Afshin

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Afshin / افشین
Gender Male
Language(s) Middle Persian
Other names
Variant form(s) Afšīn, Afşin, Afşın

Afshin (Persian: افشین‎‎ / Afšīn; Turkish: Afşın or Afşin) is a common Persian, Turkish and Urdu "Afsheen" given name, which is a modern Persian word derived from Avestan. Afshin was used by Sogdians.[1] Historically, it has been the princely title of the rulers of Ošrūsana at the time of the Muslim conquest.[2] The Afshins of Ošrūsana were an Iranian princedom in Central Asia of whom the later Abbasid general Afšin Ḵayḏar bin Kāvus is the most famous.

Etymology[edit]

Afšīn is the Arabicized form of the Middle Persian Pišīn, which traces back to the Avestan Pisinah. In pre-Islamic Iranian tradition, it is the name of a grandson of Kayānid king Kavād (Yt. 13.132, 19.71). In the Islamic period, it is found as a proper name attested by Armenian historians in the form Ōšin (from Awšin).[3]

People[edit]

Places[edit]

  • Afşin, a town in the Kahramanmaraş Province in the Mediterranean region of Turkey

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mehrdad Kia (27 June 2016). The Persian Empire: A Historical Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. pp. 100–. ISBN 978-1-61069-391-2. 
  2. ^ http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/afsin-princely-title
  3. ^ AFŠĪN in Encyclopedia Iranica. C.E. Bosworth. Online edition. 2010.