2024 Summer Olympics

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Games of the XXXIII Olympiad
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The 2024 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXXIII Olympiad, is a forthcoming international multi-sport event. Bidding for the games started in 2015, with five candidate cities in contention, but Hamburg, Rome and Budapest subsequently withdrew. The two remaining candidate sites are Los Angeles and Paris. The host of the Summer Olympic Games is scheduled to be announced at the 130th International Olympic Committee Session in Lima, Peru, on 13 September 2017. However, IOC President Thomas Bach has suggested to award both cities the 2024 and 2028 Summer Olympics at the session in Lima. On 17 March 2017, the International Olympic Committee has moved closer toward picking both Los Angeles and Paris to host a Summer Games in an unprecedented double vote that year.[1]

Candidature process[edit]

The candidature process was announced at the same time as the names of the five candidates cities on 16 September 2015.[2]

Three stages
Stage Dates Candidature File Submission
1 Vision, Games Concept and Strategy 15 September 2015 – 1 June 2016
(Executive Board date to be confirmed)
Candidature File Part 1
17 February 2016
2 Governance, Legal and Venue Funding June – December 2016
(Executive Board date to be confirmed)
Candidature File Part 2
7 October 2016
3 Games Delivery, Experience and Venue Legacy December 2016 – September 2017
Election by IOC Session
Candidature File Part 3
3 February 2017
Stage 1 – Vision, Games Concept and Strategy
  • 15 September 2015: NOC and city inform the IOC of the name of a Candidate City
  • 23–25 September 2015: Candidature Process kick-off meeting with each Candidate City & NOC (by video conference)
  • 16 October 2015: Signature of the Candidature Process 2024 by City and NOC
  • Week of 16 November 2015 TBC: Individual workshops in Lausanne
  • 17 February 2016: Deadline for the submission by Candidate Cities of: Candidature File Part 1: Vision, Games Concept and Strategy
  • February–May 2016: IOC-appointed Evaluation Commission Working Group to analyse documentation and provide a dashboard report to the IOC Executive Board
  • 1 June 2016: IOC Executive Board confirmation of Candidate Cities that transition to the next stage[3]
Stage 2 – Governance, Legal and Venue Funding
  • 1–3 June 2016: Individual workshops for the Candidate Cities and their NOCs (Feedback on Stage 1 submission)
  • 5–21 August 2016: Olympic Games Observer Programme – Rio de Janeiro
  • August 2016: Governance, Legal and Venue Funding Workshops – Rio de Janeiro
  • 7 October 2016: Deadline for the submission by Candidate Cities of: Candidature File Part 2: Governance, Legal and Venue Funding
  • October–November 2016: IOC-appointed Evaluation Commission Working Group to analyse documentation and provide a dashboard report to the IOC Executive Board
  • November 2016: Games Delivery, Experience and Legacy Workshops – Tokyo
  • 6–8 December 2016: IOC Executive Board confirmation of Candidate Cities that transition to the next stage
Stage 3 – Games Delivery, Experience and Venue Legacy
  • 3 February 2017: Deadline for the submission by Candidate Cities of: Candidature File Part 3: Games Delivery, Experience and Venue Legacy
  • IOC Evaluation Commission analysis including a visit to each Candidate City :
  • May 10 to 12 Los Angeles[4]
  • May 14 to 16 Paris
  • June 2017 (date TBC): Publication of the Evaluation Commission Report on http://www.olympic.org
  • June 2017 (date TBC): Cities have right to response following publication of Evaluation Commission Report
  • 11–12 July 2017: 2024 Candidate City Briefing for IOC Members and Summer Olympic International Federations
  • Early week of September 2017: Designation by the IOC Executive Board of Candidate Cities to be submitted to the IOC Session for election
  • 13 September 2017: Election of the Host City 2024, in Lima, Peru

Candidate cities[edit]

Five candidate cities were announced by the IOC on 16 September 2015, Budapest, Hamburg, Los Angeles, Paris and Rome. Hamburg withdrew its bid per a referendum held on 29 November 2015,[5] while, citing fiscal difficulties, Rome withdrew on 21 September 2016.[6]

On 22 February 2017, it was reported that Budapest withdrew its bid, after a petition against the bid collected more signatures than necessary for a referendum.[7][8][9] On February 24, 2017, claiming that Budapest’s doomed bid for the 2024 Summer Games was “overtaken by local politics,” the International Olympic Committee has reiterated it will consider changes in the way host cities are selected.[10]

Logo City Country Region National Olympic Committee Bid Committee Website Application Status
LA 2024 Olympic Bid Logo.svg Los Angeles[11]  United States America United States Olympic Committee la24.org Chosen by USOC

