From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Ab urbe condita||2739|
|Balinese saka calendar||1907–1908|
|British Regnal year||34 Eliz. 2 – 35 Eliz. 2|
|Chinese calendar||乙丑年 (Wood Ox)
4682 or 4622
— to —
丙寅年 (Fire Tiger)
4683 or 4623
|- Vikram Samvat||2042–2043|
|- Shaka Samvat||1907–1908|
|- Kali Yuga||5086–5087|
|Japanese calendar||Shōwa 61
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 13 days|
|Minguo calendar||ROC 75
|Thai solar calendar||2529|
|Unix time||504921600 – 536457599|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1986.|
1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (dominical letter E) of the Gregorian calendar, the 1986th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 986th year of the 2nd millennium, the 86th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1980s decade. The year 1986 was designated as the International Year of Peace by the United Nations.
- 1 Events
- 2 Births
- 3 Deaths
- 4 Nobel Prizes
- 5 References
- January 1
- Spain and Portugal enter the European Community, which later becomes the European Union.
- Aruba gains increased autonomy from the Netherlands and is separated from the Netherlands Antilles.[clarification needed]
- The Province of Flevoland is established in the Netherlands.
- UNIDO becomes a specialised agency of the United Nations.
- In Northern Ireland as part of The Troubles, James McCandless (39) and Michael Williams (24), both Protestant members of the Royal Ulster Constabulary, are killed by a Provisional Irish Republican Army remote controlled bomb hidden in a litter bin and detonated when their foot patrol passes at Thomas Street, Armagh.
- January 9 – After losing a patent battle with Polaroid, Kodak leaves the instant camera business.
- January 11 – The Gateway Bridge in Brisbane, Australia, at this time the world's longest prestressed concrete free-cantilever bridge, is opened.
- January 12 – STS-61-C: Space Shuttle Columbia is launched with the first Hispanic American astronaut, Dr. Franklin Chang Díaz.
- January 13–24 – South Yemen Civil War.
- January 19 – The first PC virus, Brain, starts to spread.
- January 20 – The United Kingdom and France announce plans to construct the Channel Tunnel.
- January 24 – The Voyager 2 space probe makes its first encounter with Uranus.
- January 25 – Yoweri Museveni's National Resistance Army Rebel group takes over Uganda after leading a 5-year guerrilla war in which up to half a million people are believed to have been killed. They will later use January 26 as the official date to avoid a coincidence of dates with Dictator Idi Amin's 1971 coup.
- January 26 – Super Bowl XX: The Bears defeated the Patriots by the score of 46–10, capturing their first NFL championship since 1963.
- January 28 – Space Shuttle Challenger disaster – STS-51-L: Space Shuttle Challenger disintegrates 73 seconds after launch from the United States, killing the crew of 7 astronauts, including schoolteacher Christa McAuliffe.
- January 29 – Yoweri Museveni is sworn in as President of Uganda.
- February 3 – Pixar Animation Studios are opened in California.
- February 7
- President Jean-Claude Duvalier ("Baby Doc") flees Haiti, ending 28 years of family rule.
- The snap presidential election in the Philippines earlier announced by President Ferdinand Marcos was held amidst controversy that would pave the way for a chain of protests culminating in the People Power Revolution.
- February 8 – The Hinton train collision happened, which a Canadian National train heading westbound collided with a Via Rail train in Hinton, Alberta. 23 people were killed in the accident, and injured 71 people.
- February 9 – Halley's Comet reaches its perihelion, the closest point to the Sun, during its second visit to the solar system in the 20th century (the first was in 1910).
- February 11 – Human rights activist Natan Sharansky is released by the Soviet Union and leaves the country.
- February 15 – The Beechcraft Starship makes its maiden flight.
- February 16
- February 17 – The Single European Act is signed.
- February 19
- February 21 – Nintendo releases the first game in the Zelda series, The Legend of Zelda, in Japan on the Famicom.
- February 22 – The People Power Revolution begins in the Philippines to remove President Ferdinand Marcos from office.
- February 25
- The 27th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union opens in Moscow. The General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev introduces the keywords of his mandate to the audience: Glasnost and Perestroika.
- People Power Revolution: President Ferdinand Marcos of the Philippines goes into exile in Hawaii after 20 years of rule; Corazon Aquino becomes the first Filipino woman president, first as an interim president. Salvador Laurel becomes her Vice President.
- Egyptian military police, protesting against bad salaries, enter 4 luxury hotels near the pyramids, set fire to them and loot them.
- February 27 – The United States Senate allows its debates to be televised on a trial basis.
- February 28 – Swedish Prime Minister Olof Palme is shot to death on his way home from the cinema in Stockholm, Sweden.
- March 1 – Olof Palme's deputy Ingvar Carlsson becomes acting Prime Minister of Sweden. He is elected Prime Minister by the Swedish Riksdag on March 15.
- March 3 – The first paper is published describing the atomic force microscope invented the previous year by Gerd Binnig, Calvin Quate and Christopher Berger.
- March 4 – The Today national tabloid newspaper is launched in the United Kingdom, pioneering the use of computer photosetting and full-colour offset printing, at a time when British national newspapers still use Linotype machines and letterpress printing.
- March 8 – The Japanese Suisei probe flies by Halley's Comet, studying its UV hydrogen corona and solar wind.
- March 9 – United States Navy divers find the largely intact but heavily damaged crew compartment of the Space Shuttle Challenger; the bodies of all seven astronauts are still inside.
