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|Ab urbe condita||2725|
|Balinese saka calendar||1893–1894|
|British Regnal year||20 Eliz. 2 – 21 Eliz. 2|
|Chinese calendar||辛亥年 (Metal Pig)
4668 or 4608
— to —
壬子年 (Water Rat)
4669 or 4609
|- Vikram Samvat||2028–2029|
|- Shaka Samvat||1893–1894|
|- Kali Yuga||5072–5073|
|Japanese calendar||Shōwa 47
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 13 days|
|Minguo calendar||ROC 61
|Thai solar calendar||2515|
|Unix time||63072000 – 94694399|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1972.|
1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (dominical letter BA) of the Gregorian calendar, the 1972nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 972nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 72nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1970s decade.
Within the context of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) it was the longest year ever, as two leap seconds were added during this 366-day year, an event which has not since been repeated. (If its start and end are defined using mean solar time [the legal time scale], its duration was 31622401.141 seconds of Terrestrial Time (or Ephemeris Time), which is slightly shorter than 1908).
- 1 Events
- 2 Births
- 3 Deaths
- 4 Nobel Prizes
- 5 Other academic awards
- 6 References
- January 1 – Kurt Waldheim becomes Secretary-General of the United Nations.
- January 2 – Pierre Hotel Robbery: Six men rob the safe deposit boxes of The Pierre hotel in New York City of at least $4 million.
- January 3 – MGM's 1951 Show Boat is presented on television by NBC for the first time. This marks the first complete network telecast of any version of Show Boat (it had already been filmed as a part-talkie in 1929, and as a full-sound musical in 1936).
- January 4
- January 5 – U.S. President Richard Nixon orders the development of a Space Shuttle program.
- January 7
- January 9 – The RMS Queen Elizabeth is destroyed by fire in Hong Kong harbor.
- January 10 – Sheikh Mujibur Rahman returns to Bangladesh from Pakistan.
- January 13 – Prime Minister of Ghana Kofi Abrefa Busia is overthrown in a military coup.
- January 14 – Queen Margrethe II of Denmark succeeds her father, King Frederick IX, on the throne of Denmark.
- January 19 – The Libertarian enclave Minerva on a platform in the South Pacific, sponsored by the Phoenix Foundation, declares independence. Soon neighboring Tonga annexes the area and dismantles the platform.
- January 20
- January 21
- January 24 – Japanese soldier Shoichi Yokoi is discovered in Guam; he had spent 28 years in the jungle.
- January 25 – Shirley Chisholm, the first African American Congresswoman, announces her candidacy for President.
- January 26
- January 30
- January 31 – King Birendra succeeds his father as King of Nepal.
- February 2
- A bomb explodes at the British Yacht Club in West Berlin, killing Irwin Beelitz, a German boat builder.
- The German militant group 2 June Movement announces its support of the Provisional Irish Republican Army.
- Anti-British riots take place throughout Ireland. The British Embassy in Dublin is burned to the ground, as are several British-owned businesses.
- The last draft lottery is held, a watershed event in the wind-down of military conscription in the United States during the Vietnam era. These draft candidates are never called to duty.
- February 3 – February 13 – The 1972 Winter Olympics are held in Sapporo, Japan.
- February 4 – Mariner 9 sends pictures as it orbits Mars.
- February 5
- February 9 – The British government declares a state of emergency over a miners' strike.
- February 15
- February 17 – Volkswagen Beetle sales exceed those of the Ford Model T when the 15,007,034th Beetle is produced.
- February 18 – The California Supreme Court voids the state's death penalty, commuting all death sentences to life in prison.
- February 19 – Asama-Sansō incident: Five United Red Army members break into a lodge below Mount Asama, taking the wife of the lodge keeper hostage.
- February 21 – The Soviet unmanned spaceship Luna 20 lands on the Moon.
- February 21 – February 28 – U.S. President Richard M. Nixon makes an unprecedented 8-day visit to the People's Republic of China and meets with Mao Zedong.
- February 22
- February 23 – Angela Davis is released from jail. A Caruthers, California farmer, Rodger McAfee, helps her make bail.
- February 24 – North Vietnamese negotiators walk out of the Paris Peace Talks to protest U.S. air raids.
- February 26
- February 28 – The Asama-Sanso incident ends in a standoff between 5 members of the Japanese United Red Army and the authorities, in which 2 policemen are killed and 12 injured.
- March 1
- March 2
- March 3
- Sculpted figures of Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee, and Stonewall Jackson are completed at Stone Mountain in the U.S. state of Georgia.
- Mohawk Airlines Flight 405 crashed into a house on Edgewood Avenue in Albany, New York, killing 16 of the 47 persons on board, and one person in an upstairs apartment. The impact happened at 8:48 pm after the commuter plane lost power during a snowstorm.
- Jethro Tull released Thick as a Brick, a concept album supposedly written by an 8-year-old boy, Gerald Bostock.
- March 4
- March 5 – Greek composer Mikis Theodorakis leaves the Greek Communist Party.
- March 13
- March 15 – The Godfather has its premiere at the Loew's State Theatre in New York City.
- March 16 – The first building of the Pruitt–Igoe housing development in St. Louis is destroyed.
- March 19 – India and Bangladesh sign the Indo-Bangladeshi Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Peace.
- March 22 – The 92nd U.S. Congress votes to send the proposed Equal Rights Amendment to the states for ratification.
- March 24 – The British government announces the prorogation of the Parliament of Northern Ireland and the introduction of 'Direct Rule' of Northern Ireland, after the Unionist government refuses to cede security powers.
- March 25 – "Après toi" sung by Vicky Leandros (music by Klaus Munro & Mario Panas, lyric by Klaus Munro & Yves Dessca) wins the Eurovision Song Contest 1972 for Luxembourg.
- March 26
- An avalanche on Mount Fuji kills 19 climbers.
- The last trolleybus system in the United Kingdom closes in Bradford, West Riding of Yorkshire after over 60 years of operation.
