1963 in paleontology

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List of years in paleontology
In science
1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966

Paleontology or palaeontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1963.

Vertebrates[edit]

Archosauromorphs[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

"Triassolestes"[2]

Gen et sp nov

preoccupied

Reig

Carnian

Ischigualasto Formation

 Argentina

A Crocodylomorph,
Preoccupied by Triassolestes Tillyard 1918.
Renamed Trialestes.

Dinosauria[edit]

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list.[3]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images
Herrerasaurus[2] Valid taxon

Late Triassic (Carnian)

Ischigualasto Formation

 Argentina

A herrerasaurid.

"Ischisaurus"[2] Junior synonym of Herrerasaurus

Late Triassic (Carnian)

Ischigualasto Formation

 Argentina

A herrerasaurid.

"Tanystrosuchus"[4] Nomen dubium.
  • Kuhn

Late Triassic (Norian)

Stubensandstein

 Germany

Either a theropod or shuvosaurid.

Aves[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Anas itchtucknee [5]

Sp. nov.

valid

McCoy

Late Pleistocene

Itchtucknee River

 USA

An Anatidae.

Aphanocrex podarces [6]

Gen. nov et Sp. nov.

valid

Wetmore

Holocene

St. Helena

 Saint Helena

A Rallidae.

Bucephala fossilis [7]

Sp. nov.

valid

Howard

Middle Pleistocene

Palm Spring Formation

 USA

An Anatidae.

Bucephala fossilis [7]

Sp. nov.

valid

Howard

Middle Pleistocene

Palm Spring Formation

 USA

An Anatidae.

Dromiceius ocypus [8]

Synonym

valid

Holmes Miller

Early Pliocene

Mampuwordu Sands

 Australia

A Dromaiidae, transferred to the genus Dromaius.

Fulica hesterna [7]

Sp. nov.

valid

Howard

Middle Pleistocene

Palm Spring Formation

 USA

A Rallidae.

Gallinula brodkorbi [9]

Sp. nov.

valid

McCoy

Late Pleistocene

Itchucknee River beds

 USA

A Rallidae.

Lonchodytes [10]

Gen. et Sp. nov.

valid

Brodkorb

Late Maastrichtian

Lance Formation

 USA

A Gaviiformes, type sp. L. estesi,
also L. pterygius

Agriocharis anza [7]

Sp. nov.

synonym

Howard

Middle Pleistocene

Palm Spring Formation

 USA

syn of Meleagris anza

Nanortyx [11]

Gen et sp. nov.

valid

Weigel

Early Oligocene

Cypress Hills Formation

 Canada

An Odontophoridae, type sp. N. inexpectatus

Neococcyx [11]

Gen et sp. nov.

valid

Weigel

Early Oligocene

Cypress Hills Formation

 Canada

A Coccyzid, type sp. N. mccorquodalei

Neophrontops vallecitoensis [7]

Sp. nov.

valid

Howard

Middle Pleistocene

Palm Spring Formation

 USA

An Accipitridae.

Nycticorax fidens [12]

Sp. nov.

valid

Brodkorb

Early Pliocene

Alachua Clay

 USA

An Ardeidae.

Oxyura bessomi [7]

Sp. nov.

valid

Howard

Middle Pleistocene

Palm Spring Formation

 USA

An Anatidae.

Palaeeudyptes marplesi [13]

Sp. nov.

valid

Brodkorb

Late Eocene

Burnside Marl

 New Zealand

A Spheniscidae.

Palaeostruthus eurius [14]

Sp. nov.

valid

Brodkorb

Late Mioce4ne

Alachua Clay

 USA

An Passerellidae.

Paractitis [11]

Gen et sp. nov.

valid

Weigel

Early Oligocene

Cypress Hills Formation

 Canada

A Scolopacidae, type sp. P. bardi

Phalacrocorax ibericum [15]

Sp. nov.

valid?

de Villalta Comella

Late Miocene

 Spain

A Phalacrocoracidae

Phoeniconotius [16]

Gen. et Sp. nov.

valid

Holmes Miller

Early Miocene

Etadunna Formation

 Australia

A Phoenicopteridae, type sp. P. eyrensis

Phoenicopterus novaehollandiae [16]

Sp. nov.

valid

Holmes Miller

Early Miocene

Etadunna Formation

 Australia

A Phoenicopteridae

Podiceps dixi [17]

Sp. nov.

valid

Brodkorb

Middle Pleistocene

Reddick Beds

 USA

A Podicipedidae

Probalearica crataegensis [18]

Gen. et Sp. nov.

synonym

Brodkorb

Early Miocene

Hawthorne Formation

 USA

A Gruidae, syn of Balearica crataegensis

Propelargus olseni [18]

Sp. nov.

synonym

Brodkorb

Early Miocene

Hawthorne Formation

 USA

A Ciconiidae, syn of Grallavis olseni.