- March 13 – In a Black Sea incident, American cruiser USS Yorktown and the destroyer USS Caron, claiming the right of innocent passage, enter the Soviet territorial waters near the southern Crimean Peninsula.
- March 14 – Microsoft Corporation holds its initial public offering of stock shares.
- March 15 – Hotel New World collapses, 33 killed and 17 rescued from rubble.
- March 25 – The 58th Academy Awards are held in Los Angeles, with Out of Africa winning Best Picture.
- March 26 – An article in The New York Times charges that Kurt Waldheim, former United Nations Secretary-General and candidate for president of Austria, may have been involved in Nazi war crimes during World War II.
- March 27 – Russell Street Bombing: A car bomb explodes at Russell Street Police Headquarters in Russell Street, Melbourne, killing a police constable, the first Australian policewoman to be killed in the line of duty.
- March 31
- April 1 – Sector Kanda: Communist Party of Nepal (Mashal) cadres attack a number of police stations in Kathmandu, seeking to incite a popular rebellion.
- April 2 – A bomb explodes on a Trans World Airlines flight from Rome to Athens, killing 4 people.
- April 3 – The British children's TV show The Raggy Dolls is released on ITV in the UK.
- April 5
- April 13 – Pope John Paul II officially visits the Great Synagogue of Rome, the first time a modern Pope has visited a synagogue.
- April 13 – The first child born to a non-related surrogate mother is born.
- April 14 – Hailstones weighing 1 kg (2.2 lb) fall on the Gopalganj district of Bangladesh, killing 92.
- April 15 – Operation El Dorado Canyon: At least 15 people die after United States planes bomb targets in the Libyan capital, Tripoli, and the Benghazi region.
- April 17
- John McCarthy is kidnapped in Beirut (released in August 1991) – 3 others are found dead; Revolutionary Cells claims responsibility in retaliation for the U.S. bombing of Libya.
- The Hindawi affair begins when an Irishwoman is found unknowingly carrying explosives onto an El Al flight from London to Tel Aviv.
- April 21 – Geraldo Rivera opens Al Capone's secret vault on The Mystery of Al Capone's Vaults, discovering only a bottle of moonshine.
- April 26 – Chernobyl disaster: A mishandled safety test at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in Pripyat, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union "killed at least 4,056 people and damaged almost $7 billion of property". Radioactive fallout from the accident is concentrated near Belarus, Ukraine and Russia and at least 350,000 people are forcibly resettled away from these areas. After the accident, "traces of radioactive deposits unique to Chernobyl were in nearly every country in the northern hemisphere".
- April 27 – "Captain Midnight" interrupts the HBO satellite feed.
- April 29 – The Diamond Jubilee of Hirohito is held at the Kokugikan in Tokyo.
- May 2
- May 3 – Sandra Kim from Belgium wins the Eurovision Song Contest in Bergen, Norway with her song J'aime la vie.
- May 8 – Óscar Arias is inaugurated into his first term as President of Costa Rica.
- May 9 – Short Circuit starring Fisher Stevens is released.
- May 12 – NBC debuts the current well-known peacock as seen in the NBC 60th Anniversary Celebration.
- May 16 – The Seville Statement on Violence is adopted by an international meeting of scientists, convened by the Spanish National Commission for UNESCO, in Seville, Spain.
- May 19 – The Firearm Owners Protection Act is enacted.
- May 23 – Somali President Siad Barre is injured in a car accident in Mogadishu and taken to Saudi Arabia for treatment. Somali opposition groups see this as an opportunity to try and remove Barre, beginning the Somali Civil War.
- May 24 – The Montreal Canadiens win their 23rd Stanley Cup In Calgary against the Flames.
- May 25
- May 27 – The game credited as setting the template for role-playing video games, Dragon Quest, is released in Japan.
- May 31 – The 1986 FIFA World Cup begins in Mexico.
- June – Construction of the Oosterscheldekering, the world's largest openable storm surge flood barrier, is completed in the Netherlands.
- June 4 – Jonathan Pollard pleads guilty to espionage for selling top secret United States military intelligence to Israel.
- June 8 – Former United Nations Secretary-General Kurt Waldheim is elected president of Austria.
- June 9 – The Rogers Commission releases its report on the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster.
- June 12 – South Africa declares a nationwide state of emergency.
- June 14 – The Mindbender accident happened in West Edmonton Mall. 3 people died, and 1 person was injured.
- June 19 – American college basketball player Len Bias suffers a fatal cardiac arrhythmia from a cocaine overdose, less than 48 hours after being selected 2nd overall by the Boston Celtics in the 1986 NBA draft. Bias' death came 11 days after the Celtics won their 16th NBA championship by defeating the Houston Rockets in the finals.
- June 22 – In one of the most famous FIFA World Cup matches, Argentinian football player Diego Maradona scores one handball goal (nicknamed the "Hand of God") and then dribbles past the entire English football team to score a second goal (nicknamed "The Goal of the Century") with Argentina winning 2-1 against England.
- June 23 – Eric Thomas develops LISTSERV, the first email list management software.
- June 24 – The Dominican Republic recognizes the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.
- June 29 – Argentina defeats West Germany 3–2 to win the 1986 FIFA World Cup in Mexico City.
- July 1 – CSX Transportation is established.
- July 5 – The Statue of Liberty is reopened to the public after celebrating its centennial and an extensive refurbishment.
