ATP World Tour Finals
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|ATP World Tour Finals|
|2016 ATP World Tour Finals|
United Kingdom (2009–2018)
|Venue||The O2 Arena|
|Category||World Tour Finals|
|Surface||Hard / indoors|
|Draw||8S / 8D|
|Men's singles||Andy Murray|
|Men's doubles|| Henri Kontinen
The ATP World Tour Finals (also known as the Barclays ATP World Tour Finals for sponsorship reasons) is a professional men's tennis tournament played on indoor hard courts and is held annually in November at the O2 Arena in London, United Kingdom. The ATP World Tour Finals are the season-ending championships of the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) World Tour, featuring the top eight singles players and doubles teams of the ATP Rankings. The tournament was first held in 1970. The current champions (2016) are Andy Murray in singles and Henri Kontinen / John Peers in doubles.
Unlike all other singles events on the men's tour, the ATP World Tour Finals is not a straightforward knock-out tournament. Eight players are divided into two groups of four and play three round-robin matches each against the other players in their group. The two players with the best records in each group progress to the semifinals, with the winners meeting in the final to determine the champion. Though it is theoretically possible to advance to the semi-finals of the tournament with two round-robin losses, no player in the history of the singles tournament has won the title after losing more than one round-robin match.
The current round robin format of two groups of four players progressing to a semifinal and final, has been in place for all editions of the tournament except the following years:
1970, 1971 – Round robin with no semifinals or finals, winner decided on best performed player
1982, 1983, 1984 – 12 player knock-out tournament with no round robin. The top four seeds in the event received a bye in the first round.
1985 – 16 player knock-out tournament with no round robin
In the current tournament, winners are awarded up to 1500 rankings points; with each round-robin loss, 200 points are deducted from that amount.
The event is the fourth evolution of a championship which began in 1970. It was originally known as the Masters Grand Prix and was part of the Grand Prix Tennis Circuit. It was organised by the International Lawn Tennis Federation (ILTF) ITF. It ran alongside the competing WCT Finals the other season ending championships for the rival World Championship Tennis Tour. The Masters was a year-end showpiece event between the best players on the men's tour, but did not count for any world ranking points.
In 1990, the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) took over the running of the men's tour and replaced the Masters with the ATP Tour World Championship. World ranking points were now at stake, with an undefeated champion earning the same number of points they would for winning one of the four Grand Slam events. The ITF, who continued to run the Grand Slam tournaments, created a rival year-end event known as the Grand Slam Cup, which was contested by the 16 players with the best records in Grand Slam competitions that year.
In December 1999, the ATP and ITF agreed to discontinue the two separate events and create a new jointly-owned event called the Tennis Masters Cup. As with the Masters Grand Prix and the ATP Tour World Championships, the Tennis Masters Cup was contested by eight players. However, player who is ranked number eight in the ATP Champion's Race world rankings does not have a guaranteed spot. If a player who wins one of the year's Grand Slam events finishes the year ranked outside the top eight but still within the top 20, he is included in the Tennis Masters Cup instead of the eighth-ranked player. If two players outside the top eight win Grand Slam events, the higher placed player in the world rankings takes the final spot in the Tennis Masters Cup.
In 2009 the Masters was renamed to the ATP World Tour Finals and got scheduled to be held at The O2 in London from 2009 to 2013. In 2012 the organisers extended the contract by two years up to 2015.In 2015 the contract was extended again for three years up to 2018. For many years, the doubles event was held as a separate tournament the week after the singles competition, but more recently they have been held together in the same week and venue. Like the singles competition, the doubles involves the eight most successful teams on the tour each year, and starts with a group phase with each team playing three round-robin matches.
For most of its history, the event has been considered as the most important indoor tennis tournament on the world tour (there were a few exceptions, when the event was organized outdoors: 1974 Melbourne & 2003–2004 Houston), allowing for controlled conditions of play, regarding both surface type and illumination system.
Roger Federer holds the record for the most singles titles, with six. Federer also holds the record reaching the final title match the most times in this tournament, with ten.
There are eight players or teams, and playing is mandatory except for injury or other good cause.
Qualification is as follows:
(a) the top seven players in the ATP rankings (b) up to two grand slam winners ranked between 8 and 20 (in order of ATP ranking, if any such players exist) (c) the next players in the ATP rankings, until the quota of eight is reached.
Points, prize money and trophies
The ATP World Tour Finals currently (2016) rewards the following points and prize money, per victory:
|Round Robin (each of 3 matches)||$179,000||$34,000||200|
- 1 Prize money for doubles is per team.
There is also an appearance fee of $179,000 singles, and $88,000 per doubles team. The two alternates are paid $100,000 (singles) and $34,000 (doubles teams).
An undefeated champion would earn the maximum 1,500 points, and $2,391,000 in singles or $455,000 in doubles.
