From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Ab urbe condita||2730|
|Balinese saka calendar||1898–1899|
|British Regnal year||25 Eliz. 2 – 26 Eliz. 2|
|Chinese calendar||丙辰年 (Fire Dragon)
4673 or 4613
— to —
丁巳年 (Fire Snake)
4674 or 4614
|- Vikram Samvat||2033–2034|
|- Shaka Samvat||1898–1899|
|- Kali Yuga||5077–5078|
|Japanese calendar||Shōwa 52
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 13 days|
|Minguo calendar||ROC 66
|Thai solar calendar||2520|
|Unix time||220924800 – 252460799|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1977.|
1977 (MCMLXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (dominical letter B) of the Gregorian calendar, the 1977th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 977th year of the 2nd millennium, the 77th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1970s decade.
- 1 Events
- 2 Births
- 3 Deaths
- 4 Nobel Prizes
- 5 References
- January – The world's first all-in-one home computer (keyboard/screen/tape storage), the Commodore PET, is demonstrated at the Consumer Electronics Show in Chicago
- January 1 – The Australian state of Queensland abolishes the inheritance tax.
- January 3 – Apple Computer is incorporated.
- January 6 – Record company EMI drops the controversial United Kingdom punk rock group the Sex Pistols.
- January 8 – Three bombs explode in Moscow within 37 minutes, killing seven. The bombings are attributed to an Armenian separatist group.
- January 9 – Legendary rock band Toto is founded by David Paich and Jeff Porcaro in Van Nuys, Los Angeles.
- January 10
- January 15 – Linjeflyg Flight 618 crashes into the Kälvesta area of Stockholm, killing all 22 on board.
- January 17
- January 18
- Scientists identify a previously unknown bacterium as the cause of the mysterious Legionnaires' disease.
- Australia's worst railway disaster at Granville, near Sydney, leaves 83 people dead.
- SFR Yugoslavia Prime minister Džemal Bijedić, his wife and 6 others are killed in a plane crash in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
- January 19
- U.S. President Gerald Ford, on his final full day in office, pardons Iva Toguri D'Aquino (aka "Tokyo Rose").
- Snow falls in Miami (despite its ordinarily tropical climate) for the only time in its history. Snowfall has occurred farther south in the United States only on the high mountains of the state of Hawaii.
- January 20 – Jimmy Carter is sworn in as President of the United States.
- January 21 – U.S. President Jimmy Carter pardons Vietnam War draft evaders.
- January 23 – Prime Minister Indira Gandhi of India calls for fresh elections to the Lok Sabha and releases all political prisoners.
- January 23 – Roots begins its phenomenally successful run on ABC.
- January 24 – The Massacre of Atocha occurs during the Spanish transition to democracy.
- January 26 – Katimavik is founded as a volunteer service organization for Canadian youths.
- January 28 – The Great Lakes Blizzard of 1977 hits Buffalo, New York, and the Niagara Region of Southern Ontario.
- January 31 – The Centre Georges Pompidou is officially opened by French President Valéry Giscard d'Estaing.
- February 2 – The Congress party of India, led by Indira Gandhi, splits with Jagjivan Ram and other senior leaders, forming Congress for Democracy. This party later merges with the Janata Party.
- February 4 – Fleetwood Mac's Grammy-winning album Rumours is released in the United States.
- February 7
- February 15 – The first Aardman Animations character, Morph, is introduced on British children's television show Take Hart.
- February 18
- February 23 – Óscar Romero becomes Archbishop of San Salvador.
- February 28 – Queen Elizabeth II opens the Parliament of New Zealand.
- March 4 – The 1977 Vrancea earthquake in the Vrancea Mountains of Romania kills 1,500.
- March 5 – Formula One driver Tom Pryce dies after colliding with a track marshal at the South African Grand Prix in Kyalami.
- March 8 – The Australian parliament is opened by Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia.
- March 9 – Hanafi Siege: Approximately a dozen armed Hanafi Movement members take over 3 buildings in Washington, D.C., killing 1 person and taking more than 130 hostages (the hostage situation ends 2 days later).
- March 10 – The rings of Uranus are discovered.
- March 12 – The Centenary Test between Australia and England begins at the Melbourne Cricket Ground.
- March 15 – Tenor Luciano Pavarotti and the PBS opera series Live from the Met both make their American television debuts. Pavarotti stars in a complete production of Puccini's La Boheme.
- March 19 – Results of elections to the Indian Parliament are declared. Indira Gandhi's Congress Party is routed by the opposition parties later to form the Janata Party.
- March 26 – Focus on the Family is founded by Dr. James Dobson.
- March 27 – Tenerife disaster: A collision between KLM and Pan Am Boeing 747s at Tenerife, Canary Islands, kills 583 people. This becomes the deadliest accident in aviation history.
- March 28 – Marquette University wins the men's NCAA basketball tournament with a win over the University of North Carolina 67-59.
- April 1 – The small market town of Hay-on-Wye declares independence from the UK, as a publicity stunt.
- April 2 – Horse racing: Red Rum wins a record third Grand National at Aintree Racecourse.
- April 4
- April 5 – Beginning of demonstrations in 10 cities across the U.S., the longest being the 3.5 week sit-in the San Francisco Federal Building to persuade President Jimmy Carter to implement the first Federal civil rights law for people with disabilities, Section 504 of the 1973 Rehabilitation Act, without reinstituting the "separate but equal" doctrine.