- July 5 – 20 – The Goodwill Games are held in Moscow.
- July 7 – Australian drug smugglers Kevin Barlow and Brian Chambers are executed in Malaysia.
- July 12 – The New Zealand Homosexual Law Reform Act decriminalizes consensual sex between men from the age of 16.
- July 22 – In the Philippines, ABS-CBN Radio launches DZMM at 630 kHz on AM Band.
- July 23 – In London, Prince Andrew, Duke of York marries Sarah Ferguson at Westminster Abbey.
- July 27 – Greg LeMond wins the Tour de France.
- July 28 – Estate agent Suzy Lamplugh vanishes after a meeting in London.
- August 2 – The first film produced by Studio Ghibli, Castle in the Sky directed by Hayao Miyazaki is released in Japan.
- August 6
- A low-pressure system moving from South Australia and redeveloping off the New South Wales coast dumps a record 328 millimetres (12.9 in) of rain in a day on Sydney.
- In Louisville, Kentucky, William J. Schroeder, the second artificial heart recipient, dies after 620 days.
- Australian Democrats leader Don Chipp retires from federal parliament and is succeeded by Janine Haines, the first woman to lead a political party in Australia.
- August 19 – Two weeks after it was stolen, the Picasso painting Weeping Woman is found in a locker at the Spencer Street Station in Melbourne, Australia.
- August 20 – In Edmond, Oklahoma, United States Postal Service employee Patrick Sherrill guns down 14 of his co-workers before committing suicide.
- August 21 – The Lake Nyos disaster, a limnic eruption, occurs in Cameroon, killing nearly 2,000 people.
- August 31
- The Soviet passenger liner SS Admiral Nakhimov collides with the bulk carrier Pyotr Vasev in the Black Sea and sinks almost immediately, killing 398.
- Aeroméxico Flight 498, a Douglas DC-9, collides with a Piper PA-28 over Cerritos, California, killing 67 on both aircraft and 15 on the ground.
- The cargo ship Khian Sea departs from the docks of Philadelphia, carrying 14,000 tons of toxic waste. It wanders the seas for the next 16 months trying to find a place to dump its cargo. The waste is later dumped in Haiti.
- September 1 – Jordan University of Science and Technology is established in Jordan.
- September 4 – Eusko Alkartasuna, the Basque Social Democratic Party, is created in Vitoria-Gasteiz.
- September 5 – Pan Am Flight 73, with 358 people on board, is hijacked at Karachi International Airport by four Abu Nidal terrorists.
- September 6
- September 7
- September 8 – The Oprah Winfrey Show premieres in syndication.
- September 13 – A magnitude 6.0 earthquake rocks the city of Kalamata in southern Greece, killing 20 people, injuring 80 and completely destroying one-fifth of the city.
- September 28 – The Democratic Progressive Party is founded. It was part of the Tangwai movement in new generation to challenge Kuomintang in Taiwan's one-party politics.
- October 1 – U.S. President Ronald Reagan signs the Goldwater–Nichols Act into law, making official the largest reorganization of the United States Department of Defense since the Air Force was made a separate branch of service in 1947.
- October 3 – TASCC, a superconducting cyclotron, officially opens at Chalk River Laboratories.
- October 9
- United States District Court Judge Harry E. Claiborne becomes the fifth federal official to be removed from office through impeachment.
- News Corporation completes its acquisition of the Metromedia group of companies, thereby launching the Fox Broadcasting Company.
- The Phantom of the Opera, the longest running Broadway show in history, opens at Her Majesty's Theatre in London.
- October 10 – The 5.7 Mw San Salvador earthquake shook San Salvador, El Salvador with a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent). Up to 1,500 people were killed.
- October 11 – 12 – Cold War: Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev meet in Reykjavík, Iceland, to continue discussions about scaling back their intermediate missile arsenals in Europe, which end in failure.
- October 12 – Elizabeth II and The Duke of Edinburgh visit the People's Republic of China.
- October 16 – The International Olympic Committee chooses Albertville, France to be the host city of the 1992 Winter Olympics and Barcelona, Spain to be the host city of the 1992 Summer Olympics. The IOC also announces that the summer and winter games will separate with the winter games on every even, common year; and the summer games on every even, leap year starting from 1992.
- October 19 – Mozambican President Samora Machel's plane crashes in South Africa.
- October 21 – The Marshall Islands became an associated state under the Compact of Free Association.
- October 22 – In New York City, WNBC Radio's traffic helicopter crashes into the Hudson River, killing traffic reporter Jane Dornacker. The last words heard on-the-air are Dornacker's screams of terror, "Hit the water! Hit the water! Hit the water!"
- October 24 – Lambda Sigma Gamma Sorority Inc. is founded at Sacramento State by Linda V. Fuentes and 26 Founding Mothers.
- October 26 – Bus deregulation goes into effect in the United Kingdom, except Greater London and Northern Ireland.
- October 27
- The International World Day of Prayer is held in Assisi, Italy.
- World Series: The New York Mets defeat the Boston Red Sox in 7 games. This is the second world series title in the Mets franchise. It is also remembered for Game 6, when Bill Buckner lets a routine ground ball hit by Mookie Wilson roll through his legs, letting the Mets win and pull even with the Red Sox in the series.
- The Big Bang in the London Stock Exchange abolishes fixed commission charges, paving the way for electronic trading.
- October 28
- The centennial of the Statue of Liberty's dedication is celebrated in New York Harbor.
