5 (New York City Subway service)

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For the former Brooklyn–Manhattan Transit Corporation 5 service, see Culver Shuttle.
Lexington Avenue Express
5 symbol
5 train at E 180 St 2.jpg
A train made of R142 cars in 5 service arriving at East 180th Street
5 map
Note: Dark dotted line indicates rush hour service to Nereid Avenue and weekday service to Flatbush Avenue. Dashed pink line shows limited rush hour service to Utica Avenue or New Lots Avenue
Northern end
Southern end
Stations 45
53 (including limited rush hour service to Utica Avenue and New Lots Avenue)
Rolling stock 340 R142s (34 trains)
Depot East 180th Street Yard
Started service October 27, 1904; 112 years ago (1904-10-27)

The 5 Lexington Avenue Express is a rapid transit service in the A Division of the New York City Subway. Its route emblem, or "bullet", is colored apple green since it uses the IRT Lexington Avenue Line in Manhattan.[1] The 5 operates between Dyre Avenue in Eastchester, Bronx and Flatbush Avenue–Brooklyn College in Flatbush, Brooklyn, making all stops in the Bronx and running express elsewhere on weekdays except evenings and weekends. It also runs express in the Bronx between East 180th Street and Third Avenue–149th Street in the peak direction during rush hours, with alternated trains originating and terminating at Nereid Avenue in Wakefield, Bronx. The 5 short turns at Bowling Green in Financial District, Manhattan on evenings and weekends, and at East 180th Street during nights. Limited rush hour service also operates between either Dyre or Nereid Avenues and either Utica or New Lots Avenues in Brooklyn due to capacity issues at Flatbush Avenue.

Service history[edit]

The section from East 180th Street to Dyre Avenue was once part of the mainline of the New York, Westchester and Boston Railway, a standard gauge electric commuter railroad built by the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad. Upon its closure in 1937, the entire property was put up for sale.

NYCS-bull-trans-5d.svg
Rush hour service, designated with a diamond bullet until May 27, 2005

Beginning on April 28, 1930, Saturday 5 service to Crown Heights–Utica Avenue began.

As of 1934, trains normally ran from Wakefield–241st Street or East 180th Street to Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center. During weekday rush hours and weekend afternoons they were extended to Utica Avenue.[2] Late-night service was not operated.

From July 24, 1938 to September 18, 1938 there was Sunday daytime 5 service to New Lots Avenue. Beginning on July 10, 1939, Sunday afternoon 5 service to New Lots began.[2]

On December 22, 1946, alternate Sunday morning 5 service to New Lots began.[2] However, on March 5, 1950, 5 service was cut back to Utica Avenue all day on Sundays.[2]

Starting on April 23, 1953, 5 trains began using the middle express track between East 180th Street and 149th Street weekday rush in the peak direction. Starting on October 2, 1953, the middle track was used by peak trains south of Gun Hill Road.

Beginning on May 3, 1957, limited rush hour 5 service ran to Flatbush Avenue–Brooklyn College replacing the 4 service. Evening, Saturday afternoon, and Sunday trains were cut back to South Ferry.

Beginning on March 1, 1960 evening trains began making all stops in Manhattan.[2] Beginning on April 8, 1960, weekday evening service was discontinued, as was weekday rush service to Flatbush Avenue.[2]

Starting on April 18, 1965, most daytime service was rerouted to Dyre Avenue, replacing Dyre Shuttle except evenings and late nights. Some weekday rush peak-direction service to 241st Street was retained, while Saturday and Sunday evening trains were cut back from 241st Street to East 180th Street. Also, Saturday morning trains were cut back from Atlantic Avenue to South Ferry.[2][3][4][5] Starting on May 3, 1965, trains to or from 241st Street began making all stops between Gun Hill Road and East 180th Street.[2]