Los Angeles hosted the 1932 and 1984 Summer Olympics, and the 2015 Special Olympics World Summer Games.[12] Los Angeles could be the second city to host the games three times, after London, only 40 years after hosting Summer Olympics in 1984. On 26 April 2014, the Southern California Committee for the Olympic Games announced its bid proposal for the 2024 Olympics.[13] On 28 July 2015, the USOC contacted Los Angeles about the possibility of stepping in as a replacement bidder for the 2024 Summer Games after Boston dropped its bid.[14] On 1 September 2015, the LA City Council voted 15–0 to support a bid for the 2024 Olympic Games.[15] The U.S. Olympic Committee finalized its selection moments after the LA City Council's vote.[16][17] On 13 January 2016, Los Angeles 2024 committee officials said they were "thrilled to welcome" the construction of a $2-billion-plus, state-of-the-art football stadium in Inglewood, California and with the arrival of one—and perhaps twoNFL teams would bolster its chances.[18] On 25 January 2016, the Los Angeles 2024 committee announced that it planned to place its Olympic Village on the UCLA campus. LA 2024 also announced that media members and some Olympic officials would be housed in a 15-acre residential complex planned to be built by USC.[19]

On 16 February 2016, LA 2024 unveiled a new logo and slogan, "Follow the sun."[20] On 23 February 2016, more than 88% of Angelenos were in favor of the city's hosting the 2024 Olympic and Paralympic Games bid, according to a survey conducted by Loyola Marymount University.[21] On 10 March 2016, Los Angeles officials bidding for the 2024 Summer Olympics turned their focus to temporary facilities that might be needed. Current plans include an elevated track built over the football field at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum and a proposal to temporarily convert Figueroa Street into a miles-long promenade for pedestrians and bicyclists.[22]

On 1 June 2016, the California State Senate approved a bill that would have the state cover up to $250 million in liabilities if Los Angeles' bid to host the Summer Olympics in 2024 is approved and the effort goes over budget.[23] On 2 June 2016, the IOC confirmed that Los Angeles would proceed to the second stage of bidding for the 2024 Summer Games.[24] On 29 July 2016, LA 2024 officials released artist renderings of an updated Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum and temporary swim stadium that would be used if Los Angeles is awarded the 2024 Summer Olympics.[25]

On 31 July 2016, Mayor Eric Garcetti led a 25-person contingent from Los Angeles to Rio de Janeiro to promote their city's bid for the 2024 Summer Olympics.[26] On 7 September 2016, LA 2024 planned to send a 16-person delegation to the 2016 Paralympics in Rio de Janeiro as part of its ongoing campaign to bring the Olympics back to Southern California.[27]

On 13 September 2016, with a year remaining before Olympic leaders gather to vote, the LA 2024 bid committee released the latest video touting its campaign to bring the Summer Games back to Los Angeles. The two-minute spot features a montage of local scenes with narration by children talking about their "dream city".[28] On 23 September 2016, LA 2024 agreed to terms with the U.S. Olympic Committee on a marketing arrangement that is required but has often been controversial. The Joint Marketing Program Agreement outlines shared responsibilities — and shared income — between the host city and the USOC if Los Angeles is selected.[29] On 29 September 2016, California governor Jerry Brown signed the legislation that will provide up to $250 million in guarantees should the city of Los Angeles go over budget in its bid to host the 2024 Summer Olympic Games and Paralympic Games.[30] On 7 October 2016, LA 2024 officials again made adjustments to their proposal for the 2024 Summer Olympics, moving half of a large and potentially expensive media center to the USC campus.[31] On 21 October 2016, the LA 2024 bid committee again enlisted U.S. Olympians to help make the case for bringing the Summer Olympics back to Los Angeles.[32]

On 9 November 2016, LA 2024 issued a statement noting "LA 2024 congratulates President-elect Donald J. Trump and appreciates his longstanding support of the Olympic movement in the United States. We strongly believe the Olympics and LA 2024 transcend politics and can help unify our diverse communities and our world."[33] On 12 November 2016, LA 2024 was set to face a critical test in Doha, Qatar. Mayor Eric Garcetti and Allyson Felix, the six-time gold medalist sprinter, were to lead an LA 2024 contingent to present its bid to an array of Olympic leaders and sports officials at a general assembly for the Assn. of National Olympic Committees.[34] On 23 November 2016, President-elect Trump expressed his support for Los Angeles's 2024 Olympic bid during a phone call with Mayor Eric Garcetti.[35] On 2 December 2016, LA 2024 released a new budget estimating it would spend $5.3 billion to stage the Games.[36]

On 2 January 2017, Angeleno Olympians and Paraolympians rode on the Rose Parade float titled, "Follow the Sun", to promote the city's bid.[37] On 9 January 2017, LA 2024 issued a report predicting that the mega-sporting event would boost the local economy by $11.2 billion.[38] On 25 January 2017, the Los Angeles City Council gave unanimous final approval for a privately run bid.[39] On 28 February 2017, it was announced that four Hollywood film studios (Disney, Fox, NBCUniversal and Warner Bros) would be helping promote the Los Angeles bid.[40]

Paris 2024 Olympic bid logo.svg Paris  France Europe Comité National Olympique et Sportif Français paris2024.org/en/ Chosen by CNOSF