- In London, Jeremy Bamber is found guilty of the murder of his adoptive parents, sister and twin nephews, and sentenced to life imprisonment, with a recommendation by the trial judge that he should serve at least 25 years before being considered for parole.
- October 29 – British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher officially opens the M25 Motorway, which encircles Greater London, in a ceremony on the carriageway near Potters Bar. It became Europe's second longest orbital road upon completion, and provides the first and only full bypass of London.
- November 1
- Queensland, Australia: Joh Bjelke-Petersen wins his final election as Premier of Queensland with 38.6% of the vote. He resigns on December 1, 1987, following revelations of his involvement with corruption released in the Fitzgerald Inquiry.
- Sandoz chemical spill: a major environmental disaster near Basel, Switzerland, pollutes the Rhine.
- November 3
- Iran–Contra affair: The Lebanese magazine Ash-Shiraa reports that the United States has been selling weapons to Iran in secret, in order to secure the release of 7 American hostages held by pro-Iranian groups in Lebanon.
- The Northern Mariana Islands enter in a political union with the United States. The island's government adopted its own constitution in 1977, and the constitutional government took office in January 1978. The covenant was fully implemented November 3, 1986, pursuant to Presidential Proclamation no. 5564, which conferred United States citizenship on legally qualified island residents.
- November 4
- Democrats regain control of the United States Senate for the first time in 6 years. In California, Chief Justice Rose Bird and two colleagues are removed by voters from the Supreme Court of California for opposing capital punishment.
- Eventual 2008 presidential nominee John McCain gets elected as Republican U.S. Senator from Arizona, and has been in office since then.
- November 6 – Sumburgh disaster: A British International Helicopters Boeing 234LR Chinook crashes 2.5 miles east of Sumburgh Airport, killing 45 people (the deadliest civilian helicopter crash on record).
- November 11 – Sperry Rand and Burroughs merge to form Unisys, becoming the second largest computer company.
- November 12 – Australian singer John Farnham releases the album Whispering Jack, which becomes the highest selling album in Australia's history.
- November 18 – Greater Manchester Police announce that they will search for the bodies of 2 missing children (who both vanished more than 20 years ago) after the Moors murderers Ian Brady and Myra Hindley confess to 2 more murders.
- November 21 – Iran-Contra Affair: National Security Council member Oliver North and his secretary, Fawn Hall, start shredding documents implicating them in selling weapons to Iran and channeling the proceeds to help fund the Contra rebels in Nicaragua.
- November 22 – Mike Tyson wins his first world boxing title by defeating Trevor Berbick in Las Vegas.
- November 25 – Iran–Contra affair: U.S. Attorney General Edwin Meese announces that profits from covert weapons sales to Iran were illegally diverted to the anti-communist Contra rebels in Nicaragua.
- November 26 – Iran–Contra affair: U.S. President Ronald Reagan announces that on December 1 former Senator John Tower, former Secretary of State Edmund Muskie, and former National Security Adviser Brent Scowcroft will serve as members of the Special Review Board looking into the scandal (they became known as the Tower Commission). Reagan denies involvement in the scandal.
- December 7 – A magnitude 5.7 earthquake destroys most of the Bulgarian town of Strajica, killing 2 people.
- December 14 – Rutan Voyager, an experimental aircraft designed by Burt Rutan and piloted by Dick Rutan and Jeana Yeager, begins its flight around the world.
- December 16 – Mass anti-government protests break out across the Kazakh SSR, resulting in the massacre of over 165 protesters.
- December 19 – Soviet dissident Andrei Sakharov is permitted to return to Moscow after six years of internal exile.
- December 20 – Three African Americans are assaulted by a group of white teens in the Howard Beach neighborhood of Queens, New York. One of the victims, Michael Griffith, is run over and killed by a motorist while attempting to flee the attackers.
- December 23 – Voyager completes the first nonstop circumnavigation of the earth by air without refueling in 9 days, 3 minutes and 44 seconds.
- December 26 – After 35 years on the airwaves and holding the title of longest-running non-news program on network television, NBC airs the final episode of daytime drama Search for Tomorrow.
- December 31 – A fire at the Dupont Plaza Hotel in San Juan, Puerto Rico, kills 97 and injures 140.
- The National Park Passport Stamps program begins.
- The Council on Competitiveness is founded.
- Average per capita income in Japan exceeds that in the United States.
- Matt Groening creates The Simpsons family.
- The first commercially available 3D printer is sold.
- Informal stock trading is done in Shenyang, China; the first of its kind in Red China.
