198th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search

The 198th Infantry Division was formed Dec 1939 from reserve troops in the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia. It was refitted June 1944 as part of the 26th Welle (wave) from Schatten-Division Böhmen.

In Jan 1945, the division, in conjunction with the 106. Panzer-Brigade Feldherrnhalle, took part in Operation “Sonnenwende” (Solstice), an unsuccessful attack on Strasbourg launched from the Colmar Pocket. After escaping from the Colmar Pocket across the Rhine, the remnants of the division surrendered to the Americans at Weilheim in April 1945.

Contents

Commanders

  • General der Infanterie Otto Röttig (10 Jan 1940 - 10 Apr 1942)
  • Generalmajor Albert Buck (10 Apr 1942 - 6 Sept 1942) (KIA) (1)
  • General der Infanterie Ludwig Müller (6 Sept 1942 - 5 Feb 1943)
  • Generalleutnant Hans-Joachim von Horn (5 Feb 1943 - 1 June 1944)
  • Generalmajor Otto Richter (1 June 1944 - 1 Aug 1944)
  • Generalleutnant Kurt Oppenländer (1 Aug 1944 - 5 Aug 1944)
  • Generalmajor Alfred Kuhnert (5 Aug 1944 - 1 Sept 1944)
  • Generalmajor Otto Schiel (1 Sept 1944 - 18 Jan 1945)
  • Generalmajor Konrad Barde (18 Jan 1945 - 26 Apr 1945)
  • Generalleutnant Helmuth Städke (26 Apr 1945 - 8 May 1945)

Operations Officers (Ia)

  • Oberstleutnant Karl Klotz (5 Jan 1940-25 Oct 1940)
  • Oberst Bernhard-Georg von Watzdorf (25 Oct 1940-Apr 1942)
  • Major Buhl (?-6 Sep 1942) (KIA)
  • Major Friedrich-Wilhelm von Graevenitz (15 Nov 1942-1 Jul 1943)
  • Oberstleutnant Heinrich Schäfer (10 Dec 1943-30 May 1944)
  • Oberstleutnant Freiherr von Finck (30 May 1944-30 Sep 1944)
  • Major Robert Grauer (30 Sep 1944-1945)

Areas of operations

  • Czechoslovakia (Jan 1940 - Apr 1940)
  • Denmark (Apr 1940 - June 1940)
  • France (June 1940 - June 1941)
  • Eastern front, southern sector (June 1941 - June 1944)
  • France (June 1944 - Mar 1945)
  • Southern Germany (Mar 1945 - May 1945)

Order of battle (1940)

  • Infanterie-Regiment 305
  • Infanterie-Regiment 308
  • Infanterie-Regiment 326
  • Artillerie-Regiment 235
    • I. Abteilung
    • II. Abteilung
    • III. Abteilung
    • IV. Abteilung
  • Pionier-Bataillon 235
  • Panzerabwehr-Abteilung 235
  • Nachrichten-Abteilung 235
  • Versorgungseinheiten 235

Order of battle (1942)

  • Grenadier-Regiment 305
  • Grenadier-Regiment 308
  • Grenadier-Regiment 326
  • Artillerie-Regiment 235
    • I. Abteilung
    • II. Abteilung
    • III. Abteilung
    • IV. Abteilung
  • Pionier-Bataillon 235
  • Panzerjäger-Abteilung 235
  • Nachrichten-Abteilung 235
  • Versorgungseinheiten 235

Order of battle (1943-1945)

  • Grenadier-Regiment 305
  • Grenadier-Regiment 308
  • Grenadier-Regiment 326
  • Füsilier-Bataillon 198
  • Artillerie-Regiment 235
    • I. Abteilung
    • II. Abteilung
    • III. Abteilung
    • IV. Abteilung
  • Pionier-Bataillon 235
  • Panzerjäger-Abteilung 235
  • Nachrichten-Abteilung 235
  • Feldersatz-Bataillon 235
  • Versorgungseinheit 235

Footnotes

1. Generalmajor Albert Buck was killed 6 September 1942 in an ambush by troops from the Soviet 723rd Rifle Regiment near Klutschewaja.

Sources

  • French Maclean - Quiet Flows the Rhine: German General Officer Casualties in World War II
  • Gerhard Graser - Zwischen Kattegat und Kaukasus: Weg und kämpfe der 198.Infanterie-Division 1939-1945
  • Georg Grossjohann - Five Years, Four Fronts