Paris hosted the 1900 and 1924 Summer Olympics. If Paris won the bid, it would not only be the second city to host the Summer Olympics three times after London, but it would also be exactly 100 years after Paris hosted the Summer Olympics in 1924. Paris formally announced its intention to bid on 23 June 2015 – a symbolic date on which Olympic Day is globally celebrated. The French capital's bids for the 1992, 2008, and 2012 Olympic Games were defeated by Barcelona, Beijing, and London respectively. In 2012 however, Paris was favorite for the win but lost surprisingly by a tiny 4-vote difference. The former French Minister of Sports, Jean-Francois Lamour, had made it clear that 2024 represents a choice objective for a Parisian bid, and that it could not tolerate another defeat. Tony Estanguet, French slalom canoeist that won three Olympic gold medals (2000, 2004 and 2012), and co-president of the Paris 2024 bid committee, said that the only goal was to win, no matter what.[41] €35 million will be budgeted to build new sports venues around Paris in order to improve the quality of the future Parisian bid.[42][43][44]

On 8 November 2014, the mayor of Paris, Anne Hidalgo, suggested that the city might not be able to afford to put itself forward as host, saying: "We are in a financial and budgetary position today that does not allow me to say that I am making this bid." In addition, she talked about a potential bid for the 2028 Summer Olympics.[45] However, in March 2015, Hidalgo gave her blessing to a bid for 2024. The decision to make a bid was to be taken with a vote at the council of Paris in April 2015.[46] On 13 April 2015, the council of Paris approved the candidacy, making Paris an applicant.[47] Since then, the mayor of Paris became a strong supporter of the Parisian bid. She, and the French president François Hollande went to Rio de Janeiro during the 2016 Summer Olympics to promote the Parisian bid.[48]

On 26 June 2015, the French Sailing Federation announced it had selected candidate venues interested in hosting the sailing competitions.[49] Le Havre (Seine-Maritime), La Rochelle (Charente-Maritime), Brest (Finistère), Hyères (Var), Marseille (Bouches-du-Rhône) and Quiberon (Morbihan)[50] were the venues being considered. On 7 September 2015, Marseille was chosen to host the sailing competitions.[51]

On 9 February 2016, Paris unveiled its 2024 Olympics logo. The city's iconic Arc De Triomphe was lit up with the city's 2024 Olympic Games bid logo at precisely 20:24 local time. A multi-coloured image of the Eiffel Tower with the words 'Paris, Candidate city, Olympic Games 2024' was screened onto the Arc at the top of the Champs-Elysees, and simultaneously on the town hall in Marseille.[52]

On 12 November 2016, Paris 2024 was set to face a crucial test in Doha, Qatar. Mayor Anne Hidalgo and Teddy Riner, the eight-time World Championships gold medalist judoka, were to lead a Paris 2024 contingent to present its bid to an array of Olympic leaders and sports officials at a general assembly.

On January 2017, Paris Committee proposed to slash carbon emissions by more than half compared to London and Rio and thus deliver the ‘most sustainable Games ever’.[53]

For the submission of the third and final application file of Paris’ bid for the 2024 Olympics Games, the Eiffel Tower was adorned with Olympic colors on 3 February 2017. This illumination was organized to present the slogan of the Parisian bid: "Made for Sharing".[54]

Six days later, on the initiative of Denis Coderre, Mayor of Montreal, more than 50 cities from all over the world announce their support for the Paris Olympic and Paralympic Games 2024 bid, including Olympics host cities such as Sydney, Athens, Mexico City, Barcelona and Tokyo the next host of the 2020 Summer Olympics.[55] At the end of February, mayor of Paris Anne Hidalgo, went to Tokyo to meet the governor of the city Yuriko Koike, and discuss about the 2020 and 2024 Summer Olympics.[56]

Withdrawn candidate cities[edit]

Logo City Country Region National Olympic Committee Bid Committee Website Application Status
Budapest 2024 Olympic bid logo.svg Budapest  Hungary Europe Hungarian Olympic Committee (MOB) budapest2024.org Cancelled bid

Budapest is the capital of the only nation from the ten most successful overall which has not hosted the Olympics yet. Hungary has the 7th most Olympic champions in the world. One of the world's top swimming nations with 25 swimming gold medals, Hungary will host the 2017 World Aquatics Championships. In 2017, Hungary host other championship events such as the Judo World Championships, European Youth Olympic Festival, European University Basketball Championships. In 2018, Szeged will host the World University Championships Canoe Sprint and Modern Pentathlon. In 2019 Budapest will host the World Table Tennis Championships, as well as the European Maccabi games and in 2020 the capital will co-host the UEFA European Football Championship. Budapest will be the European Capital of Sport in 2019 as a compact city known for music festivals, thermal springs, its castle district and eco-friendly credentials, Budapest is targeting itself as a new model that revives the Olympic hopes of other "smaller" cities around the world.[57] The staging of the European Youth Olympic Festival 2017 is viewed by organizers as a live rehearsal for a multi-site event like the Summer Olympics. Budapest's facilities boast of a compact, festival culture of this right-sized city.[58]

In June 2015, the Assembly of the Hungarian Olympic Committee (MOB) and the Assembly of Budapest decided to bid for the Olympics. Previous bids to host the games, in 1916, 1920, 1936, 1944, and 1960 were defeated by Berlin, Antwerp, Berlin again, London, and Rome, respectively.[59][60] In July 2015, the Hungarian Parliament also voted to support the bid. On 28 January 2016, Budapest City Council approved the list of venues.