- January 1
- January 2
- January 3 – Lloyd, American urban musician
- January 4
- January 5
- January 6
- January 8 – David Silva, Spanish footballer
- January 10
- January 11
- January 12
- January 13 – Joannie Rochette, Canadian figure skater
- January 14 – Yohan Cabaye, French footballer
- January 15
- January 16
- January 17
- January 18
- January 19 – Claudio Marchisio, Italian footballer
- January 20 – Genie Chuo, Taiwanese singer and actress
- January 21
- January 22 – Daniel Smith, American actor (d. 2006)
- January 23
- José Enrique, Spanish footballer
- January 24
- January 26
- January 28
- January 29
- January 31 – Yves Makabu-Makalambay, Belgian footballer
- February 1 – Lauren Conrad, American television personality and fashion designer
- February 2
- February 5
- February 6
- February 7
- February 8
- February 10
- February 14
- February 15
- February 18
- February 19
- February 21
- Prince Amedeo of Belgium, Archduke of Austria-Este, member of the Belgian Royal Family
- Charlotte Church, British singer, actress and television presenter
- February 22 – Miko Hughes, American actor
- February 23
- February 24 – Bryce Papenbrook, American voice actor, son of Bob Papenbrook
- February 25
- February 26
- March 1
- March 2 – Ethan Peck, American actor
- March 3 – Stacie Orrico, American singer
- March 4 – Margo Harshman, American actress
- March 5
- March 6
- March 8 – Princess Tsuguko of Takamado, a member of the Japanese Imperial Family
- March 9 – Brittany Snow, American actress
- March 11
- March 12 – Danny Jones, Lead singer and guitarist of British pop and rock group McFly
- March 13
- March 14 – Jamie Bell, British actor
- March 15 – Jai Courtney, Australian actor
- March 16
- March 17
- March 18 – Lykke Li, Swedish singer-songwriter.
- March 19 – Anne Vyalitsyna, Russian model
- March 21 – Scott Eastwood, American actor
- March 22 – Matt Bush, American actor
- March 23
- March 24 – Val Chmerkovskiy, Ukrainian-American professional dancer from Dancing With The Stars
- March 25
- March 26
- March 27
- March 28
- March 29
- March 30 – Sergio Ramos, Spanish footballer
- April 1
- April 2
- April 3
- April 4 – Eunhyuk, South Korean actor and member of pop group Super Junior
- April 7 – Choi Si-won, South Korean actor, model and member of pop group Super Junior
- April 8
- April 9
- April 10
- April 11 – Stephanie Pratt, American television personality
- April 16 – Shinji Okazaki, Japanese football player
- April 18 – Maurice Edu, American footballer
- April 19 – Candace Parker, American basketball player
- April 20
- April 22
- April 23 – Jessica Stam, Canadian model
- April 24 – Tahyna Tozzi, Australian model, singer and actress
- April 25
- April 27
- April 28 – Jenna Ushkowitz, American stage and television actress and singer
- April 30 – Dianna Agron, American actress
- May 2
- May 3 – Poppy Delevingne, English model
- May 5 – Grace Wong, Hong Kong actress and beauty pageant contestant
- May 7 – Rianne ten Haken, Dutch model
- May 8 – Laura Spencer, Ukrainian singer
- May 9 – Grace Gummer, American actress
- May 12 – Emily VanCamp, Canadian actress
- May 13
- May 14
- May 15 – Matías Fernández, Chilean footballer
- May 16
- May 17
- May 19 – Eric Lloyd, American actor
- May 20
- May 21
- May 22
- May 23
- May 24 – Mark Ballas, American dancer, choreographer, actor, singer-songwriter, musician, and two-time winner of Dancing with the Stars
- May 25 – Juri Ueno, Japanese actress
- May 26 – Àstrid Bergès-Frisbey, Spanish actress and model
- May 27 – Timo Descamps, Belgian actor and singer
- May 28
- May 29
- May 30
- Pasha Parfeni, Moldovan singer
- May 31
- June 1
- June 2
- June 3
- June 4
- June 5
- June 6
- June 10 – Joey Zimmerman, American actor and musician
- June 11 – Shia LaBeouf, American actor and film director
- June 12 – Cintia Dicker, Brazilian model
- June 13
- June 15 – Momoko Ueda, Japanese golfer
- June 17
- June 18
- June 19
- June 20 – Dreama Walker, American actress
- June 23 – Marti Malloy, American judoka
- June 24
- June 25 – Lee Ho-suk, South Korean short-track skater
- June 26 – Brittney Karbowski, American voice actress
- June 27
- June 28
- June 29 – Edward Maya, Romanian musician
- June 30 – Victoria Crawford, American professional wrestler and model
- July 1
- July 2 – Lindsay Lohan, American actress and singer
- July 4 – Takahisa Masuda, Japanese actor and singer
- July 6 – Leon Frierson, American actor and comedian
- July 7 – Sevyn Streeter, Member of American urban group TG4 and RichGirl
- July 8
- July 9
- July 10 – Wyatt Russell, American actor
- July 12
- July 14
- July 16 – Taryn Southern, American actress
- July 17
- July 18
- July 21 – Diane Guerrero, American actress
- July 24
- July 25 – Hulk, Brazilian footballer
- July 26 – Monica Raymund, American actress
- July 27 – Nathan Stephenson, Canadian actor
- July 28 – Alexandra Chando, American actress
- July 30 – Jung Chul-woon, South Korean football player
- July 31 – Evgeni Malkin, Russian hockey player
- August 3
- August 4 – Oleg Ivanov, Russian footballer
- August 5
- August 6 – Bryan Young, Canadian ice hockey player
