Al-Janiya

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al-Janiya
Other transcription(s)
 • Arabic الجانيه
Jiniya9257.JPG
al-Janiya is located in the Palestinian territories
al-Janiya
al-Janiya
Location of al-Janiya within the Palestinian territories
Coordinates: 31°56′18″N 35°07′19″E / 31.93833°N 35.12194°E / 31.93833; 35.12194Coordinates: 31°56′18″N 35°07′19″E / 31.93833°N 35.12194°E / 31.93833; 35.12194
Palestine grid 161/149
Governorate Ramallah & al-Bireh
Government
 • Type Village council
Population (2006)
 • Jurisdiction 1,170
Name meaning "to gather fruit"[1]

Al-Janiya (Arabic: الجانيه‎‎) is a Palestinian village in the Ramallah and al-Bireh Governorate located 8 kilometers northwest of Ramallah in the northern West Bank. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS), the village had a population of 1,400 inhabitants by late 2014.[2]

History[edit]

Shards have been found here from Iron Age II, Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine era have been found here.[3]

It has been suggested that Al-Janiya was the Crusader site named Megina.[4] Shards have also been found here from the Crusader/Ayyubid and Mamluk eras.[3] There are Arabic and Greek inscriptions in the village mosque, which has been dated to 731 A.H.[3][5][6][7]

Ottoman era[edit]

Shards have been found here from the early Ottoman era. [3]

Al-Janiya, together with er-Ras, were the chief towns for the ruling family of Simhan. The chief Sheikh of the Simhan family was Isma'il, who was killed by Ibrahim Pasha in the 1834 uprising. After Isma'il, Hasan es-Sa'id and Mohammah ibn Isma'il became the rulers.[8]

In 1870, Victor Guérin found it to be a village of 400 inhabitants, all Muslims except a few "Grec schismatique". He also suggested that the mosque stood on the site of a previous church.[9]

In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described it: "A small village on high ground, with two Mukams and a well on the east; on the north is a modern graveyard. Olives exist round."[10]

British era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Al-Janiya had a population of 180; 177 Muslims and 3 Orthodox Christians.[11][12] This had increased by the time of the 1931 census to 250, 145 Muslims and 5 Christians, in 60 houses.[13]

In 1945 the population was 300, all Muslims,[14] while the total land area was 7,565 dunams, according to an official land and population survey.[15] Of this, 2,961 were plantations and irrigable land, 2,423 for cereals,[16] while 40 dunams were classified as built-up areas.[17]

1948-1967[edit]

In the wake of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, and after the 1949 Armistice Agreements, Al-Janiya came under Jordanian rule.

Post-1967[edit]

After the Six-Day War in 1967, Al-Janiya has been under Israeli occupation.

Farming on local land is now difficult, since Israeli authorities have declared much of it, enclosing olive groves, a 'closed military zone', which Palestinian farmers are allowed to access on average only two days a year, and many of the trees are uprooted by settlers.[2]

In November, 2016, a dozen Israeli settlers attacked 5 Palestinian farmers while they were harvesting their olives. The settlers shouted 'death to Arabs', and were armed with knives and clubs. After beating them up, they returned to an outpost below Neria, Mateh Binyamin.[18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 229
  2. ^ a b 'Denied land access, Palestinians miss olive harvest,' Ma'an News Agency 29 October 2014.
  3. ^ a b c d Finkelstein et al., 1997, p. 314
  4. ^ de Roziére, 1849, pp. 223-224, No. 120; cited in Röhricht, 1893, RRH, p. 50, No 200; cited in Finkelstein et al., 1997, p. 314
  5. ^ Wright, 1903, pp. 180–181
  6. ^ Peters, 1903, pp. 30-31
  7. ^ Peters, 1904, pp. 384–385
  8. ^ Macalister and Masterman, 1905, p. 354
  9. ^ Guérin, 1875, p. 83
  10. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 294
  11. ^ Barron, 1923, Table VII, Sub-district of Ramallah, p. 16
  12. ^ Barron, 1923, Table XIV, p. 45
  13. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 49.
  14. ^ Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 26
  15. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 64
  16. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 112
  17. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 162
  18. ^ A pogrom shakes a Palestinian village strangled by Israeli settlements, By Gideon Levy and Alex Levac, Nov. 11, 2016, Haaretz

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]