Visiting Budapest in December 2015, IOC President Thomas Bach stated that Budapest is a “strong contender” for organizing the 2024 Summer Olympics the Agenda 2020 reforms.[61] The recent position of the IOC [62] is for more use of existing and temporary facilities so countries like Hungary, and cities like Budapest, can also have the opportunity to organize the Olympics. The intention is to support the same Olympic vision with an event that is cheaper and more profitable, with more sustainable facilities in several cities, perhaps on or across national boundaries in future.

Budapest 2024 Bid Leader, Balázs Fürjes said about the games: “A Games in Budapest sends the message that the Olympic Games are not simply for the mega-city but for mid-size cities, too. Budapest can make Agenda 2020 real, a Budapest Games would give hope to new nations and new cities, nations and cities on the rise. It would spread the reach of the Olympic Movement and create new possibilities that will take forward the IOC’s new agenda”. Presenting details of the Budapest bid to a gathering of the world’s National Olympic Committees and Olympic leaders in Doha, the Budapest 2024 delegation outlined a number of convincing points as to why Budapest is the “right sized city at the right time” to stage the Olympic Games in 2024.[63] Prime Minister Viktor Orbán's government has thrown its full support behind the Budapest bid. He has said in a speech: "Hungary believes that sport is always more important than any other political interest, and that is why it must never be diverted into the arena of political battles. The Government supports the bid." He said that over the past 120 years the Olympics have become a “ passion” of the Hungarian people, and this may have developed “because the Olympic spirit represents such a pure form of freedom that was once rare here in Central Europe.”[64] Hungarian officials are also representing the idea of “Organising an Olympic Games would be the pinnacle of this historical process. We are not only competing for ourselves, but representing the whole region.”[65]

Water and movement are the key elements of the Budapest 2024 logo, the result of a national contest that involved almost 200 artists, children, graphic designers and students. This is fitting for an Olympic bid that features the River Danube as a backdrop and the connecting artery to many of the Games facilities and it is designed by Graphasel Design Studio. The interaction of the city and the river would place Budapest as a scenic and accessible Games, with a travel experience that is accessible and flexible as well as pedestrian- and cycle friendly.

In January 2017 a civil organization called Momentum Movement started a petition to have a referendum for Budapest residents addressing whether they want to organize the Summer Olympics in 2024 or not. Several opposition parties, such as Lehet Más a Politika (LMP), Együtt, Párbeszéd Magyarországért (PM), Magyar Szocialista Párt (MSZP) and Demokratikus Koalíció (DK) joined to the movement, as well as Magyar Kétfarkú Kutya Párt (MKKP), which also started a satiric poster campaign against the bid in February. Most of the opposition parties and civil organizations have criticized the government for the bid, accusing it of corruption, and questioned the spending of money on the Olympic Games instead of developing health care, education and the transportation in Budapest. A total of 138,527 signatures of Budapestians would need to be collected by 17 February 2017 to trigger a referendum. The referendum would be held in Budapest and only the residents of the capital city would be able to cast a valid vote.[66] On February 17, 2017, it was announced that 266,151 signatures had been collected.[67] In response, chief organizer Fürjes accepted that the success of the petition campaign left the bid with "no chance" of success.[68] On February 22, 2017 Budapest withdrew its bid to host the 2024 Summer Olympics, leaving only Los Angeles and Paris in the race.[9]

Rome 2024 Olympic Bid Logo.svg Rome  Italy Europe Comitato Olimpico Nazionale Italiano roma2024.org Cancelled bid
Host city of the 1960 Summer Olympics last bid for the 2004 Summer Olympics, but was eliminated in second place over Athens. A bid for the 2020 Summer Olympics was canceled in 2012, but the Italian government still expressed interest in hosting a future games.[69][70] IOC president Thomas Bach confirmed that "Rome is a very strong and appreciated candidate for the 2024 Olympic Games."[71] On 15 December 2014, prime minister Matteo Renzi confirmed that Rome would be bidding for the 2024 Olympics.[72] The same month it was also revealed that Pope Francis met with the head of the Italian Olympic Committee to discuss Vatican City hosting some events at the games, namely archery and football.[73]
On 10 February 2015, the Italian National Olympic Committee (CONI) confirmed that former Ferrari President Luca di Montezemolo, who headed the organising committee of the 1990 FIFA World Cup would lead Rome's bid as president of the Organising Committee. "I don't think anyone in Italy is as popular as Luca is abroad," said CONI President Giovanni Malagò.[74]
On 21 September 2016, Mayor of Rome Virginia Raggi told reporters the bid for the games would go no further. Raggi, whose party the Five Star Movement have long been opposed to Rome hosting the games, cited ongoing financial troubles in the country as the main reason for cancelling the bid. She said hosting the games would be "irresponsible" and would only cause the city to fall into further debt.[75] On 11 October 2016, the bid was officially suspended, though not formally cancelled should any future city leaders want to revive it if they were to come into power before September 2017.[76][77][78] On 17 October 2016, Olympic leaders continued to voice their displeasure with the political climate that forced Rome to suspend its bid for the 2024 Summer Games.[79]
Hamburg  Germany Europe Deutscher Olympischer Sportbund hamburg2024.de Cancelled bid

In October 2012, Thomas Bach, president of the IOC, stated that Hamburg will apply for the 2024 Olympic Games. Hamburg could combine the water based and the other non-water based games in a very small circle, due to its good location. Hamburg would host the games the first time and would therefore be preferred to Berlin.[80] On 16 March 2015, the National Olympic Committee (DOSB) proposed Hamburg to be the candidate city from Germany.[81] On 21 March 2015, the DOSB's general assembly confirmed the decision to allow Hamburg to bid for the games.