- August 7
- August 8 – Peyton List American actress
- August 11
- August 14 – Nigel Boogaard, Australian footballer
- August 16
- August 17
- August 19 – Christina Perri, American pop and rock musician
- August 21
- August 22
- August 26 – Big K.R.I.T., American rapper
- August 28
- August 29
- August 30
- August 31 – Feng Tianwei, Singaporean Olympic table tennis player
- September 1
- September 2
- September 3
- September 4
- September 6 – Raven Riley, American porn star
- September 8 – Jake Sandvig, American actor
- September 9 – José Aldo, WEC Featherweight Champion, the first UFC Featherweight Champion
- September 10
- September 12
- September 14
- September 15
- September 16
- September 18
- September 19
- September 21 – Lindsey Stirling, American violinist, dancer, performance artist, and composer
- September 23 – Kaylee DeFer, American actress
- September 24
- September 25 – Steve Forrest, American drummer
- September 26 – Ashley Leggat, Canadian actress
- September 27 – Natasha Thomas, Danish singer and songwriter
- September 28 – Andrés Guardado, Mexican footballer
- September 29 – Lo Bosworth, American television personality
- September 30
- October 1 – Jurnee Smollett, American actress
- October 2
- October 3 – Andy San Dimas, American pornographic actress
- October 4 – Yuridia, Mexican singer
- October 5 – Novica Veličković, Serbian basketball player
- October 6
- October 7
- October 9 – Laure Manaudou, French swimmer
- October 10
- October 12
- October 13
- October 14
- October 15 – Lee Donghae, Korean singer (Super Junior)
- October 16 – Craig Pickering, British sprinter
- October 17 – Mohombi, Congolese urban singer-songwriter and dancer
- October 18 – Loukas Giorkas, Greek-Cypriot singer and model
- October 20 – Elyse Taylor, Australian model
- October 21
- October 22
- October 23
- October 24 – Drake, Canadian actor and hip-hop rapper
- October 28 – Tamar Kaprelian, Armenian American musician and singer
- October 29
- October 30 – Thomas Morgenstern, Austrian Olympic ski jumper
- November 1 – Penn Badgley, American actor
- November 3
- November 4 – Alexz Johnson, Canadian actress and singer
- November 5
- November 6 – Katie Leclerc, American actress
- November 8 – Aaron Swartz, American programmer (d. 2013)
- November 10 – Josh Peck, American actor and director
- November 11
- November 12 – Evan Yo, Taiwanese singer-songwriter
- November 14 – Yuna, Malaysian singer, songwriter, and businesswoman
- November 15 – Sania Mirza, Indian tennis player
- November 16 – Omar Mateen, American mass murderer (d. 2016)
- November 17
- November 18
- November 19 – Veronica Scott, American fashion designer
- November 20 – Lee Gye-deok, South Korean singer and activist
- November 22 – Oscar Pistorius, South African Paralympic runner
- November 24
- November 25
- November 26 – Trevor Morgan, American actor
- November 27 – Suresh Raina, Indian cricket player
- November 28
- November 30
- December 1 – DeSean Jackson, American football player
- December 4 – Martell Webster, American basketball player
- December 7 – Corey Vidal, Canadian online video content provider and digital media consultant
- December 8
- December 11
- December 15
- December 17
- December 18 – Jery Sandoval, Colombian actress, model and singer
- December 19
- December 22 – Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab, Nigerian-born terrorist known as the "Underwear Bomber"
- December 23 – Noël Wells, American actress and comedian
- December 24
- December 26
- December 27 – Jamaal Charles, American football player
- December 29 – Kim Ok-bin, South Korean actress and model
- December 30
- January 2 – Una Merkel, American actress (b. 1903)
- January 4
- January 5 – Ilmari Salminen, Finnish Olympic athlete (b. 1902)
- January 7 – Juan Rulfo, Mexican writer (b. 1917)
- January 8 – Maria L. de Hernández, Mexican-American rights activist (b. 1896)
- January 10 – Jaroslav Seifert, Czech writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1901)
- January 14 – Donna Reed, American actress (b. 1921)
- January 16 – Herbert W. Armstrong, founded the Worldwide Church of God (b. 1892)
- January 23 – Willard Van Dyke, American filmmaker and photographer (b. 1906)
- January 24
- January 27 – Lilli Palmer, German actress (b. 1914)
- January 28 – In the Challenger disaster:
- Gregory Jarvis, American astronaut (b. 1944)
- Christa McAuliffe, American astronaut and teacher (b. 1948)
- Ronald McNair, American astronaut (b. 1950)
- Ellison Onizuka, American astronaut (b. 1946)
- Judith Resnik, American astronaut (b. 1949)
- Dick Scobee, American astronaut (b. 1939)
- Michael J. Smith, American astronaut (b. 1945)
- January 29 – Leif Erickson, American actor (b. 1911)
- February 1 – Alva Myrdal, Swedish politician, diplomat, and writer, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1902)
- February 6 – Frederick Coutts, the 8th General of The Salvation Army (b. 1899)
- February 7 – Minoru Yamasaki, Japanese architect, designed the twin towers of the World Trade Center (b. 1912)
- February 8 – Sarah Isabella McElligott, New Zealand cook and fruit-stall holder (b. 1883)