- April 7
- German Federal Prosecutor Siegfried Buback and his driver are shot by 2 Red Army Faction members while waiting at a red light near his home in Karlsruhe. The "Ulrike Meinhof Commando" later claims responsibility.
- The Toronto Blue Jays play their first game of baseball against the Chicago White Sox.
- The Seattle Mariners play their first-ever game of baseball against the California Angels.
- April 8
- April 11 – London Transport's Silver Jubilee AEC Routemaster buses are launched.
- April 21 – Residents of Dover, Massachusetts report sightings of an eerie monster.
- April 22 – Optical fiber is first used to carry live telephone traffic.
- April 27 – The Guatemala City air disaster kills 28 people.
- April 28 – A federal court in Stuttgart sentences Red Army Faction members Andreas Baader, Gudrun Ensslin, and Jan-Carl Raspe to life imprisonment.
- April 30
- May 1 – The Taksim Square massacre in Istanbul results in 34 deaths, hundreds of injuries.
- May 3 – The light aircraft carrier HMS Invincible is launched at Barrow-in-Furness by Elizabeth II.
- May 8 – Suzanne Lacy's extended performance piece about rape, Three Weeks in May begins in Los Angeles and continues until May 24.
- May 12 – Portugal and Israel establish diplomatic relations.
- May 14
- The 1977 IAS Cargo Boeing 707 airplane crash in Lusaka, Zambia kills all 6 on board.
- In Milan, Italy, during a far-left demonstration, a hooded person shoots at the police, killing a policeman, Antonio Custra. The scene is photographed and the picture of the hooded man shooting in the middle of the street appears in many magazines around the world.
- May 17
- May 23
- Scientists report using bacteria in a lab to make insulin via gene splicing.
- Moluccan terrorists take over a school in Bovensmilde, northern Netherlands (105 hostages), and a passenger train on the Bovensmilde–Assen route nearby (90 hostages) at the same time. On June 11, Dutch Royal Marines storm the train, and 6 terrorists and 2 hostages are killed.
- May 25 – George Lucas's Star Wars opens in cinemas and later becomes the historic highest-grossing film for that time. It also makes sci-fi films very popular.
- May 26 – George Willig climbs the South Tower of the World Trade Center.
- May 27
- Elizabeth II opens the new Air Terminal Building at the Edinburgh Airport.
- The 1977 Aeroflot Ilyushin 62 airplane crash in Cuba kills 69 people.
- Space Mountain opens at Disneyland and to this day remains as one of the park's most popular attractions.
- A demonstration and coup attempt in Angola takes place. Afterward thousands were killed by the government and Cuban forces.
- May 28 – The Beverly Hills Supper Club in Southgate, Kentucky, is engulfed in fire; 165 are killed inside.
- May 29 – Indianapolis 500: A. J. Foyt becomes the first driver to win the race 4 times.
- June 5
- June 6 – 9 – Jubilee celebrations are held in the United Kingdom to celebrate 25 years of Elizabeth II's reign.
- June 7 – After campaigning by Anita Bryant and her anti-gay "Save Our Children" crusade, Miami-Dade County, Florida voters overwhelmingly vote to repeal the county's "gay rights" ordinance.
- June 10
- June 12 – The Supremes perform their final concert together at Drury Lane in London, England and then disband permanently.
- June 15 – Spain has its first democratic elections, after 41 years under the Franco regime.
- June 16 – The Oracle Corporation is incorporated in Redwood Shores, California as Software Development Laboratories (SDL) by Larry Ellison, Bob Miner, and Ed Oates.
- June 20
- June 21 – Bülent Ecevit, of CHP forms the new government of Turkey (40th government since the founding of the Turkish republic, but fails to receive the vote of confidence).
- June 25
- June 26
- Elvis Presley holds his last concert at Market Square Arena in Indianapolis.
- Some 200,000 protesters march through the streets of San Francisco, protesting Anita Bryant's anti-gay remarks and the murder of Robert Hillsborough.
- 16-year-old shop assistant Jayne Macdonald is murdered by the Yorkshire Ripper in Leeds, England.
- June 27 – Djibouti receives its independence from France.
- June 30
- July 1
- CKO (a Canadian all news radio network, defunct since 1989) begins broadcasting.
- The EAC is dissolved.
- Wimbledon – Virginia Wade wins women's singles title in centenary year of the tournament – It was Wade's first and only Wimbledon title, third and final Grand Slam title overall. Wade remains the last British woman to win the singles title at Wimbledon.
- July 5 – General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq overthrows Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, the first elected Prime Minister of Pakistan.
- July 13
- July 15 – Anti-drug campaigner Donald Mackay disappears near Griffith, New South Wales (presumed murdered).
- July 19–20 – Flooding in Johnstown, Pennsylvania, caused by massive rainfall, kills over 75 people and causes billions in damage.
- July 21–24 – The Libyan–Egyptian War, sparked by a Libyan raid on Sallum, begins.
- July 21 – Süleyman Demirel, of AP forms the new government of Turkey (41st government a three-party coalition, so-called second national front (Turkish: Milliyetçi cephe)).
- July 22 – The purged Chinese Communist leader Deng Xiaoping is restored to power 9 months after the "Gang of Four" was expelled from power in a coup d'état.