Beginning on May 23, 1976, 5 service began starting late on Sunday mornings. As of May 24, 1976, weekday midday 5 service was cut back to Bowling Green from Atlantic Avenue.[2][6] In 1979, with the color coding of subway routes based on their trunk line in Manhattan, the 5 service's color was changed to apple green, as it goes via the Lexington Avenue Line in Manhattan.[7][8] 5 service was re-extended May 15, 1980 to Atlantic Avenue.[2] On July 10, 1983, all rush hour service ran to Flatbush Avenue, with limited service to/from Utica or New Lots Avenue.[2] Beginning on January 18, 1988, all midday 5 service was cut back to Bowling Green, to allow 4 service to operate to Utica.[2]

In 1995, rush hour service to 241st Street was cut back to Nereid Avenue. Five years later, 2000, there was a plan to switch the peak direction rush hour express service between East 180th Street and 149th Street–Grand Concourse by having the 2 run express and the 5 run local. This plan was canceled due to complaints of possible delays on both services.[9] On May 27, 2005, use of the 5 diamond to indicate peak direction service to Nereid Avenue was discontinued.

On June 29, 2009, 5 trains were extended to Flatbush Avenue during midday hours.[2][10]

From March 29 to September 3, 2010, rush hour peak direction 5 express service was suspended due to rehabilitation of East 180th Street and signal replacements along the IRT White Plains Road Line. PM northbound express service was suspended again on March 28, 2011 to allow for the second phase of the signal replacement project. This time, service was restored on August 8.

Dyre Avenue Shuttle[edit]

In 1940, the City of New York purchased the New York, Westchester and Boston Railway, and began integrating the line into the system. The railroad north of the city line to White Plains and Port Chester was quickly dismantled. The section below East 180th Street to Greens Farm Junction was once used to interchange with the New Haven (and later Penn Central and Conrail) to bring subway cars and other equipment on and off the system. That section has since been removed, isolating this part of the subway from the interchange.

The East 180th Street–Dyre Avenue Shuttle or Dyre Avenue Shuttle was established as a new subway service and full-time shuttle along this section on May 15, 1941, between the former East 180th Street station of the New York, Westchester and Boston Railway and Eastchester–Dyre Avenue, which was the last station on the NYW&B within New York City. Passengers had to make a walking transfer between the Dyre Avenue Line and the IRT White Plains Road Line at East 180th Street as there was no track connection between the lines.

In 1957, a flyover connection opened between the East 180th Street station of the White Plains Road Line and the Dyre Avenue Line, enabling through service by trains from the 2 route from Manhattan to Dyre Avenue. At the same time, the former NYW&B station was closed and the off-hours Dyre Avenue Shuttle rerouted to the White Plains Road Line station. These shuttles were initially labeled 2 like the full-time service but were later signed as 9, a number used decades later for skip-stop service on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line. The off-hours Dyre Avenue Shuttle still operates, but those trains are signed as 5, the same as the through service.

Route[edit]

Service pattern[edit]

The following table shows the lines used by the 5, with shaded boxes indicating the route at the specified times:

Line From To Tracks Times
week-
days
evenings/
weekends
late
nights
rush
peak
IRT Dyre Avenue Line (full line) Eastchester–Dyre Avenue Morris Park all        
IRT White Plains Road Line Nereid Avenue Bronx Park East local        
East 180th Street all      
West Farms Square–East Tremont Avenue Jackson Avenue local  
express      
Third Avenue–149th Street 149th Street–Grand Concourse all    
IRT Jerome Avenue Line 138th Street–Grand Concourse local
IRT Lexington Avenue Line (full line) 125th Street Brooklyn Bridge–City Hall express
Fulton Street Bowling Green all
Joralemon Street Tunnel  
IRT Eastern Parkway Line Borough Hall Franklin Avenue express
IRT Nostrand Avenue Line (full line) President Street Flatbush Avenue–Brooklyn College all  
IRT Eastern Parkway Line Franklin Avenue Crown Heights–Utica Avenue express    
IRT New Lots Line (full line) Sutter Avenue–Rutland Road New Lots Avenue all

Stations[edit]

For a more detailed station listing, see the articles on the lines listed above.

