From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Ab urbe condita||2744|
|British Regnal year||39 Eliz. 2 – 40 Eliz. 2|
|Chinese calendar||庚午年 (Metal Horse)
4687 or 4627
— to —
辛未年 (Metal Goat)
4688 or 4628
|- Vikram Samvat||2047–2048|
|- Shaka Samvat||1912–1913|
|- Kali Yuga||5091–5092|
|Japanese calendar||Heisei 3
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 13 days|
|Minguo calendar||ROC 80
|Thai solar calendar||2534|
|Unix time||662688000 – 694223999|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1991.|
1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (dominical letter F) of the Gregorian calendar, the 1991st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 991st year of the 2nd millennium, the 91st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1990s decade.
It was the year that is usually considered the final year of the Cold War that had begun in the late 1940s. During the year, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics collapsed into fifteen sovereign republics. India also abandoned its policies of socialism and autarky and began extensive neoliberal changes to its economy in July 1991 which would increase the GDP but also economic inequality over the next two decades. A U.N.-authorized coalition force from thirty-four nations fought against Iraq, which had invaded Kuwait in the previous year, 1990. The conflict would be called the Gulf War and would mark the beginning of a since-constant American military presence in the Middle East. The clash between Serbia and the other Yugoslav republics would lead into the beginning of the Yugoslav Wars, which ran through the rest of the decade.
- 1 Events
- 2 Births
- 3 Deaths
- 4 Nobel Prizes
- 5 References
- January 1
- January 2 – In eastern El Salvador, Salvadoran rebels shoot down a United States Army helicopter and execute the 2 surviving members of its 3-man crew.
- January 4 – The United Nations Security Council votes unanimously to condemn Israel's treatment of the Palestinians.
- January 5 – Georgian troops attack Tskhinvali, the capital of South Ossetia, opening the 1991–92 South Ossetia War.
- January 6
- The runoff for the Guatemalan presidential election is won by Jorge Serrano Elías.
- The All India Federation of Anganwadi Workers and Helpers is founded in Udaipur.
- January 7 – In Haiti, an attempted coup by an associate of former dictator Jean-Claude Duvalier is thwarted by Loyalist troops.
- January 9
- United States Secretary of State James Baker meets with the Foreign Minister of Iraq Tariq Aziz, but fails to produce a plan for Iraq to withdraw its troops from Kuwait.
- In Sebokeng, South Africa, gunmen fire on mourners attending the funeral of a leader of the African National Congress, killing 13 people.
- January 12 – Gulf War: The Congress of the United States passes a resolution authorizing the use of military force to expel Iraqi forces from Kuwait.
- January 13 – Singing Revolution: Soviet forces storm Vilnius to stop Lithuanian independence. January Events (Lithuania) and the Time of Barricades in Latvia.
- January 15
- The United Nations deadline for the withdrawal of Iraqi forces from occupied Kuwait expires, preparing the way for the start of Operation Desert Storm.
- Prime Minister of Cape Verde Pedro Pires resigns following his party's loss in the January 13 Cape Verdean parliamentary election, the first ever multiparty election in an African nation.
- January 16
- January 17
- January 18 – Eastern Air Lines shuts down after 62 years, citing financial problems.
- January 19
- An Iraqi Scud attack on Tel Aviv in Israel injures 15 people.
- The Party of the Alliance of Youth, Workers and Farmers of Angola is founded in Luanda, Angola.
- January 21 – Harald V's investiture ceremony as King of Norway.
- January 22
- January 24 – The government of Papua New Guinea signs a peace agreement with separatist leaders from Bougainville Island, ending fighting that had gone on since 1988.
- January 26 – Siad Barre is overthrown; Somalia enters civil war.
- January 29
- Siad Barre is succeeded by Ali Mahdi Muhammad in Somalia.
- In South Africa, Nelson Mandela of the African National Congress and Mangosuthu Buthelezi of the Inkatha Freedom Party agree to end the violence that had plagued relations between the two organizations.
- Gulf War: the Battle of Khafji occurs, the battle lasts until February 1.
- February 1
- February 5 – A Michigan court bars Dr. Jack Kevorkian from assisting in suicides.
- February 6 – Street Fighter II released for arcades.
- February 7
- Haiti's first democratically elected president, Jean-Bertrand Aristide, is sworn in.
- The Provisional Irish Republican Army launches a mortar attack on 10 Downing Street during a cabinet meeting.
- Gulf War: Ground troops cross the Saudi Arabian border and enter Kuwait, thus starting the ground phase of the war.
- February 9 – Singing Revolution: Voters in Lithuania support independence.
- February 11 – The Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization (UNPO) forms in The Hague, Netherlands.
- February 13 – Gulf War: Two laser-guided "smart bombs" destroy an underground bunker in Baghdad, killing hundreds of Iraqis. United States military intelligence claims it was a military facility but Iraqi officials identify it as a bomb shelter.
- February 15 – The Visegrad Agreement, establishing cooperation to move toward free-market systems, is signed by the leaders of Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Poland.
- February 17 – The Cape Verdean presidential election, Cape Verde's first multiparty presidential election since 1975, is won by António Mascarenhas Monteiro.
- February 18 – The Provisional Irish Republican Army explodes bombs in the early morning, at both Paddington station and Victoria station in London.
- February 20 – President of Albania Ramiz Alia dismisses the government headed by Prime Minister of Albania Adil Çarçani in an effort to stem pro-democracy protests. Fatos Nano is sworn in as Prime Minister on February 22.
- February 22 – Gulf War: Iraq accepts a Soviet-proposed cease fire agreement. The U.S. rejects the agreement, but says that retreating Iraqi forces will not be attacked if they leave Kuwait within 24 hours.
- February 23
- February 25 – Gulf War: Part of an Iraqi Scud missile hits an American military barracks in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, killing 29 and injuring 99 U.S. soldiers. It is the single-most devastating attack on U.S. forces during that war.
- February 26 – Gulf War: On Baghdad radio, Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein announces the withdrawal of Iraqi troops from Kuwait. Iraqi soldiers set fire to Kuwaiti oil fields as they retreat.
- February 27
- March – Iraqi forces suppress rebellions in the southern and northern parts of the country, creating a humanitarian disaster on the borders of Turkey and Iran.
- March 1
- March 3
- An amateur video captures the beating of motorist Rodney King by Los Angeles police officers.
- Singing Revolution: In the Estonian independence referendum and the Latvian independence and democracy poll, voters vote more than 3 to 1 in favor of independence from the Soviet Union.
- United Airlines Flight 585 crashes in Colorado Springs, Colorado, killing all 25 people on board.