- July 24 – Led Zeppelin presents its last American concert in Oakland, California, at the Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. A brawl erupts between Led Zeppelin's crew and the staff of the promoter Bill Graham, resulting in criminal assault charges for several members of the Led Zeppelin group including the drummer John Bonham.
- July 27 – The Soviet Politburo orders Boris Yeltsin to demolish the Ipatiev House, where Tsar Nicholas II of Russia and his family were shot in 1918. Yeltsin eventually calls this a barbarian act.
- July 28 – The first oil through the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System reaches Valdez, Alaska.
- July 30 – Left-wing German terrorists Susanne Albrecht, Brigitte Mohnhaupt and Christian Klar assassinate Jürgen Ponto, chairman of the Dresdner Bank in Oberursel, West Germany.
- August 3
- August 4 – U.S. President Jimmy Carter signs legislation creating the United States Department of Energy.
- August 7 – Mount Usu volcano in Japan erupts.
- August 9 – The military-controlled government of Uruguay announces that it will return the nation to civilian rule through general elections in 1981 for a President and Congress.
- August 10 – David Berkowitz is captured in Yonkers, New York, after over a year of murders in New York City as the Son of Sam.
- August 12 – The NASA Space Shuttle, named Enterprise, makes its first test free-flight from the back of a Boeing 747 Shuttle Carrier Aircraft.
- August 15
- August 16
- August 17 – The Soviet icebreaker Arktika becomes the first surface ship to reach the North Pole.
- August 19 – Groucho Marx, comedic legend, star of stage and screen, dies of pneumonia at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles, at the age of 86 (born 1890).
- August 20 – Voyager program: The United States launches the Voyager 2 spacecraft.
- August 26 – The National Assembly of Quebec passes the Charter of the French Language (Law 101, La charte de la langue française) making French the official language of the Canadian province of Quebec.
- September – Evangelical pastor Oral Roberts publishes plans to build the 'City of God Hospital' in Tulsa, Oklahoma. The towers are completed in 1981 for $120M ($299M, in 2012)
- September 3 – The Commodore PET computer is first sold.
- September 4 – The Golden Dragon massacre takes place in San Francisco.
- September 5
- September 7 – Treaties between Panama and the United States on the status of the Panama Canal are signed. The U.S. agrees to transfer control of the canal to Panama at the end of the 20th century.
- September 8 – Interpol issues a resolution against the copyright infringement of video tapes and other material, which is still cited in warnings on opening pre-credits of videocassettes and DVDs.
- September 10 – Hamida Djandoubi's is the last guillotine execution in France.
- September 11 – Atari, Inc. releases its Video Computer System in North America.
- September 12 – South African activist Steve Biko dies after suffering a massive head injury in police custody in Pretoria.
- September 16 – Glam rock pioneer Marc Bolan dies in a car crash in Barnes, London.
- September 18 – Courageous (U.S.), skippered by Ted Turner, sweeps the Australian challenger Australia in the 24th America's Cup yacht race.
- September 19
- September 20 – The Petrozavodsk phenomenon is observed in the Soviet Union and some northern European countries.
- September 23 – Jazz-rock group Steely Dan releases their sixth studio album Aja; it becomes their highest charting album in the United States at No. 3 and goes on to sell over 5 million copies.
- September 28 – The Porsche 928 debuts at the Geneva Motor Show.
- September 29
- Singer-songwriter Billy Joel releases his fifth studio album The Stranger; it becomes the first of several hit albums, spawning five hit singles, going 10x platinum in the US, and later ranking at No. 70 on the list of Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest Albums of All Time.
- The modern Food Stamp Program begins when the Food Stamp Act of 1977 is enacted.
- October 1
- October 7
- October 13 – German Autumn: Four Palestinians hijack Lufthansa Flight 181 to Somalia and demand the release of 11 Red Army Faction members.
- October 14
- Anita Bryant is famously pied by four gay rights activists during a press conference in Des Moines, Iowa. This event results in her political fallout from anti-gay activism.
- American singer and actor Bing Crosby, one of the most popular, far-reaching and influential entertainers of all time, dies after finishing 18 holes at La Moraleja Gold Course in Spain.
- October 17–18 – German Autumn: GSG 9 troopers storm the hijacked Lufthansa passenger plane in Mogadishu, Somalia; 3 of the 4 hijackers die.
- October 18
- German Autumn: Red Army Faction members Andreas Baader, Jan-Carl Raspe and Gudrun Ensslin commit suicide in Stammheim prison; Irmgard Möller fails (their supporters still claim they were murdered). They are buried on October 27.
- Elizabeth II, Queen of Canada, opens the third session of the 30th Canadian Parliament.
- Reggie Jackson blasts 3 home runs to lead the New York Yankees to a World Series victory over the Los Angeles Dodgers.
- October 19 – German Autumn: Kidnapped industrialist Hanns Martin Schleyer is found murdered in Mulhouse, France.
- October 20 – Three members of the rock band Lynyrd Skynyrd die in a charter plane crash outside Gillsburg, Mississippi, 3 days after the release of their fifth studio album Street Survivors.
- October 21 – The European Patent Institute is founded.
- October 23 – The president of Catalonia, Josep Tarradellas, returns to Barcelona from exile and the autonomous government of Catalonia, the Generalitat, is restored.
- October 25 – Seychelles recognizes the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR).