Station service legend
Stops all times Stops all times
Stops all times except late nights Stops all times except late nights
Stops weekdays only Stops weekdays only
Stops all times except rush hours in the peak direction Stops all times except rush hours in the peak direction
Stops rush hours only Stops rush hours only
Stops weekdays in peak direction only Stops weekdays in the peak direction only
Station closed Station closed
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops rush hours/weekdays in the peak direction only
Time period details
5 service Stations Handicapped/disabled access Subway transfers Connections
The Bronx
Dyre Avenue Line
Stops all times Eastchester–Dyre Avenue
Stops all times Baychester Avenue
Stops all times Gun Hill Road–Seymour Avenue
Stops all times Pelham Parkway–Espalanade Bx12 Select Bus Service
Stops all times Morris Park
White Plains Road Line (peak-direction rush hour trips only)
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Nereid Avenue 2 all times
Stops rush hours in peak direction only 233rd Street Handicapped/disabled access 2 all times Metro-North Railroad Harlem Line at Woodlawn
Stops rush hours in peak direction only 225th Street 2 all times
Stops rush hours in peak direction only 219th Street 2 all times
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Gun Hill Road–White Plains Road Handicapped/disabled access 2 all times Bx41 Select Bus Service
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Burke Avenue 2 all times
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Allerton Avenue 2 all times
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Pelham Parkway–White Plains Road Handicapped/disabled access 2 all times Bx12 Select Bus Service
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Bronx Park East 2 all times
Stops all times East 180th Street Handicapped/disabled access 2 all times
Stops daily except rush hours in the peak direction West Farms Square–East Tremont Avenue 2 all times Q44 Select Bus Service
Stops daily except rush hours in the peak direction 174th Street 2 all times
Stops daily except rush hours in the peak direction Freeman Street 2 all times
Stops daily except rush hours in the peak direction Simpson Street Handicapped/disabled access 2 all times
Stops daily except rush hours in the peak direction Intervale Avenue 2 all times
Stops daily except rush hours in the peak direction Prospect Avenue 2 all times
Stops daily except rush hours in the peak direction Jackson Avenue 2 all times
Stops all times except late nights Third Avenue–149th Street Handicapped/disabled access 2 all times Bx41 Select Bus Service
Stops all times except late nights 149th Street–Grand Concourse 2 all times
4 all times (IRT Jerome Avenue Line)
Jerome Avenue Line
Stops all times except late nights 138th Street–Grand Concourse 4 all except rush hours, peak direction
Manhattan
Lexington Avenue Line
Stops all times except late nights 125th Street Handicapped/disabled access 4 all times 6 all times <6>weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction Metro-North Railroad at Harlem–125th Street
M60 Select Bus Service to LaGuardia Airport
Stops all times except late nights 86th Street 4 all times 6 all times <6>weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction M86 Select Bus Service
Stops all times except late nights 59th Street 4 all times 6 all times <6>weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction
N all times R all except late nights W weekdays only (BMT Broadway Line)
Out-of-system transfer with MetroCard: F all times (IND 63rd Street Line at Lexington Avenue–63rd Street)
Roosevelt Island Tramway
Stops all times except late nights Grand Central–42nd Street Handicapped/disabled access 4 all times 6 all times <6>weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction
7 all times <7>rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction (IRT Flushing Line)
S all except late nights (42nd Street Shuttle)
Metro-North Railroad at Grand Central Terminal
Stops all times except late nights 14th Street–Union Square 4 all times 6 all times <6>weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction
L all times (BMT Canarsie Line)
N all times Q all times R all except late nights W weekdays only (BMT Broadway Line)
Stops all times except late nights Brooklyn Bridge–City Hall Handicapped/disabled access 4 all times 6 all times <6>weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction
J all times Z rush hours, peak direction (BMT Nassau Street Line at Chambers Street)
Elevators are out of service for repairs until May 2017.
Stops all times except late nights Fulton Street Handicapped/disabled access 4 all times
2 all times 3 all except late nights (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line)
A all times C all except late nights (IND Eighth Avenue Line)
J all times Z rush hours, peak direction (BMT Nassau Street Line)
Connection to N late nights R all except late nights W weekdays only (BMT Broadway Line) at Cortlandt Street via Dey Street Passageway
Stops all times except late nights Wall Street 4 all times
Stops all times except late nights Bowling Green Handicapped/disabled access 4 all times Staten Island Ferry at Whitehall Terminal
Brooklyn
Eastern Parkway Line
Stops weekdays only Borough Hall Handicapped/disabled access 4 all times
2 all times 3 all except late nights (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line)
R all times (BMT Fourth Avenue Line)
Station is ADA-accessible in the northbound direction only
Stops weekdays only Nevins Street 2 all times 3 all except late nights 4 all times
Stops weekdays only Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center Handicapped/disabled access 2 all times 3 all except late nights 4 all times
B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. Q all times (BMT Brighton Line)
D all times N all times R all times (BMT Fourth Avenue Line)
LIRR Atlantic Branch at Atlantic Terminal
Stops weekdays only Franklin Avenue 2 all times 3 all except late nights 4 all times
S all times (BMT Franklin Avenue Line)
Nostrand Avenue Line
Stops weekdays only President Street 2 all times
Stops weekdays only Sterling Street 2 all times B44 Select Bus Service
Stops weekdays only Winthrop Street 2 all times B44 Select Bus Service
Stops weekdays only Church Avenue Handicapped/disabled access 2 all times B44 Select Bus Service
Stops weekdays only Beverly Road 2 all times
Stops weekdays only Newkirk Avenue 2 all times B44 Select Bus Service
Stops weekdays only Flatbush Avenue–Brooklyn College Handicapped/disabled access 2 all times B44 Select Bus Service
News Lots Line (limited rush hour service only)
Stops rush hours only Crown Heights–Utica Avenue Handicapped/disabled access 2 special rush hour trips 3 all except late nights 4 all times B46 Select Bus Service
Stops rush hours only Sutter Avenue–Rutland Road 2 special rush hour trips 3 all except late nights 4 special rush hour trips B15 bus to JFK Airport
Station is closed during renovations until Spring of 2017.
Stops rush hours only Saratoga Avenue 2 special rush hour trips 3 all except late nights 4 special rush hour trips
Stops rush hours only Rockaway Avenue 2 special rush hour trips 3 all except late nights 4 special rush hour trips
Stops rush hours only Junius Street 2 special rush hour trips 3 all except late nights 4 special rush hour trips Station is closed during renovations until Spring of 2017.
Stops rush hours only Pennsylvania Avenue 2 special rush hour trips 3 all except late nights 4 special rush hour trips
Stops rush hours only Van Siclen Avenue 2 special rush hour trips 3 all except late nights 4 special rush hour trips
Stops rush hours only New Lots Avenue 2 special rush hour trips 3 all except late nights 4 special rush hour trips B15 bus to JFK Airport

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://web.mta.info/developers/resources/line_colors.htm
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "NYCT Line by Line History". www.erictb.info. Retrieved 2016-06-09. 
  3. ^ "New Routes Scheduled for 2 IRT Lines in Bronx". New York Times. March 22, 1965. Retrieved 20 December 2015. 
  4. ^ "Better Subway Service for Bronx IRT Riders". Photobucket. New York City Transit Authority. April 1965. Retrieved 2016-06-09. 
  5. ^ "Better Subway Service for Bronx IRT Riders". Photobucket. New York City Transit Authority. April 1965. Retrieved 2016-06-09. 
  6. ^ "IRT BROOKLYN RUNS REDUCED IN MIDDAY". Retrieved 2016-09-04. 
  7. ^ "The 1979 Map: A work in progress". Second Ave. Sagas. 2011-01-20. Retrieved 2016-07-10. 
  8. ^ Grynbaum, Michael M. "On the Subway, V Is for Vanished". Retrieved 2016-07-10. 
  9. ^ Plan to Shift No. 5 Train Is Abandoned, The New York Times', September 25, 2000
  10. ^ "mta.info | Facts and Figures". web.mta.info. Retrieved 2016-06-09. 

External links[edit]