- The São Tomé and Príncipe presidential election, the first contested presidential election in the history of São Tomé and Príncipe, is won by Miguel Trovoada.
- March 6 – Prime Minister of India Chandra Shekhar resigns because of a dispute with former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, whose support had kept him in power.
- March 9 – Massive demonstrations are held against Slobodan Milošević in Belgrade; 2 people are killed and tanks are in the streets.
- March 10
- March 11 – A curfew is imposed on black townships in South Africa, after fighting between rival political gangs kills 49.
- March 13
- March 14
- The Emir of Kuwait, Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah, returns to Kuwait after seven months of exile in Saudi Arabia while his country was occupied by Iraq.
- After 16 years in prison for allegedly bombing a public house in a Provisional Irish Republican Army attack, the "Birmingham Six" are freed when a court determines that the police fabricated evidence.
- March 15
- Four Los Angeles, California, police officers are indicted for the videotaped March 3 beating of Rodney King during an arrest.
- Germany formally regains complete independence after the four post-World War II occupying powers (France, the United Kingdom, the United States and the Soviet Union) relinquish all remaining rights.
- The United States and Albania resume diplomatic relations for the first time since 1939.
- March 17
- In a national referendum, the people of the Soviet Union vote in favor of keeping the 15 Soviet republics together, with the pro-unity position gaining 77% of the vote. 6 Union Republics effectively boycott the referendum.
- In the Finnish parliamentary election, the Centre Party wins 55 of 200 seats in the Parliament of Finland, ending 25 years of dominance by the Social Democratic Party of Finland.
- March 19–26 – President of Poland Lech Wałęsa becomes the first Polish president to ever visit the U.S.
- March 23 – The Sierra Leone Civil War begins when the Revolutionary United Front attempts a coup against the Sierra Leone government.
- March 24 – The Beninese presidential election, Benin's first presidential election since 1970, is won by Nicéphore Soglo.
- March 26
- In Mali, military officers led by Amadou Toumani Touré arrest President Moussa Traoré and suspend the constitution.
- Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay and Paraguay sign the Treaty of Asunción, establishing the South Common Market (Mercosur is its acronym in Spanish).
- In Daegu, South Korea, the remains of 5 boys are found 11 years after their disappearance (Korean:개구리소년 실종사건/English:Frog Boys)
- March 31
- April 1 – Comedy Central is launched on cable television in its current format.
- April 2 – Government-imposed price increases double or triple the prices of consumer goods in the Soviet Union.
- April 3 – Iraq disarmament crisis: The U.N. Security Council passes the Cease Fire Agreement, Resolution 687. The Resolution calls for the destruction or removal of all of Iraq's chemical and biological weapons, all stocks of agents and components, and all research, development, support and manufacturing facilities for ballistic missiles with a range greater than 150 km and production facilities; and for an end to its support for international terrorism. Iraq accepts the terms of the resolution on April 6.
- April 4
- Senator John Heinz of Pennsylvania and 6 other people are killed when a helicopter collides with their plane over Merion, Pennsylvania.
- William Kennedy Smith, a nephew of U.S. Senator Edward Kennedy, is identified as a suspect in an alleged Palm Beach, Florida, sexual assault.
- Forty people are taken hostage in the 1991 Sacramento hostage crisis
- April 5
- April 9
- April 10
- April 12 – Globalization – The Warsaw Stock Exchange opens in Poland.
- April 14 – In the Netherlands, thieves steal 20 paintings worth $500 million from the Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam. Less than an hour later they are found in an abandoned car near the museum.
- April 15
- April 16–18 – Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev begins the first ever visit of a Soviet leader to Japan, but fails to resolve the two countries' dispute over ownership of the Kuril Islands.
- April 17 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above 3,000 for the first time ever, at 3,004.46.
- April 18 – Iraq disarmament crisis: Iraq declares some of its chemical weapons and materials to the UN, as required by Resolution 687, and claims that it does not have a biological weapons program.
- April 19 – George Carey is enthroned as Archbishop of Canterbury, the spiritual leader of the worldwide Anglican Communion.
- April 21 – French underwater archaeologist Franck Goddio discovers the wreckage of the Spanish Galleon San Diego (ship) off the coast of Fortune Island (Philippines).
- April 22
- April 23 – Prime Minister of Iceland Steingrímur Hermannsson resigns following an inconclusive parliamentary election on April 20. On April 30, he is succeeded as prime minister by Davíð Oddsson.
- April 26
- April 29
- A tropical cyclone hits Bangladesh, killing an estimated 138,000 people.
- STS-39: Space Shuttle Discovery lifts off from Cape Canaveral to study instruments related to the Strategic Defense Initiative. The mission ends on May 6.
- The 7.0 Mw Racha earthquake affects Georgia with a maximum MSK intensity of IX (Destructive), killing 270 people.
- April 29–30 – In Lesotho, a bloodless coup ousts military ruler Justin Lekhanya. On May 2, he is replaced as Chairman of the Military Council by Elias Phisoana Ramaema.
- May – The first Starbucks Coffee outlet is opened in California.
- May 1 – Angolan Civil War: The MPLA and UNITA agree to the Bicesse Accords, which are formally signed on May 31 in Lisbon.
- May 4
- May 12 – Nepal holds its first multiparty legislative election since 1959.
- May 13 – Winnie Mandela is convicted of kidnapping. On May 14, she is sentenced to 6 years in prison.
- May 14 – Elizabeth II arrives in Washington, D.C. for a 13-day royal visit to the U.S.
- May 15 – Édith Cresson becomes France's first female premier.
- May 18 – Somaliland withdraws from Somalia.
- May 19 – In the Croatian independence referendum, voters in the Socialist Republic of Croatia vote to secede from Yugoslavia.
- May 21
- In Sriperumbudur, India, former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi is assassinated at a public meeting in Sriperumbudur, by suicide bomber Thenmozhi Rajaratnam; many others are killed in the explosion.
- Mengistu Haile Mariam, president of the People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, flees Ethiopia to Zimbabwe, effectively bringing the Ethiopian Civil War to an end.
- May 22 – Acting Prime Minister of South Korea Ro Jai-bong resigns in the wake of rioting following a beating death of a student by police on April 26. On May 24, he is succeeded by Chung Won-shik.
- May 24 – Authorised by Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir, Operation Solomon commences.
- May 25 – The Surinamese general election is won by the military-backed New Front for Democracy and Development.
- May 26 – In Thailand, a Lauda Air Boeing 767 crashes near Bangkok, killing all 223 people on board.