Puffinus micraulax [18]

Sp. nov.

valid

Brodkorb

Early Miocene

Hawthorne Formation

 USA

A Sulidae.

Sula universitatis [18]

Sp. nov.

valid

Brodkorb

Early Miocene

Hawthorne Formation

 USA

A Sulidae.

Titanis [19]

Gen et sp. nov.

valid

Brodkorb

Late Blancan-Early Irvingtonian

 USA

A Phorusrhacidae.
Type sp. T. walleri

Torotix clemensi [20]

Gen et sp. nov.

valid

Brodkorb

Late Cretaceous

Lance Formation

 USA

Possibly a Pelecaniform,
currently Aves Incertae Sedis.

Totanus teruelensis [21]

Sp. nov.

synonym

de Villalta Comella

Late Miocene

 Spain

A Laridae, syn of Larus teruelensis

Popular culture[edit]

Literature[edit]

  • The last of the seven novels about Pellucidar, an underground world inhabited by dinosaurs and other prehistoric creatures, by Edgar Rice Burroughs was published.[22]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
  2. ^ a b c Reig, O.A. 1963. La presencia de dinosaurios saurisquios en los "Estrados de Ischigualasto" (Mesotriasico superior) de las provincias de San Juan y La Rioja (Republica Argentina). Ameghiniana 3: pp. 3-20.
  3. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  4. ^ Kuhn, O. 1963. Ichnia Tetrapodorum. In: Fossilium Catalogus I: Animalia, part 101 (Westphal, F., ed.). W. Junk, The Hague, Netherlands: 176 pages.
  5. ^ McCoy, J. J. (1963). "The Fossil Avifauna of Itchtucknee River, Florida". The Auk. 80: 335–351. 
  6. ^ Wetmore, Alexander (1963). "An Extinct Rail from the Island of St. Helena". The Ibis. 103B (3): 379–381. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f Howard, Hildegarde (1963). "Fossil Birds from the Anza-Borrego Desert" (PDF). Los Angeles County Museum Contributions in Science. 73: 1–33. 
  8. ^ Miller, Alden Holmes (1963). "Fossil Ratite Birds from the Late Tertiary of South Australia". Records of the South Australian Museum. 14: 413–420. 
  9. ^ McCoy, John J. (1963). "The Fossil Avifauna of Itchtucknee River, Florida" (PDF). The Auk. 80: 335–351. doi:10.2307/4082892. 
  10. ^ Brodkorb, Pierce (1963). "Birds from the Upper Cretaceous of Wyoming". Proceedings of the XIIIth International Ornithologists Congress. 13: 55–70. 
  11. ^ a b c Weigel, Robert D. (1963). "Oligocene Birds from Saskatchewan" (PDF). Quarterly Journal of the Florida Academy of Sciences. 26 (3): 257–262. 
  12. ^ Brodkorb, Pierce (1963). "Fossil Birds from the Alachua Clay of Florida". Florida Geological Survey, Special Publication 2. 4: 1–17. 
  13. ^ Brodkorb, P (1963). "Catalogue of Fossil Birds. Part 1 (Archaeopterygiformes through Ardeiformes)". Bulletin of the Florida State Museum, Biological Sciences. 7 (4): 179–293. 
  14. ^ Brodkorb, Pierce (1963). "Fossil Birds from the Alachua Clay of Florida". Florida Geological Survey, Special Publication. 2: 1–17. 
  15. ^ de Villalta Comella, JF (1963). "Las Aves Fósiles del Mioceno Espańol". Boletin de la Real Sociedad Española de Historia Natural (Sección Geológica). 6: 263–285. 
  16. ^ a b Miller, Alden Holmes (1963). "The Fossil Flamingos of Australia" (PDF). The Condor. 65: 289–299. doi:10.2307/1365355. 
  17. ^ Brodkorb, P (1963). "A New Pleistocene Grebe from Florida" (PDF). Quarterly Journal of the Florida Academy of Sciences. 26 (1): 53–55. 
  18. ^ a b c d Brodkorb, Pierce (1963). "Miocene Birds from the Hawthorne Formation in Florida" (PDF). Quarterly Journal of the Florida Academy of Sciences. 26 (2): 159–167. 
  19. ^ Brodkorb, P (1963). "A Giant Flightless Bird from the Pleistocene of Florida" (PDF). Auk. 80 (2): 111–115. doi:10.2307/4082556. 
  20. ^ Brodkorb, P (1963). "Birds from the Upper Cretaceous of Wyoming". Proceedings of the XIIIth International Ornithologists Congress. 13: 55–70. 
  21. ^ de Villalta Comella, J. F. (1963). "Las Aves Fósiles del Mioceno Espańol". Boletin de la Real Sociedad Española de Historia Natural (Sección Geológica). 61: 263–285. 
  22. ^ Sarjeant, W. A. S., 2001, Dinosaurs in fiction: In: Mesozoic Vertebrate Life, edited by Tanke, D. H., and Carpenter, K., Indiana University Press, p. 504-529.