- After 14 years, the last of Leonard Bernstein's Young People's Concerts is telecast by CBS. This last concert is devoted to Gustav Holst's The Planets.
- March 27 – The First Sudanese Civil War ends.
- March 30
- April 7 – Vietnam War veteran Richard McCoy, Jr. hijacks a United Airlines jet and extorts $500,000; he is later captured.
- April 10
- The U.S. and the Soviet Union join some 70 nations in signing the Biological Weapons Convention, an agreement to ban biological warfare.
- Tombs containing bamboo slips, among them Sun Tzu's Art of War and Sun Bin's lost military treatise, are accidentally discovered by construction workers in Shandong.
- A 7.0 Richter scale earthquake kills 5,000 people in the Iranian province of Fars.
- The 44th Annual Academy Awards are held at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in Los Angeles.
- April 12 – The X-rated animated movie Fritz the Cat is released.
- April 13 – The Universal Postal Union decides to recognize the People's Republic of China as the only legitimate Chinese representative, effectively expelling the Republic of China administering Taiwan.
- April 16
- April 17 – The first Boston Marathon in which women are officially allowed to compete.
- April 22 – Sylvia Cook and John Fairfax finish rowing across the Pacific.
- April 26 – The Lockheed L-1011 TriStar enters service with Eastern Airlines.
- April 27
- April 29 – The fourth anniversary of the Broadway musical Hair is celebrated with a free concert at a Central Park bandshell, followed by dinner at the Four Seasons. There, 13 Black Panther protesters and the show's co-author, Jim Rado, are arrested for disturbing the peace and for using marijuana.
- May 2 – Fire in a silver mine in Idaho kills 91.
- May 5 – An Alitalia DC-8 crashes west of Palermo, Sicily; 115 die.
- May 7 – General elections are held in Italy.
- May 8 – U.S. President Richard Nixon orders the mining of Haiphong Harbor in Vietnam.
- May 10 – Operation Linebacker and Operation Custom Tailor begin with large-scale bombing operations against North Vietnam by tactical fighter aircraft.
- May 13 – A Fire in a nightclub atop the Sennichi department store in Osaka, Japan, kills 115.
- May 15
- May 16 – The first financial derivatives exchange, the International Monetary Market (IMM), opens on the Chicago Mercantile Exchange.
- May 18 – Four troopers of the British Special Air Service and Special Boat Service are parachuted onto the ocean liner Queen Elizabeth 2 1,000 miles (1,600 km) across the Atlantic after a bomb threat and ransom demand which turn out to be bogus.
- May 19 – Three out of 6 bombs explode in the Axel Springer AG media company offices in Hamburg, Germany, injuring 17; the Red Army Faction claims responsibility.
- May 21 – In St. Peter's Basilica (Vatican City), Laszlo Toth attacks Michelangelo's Pietà statue with a geologist's hammer, shouting that he is Jesus Christ.
- May 22
- May 23 – The Tamil United Front (later known as Tamil United Liberation Front), a pro-Tamil organization, is founded in Sri Lanka.
- May 24
- Scottish Association football club Rangers F.C. win the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, defeating FC Dynamo Moscow 3-2 in the final at Camp Nou in Barcelona (Spain). A pitch invasion by their supporters leads to the team being banned from defending the trophy the following season.
- A Red Army Faction bomb explodes in the Campbell Barracks of the U.S. Army Supreme European Command in Heidelberg, West Germany; 3 U.S. soldiers (Clyde Bonner, Ronald Woodard and Charles Peck) are killed.
- The Magnavox Odyssey video game system is first demoed, marking the dawn of the video game age; it goes on sale to the public in August.
- May 26
- Richard Nixon and Leonid Brezhnev sign the SALT I treaty in Moscow, as well as the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty and other agreements.
- Wernher von Braun retires from NASA, frustrated by the agency's unwillingness to pursue a manned trans-orbital space program.
- Willandra National Park is established in Australia.
- May 27 – Mark Donohue wins the Indianapolis 500 in the Penske Racing McLaren–Offenhauser.
- May 30
- June – Iraq nationalizes the Iraq Petroleum Company.
- June 2 – Andreas Baader, Jan-Carl Raspe, Holger Meins and some other members of the Red Army Faction are arrested in Frankfurt am Main after a shootout.
- June 3 – Sally Priesand becomes the first female U.S. rabbi.
- June 4 – Angela Davis is found not guilty of murder.
- June 5 – June 16 – The United Nations Conference on the Human Environment is held in Stockholm, Sweden
- June 8
- June 9 – The Black Hills flood kills 238 in South Dakota.
- June 11 – Henri Pescarolo (France) and co-driver former World Drivers' Champion Graham Hill (Britain) win the 24 Hours of Le Mans in the Equipe Matra MS670.
- June 14 – June 23 – Hurricane Agnes kills 117 on the U.S. East Coast.
- June 14 – Japan Airlines Flight 471 crashes outside of New Delhi airport, killing 82 of 87 occupants.
- June 15 – Ulrike Meinhof and Gerhard Müller of the Red Army Faction are arrested in a teacher's apartment in Langenhagen, West Germany.
- June 15 – June 18 – The first U.S. Libertarian Party National Convention is held in Denver, Colorado.
- June 16 – 108 die as 2 passenger trains hit the debris of a collapsed railway tunnel near Soissons, France.
- June 17
- June 18
- Staines air disaster: 118 die when a Trident 1 jet airliner crashes 2 minutes after take off from London Heathrow Airport.
- West Germany beats the Soviet Union 3–0 to win Euro 72.
- Hong Kong's worst flooding and landslides in recorded history with 653.2 millimetres (25.72 in) of rainfall in the previous 3 days. 67 people die due to building collapses in Mid-levels districts landslide and building collapses, with a further 83 due to flooding-related fatalities. It is the second worst fatality due to building collapses, and the worst flooding in Hong Kong's recorded history.
- June 23 – Watergate scandal: U.S. President Richard M. Nixon and White House chief of staff H. R. Haldeman are taped talking about using the C.I.A. to obstruct the F.B.I.'s investigation into the Watergate break-ins.
