3 (New York City Subway service)

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For the former Brooklyn–Manhattan Transit Corporation 3 service, see T (New York City Subway service).
Seventh Avenue Express
3 symbol
NYCSubway1551.jpg
A train made of R62 cars in 3 service enters Sutter Avenue–Rutland Road in Brooklyn, bound for Manhattan.
3 map
Northern end Harlem–148th Street
Southern end New Lots Avenue (all except nights)
Times Square–42nd Street (late nights)
Stations 34
Rolling stock 250 R62s (25 trains)
Depot Livonia Yard
Started service November 23, 1904; 111 years ago (1904-11-23)

The 3 Seventh Avenue Express is a rapid transit service in the A Division of the New York City Subway. Its route emblem, or "bullet", is colored tomato red since it uses the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line through most of Manhattan.[1] The 3 operates between 148th Street in Harlem, Manhattan and New Lots Avenue in East New York, Brooklyn, making express stops in Manhattan and all stops in Brooklyn, except nights when it short turns at Times Square–42nd Street in Midtown Manhattan.

Service history[edit]

R12 IRT 3.gif
Rollsign used on the ends of R12 through R36 cars
3 (1967-1979 New York City Subway bullet).svg
1967–1979 bullet

On November 23, 1904, the IRT Lenox Avenue Line opened between 96th Street and 145th Street. 3 trains ran between 145th Street and City Hall, making all stops.[2]

On July 1, 1918, the entire IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line was completed. 3 trains were rerouted south of 42nd Street from the IRT Lexington Avenue Line to this new line. They now made all stops to South Ferry.[2]

As of 1934, 3 service operated between 145th Street and South Ferry except late nights, when service operated between 145th Street and 96th Street, making local stops.

Beginning on January 4, 1955, some 3 trains ran express in Manhattan during rush hours and were extended to Flatbush Avenue; a few layups and put-ins ran to New Lots. Late night service was discontinued between 145th Street and 96th Street. [2]

Beginning on December 20, 1957, 3 trains were rerouted to New Lots Avenue during rush hours.

On February 6, 1959, all trains except late nights made express stops in Manhattan as part of the "West Side Improvement" and ran to Flatbush Avenue.[2]

Beginning on April 8, 1960, 3 trains rerouted to New Lots. Weekday evening service was cut to a shuttle 145th Street to 135th Street only.[2]

Beginning on April 18, 1965, 3 service ran to Flatbush Avenue again.[2]

Beginning on October 17, 1965, weekend evening service was also cut to a shuttle 145th Street to 135th Street.

On May 13, 1968, trains were extended to the newly completed 148th Street – Lenox Terminal.[2]

Beginning on December 15, 1968, all-night shuttle service between 145th Street and 135th Street were brought back, this was the first time since 1955.

Beginning on May 23, 1976, the current practice of starting Sunday service late (9 or 10 AM) began.[2]

Beginning on July 10, 1983, the 2 and 3 trains swapped Brooklyn Terminals, and the 3 was permanently stationed at New Lots Avenue so it could access the Livonia Yard and shops.[2]

Beginning on August 5, 1990, late-night shuttles between 148th Street and 135th Street were discontinued and replaced by shuttle buses.

Beginning on September 4, 1994, late-night shuttles between 148th Street and 135th Street were resumed, but were discontinued again on September 10, 1995.

From March 2[3] to October 12, 1998, the IRT Lenox Avenue Line was rehabilitated. Most 3 service was rerouted to 137th Street–City College.[4]

After September 11, 2001, the 3 service became a local in Manhattan. After a few switching delays at 96th Street, service was changed on September 19, 2001. It ran in Manhattan as an express between Harlem–148th Street and 14th Street and was replaced by 1 service in Brooklyn. It returned to New Lots Avenue on September 15, 2002.[2]

On July 27, 2008, late night 3 service was restored, operating as an express between 148th Street and Times Square–42nd Street.[5][6][2]