- October 26
- The last natural smallpox case is discovered in Merca district, Somalia. The WHO and the CDC consider this date the anniversary of the eradication of smallpox, the most spectacular success of vaccination and, by extension, of modern science.
- Space Shuttle program: Last test taxi flight of Space Shuttle Enterprise, over California.
- October 27 – British punk band Sex Pistols release Never Mind the Bollocks, Here's the Sex Pistols on the Virgin Records label. Despite refusal by major retailers in the UK to stock it, it debuts at number one on the UK Album Charts the week after its release.
- October 28
- November 1 – 2060 Chiron, first of the outer Solar System asteroids known as Centaurs, is discovered by Charlie Kowal.
- November 2 – The worst storm in Athens' modern history causes havoc across the Greek capital and kills 38 people.
- November 6 – The Kelly Barnes Dam, located above Toccoa Falls Bible College near Toccoa, Georgia fails, killing 39.
- November 8
- November 9 – Gen. Hugo Banzer, president of the military government of Bolivia, announces that the constitutional democracy will be restored in 1978 instead of 1980 as previously provided.
- November 10 – The Bee Gees release the soundtrack to Saturday Night Fever, which will go on to become the then best selling album of all time.
- November 19
- Egyptian President Anwar Sadat becomes the first Arab leader to make an official visit to Israel, when he meets with Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin, seeking a permanent peace settlement.
- TAP Portugal Flight 425 crashes at Madeira Airport, Funchal, Portugal, killing 131 and leaving 33 survivors.
- November 22
- November 28 – Jazz saxophonist Archie Shepp records "On Green Dolphin Street", the first digitally recorded album to be released commercially in the USA.
- November 30 – The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) is founded as a specialized agency of the United Nations.
- December – the Colombo Plan for Co-operative Economic and Social Development in Asia and the Pacific (CESDAP) is implemented.
- December 1
- December 4
- December 11 – after losing 26 games, the Tampa Bay Buccaneers of the US National Football League record their very first win; against the New Orleans Saints.
- December 13 – a chartered Douglas DC-3 aircraft carrying the University of Evansville basketball team to Nashville, Tennessee, crashes in rain and dense fog about 90 seconds after takeoff from Evansville Regional Airport; 29 people die in the crash, including 14 members of the team and head coach Bob Watson.
- December 16
- Mikhail Baryshnikov's 1976 production of Tchaikovsky's beloved ballet The Nutcracker comes to CBS a year after premiering onstage at the Kennedy Center. This adaptation will become the most popular television production of the work.
- The movie Saturday Night Fever is released in theaters and becoming the biggest dancing movie of all time and launches the career of its star John Travolta and the Bee Gees who performed many songs on its soundtrack to superstardom.
- December 18 – SA de Transport Aérien Flight 730, an international charter service from Zurich to Funchal Airport (Madeira), hits the sea during a landing attempt. Many of the 36 who die drown, trapped inside the sinking aircraft. Twenty-one people survive with the help of rescuers and by swimming to the shore.
- December 20 – Djibouti and Vietnam join the United Nations.
- December 22 – A grain elevator explodes in Westwego, Louisiana, killing 36.
- Portugal's traditional naming conventions change such that children's surnames can come from either the mother or the father, not just from the father.
- The Soviet National Anthem's lyrics are returned after a 24-year period, with Joseph Stalin's name omitted.
- Mormon sex in chains case with the alleged abduction in England of a young Mormon missionary.
- The WAVES are disbanded; women integrated into the regular Navy.
- January 1
- January 2
- January 3
- January 5 – Matej Ferjan, Slovenian motorcycle speedway (d. 2011)
- January 7
- January 8 – Amber Benson, American actress
- January 9 – Scoonie Penn, American basketball player
- January 11 – Anni Friesinger-Postma, German speed skater
- January 12 – Piolo Pascual, Filipino actor
- January 13 – Orlando Bloom, British actor
- January 14 – Ruco Chan, Hong Kong actor
- January 17 – Leigh Whannell, Australian actor and writer
- January 19 – Taliesin Jaffe, American voice actor and actor
- January 20 – Melody, Belgian singer
- January 21 – Jerry Trainor, American actor
- January 22 – Hidetoshi Nakata, Japanese footballer
- January 23 – Kamal Heer, Punjabi singer and musician
- January 24 – Johann Urb, American actor
- January 25
- January 26 – Vince Carter, American basketball player
- January 28
- January 31
- February 1 – Lari Ketner, American professional basketball player. (d. 2014)
- February 2
- February 3 – Maitland Ward, American actress
- February 4 – Bruno Castanheira, Portuguese cyclist. (d. 2014)
