympic gold medalist (b. 1890)
- April 4
- April 6
- April 7 – Amedeo Maiuri, Neapolitan archaeologist (b. 1886)
- April 9
- April 11 – Nando Bruno, Italian film actor (b. 1895)
- April 12
- April 14
- April 15 – Edward Hearn, American actor (b. 1888)
- April 23
- Yitzhak Ben-Zvi, Israel historian and politician, 2nd President of Israel (b. 1884)
- Ferruccio Cerio, Italian film writer and director (b. 1904)
- Paul Fejos, Hungarian film director (b. 1897)
- Harry Harper, professional baseball player (b. 1895)
- Don C. Harvey, American television and film actor, cardiac arrest (b. 1911)
- Frederick Peters, American film actor (b. 1884)
- April 24
- April 25 – Christopher Hassall, English actor, dramatist, librettist, lyricist, and poet (b. 1912)
- April 26 – Roland Pertwee, English playwright, screenwriter, director, and actor (b. 1885)
- April 27 – Kenneth Macgowan, American film producer (b. 1888)
- April 30
- May 1 – Lope K. Santos, Filipino writer, Father of Philippine National Language and Grammar (b. 1879)
- May 2 – Van Wyck Brooks, American literary critic and writer (b. 1886)
- May 6 – Monty Woolley, American actor (b. 1888)
- May 7
- May 11 – Herbert Spencer Gasser, American physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1888)
- May 12
- May 18 – Ernie Davis, American football player, first African-American to win the Heisman Trophy (b. 1939)
- May 24 – Elmore James, American blues guitarist (b. 1918)
- May 25 – Mehdi Frashëri, Albanian politician, former Prime Minister (b. 1872)
- May 29 – Netta Muskett, British novelist (b. 1887)
- May 31 – Edith Hamilton, German-born author (b. 1867)
- June 3
- June 6 – William Baziotes, American painter (b. 1912)
- June 7 – ZaSu Pitts, American actress (b. 1894)
- June 9 – Jacques Villon, French painter (b. 1875)
- June 10 – Anita King, American actress and race-car driver (b. 1884)
- June 11
- June 12
- June 17
- June 18 – Pedro Armendáriz, Mexican actor (b. 1912)
- June 24 – Maria Guadalupe Garcia Zavala, Mexican saint (b. 1878)
- June 27 – John Maurice Clark, American economist (b. 1884)
- June 28 – Frank Baker, American baseball player (Philadelphia Athletics) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1886)
- July 6 – George, Duke of Mecklenburg, head of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (b. 1899)
- July 10 – Teddy Wakelam, English sports broadcaster and rugby union player (b. 1893)
- July 12 – Slatan Dudow, Bulgarian film director (b. 1903)
- July 18 – Jack Solomon, American restaurateur (b. 1896)
- August 1 – Theodore Roethke, American poet (b. 1908)
- August 2 – Oliver La Farge, American writer (b. 1901)
- August 4 – Tom Keene, American actor (b. 1896)
- August 9 – Patrick Bouvier Kennedy, American infant son of President and Mrs. Kennedy
- August 10
- August 14 – Clifford Odets, American playwright (b. 1906)
- August 11 – Clem Bevans, American actor (b. 1879)
- August 17 – Richard Barthelmess, American actor (b. 1895)
- August 20 – Joan Voûte, Dutch astronomer (b. 1879)
- August 22 – William Morris, 1st Viscount Nuffield, British businessman and a philanthropist (b. 1877)
- August 23 – Larry Keating, American actor (b. 1896)
- August 24 – James Kirkwood, Sr., American film director (b. 1875)
- August 27
- August 30 – Guy Burgess, British spy, one of the Cambridge Five (b. 1911)
- August 31 – Georges Braque, French painter (b. 1882)
- September 3 – Louis MacNeice, Irish poet (b. 1907)
- September 4 – Robert Schuman, French statesman, a founding father of the European Union (b. 1886)
