1991

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"August 1991" redirects here. For the film, see August 1991 (film).
This article is about the year 1991. For other uses, see 1991 (disambiguation).
Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 19th century · 20th century · 21st century
Decades: 1960s · 1970s · 1980s · 1990s · 2000s · 2010s · 2020s
Years: 1988 · 1989 · 1990 · 1991 · 1992 · 1993 · 1994
1991 by topic:
Subject
By country
Leaders
Birth and death categories
Establishments and disestablishments categories
Works and introductions categories
1991 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1991
MCMXCI
Ab urbe condita 2744
Armenian calendar 1440
ԹՎ ՌՆԽ
Assyrian calendar 6741
Bahá'í calendar 147–148
Bengali calendar 1398
Berber calendar 2941
British Regnal year 39 Eliz. 2 – 40 Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar 2535
Burmese calendar 1353
Byzantine calendar 7499–7500
Chinese calendar 庚午(Metal Horse)
4687 or 4627
    — to —
辛未年 (Metal Goat)
4688 or 4628
Coptic calendar 1707–1708
Discordian calendar 3157
Ethiopian calendar 1983–1984
Hebrew calendar 5751–5752
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 2047–2048
 - Shaka Samvat 1912–1913
 - Kali Yuga 5091–5092
Holocene calendar 11991
Igbo calendar 991–992
Iranian calendar 1369–1370
Islamic calendar 1411–1412
Japanese calendar Heisei 3
(平成3年)
Javanese calendar 1923–1924
Juche calendar 80
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar 4324
Minguo calendar ROC 80
民國80年
Nanakshahi calendar 523
Thai solar calendar 2534
Unix time 662688000–694223999

1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (dominical letter F) of the Gregorian calendar, the 1991st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 991st year of the 2nd millennium, the 91st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1990s decade.

It was the year that is usually considered the final year of the Cold War that had begun in the late 1940s. During the year, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics collapsed into fifteen sovereign republics. India also abandoned its policies of socialism and autarky and began extensive neoliberal changes to its economy in July 1991 which would increase the GDP but also economic inequality over the next two decades.[1] A U.N.-authorized coalition force from thirty-four nations fought against Iraq, which had invaded Kuwait in the previous year, 1990. The conflict would be called the Gulf War and would mark the beginning of a since-constant American military presence in the Middle East. The clash between Serbia and the other Yugoslav republics would lead into the beginning of the Yugoslav Wars, which ran through the rest of the decade.

The Japanese asset price bubble collapsed this year, leading to the Lost Years and a permanently stagnated (though still prosperous) Japanese economy.[2]

Events[edit]

January[edit]

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August[edit]

The Warsaw radio mast after its collapse on August 8.
August 19: The coup attempt in Moscow.

September[edit]

Map of the three Baltic states, in their flag colours.

October[edit]

November[edit]

December[edit]

December 8: The signing of the agreement ending the USSR's existence and the founding of the Commonwealth of Independent States.
December 25: The original flag of Russia is readopted as the flag of the Russian Federation.

Date unknown[edit]

Births[edit]

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Deaths[edit]

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November[edit]

December[edit]

Date unknown[edit]

Nobel Prizes[edit]

Nobel medal.png

References[edit]

  1. ^ "India's economy: One more push - The Economist". The Economist. 
  2. ^ "ASIANOW - TIME Asia - Pokémon: The Ultimate Game Freak - Page 1 - 11/22/99". cnn.com. 
  3. ^ Frank Wilkins. "The Death of Rebecca Schaeffer". Reel Reviews. 
  4. ^ York, New (April 10, 1991). "1st Soviet Troops Leave Poland". Chicago Tribune. 
  5. ^ Ochoa, Laurie (September 12, 1991). "The Coffee Revolution : Seattle—It's Latte Town, Jake : Trends: Coffee cultism, Washington-style, may be coming to your neighborhood.". Los Angeles Times. 
  6. ^ "Eugene Register-Guard - Google News Archive Search". google.com. 
  7. ^ Wald, Matthew (6 June 1991). "Severe Sun Storm Threatens Utilities". New York Times: 16. Retrieved 23 May 2016. 
  8. ^ "Large Solar Flares Since 1976". Space Weather Servuces. Retrieved 23 May 2016. 
  9. ^ "Witness Seized "Last Chance" to Escape Vukovar Massacre". Institute for War and Peace Reporting. 8 March 2013. Retrieved 1 April 2013.