- May 28 – In the Ethiopian Civil War, the forces of the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front seize Addis Ababa.
- May 31 – The Dwyer decision in the Cascadian part of the United States about logging in old-growth forests with spotted owls protects large areas of forest and changes the economy of the region.
- June 3
- June 4
- June 5
- President of Algeria Chadli Bendjedid dismisses Prime Minister of Algeria Mouloud Hamrouche following 11 days of antigovernment demonstrations, replacing him with Sid Ahmed Ghozali.
- South Africa repeals the last legal foundations of apartheid, the laws that segregated places of residence and employment.
- STS-40: Space Shuttle Columbia carries the Spacelab into orbit.
- June 7 – About 200,000 people attend a parade of 8,800 returning Persian Gulf War troops in Washington, D.C.
- June 9 – A major collapse of ground at the Emaswati Colliery in Swaziland traps 26 miners 65 m below the surface. The men have access to a safe refuge chamber and are all rescued by a drill hole 30 hours after the rescue unit is first alerted.
- June 10 – 11-year-old Jaycee Dugard of California, is kidnapped and held captive.
- June 12
- June 13 – A spectator is killed by lightning at the U.S. Open.
- June 15
- In the Philippines, Mount Pinatubo erupts in the second largest terrestrial eruption of the 20th century; the final death toll tops 800.
- End of voting in the Indian general election. The Indian National Congress wins the most seats but fails to secure a majority. On June 21, Congress leader P. V. Narasimha Rao becomes Prime Minister of India
- June 17
- Apartheid: The South African Parliament repeals the Population Registration Act, which had required racial classification of all South Africans at birth.
- U.S. President Zachary Taylor is exhumed to discover whether or not his death was caused by arsenic poisoning, instead of acute gastrointestinal illness; no trace of arsenic is found.
- In Northern Ireland, the four main political parties begins talks on restoring self-government.
- President of Turkey Turgut Özal appoints Mesut Yılmaz as Prime Minister of Turkey, replacing Yıldırım Akbulut, who had resigned.
- Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall announced plans to retire.
- June 20 – In Germany, the Bundestag votes to move the capital from Bonn to Berlin.
- June 21 – P. V. Narasimha Rao sworn in as the Prime Minister of India in a Congress party-led coalition government.
- June 23
- June 23–28 – Iraq disarmament crisis: U.N. inspection teams attempt to intercept Iraqi vehicles carrying nuclear related equipment. Iraqi soldiers fire warning shots in the air to prevent inspectors from approaching the vehicles.
- June 25 – Collapse of Yugoslavia: Croatia and Slovenia declare their independence from Yugoslavia.
- June 28 – Comecon is dissolved in Moscow.
- July 1
- The Warsaw Pact is officially dissolved at a meeting in Prague.
- Telephone service goes down in the cities of Washington DC, Pittsburgh, Los Angeles and San Francisco due to a software bug. About twelve million customers are affected.
- Clarence Thomas is nominated to replace Thurgood Marshall as the Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court.
- July 2 – Ten-Day War: Fighting breaks out when the Yugoslav People's Army attacks secessionists in Slovenia.
- July 4 – President of Colombia César Gaviria lifts a 7-year-long state of siege.
- July 6–7 – Steffi Graf and Michael Stich win the 1991 Wimbledon Championships.
- July 7 – The Brioni Agreement ends the Ten-Day War in Slovenia.
- July 9
- July 10
- Boris Yeltsin begins his 5-year term as the first elected president of Russia.
- President Bush announces the U.S. is ending its 1986-enacted sanctions on South Africa.
- July 11
- A solar eclipse of record totality occurs, seen first in Hawaii, then enters Mexico where the path directly crosses Cabo San Lucas and Mexico City, seen by 20 million inhabitants, and finally ends in Colombia in South America.
- Nigeria Airways Flight 2120, a Douglas DC-8 operated by Canadian airline Nolisair, catches fire and crashes soon after takeoff from Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, killing all 261 people on board.
- July 15 – Chemical Bank and Manufacturers Hanover Corporation announce that they are merging, the largest bank merger in history.
- July 16
- July 17 – President Bush and President Gorbachev reach an agreement on START II, which is formally signed on July 31.
- July 18
- In Israel, a judge investigating a 1990 incident outside a mosque in Jerusalem in which at least 17 Palestinians were killed rules that Israeli police provoked the incident.
- The governments of Mauritania and Senegal sign a treaty to stop the Mauritania–Senegal Border War which had been going on since 1989.
- July 21 – Ian Baker-Finch wins the 1991 Open Championship in golf.
- July 22
- Boxer Mike Tyson is arrested and charged with the rape of Miss Black America contestant Desiree Washington 3 days earlier, in Indianapolis, Indiana.
- Serial killer Jeffrey Dahmer is arrested after the remains of 11 men and boys are found in his Milwaukee, Wisconsin, apartment. Police soon find out that he is involved in 6 more murders.
- July 24 – Finance Minister of India Manmohan Singh announces a New Industrial Policy, marking the start of economic liberalisation in India.
- July 25 – British astronomers announce they have found what appears to be an extrasolar planet.
- July 27 – An oil spill begins fouling beaches in Olympic National Park.
- July 29 – In New York City, a grand jury indicts Bank of Credit and Commerce International of the largest bank fraud in history, accusing the bank of defrauding depositors of $5 billion.
- July 30 – In Haiti, a jury convicts the Tonton Macoute of attempting to overthrow Haiti's first democratically-elected government.
- July 31
- The Warsaw Treaty Organization is officially dissolved in accordance with a protocol calling for a “transition to all-European structures."
- The United States and the Soviet Union sign the START I treaty limiting strategic nuclear weapons.
- Singing Revolution: Soviet Special Purpose Police Unit (OMON) forces kill 7 Lithuanian customs officials in Medininkai in the most serious of the Soviet OMON assaults on Lithuanian border posts.
- August 1 – Israel agrees to participate in the Madrid Conference of 1991, which is held in October.
- August 4 – The cruise liner MTS Oceanos sinks off the coast of South Africa; all 571 passengers on board are safely evacuated.
- August 5 – Sergey Bubka breaks the world record for men's pole vault.
- August 6 – Tim Berners-Lee announces the World Wide Web project and software on the alt.hypertext newsgroup. The first website, "info.cern.ch" is created.
- August 7 – Shapour Bakhtiar, former prime minister of Iran, is assassinated.
- August 8 – The Warsaw radio mast, the tallest construction ever built at the time, collapses.
- August 13 – The Super Nintendo Entertainment System (or "Super Nintendo") is released in the United States.
