1989

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This article is about the year. For other uses, see 1989 (disambiguation).
Millennium: 2nd millennium
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Years: 1986 · 1987 · 1988 · 1989 · 1990 · 1991 · 1992
1989 by topic:
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By country
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Birth and death categories
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1989 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1989
MCMLXXXIX
Ab urbe condita 2742
Armenian calendar 1438
ԹՎ ՌՆԼԸ
Assyrian calendar 6739
Bahá'í calendar 145–146
Bengali calendar 1396
Berber calendar 2939
British Regnal year 37 Eliz. 2 – 38 Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar 2533
Burmese calendar 1351
Byzantine calendar 7497–7498
Chinese calendar 戊辰(Earth Dragon)
4685 or 4625
    — to —
己巳年 (Earth Snake)
4686 or 4626
Coptic calendar 1705–1706
Discordian calendar 3155
Ethiopian calendar 1981–1982
Hebrew calendar 5749–5750
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 2045–2046
 - Shaka Samvat 1910–1911
 - Kali Yuga 5089–5090
Holocene calendar 11989
Igbo calendar 989–990
Iranian calendar 1367–1368
Islamic calendar 1409–1410
Japanese calendar Shōwa 64 / Heisei 1
(平成元年)
Javanese calendar 1921–1922
Juche calendar 78
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar 4322
Minguo calendar ROC 78
民國78年
Nanakshahi calendar 521
Thai solar calendar 2532
Unix time 599616000–631151999

1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (dominical letter A) of the Gregorian calendar, the 1989th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 989th year of the 2nd millennium, the 89th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1980s decade.

1989 was an historic turning point in political history because a wave of revolutions swept the Eastern Bloc, starting in Poland that summer with the beginning of a move towards private enterprise,[1] coming to a head with the opening of the Berlin Wall in November, embracing the overthrow of the communist dictatorship in Romania in December, and ending in December 1991 with the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Collectively known as the Revolutions of 1989, they heralded the beginning of the post–Cold War period.

It was the year of the first Brazilian presidential elections in 29 years, since the end of the military government in 1985 which commanded the country for more than twenty years, and marked the redemocratization process's final point. F. W. de Klerk was elected in South Africa, and his regime gradually dismantled the apartheid system over the next five years, culminating with the 1994 election that brought jailed ANC leader Nelson Mandela to power.

The first commercial Internet service providers surfaced in this year,[2][3] as well as the first written proposal for the World Wide Web and New Zealand, Japan and Australia's first Internet connections. The first babies born after preimplantation genetic diagnosis were conceived in late 1989, starting the era of designer babies.[4]

1989 marked the beginning of the current Heisei period in Japan. It is also, the latest year, when written in Roman numerals, to have an L. The next such year is 2040.

Events[edit]

January[edit]

February[edit]

March[edit]

April[edit]

May[edit]

June[edit]

People's Liberation Army were to drive away students in Tiananmen Square.

July[edit]

August[edit]

September[edit]

October[edit]

November[edit]

Germans standing on top of the Berlin Wall
A peaceful demonstration in Prague during the Velvet Revolution.

December[edit]

Protests in Romania, December 1989.
Flames engulf a building following the United States invasion of Panama.

Date unknown[edit]

Births[edit]

January[edit]

February[edit]

March[edit]

April[edit]

May[edit]

June[edit]

July[edit]

August[edit]

September[edit]

2008 Olympic gold medalist Park Tae-hwan and Robi Domingo born on September 27

October[edit]

Kimmie Meissner, 2006 World Figure Skating Champion

November[edit]

December[edit]

Deaths[edit]

January[edit]

Emperor Hirohito

February[edit]

March[edit]

April[edit]

May[edit]

June[edit]

July[edit]

August[edit]

September[edit]

October[edit]

November[edit]

December[edit]

Nobel Prizes[edit]