- February 5
- February 6 – Jim Conroy, North American voice artist
- February 7
- February 8
- February 10 – Morihiro Hashimoto, Japanese darts player (d. 2017)
- February 11
- February 14 – Elmer Symons, motorcycle enduro racer. (d. 2007)
- February 16 – Ian Clarke, Irish computer scientist
- February 18
- February 19 – Gianluca Zambrotta, Italian footballer
- February 20
- February 21
- February 23 – Kristina Šmigun-Vähi, Estonian skier
- February 24
- February 27 – Ji Sung, South Korean actor
- February 28
- March 1 – Rens Blom, Dutch athlete
- March 2
- March 3 – Ronan Keating, Irish singer (Boyzone)
- March 4
- March 5 – Wally Szczerbiak, Spanish-born basketball player
- March 6
- March 7
- March 8 – James Van Der Beek, American actor
- March 9 – Lydia Mackay, American voice actress
- March 11
- March 14 – Kim Nam-il, South Korean footballer
- March 15
- March 16
- March 18 – Zdeno Chára, Czechoslovakian (now Slovakia) hockey player
- March 23
- March 24
- March 26 – Bianca Kajlich, American actress
- March 27
- March 28 – Annie Wersching, American actress
- April 1 – Paul Kalanithi, Indian-American neurosurgeon and writer (d. 2015)
- April 2
- April 4
- April 5 – Daniel Majstorović, Swedish soccer player
- April 8 – Mehran Ghassemi, Iranian journalist (d. 2008)
- April 10 – Stephanie Sheh, American voice actress
- April 11 – DJ Fresh, English DJ and music producer
- April 12
- April 14
- April 15 – Dejan Milojevic, Serbian basketball player
- April 16
- April 17 – Frederik Magle, Danish composer, concert organist, and pianist
- April 19 – Bryan Spears, American film and television producer
- April 21 – Jamie Salé, Canadian figure skater
- April 22
- April 23
- Arash, Iranian-Swedish singer, entertainer and producer
- Andruw Jones, Antillean baseball player
- John Cena, American professional WWE wrestler, actor and rapper
- John Oliver, British comedian, political commentator, actor, and television personality; host of HBO's Last Week Tonight with John Oliver
- Kal Penn, American actor, producer and civil servant
- April 24
- April 25 – Manolo Cardona, Colombian actor
- April 26
- April 27 – Dai Fujikura, Japanese composer
- April 30
- May 3
- May 4 – Emily Perkins, Canadian actress
- May 5
- May 8
- May 9 – Shawn Osborne, American professional wrestler (d. 2011)
- May 10
- May 11
- May 12
- May 13
- May 14
- May 16
- May 17 – Welles Crowther, American investment banker. (d. 2001)
- May 19
- May 20
- May 23
- May 24 – Tamarine Tanasugarn, Thai tennis player
- May 26
- May 27
- May 28 – Elisabeth Hasselbeck, American talk show host
- May 29 – Massimo Ambrosini, Italian football player
- May 31
- June 1
- June 2
- June 3 – Travis Hafner, American baseball player
- June 4 – Jordan Bratman, American celebrity
- June 5 – Nourhanne, Lebanese singer
- June 7 – Chen Luyun , Chinese basketball (d. 2015)
- June 8 – Kanye West, American rapper and record producer
- June 9 – Peja Stojaković, Serbian basketball player
- June 10
- June 11
- June 12 – Ana Tijoux, French-Chilean musician
- June 14 – Chris McAlister, American football player
- June 16 – Kerry Wood, American baseball player
- June 18 – Majed Moqed, Saudi Arabian, one of the hijackers of American Airlines Flight 77. (d. 2001)
- June 19
- June 20 – Aaron Moule, Australian rugby league player
- June 21 – Jochen Hecht, German ice hockey player
- June 22 – Ryōko Ono, Japanese voice actress
- June 23
- June 25 – Naoya Tsukahara, Japanese gymnast
- June 26
- June 27
- June 28 – Harun Tekin, Turkish rock vocalist and guitarist (Mor ve Ötesi)
- June 29 – Zuleikha Robinson, British actress and singer
- July 1
- July 2 – Ricardo Medina, Jr., American actor
- July 5 – Steven Sharp Nelson, American cellist
- July 6 – Craig Handley, British film director
- July 8
- July 10
- July 11 – Edward Moss, American impersonator
- July 12
- July 13
- July 14 – Victoria, Crown Princess of Sweden
- July 15 – Ray Toro, American rock guitarist (My Chemical Romance)
- July 18 – Alfian bin Sa'at, Singaporean writer, poet and playwright
- July 19 – Jean-Sébastien Aubin, Canadian ice hockey player
- July 21 – Paul Casey, English golfer
- July 24
- July 26 – Rebecca St. James, Australian-born Christian musician
- July 27
- July 28
- July 30 – Jaime Pressly, American actress
- July 31 – Tim Couch, American football player
- August 2 – Edward Furlong, American actor
- August 3 – Tom Brady, American football player
- August 7 – Twins Samantha Ronson and Charlotte Ronson, British DJ and designer
- August 8 – Marílson Gomes dos Santos, Brazilian long-distance runner
- August 9 – Chamique Holdsclaw, American basketball player
- August 11 – Pablo Lucio Vasquez, American murderer, execution by lethal injection (d. 2016)
- August 12
- August 13
- August 15
- August 16 – Tamer Hosny, Egyptian singer/actor
- August 17
- August 18 – Lukáš Bauer, Czech cross-country skier
- August 20
- August 22 – JP Auclair, Canadian freeskiier. (d. 2004)
- August 23
- August 24
- August 25 – Masumi Asano, Japanese voice actress