- August 17
- August 19 – Dissolution of the Soviet Union: Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev is put under house arrest while vacationing in the Crimea during a coup. The attempted coup, led by Vice President Gennady Yanayev and 7 hard-liners attempting to usurp control, collapses in less than 72 hours.
- August 20
- August 21 – Dissolution of the Soviet Union: Latvia restores its independence from the Soviet Union.
- August 22 – Iceland is the first nation in the world to recognize the independence of the Baltic states.
- August 24 – Dissolution of the Soviet Union: Ukraine declares independence from Soviet Union.
- August 25
- Serbian aggression (Yugoslav People's Army and Chetniks) starts on Croatian town Vukovar.
- Student Linus Torvalds posts messages to Usenet newsgroup comp.os.minix about the new operating system kernel he has been developing.
- Dissolution of the Soviet Union: Belarus declares independence from Soviet Union.
- August 27 – Dissolution of the Soviet Union: Moldova declares independence from the Soviet Union.
- August 29
- August 30 – Dissolution of the Soviet Union: Azerbaijan declares independence from Soviet Union.
- August 31 – Dissolution of the Soviet Union: Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan declare independence from the Soviet Union.
- September 2 – The United States re-recognizes the independence of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania and the US government reopens the embassies there.
- September 3 – In Hamlet, North Carolina, a grease fire breaks out at the Imperial Foods chicken processing plant, killing 25 people.
- September 4 – The Russian city Yekaterinburg regains its name from the communist–era name of Sverdlovsk, Russia (former Soviet Union).
- September 5–7 – At the 35th Annual Tailhook Symposium in Las Vegas, 83 women and 7 men are assaulted.
- September 5 – The Congress of People's Deputies of the Soviet Union self-dissolves, replaced by Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union and State Council of the Soviet Union
- September 6
- September 8 – The Republic of Macedonia becomes independent. A naming dispute with Greece immediately erupts.
- September 9 – Tajikistan declares its independence from the Soviet Union.
- September 11
- September 15 – In the Swedish general election, the Social Democrats suffer their worst election results in 60 years, leading to the resignation of Prime Minister Ingvar Carlsson.
- September 16 – Judge Gerhard Gesell of the United States District Court for the District of Columbia issues a ruling clearing Col. Oliver North of all charges brought against him in the Iran–Contra affair.
- September 17 – North Korea, South Korea, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, the Marshall Islands and Micronesia join the United Nations.
- September 19 – Ötzi the Iceman is found in the Alps.
- September 20–21 – In Sandy, Utah, several patients are held hostage and a nurse is killed in the Alta View Hospital hostage incident.
- September 21
- Armenia declares independence from the Soviet Union.
- The Order of the Sisters of Perpetual Indulgence of German tongue (Orden der Schwestern der Perpetuellen Indulgenz deutscher Zunge, "O.S.P.I.") is founded in Heidelberg by Erzmutter (Archmother) Johanna Indulgentia Tara Maria Benedicta O.S.P.I.
- AFL Grand Final: Hawthorn Hawks defeat West Coast Eagles by 53 points at Waverley Park, the final score 20.19.139 – 13.8.86.
- September 21–30 – Iraq disarmament crisis: IAEA inspectors discover files on Iraq's hidden nuclear weapons program. Iraqi officials confiscate documents from U.N. weapons inspectors, refusing to allow them to leave the site without turning over other documents. A 4-day standoff ensues. Iraq permits the team to leave with the documents after the U.N. Security Council threatens enforcement actions.
- September 22 – The Huntington Library makes the Dead Sea Scrolls available to the public for the first time.
- September 23 – United Nations Special Commission inspectors discover secret Iraqi documents in Baghdad detailing plans to make nuclear weapons, but the Iraqi Army forcibly remove the documents from the inspectors.
- September 24 – Lebanese kidnappers release Jackie Mann, 77, after more than 2 years of captivity.
- September 25 – In the Salvadoran Civil War, representatives of the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front reach an agreement with President of El Salvador Alfredo Cristiani, setting the stage for ending over 11 years of civil war.
- September 27 – President Bush announces unilateral reductions in short-range nuclear weapons and calls off 24-hour alerts for long-range bombers. The Soviet Union responds with similar unilateral reductions on October 5.
- September 29 – In El Salvador, an army colonel of the Atlacatl Battalion is found guilty of the 1989 murder of six Jesuit priests and their housekeepers.
- September 30
- October 1 – Croatian War of Independence: Yugoslav People's Army forces invade the area surrounding Dubrovnik in Croatia, beginning the Siege of Dubrovnik which lasts until May 31, 1992.
- October 3
- Arkansas Governor Bill Clinton announces he will seek the 1992 Democratic nomination for President of the United States.
- Nadine Gordimer, whose work was once suppressed because of its scathing criticism of Apartheid in South Africa, is awarded the 1991 Nobel Prize in Literature.
- House banking scandal: Tom Foley, Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, announces closure of the House Bank by the end of the year after revelations that House members have written numerous bad checks.
- October 4 – Carl Bildt becomes the new Prime Minister of Sweden, replacing Ingvar Carlsson .
- October 6 – President Gorbachev condemns Antisemitism in the Soviet Union in a statement read on the 50th anniversary of the Babi Yar massacres, which saw the death of 35,000 Jews in Ukraine.
- October 7 – The Yugoslav Air Force bombs the office of President of Croatia Franjo Tuđman, who narrowly escapes with his life.
- October 8 – The Croatian Parliament cuts all remaining ties with Yugoslavia.
- October 11
- In Russia, the KGB is replaced by the SVR.
- Iraq disarmament crisis: The U.N. Security Council passes Resolution 715, which demands that Iraq "accept unconditionally the inspectors and all other personnel designated by the Special Commission". Iraq rejects the resolution, calling it "unlawful."
- October 11–13 – The U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee interviews both Supreme Court candidate Clarence Thomas and former aide Anita Hill, who alleges that Thomas sexually harassed her while she worked for him.
- October 12 – Askar Akayev, previously chosen President of Kyrgyzstan by its Supreme Soviet, is confirmed president in an uncontested poll.
- October 13 – In the Bulgarian parliamentary election, the Union of Democratic Forces defeats the Bulgarian Socialist Party, leaving no remaining Communist governments in Eastern Europe.
- October 14 – Aung San Suu Kyi, a Burmese opposition politician, won the Nobel Peace prize.
- October 15 – The United States Senate votes 52–48 to confirm Judge Clarence Thomas to the Supreme Court of the United States.
- October 16 – George Hennard murders 23 people in Killeen, Texas, before killing himself.