- June 26 – Nolan Bushnell and Ted Dabney co-found Atari.
- June 28 – U.S. President Richard Nixon announces that no new draftees will be sent to Vietnam.
- June 29 – Furman v. Georgia: The Supreme Court of the United States rules that capital punishment is unconstitutional.
- June 30 – The International Time Bureau adds the first leap second (23:59:60) to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) at the end of the month.
- July – U.S. actress Jane Fonda tours North Vietnam, during which she is photographed sitting on a North Vietnamese anti-aircraft gun.
- July 1
- July 2 – Following Pakistan's surrender to India in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, both nations sign the historic Simla Agreement, agreeing to settle their disputes bilaterally.
- July 4 – The first Rainbow Gathering is held in Colorado.
- July 8 – The U.S. sells grain to the Soviet Union for $750 million.
- July 10 – India's news agency reports that at least 24 people have been killed in separate incidents, in the Chandka Forest in India, by elephants crazed by heat and drought.
- July 10 – July 14 – The Democratic National Convention meets in Miami Beach. Senator George McGovern, who backs the immediate and complete withdrawal of U.S. troops from South Vietnam, is nominated for President. He names fellow Senator Thomas Eagleton as his running mate.
- July 15 – The Pruitt–Igoe housing development is demolished in St. Louis, Missouri.
- July 18 – Anwar Sadat expels 20,000 Soviet advisors from Egypt.
- July 21
- Bloody Friday: 22 bombs planted by the Provisional IRA explode in Belfast, Northern Ireland; nine people are killed and 130 seriously injured.
- Comedian George Carlin is arrested by Milwaukee police for public obscenity, for reciting his "Seven Words You Can Never Say On Television" at Summerfest.
- A collision between two trains near Seville, Spain kills 76 people.
- July 23 – The United States launches Landsat 1, the first Earth-resources satellite.
- July 24 – King Jigme Singye Wangchuck succeeds his father Jigme Dorji Wangchuck as king of Bhutan.
- July 25 – U.S. health officials admit that African-Americans were used as guinea pigs in the Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male.
- July 27 – The McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle makes its first flight.
- July 28 – A national dock strike begins in Britain.
- July 31 – The Troubles, Northern Ireland:
- Operation Motorman 4:00 AM: The British Army begins to regain control of the "no-go areas" established by Irish republican paramilitaries in Belfast, Derry ("Free Derry") and Newry.
- Claudy bombing ("Bloody Monday"), 10:00 AM: Three car bombs in Claudy, County Londonderry, kill 9. It becomes public knowledge only in 2010 that a local Catholic priest was an IRA officer believed to be involved in the bombings but his role was covered up by the authorities.
- August 1 – U.S. Senator Thomas Eagleton, the Democratic vice-presidential nominee, withdraws from the race after revealing he was once treated for mental illness.
- August 4
- Arthur Bremer is jailed for 63 years for shooting George Wallace.
- Dictator Idi Amin declares that Uganda will expel 50,000 Asians with British passports to Britain within 3 months.
- A huge solar flare (one of the largest ever recorded) knocks out cable lines in U.S. It begins with the appearance of sunspots on August 2; an August 4 flare kicks off high levels of activity until August 10.
- August 10 – A brilliant, daytime meteor skips off the Earth's atmosphere due to an Apollo asteroid streaking over the western US into Canada.
- August 12 – Oil tankers Oswego-Guardian and Texanita collide near Stilbaai, South Africa.
- August 14 – An East German Ilyushin airliner crashes near East Berlin; all 156 on board perish.
- August 16 – As part of a coup attempt, members of the Royal Moroccan Air Force fire upon, but fail to bring down, Hassan II of Morocco's plane while he is traveling back to Rabat.
- August 21 – The Republican National Convention in Miami Beach, Florida renominates U.S. President Richard Nixon and Vice President Spiro Agnew for a second term.
- August 22
- Rhodesia is expelled by the IOC for its racist policies.
- John Wojtowicz, 27, and Sal Naturile, 18, hold several Chase Manhattan Bank employees hostage for 17 hours in Gravesend, Brooklyn, N.Y. (an event later dramatized in the film Dog Day Afternoon).
- In the Almirante Zar Naval Base, Argentina, 16 detainees are executed by firing squad in the Trelew massacre.
- August 26 – September 11 – The 1972 Summer Olympics are held in Munich, West Germany.
- September 1
- September 4 – The first episode of The Price Is Right is aired on CBS by Bob Barker. Gambit and The Joker's Wild also premiere.
- September 5 – September 6 – Munich massacre: Eleven Israeli athletes at the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich are murdered after 8 members of the Arab terrorist group Black September invade the Olympic Village; 5 guerillas and 1 policeman are also killed in a failed hostage rescue.
- September 10 – The Brazilian driver Emerson Fittipaldi wins the Italian Grand Prix at Monza and becomes the youngest Formula One World Champion.
- September 14 – West Germany and Poland renew diplomatic relations.
- September 17
- September 18 – São Paulo Metro is inaugurated in Brazil.
- September 19 – A parcel bomb sent to the Israeli Embassy in London kills 1 diplomat.
- September 21 – Philippine president Ferdinand Marcos issues Proclamation No. 1081 placing the entire country under martial law.
- September 24 – An F-86 fighter aircraft leaving an air show at Sacramento Executive Airport fails to become airborne and crashes into a Farrell's Ice Cream Parlour, killing 12 children and 11 adults.
- September 25 – Norwegian EC referendum, 1972: Norway rejects membership in the European Economic Community.
- September 28 – The Canadian national men's hockey team defeats the Soviet national ice hockey team in Game 8 of the 1972 Summit Series (French: La Série du Siècle, Russian: Суперсерия СССР — Канада), 6–5, to win the series 4–3–1.
- September 29 – Sino-Japanese relations: The Joint Communiqué of the Government of Japan and the Government of the People's Republic of China is signed in Beijing, which normalizes diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China after breaking official ties with the Republic of China (Taiwan).