- August 26 – Morris Peterson, American basketball player
- August 29 – Martha Ehlin, Swedish sports teacher and founder of the organisation MOD – Mer organdonation (d. 2016)
- August 30
- August 31
- September 1 – Adrienne Wilkinson, American actress
- September 2
- September 4
- September 6 – Kiyoshi Hikawa, Japanese enka singer
- September 11 – Ludacris, American rapper and actor, co-founder of Disturbing tha Peace
- September 12
- September 13 – Fiona Apple, American singer
- September 15
- September 18 – Kieran West, British Olympic oarsman
- September 19
- September 20 – Namie Amuro, Japanese singer
- September 21 – Hank Fraley, American football player
- September 22 – Paul Sculthorpe, English rugby league player
- September 23
- September 24
- September 25
- September 27
- September 28
- September 29 – Jorgito Vargas, Jr., Canadian actor
- September 30 – Roy Carroll, Irish footballer
- October 2 – Didier Defago, Swiss Olympic alpine skiier
- October 5 – Hugleikur Dagsson, Icelandic artist
- October 6 – Daniel Brière, Canadian ice hockey player
- October 7
- October 8 – Anne-Caroline Chausson, French mountain bicycle racer
- October 9
- October 11
- October 12 – Bode Miller, American skier
- October 13
- October 14
- October 15 – David Sergio Trezeguet, French footballer
- October 16 – John Mayer, American musician and record producer
- October 17 – André Villas-Boas, Portuguese football manager
- October 18
- October 20 – Stewart Petrie Scottish actor
- October 25 – Birgit Prinz, German footballer
- October 26
- Louis Crayton, Swiss/Liberian footballer
- October 27 – Kumar Sangakkara, Sri Lankan cricketer
- October 28 – Jonas Rasmussen, Danish badminton player
- October 29 – Brendan Fehr, Canadian actor
- October 30 – Charmian Faulkner, missing Australian toddler
- November 1 – Alistair Griffin, British singer and songwriter
- November 2 – Randy Harrison, American actor
- November 3 – Greg Plitt, American fitness model, actor and former Army Ranger (d. 2015)
- November 4 – Larry Bigbie, American baseball player
- November 6
- November 8
- November 10
- November 11
- November 13
- November 15 – Peter Phillips, son of Anne, Princess Royal and Captain Mark Phillips
- November 16
- November 17 – Ryk Neethling, South African swimmer
- November 18
- November 19 – Kerri Strug, American gymnast
- November 20
- November 21 – Jonas Jennings, American football player
- November 22 – Michael Preston, English footballer
- November 23
- November 24 – Colin Hanks, American actor
- November 26 – Soulja Slim, American rapper. (d. 2003)
- November 27 – Mika Tan, Asian-American adult film actress
- November 28 – DeMya Walker, American basketball player
- November 30 – Steve Aoki, American electro house DJ and founder of Dim Mak Records
- December 3
- December 6
- December 7
- December 8
- December 10 – Emmanuelle Chriqui, Canadian actress – Joey White, US Soldier
- December 11 – Peter Stringer, Irish rugby union player
- December 12
- December 14
- December 16
- December 17
- December 20 – Sonja Aldén, Swedish pop singer
- December 21 – Gregor Horvatič, a Slovenian politician, former president of Slovenian Democratic Youth
- December 23
- December 24 – Domingo Vega, also known as Américo, Chilean singer
- December 25 – Uhm Ji-won, South Korean actress
- December 26 – Dmitri Tertyshny, Russian professional ice hockey (d. 1999)
- December 27
- December 29
- December 30
- December 31
- Faris al-Zahrani, Saudi Arabia's list of 26 'most-wanted' suspected terrorists. (d. 2016)
- Kristian Ealey, British actor and musician. (d. 2016)
- Hayko, Armenian singer
- Yaakov Shwekey, Jewish singer
- January 1
- January 2 – Erroll Garner, American musician (b. 1921)
- January 3
- January 4 – Ibrahim Biçakçiu, 20th Prime Minister of Albania (b. 1905)
- January 5
- January 6 – William Gropper, American artist (b. 1897)
- January 11
- January 12 – Henri-Georges Clouzot, French film director (b. 1907)
- January 13 – Henri Langlois, French film historian (b. 1914)
- January 14
- January 16 – Daniel V. Gallery, American admiral and author (b. 1901)
- January 17 – Gary Gilmore, American murderer (executed) (b. 1940)
- January 18
- January 19 – Yvonne Printemps, French singer and actress (b. 1895)
- January 21 – Sandro Penna, Italian poet (b. 1906)
- January 22 – Billy Down, English professional association footballer (b. 1898)
- January 23 – Toots Shor, New York restaurateur (b. 1903)
- January 24 – Eli Lilly, American pharmaceutical industrialist and philanthropist from Indianapolis (b. 1885)
- January 26 – Dietrich von Hildebrand, German philosopher and theologian (b. 1889)
- January 27
- January 28 – Burt Mustin, American actor (b. 1884)
- January 29
- February 3 – Pauline Starke, American actress (b. 1901)
- February 4 – Brett Halliday, American writer (b. 1904)
- February 5 – Oskar Klein, Swedish theoretical physicist (b. 1894)
- February 6 – George John Park, New Zealand teacher and technical college principal (b. 1880)