- October 18 – The Soviet Union restores diplomatic relations with Israel, which had been suspended since the 1967 Six-Day War.
- October 20
- The Oakland Hills firestorm kills 25 and destroys 3,469 homes and apartments.
- The Harare Declaration lays down the membership criteria for the Commonwealth of Nations.
- Former Ku Klux Klan Grand Wizard David Duke wins a spot in the runoff election for governor of Louisiana, ultimately losing to Edwin Edwards.
- October 21 – Lebanese kidnappers release Jesse Turner, a mathematics professor who had been held hostage for more than 4 years.
- October 23 – In Paris, the Vietnam-backed government of the state of Cambodia signs an agreement with the Khmer Rouge to end the civil war and bring the Khmer Rouge into government in spite of its role in the Cambodian genocide which ends the Cambodian–Vietnamese War. The deal results in the creation of the United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia.
- October 27
- The first free parliamentary elections are held in Poland.
- Turkmenistan declares its independence from the Soviet Union.
- October 28 – November 4 – The 1991 Perfect Storm strikes the northeastern United States and Atlantic Canada, causing over $200 million of damage and resulting in 12 direct fatalities.
- October 29
- The American Galileo spacecraft makes its closest approach to 951 Gaspra, becoming the first probe to visit an asteroid.
- The U.S. expands trade sanctions on Haiti to include all goods except food and medicine, in an effort to encourage the leaders of the 1991 Haitian coup d'état to restore democracy.
- October 30 – In Madrid, the Middle East Peace Conference opens, the first direct negotiations between Israel and nearly all its Arab adversaries.
- October 31 – November 3 – The Halloween Blizzard hits the Upper Midwest of the United States, causing around $100 million of damage and killing 22.
- November 4–5 – In South Africa, the African National Congress leads a general strike, demanding a role in governing and an end to a value-added tax.
- November 5
- The body of publishing tycoon Robert Maxwell is found floating in the Atlantic Ocean near the Canary Islands.
- In a special election for the U.S. Senate, Harris Wofford scores an electoral upset against Dick Thornburgh, who had led him by 44 points in an August opinion poll.
- The United States Senate confirms Robert Gates as Director of Central Intelligence.
- China–Vietnam relations: China and Vietnam restore diplomatic relations after a 13-year rift which followed the 1979 Sino-Vietnamese War.
- November 6
- November 7
- November 8 – Hong Kong begins the forcible repatriation of Vietnamese boat people, starting with a group of 59 who were flown to Hanoi.
- November 9
- November 12 – June Rowlands is elected the first female Mayor of Toronto.
- November 14
- American and British authorities announce indictments against two Libyan intelligence officials, in connection with the downing of the Pan Am Flight 103.
- Cambodian Prince Norodom Sihanouk returns to Phnom Penh after 13 years of exile.
- Kidnappers in Lebanon set Anglican Church envoys Terry Waite and Thomas Sutherland free.
- November 18
- The forces of the Yugoslav People's Army (JNA) and Serb paramilitaries take the Croatian town of Vukovar after an 87-day siege, and kill more than 260 Croatian prisoners of war.
- An Azerbaijani MI-8 helicopter carrying a 19-member peacekeeping mission team with officials and journalists from Russia, Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan is shot down by Armenian military forces in Khojavend district of Azerbaijan.
- Süleyman Demirel of DYP forms the new government of Turkey (49th government, coalition partner CHP).
- November 21
- The United Nations Security Council recommends Egypt's deputy prime minister Boutros Boutros-Ghali to be the next Secretary-General of the United Nations.
- Nintendo releases The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past. This was the initial release in Japan, with international releases of the game the following year.
- November 23 – Members of the Communist Party of Great Britain vote to dissolve the party and found the think-tank Democratic Left in its place.
- November 24 – Queen lead singer Freddie Mercury dies from pneumonia induced by AIDS.
- November 26 – The National Assembly of Azerbaijan abolishes the autonomous status of Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast of Azerbaijan and renames several cities according to their Azeri names.
- November 27 – The United Nations Security Council unanimously adopts a resolution opening the way to the establishment of peacekeeping operations in Yugoslavia.
- December 1 – Dissolution of the Soviet Union: Ukrainians vote overwhelmingly for independence from the Soviet Union in a referendum.
- December 4
- Journalist Terry A. Anderson is released after 7 years' captivity as a hostage in Beirut (the last and longest-held American hostage in Lebanon).
- Pan American World Airways ends operations.
- John Leonard Orr, one of the most prolific serial arsonists of the 20th century, is arrested in California. In the ensuing years, Orr is convicted in both Federal and state court.
- December 8
- December 11 – Croatian forces kill 18 Serbs and one Hungarian in the village of Paulin Dvor, Croatia.
- December 12
- December 15 – The Egyptian ferry Salem Express sinks in the Red Sea, killing more than 450.
- December 16
- Kazakhstan declares its independence from the Soviet Union.
- United Nations General Assembly Resolution 3379: The United Nations General Assembly adopts United Nations General Assembly Resolution 46/86 which states that Zionism is not racism, repealing United Nations General Assembly Resolution 3379 (adopted 1975). The resolution is favoured by 111 nations and opposed by 25 nations.
- December 19 – Paul Keating replaces Bob Hawke as the prime minister of Australia.
- December 20 – A Missouri court passes the death sentence on Palestinian militant Zein Isa and his wife Maria, for the honor killing of their daughter Palestina.
- December 21
- December 22 – Armed opposition groups launch a military coup against President of Georgia Zviad Gamsakhurdia.
- December 24 – Russian SFSR President Boris Yeltsin sends a letter to UN Secretary-General Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, stating that Russia should be a successor to the collapsing Soviet Union within the United Nations Organization.
- December 25
- December 26 – The Cold War ends after 44–46 years when the Supreme Soviet meets and formally dissolves the Soviet Union. All Soviet institutions eventually cease operation on December 31.
- The University of South Australia is founded.
- Impostor James Hogue is exposed at Princeton University.
- Ames crater astrobleme discovered in Major County, Oklahoma.