- October – The government of former President of Somalia Mohamed Siad Barre formally introduces the Somali alphabet as Somalia's official writing script.
- October 1
- October 2 – Denmark joins the European Community; the Faroe Islands stay out.
- October 5 – The United Reformed Church is founded out of the Congregational and Presbyterian Churches.
- October 6 – A train crash in Saltillo, Mexico kills 208 people.
- October 8
- October 12 – En route to the Gulf of Tonkin, an anti-war protest, the USS Kitty Hawk riot led by African-Americans and interpreted by some as a race riot involving more than 200 sailors, breaks out aboard the United States Navy aircraft carrier USS Kitty Hawk; nearly 50 sailors are injured.
- October 13 – Uruguayan Air Force Flight 571: A Fairchild FH-227D passenger aircraft transporting a rugby union team crashes at about 14,000' in the Andes mountain range, near the Argentina/Chile border. Sixteen of the survivors are found alive December 20 but they have had to resort to cannibalism to survive.
- October 16
- October 17 – Elizabeth II visits Yugoslavia.
- October 25
- October 26 – Following a visit to South Vietnam, U.S. National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger suggests that "peace is at hand."
- October 28 – The Airbus A300 flies for the first time.
- October 29 – Lufthansa Flight 615 is hijacked and threats are made to be blown up if the three surviving perpetrators of the Munich massacre are not released from prison in West Germany. The demands are accepted, leading to fierce condemnation by Israel.
- October 30
- At a scientific meeting in Honolulu, Herbert Boyer and Stanley N. Cohen conceive the concept of recombinant DNA. They publish their results in November 1973 in PNAS. Separately in 1972, Paul Berg also recombines DNA in a test tube. Recombinant DNA technology has dramatically changed the field of biological sciences, especially biotechnology, and opened the door to genetically modified organisms.
- The Nishitetsu Lions baseball club, part of the NPB's Pacific League, is sold to the Fukuoka Baseball Corporation, a subsidiary of Nishi-Nippon Railroad. The team is renamed the Taiheiyo Club Lions.
- November 5 – A group of Amerindians occupies the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
- November 7 – U.S. presidential election, 1972: Republican incumbent Richard Nixon defeats Democratic Senator George McGovern in a landslide (the election had the lowest voter turnout since 1948, with only 55 percent of the electorate voting).
- November 11 – Vietnam War – Vietnamization: The United States Army turns over the massive Long Binh military base to South Vietnam.
- November 14 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above 1,000 (1,003.16) for the first time.
- November 16 – The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization adopts the Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage
- November 19 – Seán Mac Stíofáin, a leader of the Provisional Irish Republican Army, is arrested in Dublin after giving an interview to RTÉ.
- November 22 – Vietnam War: The United States loses its first B-52 Stratofortress of the war.
- November 28 – The last executions in Paris, France. Roger Bontems and Claude Buffet – the Clairvaux Mutineers – are guillotined at La Santé Prison by chief executioner André Obrecht . Bontems had been found innocent of murder by the court, but as Buffet's accomplice is condemned to death anyway. President Georges Pompidou, in private an abolitionist, upholds both death sentences in deference to French public opinion.
- November 29
- November 30
- Vietnam War: White House Press Secretary Ron Ziegler tells the press that there will be no more public announcements concerning United States troop withdrawals from Vietnam, due to the fact that troop levels are now down to 27,000.
- Cod War: British Foreign Secretary Sir Alec Douglas-Home says that Royal Navy ships will be stationed to protect British trawlers off Iceland.
- December 2 – Edward Gough Whitlam becomes the first Labor Party Prime Minister of Australia for 23 years. He is sworn in on 5 December and his first action using executive power is to withdraw all Australian personnel from the Vietnam War.
- December 7
- Apollo 17 (Gene Cernan, Ronald Evans, Harrison Schmitt), the last manned Moon mission to date, is launched and "The Blue Marble" photograph of the Earth is taken.
- The Provisional Irish Republican Army kidnaps Jean McConville in Belfast.
- Imelda Marcos is stabbed and seriously wounded by an assailant; her bodyguards shoot him.
- December 8
- December 11– Apollo 17 lands on the Moon.
- December 14 – Apollo program: Eugene Cernan is the last person to walk on the moon, after he and Harrison Schmitt complete the third and final Extra-vehicular activity (EVA) of Apollo 17. This is the last manned mission to the moon of the 20th century.
- December 15
- December 16
- December 19 – Apollo program: Apollo 17 returns to Earth, concluding the program of lunar exploration.
- December 21
- December 22
- Australia establishes diplomatic relations with China and East Germany.
- A peace delegation that includes singer-activist Joan Baez and human rights attorney Telford Taylor visit Hanoi to deliver Christmas mail to American prisoners of war (they will be caught in the Christmas bombing of North Vietnam).
- December 23
- A 6.25 Richter scale earthquake in Nicaragua kills 5,000–12,000 people in the capital, Managua; President Anastasio Somoza Debayle is later accused of pocketing millions of dollars worth of foreign aid intended for relief.
- The Pittsburgh Steelers win their first ever post-season NFL game, defeating the Oakland Raiders 13–7, on a last second play that becomes known as The Immaculate Reception.
- Swedish Prime minister Olof Palme compares the American bombings of North Vietnam to Nazi massacres. The U.S. breaks diplomatic contact with Sweden.
- December 25 – The Christmas bombing of North Vietnam causes widespread criticism of the U.S. and President Richard Nixon.
- December 26 – Former United States President Harry S. Truman dies in Kansas City, Missouri.
- December 28 – The bones of Martin Bormann are identified in Berlin.
- December 29 – Eastern Air Lines Flight 401 crashes into the Everglades in Florida, killing 101 of 176 on board. It is the first hull-loss of a wide-body aircraft.
- December 31
- The International Year of the Book is designated by UNESCO.
- The last major epidemic of smallpox in Europe breaks out in Yugoslavia.