For its 2024 bid, Hamburg re-used the logo and the slogan of an earlier bid to host the 2012 Summer Olympics. The logo showed a wave of water turning into a flame, referring to the water that is a defining aspect of Hamburg's cityscape and the Olympic flame. The slogan is "Feuer und Flamme", or "Fire and Flame", combining the Olympic flame with a German expression translating to "to be fire and flame for something", meaning to be very enthusiastic and/or excited about something. (West) Germany last hosted the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich and also had recent experience with the success of the 1974 and 2006 World Cups, where Hamburg was one of the host cities.

On 13 April 2015, it was announced that Kiel would be Hamburg's venue for all sailing competitions.[82]

On 29 November 2015, a referendum was held in which 51.6% of the citizens voted against a bid for the Olympics.[83][84]

Non-selected bids[edit]

Europe[edit]

City Country National Olympic Committee Bid Committee Website Application Status
Berlin  Germany Deutscher Olympischer Sportbund Non-selected bid
The former mayor of Berlin, Klaus Wowereit, had stated that Berlin was exploring a bid for the 2024 or 2028 Olympic Games.[85] Berlin hosted the 1936 Summer Olympics and last bid for the 2000 Summer Olympics, but was eliminated in the second round with the Olympics awarded to Sydney, Australia. As polls in Berlin showed, 55% of Berlin's population supported the application.[86] Nevertheless, on 16 March 2015 the National Olympic Committee (DOSB) proposed Hamburg to be the candidate city from Germany.[87]

United States of America[edit]

On 19 February 2013, the United States Olympic Committee (USOC) sent letters to the mayors of 37 American cities to gauge their interest in hosting the 2024 Olympics. The cities included were Atlanta, Chicago, Boston, New York City, Philadelphia, Washington D.C., Indianapolis, Austin, San Antonio, Houston, Dallas, Memphis, Milwaukee, Minneapolis–Saint Paul, New Orleans, Pittsburgh, Jacksonville, Miami, Orlando, Tampa, St. Louis, Tulsa, Los Angeles, San Diego, San Francisco, Sacramento, Seattle, Charlotte, Portland, Phoenix, Las Vegas, Detroit, Columbus, Nashville, Rochester, and Denver.[88]

On 10 June 2014, the USOC met in Boston to confirm the shortlist of cities drawn up for the 2024 Olympics.[89] On 13 June 2014, the USOC announced its shortlist for potential host cities: Boston, Los Angeles, San Francisco, and Washington.[90] On 26 September 2014, The U.S. Olympic Committee received near-unanimous support from the country's sports federations in a poll asking whether they would support a bid for the 2024 Olympics. Forty of the 47 national governing bodies took part in the poll and all 40 answered positively to the question.[91] On 1 December 2014 all four shortlisted cities Boston, Los Angeles, San Francisco, and Washington met the final deadline to submit their bid proposals prior to the USOC Board Meeting held on 16 December 2014 in Redwood City, California. During the closed door meeting each of the four cities were given two hours to present their city's bids. Following the final presentation, the USOC announced that the United States would bid to host the 2024 Olympic and Paralympic Games, but did not announce which city would bid.[92] On 8 January 2015, the USOC selected Boston to be the candidate city from the United States[93] but on 27 July 2015 Boston's bid was withdrawn and the USOC bid process was reopened.[94] On 1 September 2015 the USOC announced that Los Angeles was chosen for the United States bid for the 2024 Summer Games.[95]

City Country National Olympic Committee Bid Committee Website Application Status
Boston[96]  U.S. United States Olympic Committee 2024boston.org Non-selected bid

On 7 May 2013, there was a meeting held about the chance of Boston and New England hosting the Summer Games in 2024.[97] There was a large group of leaders and politicians that supported the bid. Early proposed venues included TD Garden, Fenway Park, Gillette Stadium, Agganis Arena, Dunkin Donuts Center, and the Verizon Wireless Arena.[98] In October, Deval Patrick signed a bill to let a group look into the bid.[99] Boston lacked a stadium of sufficient size to use as an Olympic stadium, but had most of the venues for other sports within a close radius. Boston 2024 proposed building a temporary main Olympic Stadium with an unnamed developer providing an estimated $1.2 billion deck over a large rail yard in exchange for development rights for the property after the games. In January 2015, the USOC selected Boston as the official candidate city. Local public opinion on hosting the 2024 Games was divided; a March 2015 poll indicated that 52% of Boston area residents were opposed to hosting them.[100] On 27 July 2015, the USOC dropped its bid to host the Olympics in Boston citing the lack of public support and uncertainties in the bid.