Route[edit]

Service pattern[edit]

The following table shows the lines used by the 3, with shaded boxes indicating the route at the specified times:

Line From To Tracks Times
all ex.
nights
late
nights
IRT Lenox Avenue Line (full line) Harlem–148th Street Central Park North–110th Street all    
IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line 96th Street Times Square–42nd Street express
34th Street–Penn Station Chambers Street  
IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line,
Brooklyn Branch
Park Place Borough Hall all
IRT Eastern Parkway Line (full line) Hoyt Street Crown Heights–Utica Avenue local
IRT New Lots Line (full line) Sutter Avenue–Rutland Road New Lots Avenue all

Stations[edit]

For a more detailed station listing, see the articles on the lines listed above.

Station service legend
Stops all times Stops all times
Stops all times except late nights Stops all times except late nights
Stops weekdays only Stops weekdays only
Stops rush hours only Stops rush hours only
Stops weekdays in peak direction only Stops weekdays in the peak direction only
Station closed Station closed
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops rush hours/weekdays in the peak direction only
Time period details
3 service Stations Handicapped/disabled access Subway transfers Connections/Notes
Manhattan
Lenox Avenue Line
Stops all times Harlem–148th Street
Stops all times 145th Street Access to/from first five cars only
Stops all times 135th Street Handicapped/disabled access 2 all times
Stops all times 125th Street 2 all times M60 Select Bus Service to LaGuardia Airport
Stops all times 116th Street 2 all times
Stops all times Central Park North–110th Street 2 all times
Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line
Stops all times 96th Street Handicapped/disabled access 1 all times 2 all times
Stops all times 72nd Street Handicapped/disabled access 1 all times 2 all times
Stops all times Times Square–42nd Street Handicapped/disabled access 1 all times 2 all times
7 all times <7>rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction (IRT Flushing Line)
A all times C all except late nights E all times (IND Eighth Avenue Line at 42nd Street–Port Authority Bus Terminal)
N all times Q all times R all except late nights W weekdays only (BMT Broadway Line)
S all except late nights (42nd Street Shuttle)
Port Authority Bus Terminal
Southern terminal for late-night trains
Stops all times except late nights 34th Street–Penn Station Handicapped/disabled access 1 all times 2 all times M34 / M34A Select Bus Service
Amtrak, LIRR and NJ Transit at Pennsylvania Station
Stops all times except late nights 14th Street 1 all times 2 all times
F all times M weekdays until 11:00 p.m. (IND Sixth Avenue Line at 14th Street)
L all times (BMT Canarsie Line)
PATH at 14th Street
Stops all times except late nights Chambers Street Handicapped/disabled access 1 all times 2 all times
Brooklyn Branch
Stops all times except late nights Park Place 2 all times
A all times C all except late nights (IND Eighth Avenue Line at Chambers Street)
E all times (IND Eighth Avenue Line at World Trade Center)
PATH at World Trade Center
Stops all times except late nights Fulton Street Handicapped/disabled access 2 all times
4 all times 5 all except late nights (IRT Lexington Avenue Line)
A all times C all except late nights (IND Eighth Avenue Line)
J all times Z rush hours, peak direction (BMT Nassau Street Line)
Connection to R all except late nights W weekdays only (BMT Broadway Line) at Cortlandt Street via Dey Street Passageway
Stops all times except late nights Wall Street 2 all times
Brooklyn
Stops all times except late nights Clark Street 2 all times
Stops all times except late nights Borough Hall Handicapped/disabled access 2 all times
4 all times 5 weekdays until 8:45 p.m. (IRT Eastern Parkway Line)
R all times (BMT Fourth Avenue Line)
Eastern Parkway Line
Stops all times except late nights Hoyt Street 2 all times
Stops all times except late nights Nevins Street 2 all times 4 all times 5 weekdays until 8:45 p.m.
Stops all times except late nights Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center Handicapped/disabled access 2 all times 4 all times 5 weekdays until 8:45 p.m.
B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. Q all times (BMT Brighton Line)
D all times N all times R all times (BMT Fourth Avenue Line)
LIRR Atlantic Branch at Atlantic Terminal
Stops all times except late nights Bergen Street 2 all times
Stops all times except late nights Grand Army Plaza 2 all times
Stops all times except late nights Eastern Parkway–Brooklyn Museum 2 all times
Stops all times except late nights Franklin Avenue 2 all times 4 all times 5 weekdays until 8:45 p.m.
S all times (BMT Franklin Avenue Line)
Stops all times except late nights Nostrand Avenue 2 special rush hour trips B44 Select Bus Service
Stops all times except late nights Kingston Avenue 2 special rush hour trips
Stops all times except late nights Crown Heights–Utica Avenue Handicapped/disabled access 2 special rush hour trips 4 all times 5 special rush hour trips B46 Select Bus Service
New Lots Line
Stops all times except late nights Sutter Avenue–Rutland Road 2 special rush hour trips 4 special rush hour trips 5 special rush hour trips B15 bus to JFK Airport
Station is closed during renovations until Spring of 2017.
Stops all times except late nights Saratoga Avenue 2 special rush hour trips 4 special rush hour trips 5 special rush hour trips
Stops all times except late nights Rockaway Avenue 2 special rush hour trips 4 special rush hour trips 5 special rush hour trips
Stops all times except late nights Junius Street 2 special rush hour trips 4 special rush hour trips 5 special rush hour trips Station is closed during renovations until Spring of 2017.
Stops all times except late nights Pennsylvania Avenue 2 special rush hour trips 4 special rush hour trips 5 special rush hour trips
Stops all times except late nights Van Siclen Avenue 2 special rush hour trips 4 special rush hour trips 5 special rush hour trips
Stops all times except late nights New Lots Avenue 2 special rush hour trips 4 special rush hour trips 5 special rush hour trips B15 bus to JFK Airport