- The United Kingdom begin to train Special Air Service for anti-terrorist duties.
- The first women are admitted to Dartmouth College in the United States.
- Colombian looters find Ciudad Perdida but keep it a secret until the government reveals it in 1975.
- The Yellow River dries up for the first time in known history.
- Worship of Norse gods is officially approved in Iceland.
- The Climatic Research Unit is founded by climatologist Hubert Lamb at the University of East Anglia.
- The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia bans the cultural organization Matica hrvatska, founded in 1842.
- The German company SAP AG is founded.
- Kadir Nurman introduces a sandwich made with döner kebab meat as a fast-food item in Berlin.
- Burt Reynolds poses nude for the centerfold of the April edition of Cosmopolitan (magazine).
- Film director Stanley Kubrick asks Warner Bros. to withdraw A Clockwork Orange from exhibition in the UK following death threats made against his family. The film does not receive a public viewing in the country for another 27 years.
- Motown moves all of its operations from Detroit to Los Angeles in June.
- January 1
- January 4 – Brad Zavisha, Canadian ice hockey player
- January 5
- January 9 – Mat Hoffman, American BMX rider
- January 10 – Thomas Alsgaard, Norwegian cross-country skier
- January 11 – Amanda Peet, American actress
- January 12 – Espen Knutsen, Norwegian hockey player
- January 13
- January 15
- January 16
- Ruben Bagger, Danish footballer
- Ang Christou, Australian rules footballer
- Dameon Clarke, Canadian actor and voice actor
- Yuri Alekseevich Drozdov, Russian footballer
- Ezra Hendrickson, Vincentian footballer
- Salah Hissou, Moroccan long-distance runner
- Joe Horn, American football player
- Greg Page, Australian musician and actor
- Alen Peternac, Croatian footballer
- January 17 – Ken Hirai, Japanese singer and songwriter
- January 18 – Mike Lieberthal, American baseball player
- January 19 – Angham, Egyptian singer, record producer and actress
- January 20 - Nikki Haley, Indian-American politician, Governor of South Carolina since 2010 and nominee for U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations
- January 21 – Billel Dziri, Algerian footballer
- January 22
- January 23
- January 27
- January 29 – Matt Brandstein, American writer
- February 2
- February 3 – Jesper Kyd, Danish video game composer
- February 4 – Giovanni Silva de Oliveira, Brazilian footballer
- February 5
- February 8 – Big Show, American professional wrestler
- February 9
- February 11
- February 14
- February 15 – Jaromír Jágr, Czech hockey player
- February 16 – Jerome Bettis, American football player
- February 17
- February 18 – Olexandra Timoshenko, Ukrainian rhythmic gymnast
- February 19 – Malky Mackay, Scottish footballer
- February 21 – Seo Taiji, Korean musician
- February 22
- February 24
- February 25 – Jaak Mae, Estonian cross-country skier
- February 26 – Keith Ferguson, American voice actor
- February 29
- March 3 – Darren Anderton, English footballer
- March 4
- March 6
- March 9
- March 10
- March 13
- March 15 – Mark Hoppus, American musician
- March 17
- March 18 – Dane Cook, American comedian
- March 21
- March 22
- March 23
- March 26 – Leslie Mann, American actress and comedian
- March 27
- March 28
- March 29
- March 30 – Karel Poborský, Czech Republic football player
- April 3 – Jennie Garth, American actress
- April 4
- April 5 – Junko Takeuchi, Japanese voice actress
- April 6 – Jason Hervey, American actor
- April 8
- April 7 – Tim Peake, British astronaut.
- April 9 – Bernard Ackah, Ivorian mixed martial artist and comedian
- April 10 – Vincent Zhao, Chinese actor and martial artist
- April 11
- April 12 – Şebnem Ferah, Turkish singer and songwriter
- April 13 – Mariusz Czerkawski, Polish ice hockey player
- April 14 – Dean Potter, American free climber (d. 2015)
- April 15 – Arturo Gatti, Canadian boxer (d. 2009)
- April 16 – Conchita Martínez, Spanish tennis player
- April 17
- April 19 – Rivaldo, Brazilian footballer
- April 20
- April 23 – Choky Ice, Hungarian porn actor
- April 24
- April 26 – Avi Nimni, Israeli footballer
- April 29 – Fredrik Kempe, Swedish songwriter and opera and pop singer
- April 30 – Takako Tokiwa, Japanese actress
- May 1 – Julie Benz, American actress
- May 2
- May 3 – Vyacheslav Kozlov, Russian hockey player
- May 4 – Mike Dirnt, American rock musician and bassist (Green Day)
- May 5 – James Cracknell, British Olympic winning rower
- May 6
- May 7 – Asghar Farhadi, Iranian film director
- May 8
- May 9
- May 10
- May 14 – Amma Asante, Dutch politician
- May 15 – Richard Blackwood, English comedian, actor and rapper
- May 16
- May 17
- May 19
- May 20
- May 21
- May 22
- May 23 – Rubens Barrichello, Brazilian race car driver
- May 25
- May 26 – Ahmad Dhani, Indonesian rock musician, songwriter, arranger, and producer
- May 28 – Michael Boogerd, Dutch cyclist
- May 29 – Stanislas Renoult, French singer
- May 30 – Manny Ramírez, Dominican baseball player
- May 31
- June 1 – Rick Gomez, American actor
- June 2
- June 4
- June 5
- June 6 – Cristina Scabbia, Italian singer
- June 7 – Karl Urban, New Zealand actor
- June 8 – Chapman To, Hong Kong actor
- June 10 – Steven Fischer, American film producer and director
- June 14 – Matthias Ettrich, German computer scientist
- June 15 – Andy Pettitte, American baseball player
- June 16 – John Cho, Korean-American actor and musician
- June 17
- June 18 – Roger "Infernus" Tiegs, Norwegian black metal musician, original member of Gorgoroth