- February 10 – Brian Aherne, British actor (b. 1902)
- February 11
- February 14 – Edmund Rubbra, British composer (b. 1901)
- February 16 – Howard Da Silva, American actor (b. 1909)
- February 17
- February 19 – Francisco Mignone, Brazilian classical music (b. 1897)
- February 21
- February 24 – Tommy Douglas, Canadian politician and "Father of medicare" in Canada (b. 1904)
- February 27 – Jacques Plante, Canadian hockey player (b. 1929)
- February 28
- March 4
- March 6
- March 10
- March 17 – John Bagot Glubb, British soldier (b. 1897)
- March 18 – Bernard Malamud, American writer (b. 1914)
- March 22
- March 23 – Moshe Feinstein, Orthodox rabbi (b. 1895)
- March 24 – Krzysztof Mikołaj Radziwiłł, Polish translator and politician (b. 1898)
- March 28 – Virginia Gilmore, American actress (b. 1919)
- March 29 – Harry Ritz, American actor (b. 1907)
- March 30 – James Cagney, American actor (b. 1899)
- March 31
- April 3 – Peter Pears, English tenor (b. 1910)
- April 7 – Leonid Kantorovich, Russian economist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1912)
- April 8 – Yukiko Okada, Japanese idol singer (b. 1967)
- April 13 – Stephen Stucker, American actor (b. 1947)
- April 14 – Simone de Beauvoir, French feminist writer (b. 1908)
- April 15
- April 17
- April 19
- April 22 – Mircea Eliade, Romanian historian of religions and writer (b. 1907)
- April 23
- April 24 – The Duchess of Windsor (the former Wallis Simpson), widow of the late Duke of Windsor (formerly Edward VIII) (b. 1896)
- April 26
- April 30 – Robert Stevenson, English film director (b. 1905)
- May 1 – Hylda Baker, English comedy actress (b. 1905)
- May 2 – Henri Toivonen, Finnish rally car driver (b. 1956)
- May 3 – Robert Alda, American actor (b. 1914)
- May 7 – Herma Szabo, Austrian figure skater (b. 1902)
- May 9
- May 11
- May 12
- May 14 – Janne Aikala, Finnish murder victim (b. 1975)
- May 15
- May 19 – Jimmy Lyons, American musician (b. 1931)
- May 23
- May 24
- May 25 – Chester Bowles, American politician (b. 1901)
- May 26 – Gian-Carlo Coppola, American film producer (b. 1963)
- May 27 – Ajoy Mukherjee, Indian politician, Chief Minister of West Bengal (b. 1901)
- May 30 – Perry Ellis, American fashion designer (b. 1940)
- May 31
- June 3 – Anna Neagle, English actress (b. 1904)
- June 5 – Bryan Grant, American tennis champion (b. 1909)
- June 6 – William Joynt, Australian officer, farm labourer (b. 1889)
- June 11 – Chesley Bonestell, American painter (b. 1888)
- June 13
- June 14
- June 16 – Maurice Duruflé, French composer (b. 1902)
- June 17 – Kate Smith, American singer (b. 1907)
- June 18 – Frances Scott Fitzgerald, daughter of F. Scott Fitzgerald and Zelda Sayre (b. 1921)
- June 19
- June 21 – Assi Rahbani, Lebanese composer, musician, conductor and author (b. 1923)
- June 27 – Don Rogers, American football player (b. 1962)
- June 29
- June 30 – Guan Zilan, Chinese avant-garde painter (b. 1903)
- July 3 – Rudy Vallée, American singer, actor, and bandleader (b. 1901)
- July 4 – Oscar Zariski, Russian mathematician (b. 1899)
- July 6 – Jagjivan Ram, Indian politician (b. 1908)
- July 8
- July 12 – Wacław Kisielewski, Polish pianist (b. 1943)
- July 14
- July 15
- July 18 – Stanley Rous, English administrator, 6th President of FIFA (b. 1895)
- July 19 – Alfredo Binda, Italian cyclist (b. 1902)
- July 21 – Ernest Maas, American screenwriter (b. 1892)
- July 22 – Ede Staal, Dutch singer-songwriter (b. 1941)
- July 24
- July 25
- July 26 – W. Averell Harriman, American diplomat and politician (b. 1891)
- July 27 – Osbert Lancaster, British cartoonist (b. 1908)
- July 31 – Teddy Wilson, American jazz pianist (b. 1912)
- August 1 – Ignatius Joseph Kasimo Hendrowahyono, Indonesian politician (b. 1900)
- August 2 – Renato Leduc, Mexican poet and journalist (b. 1897)
- August 4 – Willem Ruis, Dutch game show host (b. 1945)
- August 10 – Chuck McKinley, American tennis champion (b. 1941)
- August 16 – Jaime Sáenz, Bolivian poet, novelist, and short story writer (b. 1921)
- August 19
- August 20 – Milton Acorn, Canadian poet, writer, and playwright (b. 1923)
- August 21 – Thad Jones, American jazz musician (b. 1923)
- August 22 – Celâl Bayar, Turkish politician, 3rd Prime Minister of Turkey and President of Turkey (b. 1883)
- August 26 – Ted Knight, American actor (b. 1923)
- August 27 – George Nepia, New Zealand Maori rugby player (b. 1905)
- August 29 – Arthur Meyerhoff, American advertising agency executive and entrepreneur (b. 1895)
- August 30 – George Pelawa, American ice hockey star Minnesota Mr. Hockey (b. 1968)
- August 31
- September 1
- September 4 – Hank Greenberg, Jewish-American baseball player (Detroit Tigers) and member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1911)
- September 6 – Blanche Sweet, American actress (b. 1896)
- September 7 – Omar Ali Saifuddien III, Sultan of Brunei (b. 1914)
- September 10 – María Dolores Katarain ("Yoyes"), Spanish Basque separatist leader, killed (b. 1954)
- September 11
- September 12 – Frank Nelson, American actor (b. 1911)
- September 18 – Pat Phoenix, British actress (b. 1923)