The tournament has traditionally been sponsored by the title sponsor of the tour; however, from 1990–2008 the competition was non-sponsored, even though the singles portion of the event as part of the ATP tour was sponsored by IBM. In 2009, the tournament gained Barclays PLC as title sponsor. Barclays confirmed in 2015 that they would not renew their sponsorship deal once it expires in 2016.
|Tokyo||1970||Carpet||Tokyo Metropolitan Gymnasium||6,500|
|Paris||1971||Stade Pierre de Coubertin||5,000|
|New York City||1977–1989||Madison Square Garden||18,000|
Indoor Hard (1997–99)
|Lisbon||2000||Indoor Hard||Pavilhão Atlântico||12,000|
|Houston||2003–2004||Outdoor Hard||Westside Tennis Club||5,240|
Indoor Hard (2006–08)
|Qizhong City Arena||15,000|
|London||2009–2018||Indoor Hard||O2 Arena||17,500|
Singles finals matrix
|Titles||Player||Years Won||Years Runner-up|
|6||Roger Federer||2003, 2004, 2006, 2007, 2010, 2011||2005, 2012, 2014, 2015|
|5||Ivan Lendl||1981, 1982, 1985, 1986, 1987||1980, 1983, 1984, 1988|
|Pete Sampras||1991, 1994, 1996, 1997, 1999||1993|
|Novak Djokovic||2008, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015||2016|
|4||Ilie Năstase||1971, 1972, 1973, 1975||1974|
|3||Boris Becker||1988, 1992, 1995||1985, 1986, 1989, 1994, 1996|
|John McEnroe||1978, 1983, 1984||1982|
|2||Björn Borg||1979, 1980||1975, 1977|
|Lleyton Hewitt||2001, 2002||2004|
|1||Andre Agassi||1990||1999, 2000, 2003|
|Stan Smith||1970||1971, 1972|
|0||Jim Courier||1991, 1992|
|Vitas Gerulaitis||1979, 1981|
|Rafael Nadal||2010, 2013|
|Juan Martín del Potro||2009|
|Juan Carlos Ferrero||2002|
Doubles finals matrix
|Titles||Player||Years Won||Years Runners-up|
|7||Peter Fleming||1978, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984|
|John McEnroe||1978, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984|
|4||Bob Bryan||2003, 2004, 2009, 2014||2008, 2013|
|Mike Bryan||2003, 2004, 2009, 2014||2008, 2013|
|Daniel Nestor||2007, 2008, 2010, 2011||1998, 2006|
|3||Anders Järryd||1985, 1986, 1991||1989, 1992|
|Rick Leach||1988, 1997, 2001|
|2||Todd Woodbridge||1992, 1996||1993, 1994|
|Mark Woodforde||1992, 1996||1993, 1994|
|Max Mirnyi||2006, 2011||2009, 2010|
|Jacco Eltingh||1993, 1998||1995|
|Paul Haarhuis||1993, 1998||1995|
|Nenad Zimonjić||2008, 2010||2005|
|Stefan Edberg||1985, 1986|
|Jonas Björkman||1994, 2006|
|1||Sherwood Stewart||1976||1982, 1984|
|John Fitzgerald||1991||1989, 1992|
|Mark Knowles||2007||1998, 2006|
Most consecutive titles:
Most consecutive finals:
Players who won the tournament undefeated:
Note: in 1982–85 there was no round robin, only knockout rounds were played.
- Roger Federer, 14 (2002–2015)
- Andre Agassi, 13 (1988–1991, 1994, 1996, 1998–2003, 2005)
- Ivan Lendl, 12 (1980–1991)
- Boris Becker, 11 (1985–1992, 1994–1996)
Jimmy Connors, 11 (1972–1973, 1977–1984, 1987)
Pete Sampras, 11 (1990–2000)
Most Consecutive Appearances:
- Roger Federer, 14 (2002–2015)
- Ivan Lendl, 12 (1980–1991)
- Pete Sampras, 11 (1990–2000)
- Novak Djokovic, 10 (2007–2016)
- ATP World Tour Finals appearances
- WCT Finals
- WCT World Doubles
- ATP Challenger Tour Finals
- WTA Tour Championships
- Piers Newbery (3 July 2007). "London to host World Tour Final". BBC Sport.
- "ATP finals to stay in London through 2015". The Times Of India. Retrieved 2012-07-11.
- "ATP World Tour Finals to be showcased in London till 2015". Retrieved 2012-09-11.
- "ATP Confirms London As Host City Through 2018 As 2015 Season Finale Is Officialy Launched | ATP World Tour | Tennis". ATP World Tour. Retrieved 2016-11-16.
- http://www.sportindustry.biz/news/thomas-lyte-lifts-webb-ellis-cup Thomas Lyte Lifts Webb Ellis Cup
- BBC News - In pictures: Thomas Lyte sporting trophy workshop
- "ATP agree $35 million deal for showpiece tournament". Reuters. 2008-06-18.
- "Barclays to end World Tour Finals sponsorship". BBC News. 4 November 2015. Retrieved 13 November 2015.
- Newbery, Piers (2007-07-03). "London to host World Tour Final". BBC News.
- "ATP sets Double Challenge Cup for Jan. 29-Feb. 2 in Bangalore". Associated Press AP. 2002-01-16. Retrieved 2008-11-03.
- "Barcays ATP World Tour Finals – Historical Stats". ATP Tour. Retrieved 6 December 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to ATP World Tour Finals.|