- January 1 – Hamse Abdouh, Palestinian swimmer
- January 2
- January 3 – Sébastien Faure, French footballer
- January 4
- January 5 – Rahel Kiwic, Swiss footballer
- January 6 – Anabel Barnston, English actress
- January 7 – Eden Hazard, Belgian football player
- January 8 – Asuka Hinoi, Japanese singer
- January 9 – 3LAU, American DJ and musician
- January 11 – Hyolyn, South Korean singer and actress
- January 12 – Pixie Lott, British singer
- January 13
- January 14 – Jeanine Mason, American actress and dancer
- January 15
- January 16 – Julie Dubela, American singer
- January 18 – Matthew Kane, British actor
- January 19
- January 20 – Ciara Hanna, American actress and model
- January 21
- January 22
- January 24 – Ali Kireş, Turkish footballer
- January 28 – Calum Worthy, Canadian actor and musician
- January 31 – Amy Jackson, English model and actress
- February 1 – Jasmine Tookes, American model
- February 3 – Glenn McCuen, American actor, model and gymnast
- February 5 – Alba Riquelme, Paraguayan model
- February 8 – Nam Woo-hyun, South Korean singer, dancer, and actor
- February 10
- February 11
- February 12 – Casey Abrams, American singer
- February 14 – Charlie G. Hawkins, English actor
- February 16
- February 17
- February 18
- February 19
- February 22
- February 24
- February 25
- February 26 – CL, South Korean singer and dancer
- February 28 – Sarah Bolger, Irish actress
- March 3 – Park Cho-rong, South Korean singer
- March 4
- March 5 – Hanna Mangan-Lawrence, Australian actress
- March 6
- March 8 – Devon Werkheiser, American actor and musician
- March 9 – Domo Genesis, American rapper
- March 10
- March 11
- March 13 - Tristan Thompson, Canadian basketball player
- March 14
- March 15 – Kie Kitano, Japanese actress
- March 16 – Wolfgang Van Halen, American musician
- March 18 – Travis Frederick, American football player
- March 19 – Garrett Clayton, American actor and singer
- March 21 – Antoine Griezmann, French footballer
- March 22
- March 25
- March 26
- March 27 – Chloe Marshall, English model
- March 28
- March 29 – Hayley McFarland, American actress
- March 30 – Mia Carruthers, American singer and songwriter
- April 1
- April 3 – Hayley Kiyoko, American singer and actress
- April 4 – Jamie Lynn Spears, American singer and actress
- April 7 – Michelle Monkhouse, Canadian fashion model (d. 2011)
- April 8 – Minami Takahashi, Japanese singer
- April 9 – Sancler Frantz, Brazilian model and journalist
- April 10
- April 11
- April 15
- April 17
- Tessa James, Australian actress
- April 19 – Kelly Olynyk, Canadian basketball player
- April 20
- April 21
- April 23 – Caleb Johnson, American singer
- April 24
- April 27 – Rebecca Ryan, English actress
- April 28 – Patricia Ashley, American actress
- May 1 – Creagen Dow, American actor
- May 7 – Rueben Randle, American football player
- May 9 – Christy Mack, American pornographic actress and model
- May 10 – Ray Dalton, American singer-songwriter
- May 12 – Jennifer Damiano, American actress and singer
- May 15 – Jennifer Hof, German fashion model
- May 16 – Grigor Dimitrov, Bulgarian tennis player
- May 17
- May 19
- May 21 – Sarah Ramos, American actress
- May 22
- May 23
- May 24 – Erika Umeda, Japanese singer
- May 25
- May 26
- May 29
- May 31 – Azealia Banks, American rapper
- June 3 – Natasha Dupeyrón, Mexican actress and singer
- June 4
- June 6 – Son Dong-woon, Korean pop singer
- June 7
- June 10 – Pol Espargaró, Spanish motorcycle racer
- June 11
- June 12 – Louisa Gummer, American model
- June 15 – Rina Takeda, Japanese actress and black belt
- June 16 – Joe McElderry, British singer and model
- June 18 – Willa Holland, American model and actress
- June 19 – Pontus Ekhem, Swedish hockey player
- June 20 – Alexis Neiers, American television personality and model
- June 21
- June 22 – Katie Jarvis, English actress
- June 23 – Katie Armiger, American singer
- June 24 – Max Ehrich, American actor, singer and dancer
- June 25
- June 27 – Madylin Sweeten, American actress
- June 28
- June 29
- June 30
- July 1
- July 3
- July 5 – Jason Dolley, American actor
- July 6 – Victoire Thivisol, French actress
- July 7
- July 9
- July 10
- July 11 – Natalie Evans, American actress
- July 12
- July 13 – Seppe Smits, Belgian snowboarder
- July 15
- July 16
- July 18 – Karina Pasian, American singer and pianist
- July 20 – Alec Burks, American basketball player
- July 21 – Sara Sampaio, Portuguese model
- July 23
- July 24 – Emily Bett Rickards, Canadian actress
- July 27
- July 28 – Rina Aizawa, Japanese actress and gravure idol
- July 29
- July 30
- July 31
- August 2
- August 5 – Brooke Marie Bridges, American actress
- August 6
- August 7 – Mike Trout, American baseball player
- August 9
- August 12 – Jesinta Campbell, Australian beauty pageant titleholder
- August 16
- August 17
- August 18 – Richard Harmon, Canadian actor
- August 20 – Cory Joseph, Canadian basketball player
- August 21 – Tess Gaerthé, Dutch singer and actress
- August 22 – Brayden Schenn, Canadian ice hockey player
- August 23 – Jennifer Abel, Canadian diver
- August 25 – Gershon Koffie, Ghanaian soccer player
- August 26
- August 27 – Lee Sung-yeol, South Korean singer, dancer and actor
- August 28
- August 30
- September 1 – Rhys Bennett, English footballer
- September 4 – Carter Jenkins, American actor
- September 5 – Skandar Keynes, British actor
- September 7 – Joe Harris, American basketball player
- September 9
- September 10
- September 11 – Kygo, Norwegian DJ and record producer
- September 13
- September 14 – Nana, South Korean singer, actress and model
- September 16 – Marlon Teixeira, Brazilian model
- September 17
- September 18 – Scharllette Allen Moses, Nicaraguan beauty pageant titleholder
- September 20 – Spencer Locke, American actress
- September 21 – Zoe Weizenbaum, American former actress
- September 22
- September 23
- September 25 – Emmy Clarke, American actress
- September 27 – Simona Halep, Romanian tennis player
- October 2 – Roberto Firmino, Brazilian footballer
- October 4
- October 5 – Jackson Rogow, American actor
- October 6 – Roshon Fegan, American actor and musician
- October 7
- October 10
- October 14 – Shona McGarty, English actress