- February 8 – Olinda Bozán, Argentinian actress (b. 1894)
- February 9 – Queen Alia, Queen of Jordan (b. 1948)
- February 11
- February 12
- February 13 – Alberto Diena, Italian stamps collector (b. 1894)
- February 14 – Bill Tilman, English mountaineer and explorer (b. 1898)
- February 15 – Herman Johannes Lam, Dutch botanist (b. 1892)
- February 16
- February 17 – Mary Anne Reidy, New Zealand civilian and military nurse, community leader (b. 1880)
- February 18
- February 18 – Chandabai, Jain scholar and a pioneer of women's education in India (b. 1880)
- February 19 – Anthony Crosland, British author and politician (b. 1918)
- February 20
- February 21 – John Hubley, American animator (b. 1914)
- February 25
- February 26 – Aurel Persu, Romanian engineer and pioneer car designer (b. 1890)
- February 27 – Allison Hayes, American actress (b. 1930)
- February 28 – Eddie "Rochester" Anderson, African-American actor (The Jack Benny Show) (b. 1905)
- March 2 – Paul Rohmer, Alsacian physician considered the father of modern pædiatrics (b. 1876)
- March 3 – Percy Marmont, American stage and screen actor (b. 1883)
- March 4
- March 5 – Tom Pryce, British Formula race car driver (b. 1949)
- March 8 – Henry Hull, American actor (b. 1890)
- March 10
- March 11 – Ulysses S. Grant IV, American geologist and paleontologist (b. 1893)
- March 14
- March 15 – Antonino Rocca, professional wrestler (b. 1921)
- March 16 – Kamal Jumblatt, leader of the Lebanese Druze (b. 1917)
- March 17 – Claude Roger-Marx, French writer, and playwright (b. 1888)
- March 18 – Marien Ngouabi, President of The Republic of the Congo (assassinated) (b. 1938)
- March 19 – William L. Laurence, Jewish Lithuanian-born American journalist (b. 1888)
- March 20 – Charles Lyttelton, 10th Viscount Cobham, English politician, 9th Governor-General of New Zealand (b. 1909)
- March 22 – A. K. Gopalan, Indian communist leader (b. 1904)
- March 25
- March 26 – Madeleine Dring, British composer and actress (b. 1923)
- March 27 – Diana Hyland, American actress (b. 1936)
- March 28
- March 29
- March 30 – Abdel Halim Hafez, Egyptian singer and actor (b. 1929)
- March 31
- April 2 – He Tianjian, Chinese painter (b. 1891)
- April 2 – John Whitaker, British gymnast (b. 1886)
- April 5 – Carlos Prío Socarrás, President of Cuba (suicide) (b. 1903)
- April 6
- April 7 – Karl Ritter, German film producer and director (b. 1888)
- April 11 – Jacques Prévert, French poet and screenwriter (b. 1900)
- April 12 – Philip K. Wrigley, American chewing gum manufacturer and Major League Baseball executive (b. 1894)
- April 16 – Harwood Sturtevant, Episcopal bishop of the Diocese of Fond du Lac (b. 1888)
- April 17 – William Conway, Northern Irish cardinal (b. 1913)
- April 20
- April 21 – Gummo Marx, American actor and comedian (b. 1892)
- April 23 – Charles D. Herron, general in the United States Army (b. 1877)
- April 26 – Jack Ayre, Canadian pianist (b. 1894)
- April 27 – Stanley Adams, American actor (b. 1915)
- April 28
- April 29 – William Arthur Whitlock, New Zealand journalist (b. 1891)
- May 4 – Richard Pike Bissell, British author of short stories and novels (b. 1913)
- May 5
- May 9 – James Jones, American writer (b. 1921)
- May 10 – Joan Crawford, American actress (born c. 1904). Various sources give her year of birth as 1903, 1904, 1905, 1906, and 1908.
- May 13 – Otto Deßloch, German World War II Luftwaffe general (b. 1889)
- May 15
- May 16 – Modibo Keïta, 1st President of Mali (b. 1915)
- May 17 – Robert Maynard Hutchins, American educational philosopher, dean of Yale Law School (b. 1899)
- May 18 – Czesław Wycech, Polish activist, politician and historian (b. 1899)
- May 25 – Máire Gill, French political activist who became third and longest-serving president (b. 1891)
- May 31
- June 2
- June 5 – Ward Melville, American philanthropist and businessman (b. 1887)
- June 9 – Walter B. Jones, American geologist and archaeologist (b. 1895)
- June 14
- June 22
- June 25 – Olave Baden-Powell, founder of Scouting and Girl Guides, by over 35 years (b. 1889)
- July 2 – Vladimir Nabokov, Russian-born writer (Lolita) (b. 1899)
- July 9
- July 15 – Konstantin Fedin, Russian writer (b. 1892)
- July 20
- July 26 – Gena Branscombe, Canadian pianist, composer, music educator and choir conductor (b. 1881)
- July 30 – Jean de Laborde, French admiral, famous for the scuttling of the French fleet in Toulon (b. 1878)
- August 1 – Francis Gary Powers, American pilot, shot down in 1960 U-2 incident (b. 1929)
- August 3
- August 4
- August 5 – Waldo L. Schmitt, American biologist (b. 1887)
- August 6 – Alexander Bustamante, 1st Prime Minister of Jamaica (b. 1884)
- August 9 – George Kenney, World War II United States Army Air Forces general (b. 1889)
- August 11
- August 13 – Henry Williamson, English naturalist, farmer and prolific ruralist (b. 1895)
- August 14
- August 16 – Elvis Presley, American actor and rock musician, Time, Person of the 20th Century (b. 1935)
