2005 term United States Supreme Court opinions of John Paul Stevens

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The 2005 term of the Supreme Court of the United States began October 3, 2005 and concluded October 1, 2006. This was the thirty-first term of Associate Justice John Paul Stevens's tenure on the Court. John Paul Stevens, SCOTUS photo portrait.jpg
John Paul Stevens 2005 term statistics
Majority or Plurality
Concurrence/dissent Total = 30
Bench opinions = 28 Opinions relating to orders = 2 In-chambers opinions = 0
Unanimous opinions: 2 Most joined by: Souter, Breyer (11) Least joined by: O'Connor, Alito (2)[1]
Type Case Citation Issues Joined by Other opinions

IPB, Inc. v. Alvarez 546 U.S. 21 (2005)


Schaffer v. Weast 546 U.S. 49 (2005)

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act  • individualized education program challenges  • burden of proof
Stevens joined O'Connor's 6-2 decision and filed a separate concurrence.

United States v. Georgia 546 U.S. 151 (2006)

Stevens also joined Scalia's unanimous opinion.

Volvo Trucks North America v. Reeder-Simco GMC 546 U.S. 164 (2006)


Evans v. Chavis 546 U.S. 189 (2006)

Stevens concurred in the judgment of Breyer's 8-justice opinion.

Brown v. Sanders 546 U.S. 212 (2006)

Stevens filed one of two dissents.

Central Virginia Community College v. Katz 546 U.S. 356 (2006)

O'Connor, Souter, Ginsburg, Breyer
Thomas filed a dissent.

Unitherm Food Systems, Inc. v. Swift-Eckrich, Inc. 546 U.S. 394 (2006)

Stevens dissented from Thomas' 7-2 decision.

Lance v. Dennis 546 U.S. 459 (2006)

Stevens dissented from the Court's per curiam opinion.

Illinois Tool Works Inc. v. Independent Ink, Inc. 547 U.S. 28 (2006)

Patents  • antitrust Roberts, Scalia, Kennedy, Souter, Thomas, Ginsburg, Breyer
Stevens wrote for the Court that a patented product in a tying arrangement is not presumed to have market power for purposes of antitrust law.

Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith, Inc. v. Dabit 547 U.S. 71 (2006)

Securities regulation  • federal preemption Roberts, Scalia, Kennedy, Souter, Thomas, Ginsburg, Breyer
Stevens wrote for the Court that the Securities Litigation Reform Act preempted state law holder claims, even though such claims could not be brought under federal law.

Georgia v. Randolph 547 U.S. 103 (2006)

Stevens also joined Souter's 5-3 decision.

Day v. McDonough 547 U.S. 198 (2006)

Habeas corpus Breyer
Stevens filed one of two dissents from Ginsburg's 5-4 decision ruling that courts could dismiss a habeas petition filed outside the statute of limitations sua sponte. Though Stevens agreed with this interpretation, he dissented from the Court's decision to announce its judgment when a relevant case would be decided later in the term. The Court had recently granted certiorari in Lawrence v. Florida, a case which would answer the question of whether Day's petition was actually barred by the statute of limitations. Stevens wrote that "[i]t seems improvident to affirm a possibly erroneous Court of Appeals judgment that dismissed Day's habeas petition without an evaluation of its merits when we have already granted certiorari to address the issue on which the Court of Appeals may have erred." He suggested the lower court may still avoid a "miscarriage of justice" by keeping Day's case on its docket until after Lawrence is decided, "but it would be better practice for us to do so ourselves."

Ark. Dep't of Human Servs. v. Ahlborn 547 U.S. 268 (2006)

Medicaid Unanimous
The Court ruled that a federal statutory prohibition against liens on personal property to recover Medicaid expenditures applied to settlements, so that only the portion of the settlement that represented payment for past medical expenses could be claimed by the state.

Marshall v. Marshall 547 U.S. 293 (2006)

Bankruptcy  • jurisdiction

Brigham City v. Stuart 547 U.S. 398 (2006)

Stevens also joined Roberts' unanimous decision.

Garcetti v. Ceballos 547 U.S. 410 (2006)

Stevens filed one of three dissents from Kennedy's 5-4 decision, and also joined Souter's.

Rapanos v. United States 547 U.S. 715 (2006)

Environmental regulation Souter, Ginsburg, Breyer

Samson v. California 547 U.S. 843 (2006)

Souter, Breyer
Stevens dissented from Thomas' 6-3 decision.

Moreland v. Federal Bureau of Prisons 547 U.S. 1106 (2006)

Statutory interpretation
Stevens filed a statement respecting the denial of certiorari, in which he clarified that the Court's action was not an endorsement of the lower court's interpretation of the federal sentencing provision for "good-time" credits.

Rangel-Reyes v. United States 547 U.S. 1200 (2006)

Rights of the accused  • U.S. Const. amend. VI  • right to a jury trial
Stevens filed a statement respecting the Court's denial of certiorari in which he expressed that he still believed Almendarez-Torres v. United States, 523 U. S. 224 (1998), was wrongly decided, but "that is not a sufficient reason for revisiting the issue" in light of stare decisis. "The denial of a jury trial on the narrow issues of fact concerning a defendant’s prior conviction history, unlike the denial of a jury trial on other issues of fact that give rise tomandatory minimum sentences will seldom create any significant risk of prejudice to the accused." Thomas filed a dissent from the denial of cert., believing that Almendarez-Torres should be overruled.

Dixon v. United States 548 U.S. 1 (2006)

Roberts, Scalia, Kennedy, Thomas, Ginsburg, Alito

Fernandez-Vargas v. Gonzales 548 U.S. 30 (2006)

Stevens dissented from Souter's otherwise unanimous decision.

Woodford v. Ngo 548 U.S. 81 (2006)

Souter, Ginsburg

Kansas v. Marsh 548 U.S. 163 (2006)

Death penalty
Stevens filed one of two dissents from Thomas' 5-4 decision, and joined Souter's.

Washington v. Recuenco 548 U.S. 212 (2006)

Stevens filed one of two dissents from Thomas' 7-2 decision, and joined Souter's.

League of United Latin American Citizens v. Perry 548 U.S. 399 (2006)

Electoral redistricting Breyer (in part)

Randall v. Sorrell 548 U.S. 230 (2006)


Beard v. Banks 548 U.S. 521 (2006)


Hamdan v. Rumsfeld 548 U.S. 557 (2006)

Souter, Ginsburg, Breyer; Kennedy (in part)


  1. ^ O'Connor retired mid-term and Alito was confirmed as her replacement; of the justices who served for the complete term, Roberts and Scalia joined the fewest of Stevens' opinions, with five each.