Washington, D.C.[101]  U.S. United States Olympic Committee dc2024.org Non-selected bid

Washington 2024, the bid team dedicated to bringing the 2024 Olympic and Paralympic Games to the Capital Region, was led by Russ Ramsey, a venture capitalist and philanthropist, and Ted Leonsis, owner of the Washington Wizards, Washington Capitals, and former America Online executive. Other key leadership included former NFL Commissioner Paul Tagliabue, BET co-founder and Washington Mystics President Sheila Johnson, Olympic silver-medalist and Washington developer Jair Lynch, celebrity chef Jose Andres, former DC Mayor Anthony A. Williams, Under Armour founder Kevin Plank and others.[101] The bid launched publicly in September 2014 with a theme of “Unity” that aimed to bring together leaders from the Nation’s Capital in business, philanthropy, sports, and politics.[102] Ultimately, the group assembled a vision of Washington that addressed its transit woes, harnessed the potential of both the Potomac and Anacostia rivers and escaped its reputation as a breeding ground for political dysfunction.[103] All of these goals hoped to spur economic investment and serve as an inspirational event for Washington’s young athletes.[104] The group released a video in December 2014 that built on their theme of Unity by featuring an array of Washington citizens, sports figures like Washington Wizard John Wall and Washington Capital John Carlson, political icons like John Lewis, Newt Gingrich, Bob Dole, and Howard Dean, local political leaders like Tim Kaine, Mark Warner, Muriel Bowser, and Eleanor Holmes Norton, and many others.[105] The bid team presented its case to the US Olympic Committee Board of Directors on 17 December 2014 with a presentation team of five that consisted of: Chairman Russ Ramsey, Vice-Chairman Ted Leonsis, Board Member Paul Tagliabue, Mayor Muriel Bowser, and gold-medalist and Washington-area resident Katie Ledecky.[106] On 9 January 2015, the USOC announced they would be endorsing Boston’s bid for the 2024 Olympic Games, ending DC’s hopes for 2024.[107] Despite the loss, Washington remains enthusiastic about the plan devised during the bid process and optimistic about the city’s future chances of hosting a major international sporting contest. In May 2015, Washington 2024 was presented the DC Building Industry Association Community Partnership Award by Mayor Muriel Bowser, during which Chairman Russ Ramsey said he thought the 2024 bid has “shelf-life.” [108] The full plans devised by city planners Brailsford & Dunlavey and architecture firm Gensler were released to the Washington Post in June 2015 to wide praise by community and political leadership.[109]

Cancelled potential bids[edit]