- October 16
- October 17 – Brenda Asnicar, Argentine actress and singer
- October 18 – Tyler Posey, American actor and musician
- October 19 – Christopher Gerse, American actor
- October 20 – Kirsten Olson, American figure skater and actress
- October 22 – Arianna Afsar, American pageant titleholder and singer
- October 23
- October 24 – Torstein Andersen Aase, Norwegian football striker
- October 25 – Isabella Shinikova, Bulgarian tennis player
- October 26 – Amala Paul, Indian film actress
- October 27 – Bryan Craig, American actor
- October 29 – Marcus Lattimore, American football player
- October 30
- October 31 – Jordan-Claire Green, American actress musician and singer
- November 1
- November 4
- November 6
- November 8
- November 10 – Genevieve Buechner, Canadian actress
- November 11
- November 12
- November 13
- November 14
- November 15 – Shailene Woodley, American actress
- November 16 – Tomomi Kasai, Japanese singer
- November 20 – Irene Esser, Venezuelan beauty pageant titleholder
- November 21 – Dmitriy Martynov, Russian actor
- November 22
- November 24 – Lacey Baker, American skateboader
- November 25
- November 28 – Ian Beharry, Canadian pair skater
- December 1 – Sun Yang, Chinese Olympic swimmer
- December 2
- December 3
- December 4 – Aiden Grimshaw, English singer
- December 9
- Prince Joachim of Belgium, Archduke of Austria-Este, Belgian prince
- Choi Minho, South Korean rapper and TV host
- December 10 – Kiki Bertens, Dutch tennis player
- December 12
- December 11 – Anna Bergendahl, Swedish singer
- December 13 – Jay Greenberg, American music composer
- December 15 – Eunice Cho, Korean-American actress
- December 17
- Nadech Kugimiya, Thai model and actor
- Daniel Tay, American actor and voice actor
- December 19 – Declan Galbraith, English singer
- December 20
- December 24
- December 26 – Eden Sher, American actress
- December 27 – Chloe Bridges, American actress
- December 28 – Belime, Lebanon singer-songwriter, pop musician and music producer
- December 31 – Camila Giorgi, Italian tennis player
- January 2 – Renato Rascel, Italian actor and singer (b. 1912)
- January 3
- January 5 – Vasko Popa, Yugoslavian poet (b. 1922)
- January 7
- January 8 – Steve Clark, English guitarist (b. 1960)
- January 11
- January 12
- January 14 – Salah Khalaf (a.k.a. Abu Iyad), Palestinian officer (b. 1933)
- January 15
- January 17 – King Olav V of Norway (b. 1903)
- January 18 – Hamilton Fish III, soldier and politician from New York State (b. 1888)
- January 19 – John Russell, American actor (b. 1921)
- January 22 – Kenas Aroi, Nauruan politician (b. 1942)
- January 23 – Darrell Lunsford, American policeman (b. 1943)
- January 25 – Frank Soo, English footballer and manager (b. 1914)
- January 28 – Red Grange, American football player (Chicago Bears) and member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame (b. 1903)
- January 29
- January 30
- February 1
- February 2 – Pete Axthelm, sportswriter (b. 1943)
- February 3
- February 5
- February 6
- February 7 – Amos Yarkoni, legendary Israeli soldier (b. 1920)
- February 13 – Arno Breker, German sculptor (b. 1900)
- February 14
- February 16 – Enrique Bermúdez, Nicaraguan Contras leader (b. 1932)
- February 21
- February 24
- February 25 – Sverre Hansen, Norwegian long jumper (b. 1899)
- February 28 – Koesbini, Indonesian composer (b. 1910)
- March 1 – Edwin H. Land, inventor of the Polaroid instant camera (b. 1909)
- March 2
- March 3
- March 7 – Cool Papa Bell, American baseball player (b. 1903)
- March 12 – Ragnar Granit, Finnish neuroscientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1900)
- March 14
- March 15
- March 16
- March 18 – Vilma Bánky, Hungarian-born actress (b. 1901)
- March 20 – Conor Clapton, son of guitarist Eric Clapton (b. 1986)
- March 21
- March 24
- March 25 – Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre, Roman Catholic bishop who fought for Catholic Tradition (b. 1905)
- March 27 – Aldo Ray, American actor (b. 1926)
- March 29 – Lee Atwater, American Presidential advisor (b. 1951)
- April 1
- April 3
- April 4
- April 5
- April 7 – Ruth Page, American ballerina and choreographer (b. 1899)
- April 8 – Per Yngve Ohlin, Swedish singer (b. 1969)
- April 9 – Forrest Towns, American Olympic athlete (b. 1914)
- April 10
- April 16 – David Lean, British film director (b. 1908)
- April 18 – Austin Bradford Hill, English epidemiologist and statistician (b. 1897)
- April 19 – Stanley Hawes, British-born Australian film producer, director and administrator (b. 1905)
- April 20
- April 23 – Johnny Thunders, American musician (b. 1952)
- April 26
- April 27 – Robert Velter, French cartoonist (b. 1909)
- April 28
- April 29
- May 1
- May 3
- May 4 – Mohammed Abdel Wahab, Egyptian singer and composer (b. 1902)
- May 6 – Wilfrid Hyde-White, British actor (b. 1903)
- May 7 – Dennis Crosby, American singer (b. 1934)
- May 8
- May 13 – Myron Brinig, Jewish-American author who wrote twenty-one novels from 1929 to 1958 (b.1896)
- May 14 – Jiang Qing, Chinese radical revolutionary, widow of Mao Zedong (b. 1914)
- May 15
- May 18
- May 20 – Lydia Cabrera, Cuban anthropologist and poet (b. 1899)
- May 21
- May 22 – Derrick Henry Lehmer, American mathematician (b. 1905)
- May 23
- May 24 – Gene Clark, American singer-songwriter (b. 1944)
- May 27 – Leopold Nowak, Austrian musicologist (b. 1904)
- May 29 – Coral Browne, Australian actress (b. 1913)
- May 30 – Manolo Gómez Bur, Spanish actor (b. 1917)
- June 1 – David Ruffin, American singer (b. 1941)
- June 2 – Hailu Yimenu, Ethiopian politician, former Prime Minister
- June 3 – Eva Le Gallienne, English-born actress (b. 1899)
- June 4 – MC Trouble, American rapper (b. 1970)
- June 5
- June 6 – Stan Getz, American jazz saxophonist (b. 1927)
- June 8 – Bertice Reading, American actress and singer (b. 1933)
- June 9 – Claudio Arrau, Chilean-born pianist (b. 1903)
- June 11 – Cromwell Everson, South African composer (b. 1925)
- June 14 – Peggy Ashcroft, British actress (b. 1907)
- June 15
- June 16 – Leslie Mahaffy Canadian murder victim (b. 1976)
- June 17 – Pierre Jamet, French harpist (b. 1893)
- June 18
- June 19 – Jean Arthur, American actress (b. 1900)
- June 24