Proposed Expansions[edit]

There are several proposals for expanding the 3 crosstown, none of which are currently funded or undergoing review.

  • Extending the 3 along 145th street, providing crosstown transit to upper Manhattan. It would provide transfers to the A, B, C, and D at 145th-St. Nicholas and the 1 at 145th-Broadway, with a new stop at 145th-Amsterdam.
  • Extending the 3 north, providing transfers to the B and D at 155th, the A, C and 1 at 168th, and then proceeding up Broadway to combine with the A at Dyckman, and terminating at 207th (with provision to proceed further into the Bronx across the Broadway bridge to an undecided final terminal). New stations would be added at Broadway-179th, Broadway-187th, and Broadway-Nagle ave, and possibly around Amsterdam-166th (further study needed to determine if needed).
  • Extending the 3 north to 155th, providing transfers at the A,C and B,D stations on 155th, then slightly up to terminate at the 157th street 1 station (3 stops crosstown, no new locations).
  • Extending the 3 North along Amsterdam Ave., providing a transfer to the B,D at 155th and adding stops at Amsterdam and 168th, Amsterdam and 175th, Amsterdam and 182nd, a transfer to the 1 at Dyckman, before terminating at Broadway and Dyckman with a transfer to the A.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://web.mta.info/developers/resources/line_colors.htm
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "NYCT Line by Line History". www.erictb.info. Retrieved 2016-10-23. 
  3. ^ Christian, Nichole M. (1998-03-03). "Subway Line Repairs Start With Confusion". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-09-23. 
  4. ^ "About NYC Transit - History". 2002-10-19. Archived from the original on 2002-10-19. Retrieved 2016-09-18. 
  5. ^ "Service Enhancements on 3 Line" (Press release). MTA New York City Transit. 2008-07-24. Retrieved 2008-07-26. 
  6. ^ Neuman, William (2008-06-10). "Subway Service Increase to Be Less Than Hoped". The New York Times. .

External links[edit]