Baku submitted a bid for the 2016 Summer Olympics and submitted a bid for the 2020 Summer Olympics. Baku failed to become a candidate both times. Upon failing to become a candidate for the 2020 Games, it was stated that Baku would "come back again next time even stronger".[110][111] Baku was chosen to host the 2015 European Games and had already hosted the 2012 FIFA U-17 Women's World Cup and various other international competitions, such as the 2011 World Amateur Boxing Championships, the Eurovision Song Contest 2012, and the 2016 European Grand Prix. Baku National Stadium also hosted the 2015 European Games.
In November 2013, Hasan Arat, who was the head of the Istanbul 2020 Olympic bid, vowed that the campaign to bring the Olympic Games to Turkey would continue and that the next bid will be the strongest yet: "We are now better equipped and major sports events and we have a greater understanding of Olympic Games." Istanbul had lost bids for the games in 2000, 2008, and 2020 to Sydney, Beijing, and Tokyo respectively, and also bid for the 2004 and 2012 Summer Olympics, but failed to become a candidate both times, losing to Athens and London respectively. Istanbul is expected to bid for the 2019 European Games, as European Olympic Committee president Spyros Capralos stated that hosting the European Games would help with its future Olympic bids.[112]
In March 2010, Ukrainian Deputy Prime Minister Borys Kolesnikov stated that if Ukraine successfully co-hosted the UEFA Euro 2012 with Poland, it might place a bid for hosting the 2024 Summer Olympics. Kiev was one of the host cities of UEFA Euro 2012 and was the city where the final match was held.[113]
Doha bid to host the 2016 Summer Olympics, in addition to bidding for the 2020 Summer Olympics. If Doha were to host the games, the games would be held from 14 to 30 October, due to Qatar's hot summer temperatures. Additionally it would also be the first games held in the Middle East region. After Doha failed to become a candidate for the 2016 and 2020 Games, it was stated that Doha looks "forward to the 2024 race".[114] Doha was last hosted the 2006 Asian Games, Qatar is scheduled to host the 2022 FIFA World Cup and several stadiums will be located in Doha.
In August 2012, Kenyan Prime Minister Raila Odinga announced that the capital city Nairobi was planning to bid for the 2032 games.[115][116] It may also bid for the 2028 Summer Olympics.
In March 2011, the Moroccan government confirmed that it would begin construction of an 80,000-seat stadium and will bid for the 2028 Summer Olympics instead of 2024.[117]
Ana Botella, Mayor of Madrid, confirmed that the city will not take part in the competition for 2024 Olympic Games after three failed consecutive bids (2012, 2016 and 2020, losing to London, Rio de Janeiro and Tokyo respectively). Despite this, all sporting projects and infrastructure of the 2020 Olympic bid would be finished on the date scheduled.[118][119][120]
According to reports, a bid from Singapore and Malaysia was explored. Most likely, Kuala Lumpur and Singapore were to be the main cities. Malaysia bid in 2008, but failed to become a candidate. Kuala Lumpur received a 7.4 in transportation infrastructure, but nothing higher in any other category. Singapore was the host of the inaugural Youth Olympics in 2010 and the 117th IOC Session. Though previously not allowed by the Olympic Charter, recent changes have allowed multi-national bids. Despite this, it was acknowledged by the president of the Olympic council of Malaysia that it was too late to submit an Olympic bid for 2024, saying that the committees should focus on either the 2028 or 2032 games.[121]
Postponed its plans to bid because Tokyo won the 2020 Games. The city hosted the 2002 Asian Games.[122] The city decided to bid for the 2028 Summer Olympics instead. Pyeongchang will host the 2018 Winter Olympics.
On 31 March 2014 a political commission looking at the possibility of a Mexican bid for the 2024 Olympics concluded that there were no economic or infrastructure conditions in Mexico for a bid to take place.[123]
Aside from the three cities that were in consideration in the United States there were plans for an Olympic bid in a number of other cities:
San Francisco
A San Francisco bid would likely have expanded to Oakland and other parts of the Bay Area for help in filling venue requirements such as indoor sports.[124][125][126][127] Possible Bay Area venues included AT&T Park, Oracle Arena, O.co Coliseum, SAP Center, Avaya Stadium, Levi's Stadium, and the projected Chase Center in San Francisco. Events could also have been held at area universities such as UC Berkeley's Haas Pavilion and Stanford Stadium.[124] However, on 12 August 2015, it was announced that the Bay Area had pulled its bid.[128]
Tulsa
Tulsa had been interested in bidding for the 2024 Olympic Games and was one of 35 cities to which the USOC had sent invitations. Following high-profile news reports in several national newspapers, city officials distanced themselves from the Tulsa 2024 Olympic Exploratory Committee and declined to bid.[129] The committee was still seeking the bid as a private endeavor.[130]
New York City
On 14 May 2014, a report in The Financial Times claimed that New York governor Andrew Cuomo was seriously considering an Olympic bid for New York City, if his administration received a proposal for the games. According to the Financial Times source, talks were taking place between the Governor and New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio, and an advisory committee would likely be formed soon.[131] However, de Blasio decided against the bid in late May.[132][133]
Philadelphia
On 22 April 2013, Mayor Michael Nutter's office declared Philadelphia's interest in bidding for the 2024 Games. The city had expressed interest in hosting the 2016 Games, but lost out to Chicago as the USOC's bid city.[134] The City of Philadelphia withdrew from consideration on 28 May 2014 in a letter to the USOC, citing "timing" as a major factor in the decision. The city reiterated a continued interest in pursuing the games in the future. On 28 May 2014, Mayor Michael Nutter announced that he had written to the USOC earlier that month, informing it of the city's decision not to pursue a bid to host the 2024 Summer Olympic Games.[135]
Dallas
Dallas had planned to bid for the 2024 Games, but it was not selected by the USOC as one of the four potential host cities.[136]
San Diego
After the multinational bid with Tijuana was rejected, San Diego had explored a possible bid for the 2024 Games without Tijuana.[137] It was not selected by the USOC as one of the four potential host cities.[136]
Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and IOC president Thomas Bach agreed during a meeting on 27 April 2015 in Delhi that 2024 is too early for India to bid for hosting an Olympics. Delhi has hosted the 1951 Asian Games, 1982 Asian Games and 2010 Commonwealth Games.[138][139][140]