- September 9 – Edwin Linkomies, 25th Prime Minister of Finland (b. 1894)
- September 11 – Suzanne Duchamp, French painter (b. 1889)
- September 12 – Modest Altschuler, Belarus-born American composer (b. 1873)
- September 14 – Feng Zhanhai, Chinese military leader and government official (b. 1899)
- September 17 – Eduard Spranger, German philosopher and psychologist (b. 1882)
- September 19 – David Low, New Zealand cartoonist (b. 1891)
- September 25
- October 4
- October 7 – Gustaf Gründgens, German actor (b. 1899)
- October 10 – Édith Piaf, French singer and actress (b. 1915)
- October 11 – Jean Cocteau, French writer (b. 1889)
- October 15 – Alan Goodrich Kirk, American admiral (b. 1888)
- October 21 – Jean Decoux, French admiral, Governor-General of French Indochina (1940-1945) (b. 1884)
- October 24
- October 25 – Roger Désormière, French conductor (b. 1898)
- October 29 – Adolphe Menjou, American actor (b. 1890)
- October 31 – Henry Daniell, English actor (b. 1894)
- November 1
- November 2
- November 12
- November 15 – Fritz Reiner, Hungarian conductor (b. 1888)
- November 16 – Albert H. Pearson, American politician (b. 1920)
- November 21 – Robert Stroud, American prisoner, known as the "Birdman of Alcatraz" (b. 1890)
- November 22
- Wilhelm Beiglböck, German Nazi physician at Dachau concentration camp (b. 1905)
- Aldous Huxley, British writer (Brave New World) (b. 1894)
- John F. Kennedy, 35th President of the United States (assassinated) (b. 1917)
- C. S. Lewis, Irish-born British critic, novelist (The Chronicles of Narnia) and Christian apologist (b. 1898)
- J. D. Tippit, American police officer with the Dallas Police Department (b. 1924)
- November 24 – Lee Harvey Oswald, American assassin of President John F. Kennedy (assassinated) (b. 1939)
- November 26 – Amelita Galli-Curci, Italian opera singer (b. 1882)
- November 28 – Ernesto Lecuona, Cuban composer (b. 1896)
- November 30 – Phil Baker, American comedian and radio personality (b. 1896)
- December – Andy Kennedy, Northern Ireland footballer (b. 1897)
- December 2
- December 5 – Karl Amadeus Hartmann, German composer (b. 1905)
- December 10 – K. M. Panikkar, Indian scholar, diplomat and journalist (b. 1894)
- December 12
- December 14
- December 15 – Rikidōzan, Korean-born Japanese professional wrestler (b. 1924)
- December 21 – Jack Hobbs, English cricketer (b. 1882)
- December 25 – Tristan Tzara, French poet (b. 1896)
- December 26 – Gorgeous George, American professional wrestler (b. 1915)
- December 28
- Physics – Eugene Wigner, Maria Goeppert-Mayer, and J. Hans D. Jensen
- Chemistry – Karl Ziegler and Giulio Natta
- Physiology or Medicine – Sir John Carew Eccles, Alan Lloyd Hodgkin, and Andrew Huxley
- Literature – Giorgos Seferis
- Peace – International Committee of the Red Cross, League of Red Cross Societies
- "Timeline of George Wallace's Life, 1952–1972". The American Experience. Public Broadcasting Service. 2000. Retrieved 2013-03-21.
- Klarman, Michael J. (March–April 2004). "Brown v. Board: 40 Years Later". Humanities: The Magazine of the National Endowment for the Humanities.
- "Dallas: JFK is shot dead". Archived from the original on June 28, 2002.
- Tracker, "Footprints Tracker", August 2012, p. 46.
- Larsen, Jeffrey A.; Smith, James M. (2005). "Hot Line Agreements (1963, 1971, 1984)". Historical Dictionary Of Arms Control And Disarmament. Scarecrow Press. p. 107.
- Kahn, David (1996). The Codebreakers: The Comprehensive History of Secret Communication from Ancient Times to the Internet. Simon and Schuster. p. 715.
- Warren Commission Report.