- June 19
- June 20 – Shane Hamman, American Olympic weightlifter and powerlifter
- June 21 – Irene van Dyk, South African and New Zealand netball player
- June 22 – Miguel del Toro, Mexican baseball player
- June 23 – Zinedine Zidane, French footballer
- June 24
- June 25 – Carlos Delgado, Puerto Rican baseball player
- June 28
- June 29
- June 30 – Molly Parker, Canadian actress
- July 2 - Darren Shan, British author
- July 3 – Asha Gill, British-born television host
- July 4
- July 5 -- Robert Esmie, American Olympic athlete
- July 6 – Mark Gasser, British concert pianist
- July 7
- July 8 – Sourav Ganguly, Indian cricketer
- July 10
- July 12
- July 13
- July 14 – Masami Suzuki, Japanese voice actress
- July 18 – Fredrik Åkesson, Swedish guitarist
- July 19 – Daedalus Howell, American writer and filmmaker
- July 21 – Catherine Ndereba, Kenyan long-distance runner
- July 22
- July 23 – Marlon Wayans, American actor, comedian, producer, and screenwriter
- July 26 – Nathan Buckley, Australian rules footballer
- July 27
- July 28
- July 29 – Wil Wheaton, American actor
- July 31 – Tami Stronach, Iranian-born dancer and former actress
- August 1
- August 2
- August 3 – Patrik Isaksson, Swedish singer and songwriter
- August 6 – Geri Halliwell, British pop singer (Spice Girls)
- August 7
- August 9 – A-mei, Taiwanese singer
- August 10 – Angie Harmon, American actress
- August 11 – Jonathon Prandi, American model and actor
- August 12
- August 13 – Kevin Plank, American entrepreneur (Under Armour)
- August 14
- August 15
- August 16
- August 17 – Ken Ryker, American pornographic actor
- August 18 – Leo Ku, Hong Kong actor and singer
- August 19 – Sammi Cheng, Hong Kong singer and actress
- August 20 – Chaney Kley, American actor (d. 2007)
- August 23 – Anthony Calvillo, Canadian Football League quarterback
- August 25 – Marvin Harrison, American football player
- August 26 – Samar Kokash, Syrian actress and voice actress
- August 27
- August 29 – Bae Yong-joon, South Korean actor
- August 30
- September 2 – Sergejs Žoltoks, Latvian hockey player (d. 2004)
- September 4 – Françoise Yip, Chinese-Canadian actress
- September 6
- September 7 – Sean Daley, American hip-hop musician (Atmosphere)
- September 8
- September 9 – Natasha Kaplinsky, English newsreader
- September 10
- September 12 – Budi Putra, Indonesian journalist, writer and blogger
- September 13 – Kelly Chen, Hong Kong actress and singer
- September 15
- September 16
- September 17 – Bobby Lee, Asian-American comedian
- September 19
- September 21
- September 22
- September 23
- September 24 – Karyn Bosnak, American author
- September 26 – Shawn Stockman, American singer and musician (Boyz II Men)
- September 27
- September 28 – Dita Von Teese, American burlesque artist
- September 29 – Robert Webb, comedian and actor
- September 30
- October 1 – Jean Paulo Fernandes, Brazilian footballer
- October 2 – Konstantinos Papadakis, Greek pianist
- October 3
- October 4 – Van Darkholme, Vietnamese-American gay pornographic actor, director, and photographer
- October 5
- October 6
- October 8 – Kim Myung-min, South Korean actor
- October 9 – Etan Patz, missing American schoolboy
- October 10 – Jun Lana, Filipino playwright and screenwriter
- October 11 – Claudia Black, Australian actress
- October 12 – Mechele Linehan, American murderer
- October 15 – Sandra Kim, Belgian singer, Eurovision Song Contest 1986 winner
- October 17
- October 19 – Sayaka Aoki, Japanese voice actress
- October 21
- October 22
- October 24
- October 27
- October 28
- October 29
- October 31 – Matt Dawson, English rugby player and TV personality
- November 1
- November 2
- November 4 – Luís Figo, Portuguese footballer
- November 5 – Krassimir Avramov, Bulgarian singer and songwriter
- November 6
- November 7 – Danny Grewcock, British rugby player
- November 8
- November 9
- November 10
- November 11 – Adam Beach, Canadian actor
- November 13 – Takuya Kimura, Japanese actor
- November 14
- November 15 – Jonny Lee Miller, English American actor
- November 16
- November 23
- November 26 – Arjun Rampal, Indian actor
- November 28 – Jesper Strömblad, Swedish musician
- November 29 – Andreas Goldberger, Austrian ski jumper
- November 30 – Christopher Fitzgerald, American actor
- December 4
- December 5 – Cole Youngblood, American pornographic actor
- December 6 – Mónica Santa María, Peruvian model and TV host (d. 1994)
- December 7
- December 9 – Tré Cool, American rock musician and drummer (Green Day)
- December 10 – Brian Molko, American musician (Placebo)
- December 11
- December 12
- December 13 – Chris Grant, Australian footballer
- December 14 – Miranda Hart, British Comedian and Actress
- December 15
- December 16 – Angela Bloomfield, New Zealand actress
- December 17
- December 19
- December 20 - Gen Urobuchi, Japanese writer
- December 22 – Vanessa Paradis, French singer and actress
- December 23
- December 24 – Klaus Schnellenkamp, German-Chilean author
- December 25
- December 26 – Shane Meadows, English director
- December 27 – Colin Charvis, Welsh rugby player
- December 28
- December 29 – Jude Law, British actor
- December 30 – Kerry Collins, American football player
- December 31 – Joey McIntyre, American actor and singer (New Kids on the Block)
- Imaani, English singer, Eurovision Song Contest 1998 runner-up
- Marente de Moor, Dutch writer
- Jakob Martin Strid, Danish cartoonist
- Artur Żurawski, Polish cinematographer and director
- January 1 – Maurice Chevalier, French singer and actor (b. 1888)