- June 25 – Michael Heidelberger, American immunologist (b. 1888)
- June 27
- June 28 – Hans Nüsslein, German tennis player (b. 1910)
- June 29 – Henri Lefebvre, French sociologist and philosopher (b. 1901)
- July 1 – Michael Landon, American actor (b. 1936)
- July 2 – Lee Remick, American actress (b. 1935)
- July 4
- July 5
- July 6 – Anton Yugov, Bulgarian Communist politician, 35th Prime Minister of Bulgaria (b. 1904)
- July 7 - André Busch, French Olympic water polo player (b. 1913)
- July 8 – James Franciscus, American actor (b. 1934)
- July 11 – Mokhtar Dahari, Malaysian footballer (b. 1953)
- July 15
- July 16 – Robert Motherwell, American painter (b. 1915)
- July 18 – André Cools, Belgian Socialist politician (b. 1927)
- July 24 – Isaac Bashevis Singer, Polish-born Yiddish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1902)
- July 25
- July 27 – John Friedrich, German-Australian engineer and conman (b. 1950)
- July 29 – Christian de Castries, French general (b. 1902)
- July 31 – Doris Zinkeisen, Scottish theatrical stage and costume designer, painter, commercial artist and writer (b. 1898)
- August 1 – Chris Short, American baseball pitcher (b. 1937)
- August 3 – Ali Sabri, Prime Minister of Egypt (b. 1920)
- August 4 – Yevgeny Dragunov, Russian weapons designer (b. 1920)
- August 5
- August 6
- August 7 – Billy T. James New Zealand comedian (b. 1948)
- August 8
- August 11 – J. D. McDuffie, American race car driver (b. 1938)
- August 13 – James Roosevelt, American businessman and politician (b. 1907)
- August 14 – Richard A. Snelling, Governor of Vermont (b. 1927)
- August 16 – Luigi Zampa, Italian film-maker (b. 1905)
- August 17 – Terence Kilmartin, Irish journalist and translator (b. 1922)
- August 21 – Oswald von Nell-Breuning, Roman Catholic theologian and sociologist (b. 1890)
- August 22
- August 23
- August 24 – Sergey Akhromeyev, Russian marshall, former Chief of the General Staff of the Soviet Armed Forces (b. 1923)
- August 25 – Niven Busch, American novelist and screenwriter (b. 1903)
- August 30
- September 2 – Alfonso García Robles, Mexican diplomat and politician, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1911)
- September 3 – Frank Capra, Italian-born film director (b. 1897)
- September 4
- September 7 – Edwin McMillan, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1907)
- September 8
- September 10
- September 12 – Bruce Matthews, Canadian Army officer and businessman (b. 1909)
- September 13 – Joe Pasternak, Hungarian-born film director (b. 1901)
- September 14– Russell Lynes, American art historian, photographer, author (b. 1910)
- September 15 – John Hoyt, American actor (b. 1905)
- September 17
- September 19 – Lydia Cabrera, Cuban anthropologist and poet (b. 1899)
- September 22 – Tino Casal, Spanish pop singer (b. 1950)
- September 24
- September 25
- September 28
- September 29 – Grace Zaring Stone, American novelist and short story writer (b. 1891)
- October 2 – Patriarch Demetrios I of Constantinople (b. 1914)
- October 5 – Martin Ennals, British human rights activist (b. 1927)
- October 6
- October 9 – Roy Black, German singer (b. 1943)
- October 11 – Redd Foxx, American comedian and actor (b. 1922)
- October 12
- October 13
- October 17 – Tennessee Ernie Ford, American singer (b. 1919)
- October 24 – Gene Roddenberry, American television producer (b. 1921)
- October 25
- October 27
- October 28 – Sylvia Fine, American lyricist (b. 1913)
- October 29 – Mario Scelba, Italian politician, 33rd Prime Minister of Italy and President of the European Parliament (b. 1901)
- October 31 – Joseph Papp, American theater producer (b. 1921)
- November 2 – Irwin Allen, American film and television producer (b. 1916)
- November 3 – Chris Bender, American musician (b. 1972)
- November 5
- November 6 – Gene Tierney, American actress (b. 1920)
- November 9 – Yves Montand, French actor and singer (b. 1921)
- November 10 – Curt Weibull, Swedish historian, educator and author (b. 1886)
- November 12 – Keizō Hayashi, Japanese civil servant and military official (b. 1907)
- November 14 – Tony Richardson, English film and theater director (b. 1928)
- November 18 – Gustáv Husák, Czechoslovak politician, 9th President of Czechoslovakia (b. 1913)
- November 21 – Daniel Mann, American film director (b. 1912)
- November 23 – Klaus Kinski, German actor (b. 1926)
- November 24
- November 25
- November 26
- November 29
- December 1 – George Stigler, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1911)
- December 6 – Richard Stone, British economist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1913)
- December 9 – Berenice Abbott, American photographer (b. 1898)
- December 10
- December 11
- December 12
- December 14
- December 15
- December 18 – George Abecassis, English race car driver (b. 1913)
- December 19 – Paul Maxwell, Canadian actor (b. 1921)
- December 24 – Marguerite Williams, African American geologist (b. 1895)
- December 27 – Hervé Guibert, French writer and photographer (b. 1955)
- December 28 – Cassandra Harris, Australian actress (b. 1941)
- Physics – Pierre-Gilles de Gennes
- Chemistry – Richard R. Ernst
- Medicine – Erwin Neher, Bert Sakmann
- Literature – Nadine Gordimer
- Peace – Aung San Suu Kyi
- Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel – Ronald Coase
- "India's economy: One more push - The Economist". The Economist.
- "ASIANOW - TIME Asia - Pokémon: The Ultimate Game Freak - Page 1 - 11/22/99". cnn.com.
- Frank Wilkins. "The Death of Rebecca Schaeffer". Reel Reviews.
- York, New (April 10, 1991). "1st Soviet Troops Leave Poland". Chicago Tribune.
- Ochoa, Laurie (September 12, 1991). "The Coffee Revolution : Seattle—It's Latte Town, Jake : Trends: Coffee cultism, Washington-style, may be coming to your neighborhood.". Los Angeles Times.
- "Eugene Register-Guard - Google News Archive Search". google.com.
- Wald, Matthew (6 June 1991). "Severe Sun Storm Threatens Utilities". New York Times: 16. Retrieved 23 May 2016.
- "Large Solar Flares Since 1976". Space Weather Servuces. Retrieved 23 May 2016.
- "Witness Seized "Last Chance" to Escape Vukovar Massacre". Institute for War and Peace Reporting. 8 March 2013. Retrieved 1 April 2013.