While South Africa was seen as a likely bidder for the 2024 Olympic Games, events ended its hopes of hosting the games. Due to Edmonton's decision to end its bid for the 2022 Commonwealth Games, Durban will host the games. South Africa's sports minister indicated on 1 March 2015 that the nation would focus on the Commonwealth Games instead of the Olympics.[141][142][143]
Australia, mainly Melbourne, had been seen as a likely bidder for the 2024 Summer Olympics. However, the head of the Australian Olympic Committee stated that Australia will focus on 2028 or 2032 instead of 2024. Melbourne hosted the 1956 Olympic Games and the 2006 Commonwealth Games and Brisbane hosted the 1982 Commonwealth Games.[144] Queensland is currently in the process of constructing and upgrading facilities in Brisbane and the Gold Coast for the 2018 Commonwealth Games.
In December 2013, the ex-president of the Peruvian Sports Institute (IPD), Arturo Woodman, declared that Lima should bid to host the Olympic Games in 2024. The city will host the 2019 Pan American Games. Akio Tamashiro, Affiliate Manager at IPD, stated that this would be the next target of the country, using the new infrastructure, experience and legacy of many sporting events as Lima 2019.[145]
Due to the city winning the bid to host the 130th IOC Session in 2017, Lima cannot be a candidate city to host the 2024 Summer Olympics.[146] On 22 January 2015, Lima lost its bid to host the World Games 2021 to Birmingham, Alabama.[147]
Saudi Arabia has published plans to bid to host the games together with Bahrain. All men's events would be held in Saudi Arabia and all women's events in Bahrain, because women are not allowed to participate in sports in Saudi Arabia. The IOC has dismissed the plans and said this gender split would not be allowed.[148]
Taiwan's capital and largest city may put in a bid in accordance with a campaign promise made by then-presidential candidate Ma Ying-jeou while he was running for president in 2008. It is seen as the culmination of a build-up in hosting sporting events for Taipei and the rest of Taiwan. Taipei hosted the 2009 Deaflympics while Kaohsiung hosted the 2009 World Games.[149] Taipei is hosting the 2017 Summer Universiade. In 2011, President Ma Ying-jeou stated again that Taiwan will bid for the 2024 Games.[150] On 11 June 2014, the Sports Administration reported that it has no intention of bidding for the 2024 Olympic Games.[151]
Saint Petersburg
On 19 May 2014, Governor of Saint Petersburg Georgy Poltavchenko said that the city can apply for hosting the Olympic Games in 2024. According to him, St. Petersburg already has about 70% of the infrastructure needed for the Olympics.[152][153] Also on 22 May 2014, Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation Dmitry Kozak, who was responsible for holding the 2014 Winter Olympics, said that St. Petersburg had a good chance to win the right to host the Olympics in 2024. According to him, a lot of costs would not be required to prepare the city for the Olympics.[154] Russia has not hosted the Summer Games since the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow, when it was part of the Soviet Union. On 6 May 2015, it was announced that Russia will focus on the 2018 World Cup and not a bid for the 2024 Summer Olympic Games. St. Petersburg is also preparing to host UEFA Euro 2020, where it will act as one of the venues. Russia will also host the 2019 Winter Universiade in the Siberian city of Krasnoyarsk.[155]
Sochi
Dmitry Chernyshenko, the organizer of the 2014 Winter Olympics, says there is a huge potential in bringing the games back to Sochi. Beijing will be the first city to host a summer and winter games after it won the right to hold the 2022 Winter Olympics. Sochi would need to build many facilities to hold the games, although some indoor arenas from the Winter Olympics could conceivably be re-purposed. Sochi was the first Russian city to consider a bid for the 2024 Summer Olympics. Sochi's bid for the 2024 Summer Olympics was canceled on 31 July 2015.[156]
Toronto's economic development committee voted against bidding for the 2024 games on 20 January 2014, citing a bid would cost the city $50 to 60 million. Toronto's mayor at the time, Rob Ford, suggested that a bid for the 2028 games may be more realistic. Toronto bid for the 1996 and 2008 Summer Olympics (as well as undocumented failures to make final rounds for 1960, 1964 and 1976[157]), but lost to Atlanta and Beijing, respectively. In 2009, Toronto won the bid for the 2015 Pan American Games.[158] However, discussions to submit a 2024 Olympic bid were revived during the lead-up to the 2015 Pan American Games, with new philosophical changes announced for the bidding process by the IOC, “to actively promote the maximum use of existing facilities”, which means that venues built for the Pan Ams may not have met IOC requirements but they could be adapted to comply under the new approach, boosting Toronto's viability as a host city.[159] International Olympic Committee President Thomas Bach was among those who, in light of the Pan American Games, stated that Toronto would be a good candidate.[160]
On the CBC Radio One Toronto morning show Metro Morning on 10 July 2015, Mayor John Tory acknowledged that the city could revisit the idea of hosting the 2024 games, pending the results of the 2015 Pan American Games, and the financial viability, effectively reopening the possibility of a Toronto bid.[161] On 11 August 2015, Tory met with the head of the Canadian Olympic Committee to discuss the bid process and the city's previous bids.[162] The COC encouraged the mayor to consider bidding. On 11 September 2015, the COC held a conference about a potential bid and voted unanimously in support for a Toronto bid for the 2024 games.[163] This vote allowed the COC to prepare a letter of intent to send to the IOC by the September 15 deadline. On 15 September 2015, Mayor Tory announced that the city will not make a bid for the 2024 Summer Olympics.[164]

Sports[edit]

In 2007, the IOC established the concept of Olympics including 28 sports: 25 permanent 'core' sports with 3 additional sports selected for each individual Games. On 8 September 2013, IOC added wrestling to the Olympic programme for the 2020 and 2024 Games, representing one of these additional sports.[165] FILA (now known as United World Wrestling) changed freestyle and Greco-Roman wrestling weight classes for men and decreased to 6 categories in order to add more weights for women.[166] However, in August 2016, the IOC added five sports to the 2020 Olympics, with plans to separately evaluate the existing 28 sports.[167] No indication was given how this would affect the number of sports in 2024.

Broadcasting[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]

Candidature Files[edit]

Los Angeles[edit]

Paris[edit]

Preceded by
Tokyo
Summer Olympic Games
Host City

XXXIII Olympiad (2024)
Succeeded by
TBD 2028