- September 21 – Cheryl Keeton, American murder victim (b. 1949)
- September 22 – József Asbóth, Hungarian tennis champion (b. 1917)
- September 23 – Gottfried Freiherr von Banfield, Austro-Hungarian naval aeroplane pilot in the First World War (b. 1890)
- September 25 – Nikolay Semyonov, Russian chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1896)
- September 26 – Noboru Terada, Japanese Olympic swimmer (b. 1917)
- September 27 – Cliff Burton, American bassist (Metallica) (b. 1962)
- September 28 – Robert Helpmann, Australian dancer and choreographer (b. 1909)
- September 29 – Prince George Valdemar of Denmark (b. 1920)
- September 30 – Storm Jameson, English journalist and author (b. 1891)
- October 5
- October 7 – Wallace Wade, American football coach, University of Alabama, Duke University (b. 1892)
- October 11
- October 14 – Keenan Wynn, American actor (b. 1916)
- October 15 – Jerry Smith, American football All Pro tight end, Washington Redskins, NFL (b. 1943)
- October 16 – Arthur Grumiaux, Belgian violinist (b. 1921)
- October 19 – Samora Machel, 1st President of Mozambique (b. 1933)
- October 22 – Albert Szent-Györgyi, Hungarian physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1893)
- October 23 – Edward Adelbert Doisy, American biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1893)
- October 25 – Forrest Tucker, American actor (F Troop) (b. 1919)
- October 26 – Jackson Scholz, American runner (b. 1897)
- October 28 – Ian Marter, British actor and writer (b. 1944)
- October 31 – Robert S. Mulliken, American physicist and chemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry (b. 1896)
- November 2 – Paul Frees, American voice actor (b. 1920)
- November 5 – Claude Jutra, Canadian film director (b. 1930)
- November 6 – Elisabeth Grümmer, Alsatian soprano (b. 1911)
- November 8
- November 10 – Rogelio de la Rosa, Filipino actor and politician (b. 1916)
- November 11 – Roger C. Carmel, American actor (b. 1932)
- November 15 – Alexandre Tansman, French composer and virtuoso pianist (b. 1897)
- November 16 – Siobhán McKenna, Irish actress (b. 1923)
- November 18 – Gia Carangi, American supermodel (b. 1960)
- November 19 – Willie Stokes, American mobster (b. 1937)
- November 21
- November 22
- November 25 – Ivan Magill, Irish-born anaesthetist (b. 1888)
- November 29 – Cary Grant, British actor (b. 1904)
- December 1 – Bobby Layne, American football player (Detroit Lions) and member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame (b. 1926)
- December 2 – Desi Arnaz, Cuban-born actor, bandleader, musician, and television producer; co-founder of Desilu Productions (b. 1917)
- December 3 – Austin Hayes, Irish footballer (b. 1958)
- December 10 – Susan Cabot, American actress (b. 1927)
- December 12 – Paul Verner, German politician (b. 1911)
- December 13 – Heather Angel, English actress (b. 1909)
- December 15 – Serge Lifar, Russian dancer and choreographer (b. 1905)
- December 16 – John Nathaniel Couch, American mycologist (b. 1896)
- December 17 – Guillermo Cano Isaza, Colombian journalist (b. 1925)
- December 18 – Andrew Tsu, Chinese Anglican bishop (b. 1885)
- December 21 – Willy Coppens, Belgian pilot (b. 1892)
- December 22 – Ida Cook (aka Mary Burchell), British novelist and campaigner for Jewish refugees (b. 1904)
- December 24 – Richard van der Riet Woolley, English astronomer (b. 1906)
- December 26 – Elsa Lanchester, English actress (b. 1902)
- December 28 – Jan Nieuwenhuys, Dutch painter (b. 1922)
- December 29
- December 31 – Lloyd Haynes, American actor (b. 1934)
- Tatiana Botkina, wife of Eugene Botkin (b. 1898)
- Hilda Conkling, child poet (b. 1910)
- Iren Marik, classical Hungarian pianist (b. 1906)
- Guang Qin, Chinese Buddhist monk and teacher (b. 1892)
- Felix Tikotin, architect and art collector (b. 1893)
- Physics – Ernst Ruska, Gerd Binnig, Heinrich Rohrer
- Chemistry – Dudley R. Herschbach, Yuan T. Lee, John Charles Polanyi
- Physiology or Medicine – Stanley Cohen, Rita Levi-Montalcini
- Literature – Wole Soyinka
- Peace – Elie Wiesel
- Economics – James Buchanan Jr
- Binnig, G.; Quate, C. F.; Berger, Ch. (3 March 1986). "Atomic Force Microscope". Physical Review Letters. 56 (9): 930–933. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.56.930. PMID 10033323.
- "Airline/Operator "M"". PlaneCrashInfo. Retrieved 2013-03-15.
- "And Baby Makes Four: for the First Time a Surrogate Bears a Child Genetically Not Her Own".
- Benjamin K. Sovacool. The costs of failure: A preliminary assessment of major energy accidents, 1907–2007, Energy Policy 36 (2008), p. 1806.
- "1986". Retrieved 2013-01-25.
- "Big MacCurrencies". The Economist. 1998-04-09. Retrieved 2007-07-24.
- Daley, James (2008-09-06). "Burgernomics: Why the price of a Big Mac may hold the key to better investment returns". The Independent. Retrieved 2011-07-29.
- "BBC ON THIS DAY - 12 - 1986: Reykjavik summit ends in failure".
- bailii.org retrieved 13:58 28.10.2011 see also :Jeremy Bamber : introductary statement
- "Future Tech: How 3D Printing Will Change the World". Alternet.
- "China Stock Directory". google.com.