Nobel medal.png

In fiction[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Uchitelle, Louis (December 11, 1989). "International Report: East Europe Tries a Mild Capitalism". The New York Times. 
  2. ^ "Company History". Sublime IP. Retrieved 2014-08-19. 
  3. ^ "Wired 7.08: Harmonic Convergence". Archive.wired.com. 2009-01-04. Retrieved 2014-08-19. 
  4. ^ "Genetic Defect Screened Out; Healthy Twins Born". latimes. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Crystal, David, ed. (1990). The Cambridge Encyclopedia. Cambridge University Press. p. RR69. 
  6. ^ Transition in Eastern Europe: Current Issues and Perspectives - Herbert Wilkens, Wolfgang Maennig - Google Books. Books.google.com. 1990-01-01. Retrieved 2014-08-19. 
  7. ^ "The birth of the World Wide Web | CERN timelines". Timeline.web.cern.ch. Retrieved 2014-08-19. 
  8. ^ "Judge Rejects Keating Suit - Sees 'Looting' of Lincoln - NYTimes.com". 24 August 1990. 
  9. ^ http://library.cqpress.com/cqresearcher/document.php?id=cqresrre1991101800
  10. ^ "The Deseret News - Google News Archive Search". 
  11. ^ "First McDonald's in Moscow, Russia ~". Bleskon.com. Retrieved 2013-08-08. 
  12. ^ "Gay Peru News & Reports 2011". Archive.globalgayz.com. Retrieved 2013-08-08. 
  13. ^ "HDTV - High Definition Television". Birds-eye.net. 1989-06-03. Retrieved 2013-08-08. 
  14. ^ "Mourners Rip Shroud, Khomeini`s Body Falls", Chicago Tribune, June 7, 1989. Accessed 21 November 2012.
  15. ^ Belsie, Laurent (June 29, 2009). "Madoff's sentence: big, but not 141,078 years". The Christian Science Monitor. 
  16. ^ "Doe v. Michigan (E.D. Mich. 1989)". Bc.edu. Retrieved 2013-08-08. 
  17. ^ a b "Soviets Line Up For Makeup - Estee Lauder Shop Draws Moscow Crowds". Philly.com. Articles.philly.com. 1989-11-17. Retrieved 2013-08-08. 
  18. ^ "The Danish Registered Partnership Act". 1989-06-07. Retrieved 2013-10-01. 
  19. ^ Rule, Sheila (1989-10-02). "Rights for Gay Couples in Denmark". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-06-07. 
  20. ^ {{cite web|url=http://www.std.com/~bzs/ |title=The Barry Shein Home Page |publisher=Std.com |date= |accessdate=2013-08-08}}
  21. ^ "Former Two Guys Delran NJ | Flickr – Condivisione di foto!". Flickr.com. 2011-06-26. Retrieved 2013-08-08. 
  22. ^ http://calleam.com/WTPF/wp-content/uploads/articles/DIABaggage.pdf
  23. ^ [1]
  24. ^ "Spumco, Inc. in Encino, CA - Bizapedia Profile". Bizapedia.com. Retrieved 2014-08-19. 
  25. ^ "The Warsaw Voice". Warsawvoice.pl. Retrieved 2014-08-19. 
  26. ^ Hayes, Thomas C. (1990-02-28). "Wal-Mart Net Jumps By 31.8%". The New York Times. Retrieved 2013-08-08. 
  27. ^ Pareles, Jon (December 10, 1989). "Outlaw Rock: More Skirmishes on the Censorship Front POP VIEW; More Skirmishes on The Censorship Front". The New York Times. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Ash, Timothy Garton. The Magic Lantern: The Revolution of '89 Witnessed in Warsaw, Budapest, Berlin, and Prague (1999) excerpt
  • Kenney, Padraic, ed. 1989: Democratic Revolutions at the Cold War's End: A Brief History with Documents (2009)
  • Sebestyen, Victor. Revolution 1989: The Fall of the Soviet Empire (2010) excerpt

External links[edit]