- January 6 – Chen Yi, Chinese communist military commander and politician (b. 1901)
- January 7 – Emma P. Carr, American spectroscopist (b. 1880)
- January 8
- January 9 – Ted Shawn, American dancer (b. 1891)
- January 10 – Aksel Larsen, Danish politician (b. 1897)
- January 14 – King Frederick IX of Denmark (b. 1899)
- January 16 – Ross Bagdasarian, Sr., American record producer (Alvin and the Chipmunks) (b. 1919)
- January 17
- January 18 – Clarence Earl Gideon, Defendant during civil rights court case (Gideon v. Wainwright) (b. 1910)
- January 24 – Jerome Cowan, American actor (b. 1897)
- January 25 – Erhard Milch, German field marshal and Luftwaffe officer (b. 1892)
- January 26 – Mahalia Jackson, African-American gospel singer (b. 1911)
- January 31 – King Mahendra of Nepal (b. 1920)
- February 2 – Jessie Royce Landis, American actress (b. 1896)
- February 3 – John Litel, American actor (b. 1892)
- February 4 – Orlando Ward, American general (b. 1891)
- February 5 – Marianne Moore, American poet (b. 1887)
- February 7 – Walter Lang, American film director (b. 1896)
- February 11 – Jan Wils, Dutch architect (b. 1891)
- February 19 – John Grierson, Scottish documentary filmmaker (b. 1898)
- February 20
- February 21 – Zhang Guohua, Chinese general and politician (b. 1914)
- February 22
- February 27 – Pat Brady, American actor (b. 1914)
- March 4 – Harold Barrowclough, New Zealand general, lawyer, and chief justice (b. 1894)
- March 11
- March 13
- March 16 – Pie Traynor, American baseball player (Pittsburgh Pirates) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1898)
- March 20 – Marilyn Maxwell, American actress (b. 1921)
- March 21 – David McCallum, Sr., British violinist and father of actor David McCallum (b. 1897)
- March 23 – Cristóbal Balenciaga, Spanish couturier (b. 1895)
- March 27
- March 29 – J. Arthur Rank, British industrialist and film producer (b. 1888)
- April 2
- April 3 – Ferde Grofé, American pianist and composer (b. 1892)
- April 4
- April 5 – Isabel Jewell, American actress (b. 1907)
- April 6
- April 7
- April 9 – James F. Byrnes, United States Secretary of State and Justice of the Supreme Court (b. 1879)
- April 11 – George H. Plympton, American screenwriter (b. 1889)
- April 13 – Dorothy Dalton, American actress (b. 1893)
- April 16 – Yasunari Kawabata, Japanese writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1899)
- April 25 – George Sanders, British actor (b. 1906)
- April 26 – Fernando Amorsolo, Filipino painter (b. 1892)
- April 27 – Kwame Nkrumah, Ghanaian politician, 1st President of Ghana (b. 1909)
- April 30 – Gia Scala, British actress (b. 1934)
- May 2 – J. Edgar Hoover, American Federal Bureau of Investigation director (b. 1895)
- May 3 – Bruce Cabot, American actor (b. 1904)
- May 4 – Edward Calvin Kendall, American chemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1886)
- May 5
- May 6 – Deniz Gezmiş, Turkish revolutionary (b. 1947)
- May 12 – Steve Ihnat, American actor (b. 1934)
- May 13 – Dan Blocker, American actor (Bonanza) (b. 1928)
- May 18 – Sidney Franklin, American film director (b. 1893)
- May 22
- May 23 – Richard Day, Canadian art director (b. 1896)
- May 24
- May 28 – The Duke of Windsor (the former King Edward VIII; b. 1894)
- May 29 – Prithviraj Kapoor, Indian actor and director (b. 1901)
- May 31 – Walter Freeman, American physician (b. 1895)
- June 10 – Edward Milford, Australian general (b. 1894)
- June 12
- June 13
- June 18 – Milton Humason, American astronomer (b. 1891)
- June 22 – Vladimir Durković, Serbian footballer (b. 1937)
- June 25 – Jan Matulka, American painter (b. 1890)
- July 2 – Joseph Fielding Smith, 10th president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1876)
- July 5 – Raúl Leoni, President of Venezuela (b. 1905)
- July 6 – Brandon deWilde, American actor (b. 1942)
- July 7 – King Talal of Jordan (b. 1909)
- July 21
- July 22 – Max Aub, Mexican-Spanish novelist (b. 1903)
- July 24 – Lance Reventlow, American playboy and race car driver (b. 1936)
- July 25
- July 27 – Count Richard von Coudenhove-Kalergi, Austrian-Japanese politician, geopolitician and philosopher (b. 1894)
- July 28 – Helen Traubel, American soprano (b. 1903)
- July 31
- August 7
- August 8 – Andrea Feldman, American actress (b. 1948)
- August 11 – Max Theiler, South African-American virologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1899)
- August 14
- August 16 – Pierre Brasseur, French actor (b. 1905)
- August 19
- August 20 – Harold Rainsford Stark, American admiral (b. 1880)
- August 21 – Heinz Ziegler, German general (b. 1894)
- August 24 – Jinichi Kusaka, Japanese admiral (b. 1888)
- August 25 – Juan Carlos Paz, Argentine composer and music theorist (b. 1901)
- August 26 – Francis Chichester, British sailor and aviator (b. 1901)
- August 27 – Yung Fung-shee, Hong Kong philanthropist (b. 1900)
- August 28 – Prince William of Gloucester (b. 1941)
- August 29 – René Leibowitz, French composer (b. 1913)
- September 1 – He Xiangning, Chinese revolutionary, feminist, politician, painter and poet (b. 1878)
- September 2 – Ivan Yumashev, Soviet admiral (b. 1895)
- September 5 (Munich massacre):
- September 6 (Munich massacre):
- David Mark Berger, Israeli weightlifter (b. 1944)
- Ze'ev Friedman, Israeli weightlifter (b. 1944)
- Yossef Gutfreund, Israeli wrestling referee (b. 1932)
- Eliezer Halfin, Israeli wrestler (b. 1948)
- Amitzur Shapira, Israeli athletics coach (b. 1932)
- Kehat Shorr, Israeli shooting coach (b. 1919)
- Mark Slavin, Israeli wrestler (b. 1954)