- August 17 – Delmer Daves, American screenwriter and director (b. 1904)
- August 19
- August 22 – Sebastian Cabot, English actor (b. 1918)
- August 23 – Naum Gabo, prominent Russian sculptor (b. 1890)
- August 29 – Jean Hagen, American actress (b. 1923)
- August 31
- September 1 – Ethel Waters, African-American singer and actress (b. 1896)
- September 4 – E. F. Schumacher, British economist (b. 1911)
- September 6 – John Edensor Littlewood, British mathematician (b. 1885)
- September 8 – Zero Mostel, American film and stage actor, better known for his role in A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum (b. 1915)
- September 9 – "Jungle" Jim Liberman, funny car drag racer (b. 1945)
- September 12
- September 13 – Leopold Stokowski, English conductor (b. 1882)
- September 16
- September 18 – Paul Bernays, Swiss mathematician (b. 1888)
- September 23 – John Nash, British painter of landscape and still-life (b. 1893)
- September 24
- September 26 – Ernie Lombardi, American baseball player (Cincinnati Reds) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1908)
- September 27 – Czesław Wycech, Polish activist, politician and historian (b. 1899)
- September 28 – Adam Fox, Dean of Divinity at Magdalen College, Oxford (b. 1883)
- October 2 – Joseph William Woodrough, United States federal judge (b. 1873)
- October 3 – Tay Garnett, American film director (b. 1894)
- October 6 – Danny Greene, Irish American mobster killed by car bomb (b. 1933)
- October 8
- October 10
- October 12 – Dorothy Davenport, American actress (b. 1895)
- October 13 – Jackie Condon, American actor (b. 1918)
- October 14 – Bing Crosby, American singer and actor (b. 1903)
- October 16 – Cal Hubbard, American football player (Green Bay Packers) and a member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame (b. 1900)
- October 17 – Michael Balcon, English film producer (b. 1896)
- October 18 – Andreas Baader, West German member of Red Army Faction (b. 1943)
- October 20 – Members of the American southern rock group Lynyrd Skynyrd (killed in a plane crash):
- October 22 – Boye Schlytter, Norwegian businessperson and mountain climber (b. 1891)
- October 25 – Félix Gouin, French Socialist politician (b. 1884)
- October 27
- October 30 – Frederick Hamilton March, Australian soldier and adventurer (b. 1891)
- November 3 – Florence Vidor, American actress (b. 1895)
- November 8 – Bucky Harris, American baseball manager (Washington Senators) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1896)
- November 9 – Gertrude Astor, American actress (b. 1887)
- November 10 – Dennis Wheatley, English writer (b. 1897)
- November 15 – Princess Charlotte of Monaco (b. 1898)
- November 16 – José Acosta, starting pitcher in Major League Baseball(b. 1891)
- November 17 – André Perugia, French shoe designer (b. 1893)
- November 18
- November 21 – Richard Carlson, American actor (b. 1912)
- November 25 – Tommy Prince, Canadian war hero (b. 1915)
- December 3 – Jack Beresford, British Olympic rower (b. 1899)
- December 4 – Tom Senier, Irish melodeon (single row diatonic accordion) player (b. 1895)
- December 5
- December 7 – Peter Carl Goldmark, Hungarian-born engineer and developer of the 33rpm record (b. 1906)
- December 10 – Ethel Roosevelt Derby, Youngest daughter of Theodore Roosevelt (b. 1891)
- December 12 – Clementine Churchill, Wife of Winston Churchill (b. 1885)
- December 13 – Sir Charles Petrie, British historian (b. 1895)
- December 15 – Wilfred Kitching, 7th (British) General of The Salvation Army (b. 1893)
- December 16
- December 18 – Cyril Ritchard, Australian actor and director (b. 1897)
- December 19
- December 24
- December 25
- December 26 – Howard Hawks, American film director (b. 1896)
- December 27 – Mildred Bendall, active force of the avant-garde in Bordeaux (b. 1891)
- December 28
- Johannes Pedersen, Danish theologian and linguist (b. 1883)
- Stephen Sanford, American heir and polo champion (b. 1899)
- Physics – Philip Warren Anderson, Sir Nevill Francis Mott, John Hasbrouck Van Vleck
- Chemistry – Ilya Prigogine
- Physiology or Medicine – Roger Guillemin, Andrew Schally, Rosalyn Yalow
- Literature – Vicente Aleixandre
- Peace – Amnesty International
- Economics – Bertil Ohlin, James Meade
- "From the archive, 7 January 1977 : EMI guns down Sex Pistols". the Guardian.
- Fryd, Vivien Green (Spring 2007). "Suzanne Lacy's Three Weeks in May: Feminist Activist Performance Art as "Expanded Public Pedagogy"". NWSA Journal. The Johns Hopkins University Press. 19 (1): 23–38. JSTOR 4317229.
- Lara Pawson (2014). In the Name of the People: Angola's Forgotten Massacre. ISBN 978-1780769059.
- Christopher Null (April 2007), "50 Best Tech Products of All Time", PC World, USA
- Commerzbank AG. "Startseite Privat- und Geschäftskunden - Commerzbank".
- Elvis Presley (1935–1977): Funeral in Memphis.
- UPI. 'Four years of built $120 Million hospital of faith'. New York Times Oct 20, 1981, retrieved October 23, 2013
- "TCP/IP", LivingInternet, 2008, webpage: LivingI-tcpip.