- Andre Spitzer, Israeli fencing coach (b. 1945)
- Yakov Springer, Israeli weightlifting judge (b. c. 1921)
- September 8 – Warren Kealoha, American Olympic swimmer (b. 1904)
- September 11 – Max Fleischer, American animator (b. 1883)
- September 12 – William Boyd, American actor (b. 1895)
- September 14 – Lane Chandler, American actor (b. 1899)
- September 15
- September 17
- September 19 – Robert Casadesus, French pianist (b. 1899)
- September 21 – Henry de Montherlant, French writer (b. 1896)
- September 26
- October 1 – Louis Leakey, British paleontologist (b. 1903)
- October 4 – Taro Shoji, Japanese singer (b. 1898)
- October 5 – Ivan Yefremov, Soviet paleontologist and science fiction author (b. 1907)
- October 9
- October 16 – Leo G. Carroll, English actor (b. 1886)
- October 18 – Esma Cannon, British actress (b. 1905)
- October 20 – Harlow Shapley, American astronomer (b. 1885)
- October 24
- October 26 – Igor Sikorsky, Russian aviation engineer (b. 1889)
- October 28 – Mitchell Leisen, American film director (b. 1898)
- October 29 – Victor Milner, American cinematographer (b. 1893)
- November 1 – Ezra Pound, American poet (b. 1885)
- November 3 – Harry Richman, American entertainer (b. 1895)
- November 5 – Reginald Owen, English actor (b. 1887)
- November 12 – Rudolf Friml, Czech composer (b. 1879)
- November 13
- November 14 – Martin Dies, Jr., American politician (b. 1900)
- November 17 – Thomas C. Kinkaid, American admiral (b. 1888)
- November 18 – Danny Whitten, American musician (b. 1943)
- November 23 – Marie Wilson, American actress (b. 1916)
- November 25 – Henri Coandă, Romanian aerodynamics pioneer (b. 1886)
- November 28 – Havergal Brian, English composer (b. 1876)
- November 29 – Carl Stalling, American composer (b. 1891)
- November 30 – Hans Erich Apostel, Austrian composer (b. 1901)
- December 1
- December 2
- December 3 – Bill Johnson, American musician (b. 1872)
- December 6 – Janet Munro, British actress (b. 1934)
- December 9
- December 12 – Thomas H. Robbins, Jr., American admiral (b. 1900)
- December 15 – Edward Earle, Canadian actor (b. 1882)
- December 20 – Gabby Hartnett, American baseball player (Chicago Cubs) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1900)
- December 21 – Paul Hausser, German Waffen SS general (b. 1880)
- December 22 – Jimmy Wallington, American radio personality (b. 1907)
- December 23 — Andrei Tupolev, Soviet aircraft designer (b. 1888).
- December 24
- December 25 – C. Rajagopalachari, Indian politician and freedom-fighter. Last Governor-General of India (1948–50) (b. 1878)
- December 26 – Harry S. Truman, 33rd President of the United States (b. 1884)
- December 27 – Lester B. Pearson, 14th Prime Minister of Canada, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1897)
- December 28 – Link Lyman, American football player (Chicago Bears) and a member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame (b. 1898)
- December 31 – Roberto Clemente, Puerto Rican baseball player (Pittsburgh Pirates) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1934)
- Physics – John Bardeen, Leon Neil Cooper, John Robert Schrieffer
- Chemistry – Christian B. Anfinsen, Stanford Moore, William H. Stein
- Physiology or Medicine – Gerald M. Edelman, Rodney R. Porter
- Literature – Heinrich Böll
- Peace – not awarded
- Economics – John Hicks, Kenneth Arrow
Other academic awards
- Stephenson, F. R.; Morrison, L. V. (1984). "Long-Term Changes in the Rotation of the Earth: 700 B. C. to A. D. 1980". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A. Royal Society. 313 (1524): 47–70. Bibcode:1984RSPTA.313...47S. doi:10.1098/rsta.1984.0082. Retrieved May 15, 2012.
- "UK unemployment tops one million". On This Day. BBC. January 20, 1972. Retrieved 14 January 2012.
- "CAIN: Chronology of the Conflict – 1972". Cain.ulst.ac.uk. Retrieved 2012-05-17.
- "Claudy bomb: conspiracy allowed IRA priest to go free". BBC News Northern Ireland. 2010-08-24. Archived from the original on August 25, 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-25.
- Tagliaferri, Edward (November–December 1998). "Observation of Meteoroid Impacts by Space-Based Sensors". Mercury Magazine. astrosociety.org. 27 (6).
- "Full Text – Proclamation 1081". Lawphil.net. Retrieved 2012-05-17.
- "Crash at Farrell's". Archived from the original on March 20, 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-16.
- Economist Intelligence Unit (Great Britain), Middle East annual review, (1975), p.229
- Jackson, David A.; Symons, Robert H; Berg, Paul (1972). "Biochemical Method for Inserting New Genetic Information into DNA of Simian Virus 40: Circular SV40 DNA Molecules Containing Lambda Phage Genes and the Galactose Operon of Escherichia coli". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 69 (10): 2904–2909. doi:10.1073/pnas.69.10.2904. PMC . PMID 4342968.
- Greenfeter, Yael (4 November 2010). "Israel in shock as Munich killers freed". Haaretz. Retrieved 27 July 2013.
- UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) (16 November 1972). "Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 17 October 2012.
- "*Ø* Wilson's Almanac free daily ezine | Book of Days | November 29 | International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People Die Grünen Petra Kelly". Wilsonsalmanac.com. Retrieved 2012-05-17.
- "Doner kebab 'inventor' Kadir Nurman dies in Berlin". BBC News. 26 October 2013. Retrieved 2013-10-27.
- James Ramsden (October 28, 2013). "Did Kadir Nurman really invent the doner kebab?". The Guardian. Retrieved May 6, 2016.