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|Allen Lee Peng-fei
Allen Lee at the 1 July march in 2008.
|Chairman of the Liberal Party|
26 June 1993 – 5 December 1998
|Succeeded by||James Tien|
|Unofficial Member of the Executive Council|
|Appointed by||Sir Edward Youde|
|Senior Unofficial Member of the Legislative Council|
1988 – 15 November 1991
|Appointed by||Sir David Wilson|
|Preceded by||Lydia Dunn|
|Member of the Legislative Council|
1 September 1978 – 31 July 1995
|Appointed by||Sir Edward Youde
Sir David Wilson
11 October 1995 – 30 June 1997
|Constituency||New Territories North-east|
21 December 1996 – 30 June 1998
(Provisional Legislative Council)
24 April 1940 |
Chefoo, Shantung, China
|Nationality||Hong Kong Chinese|
|Political party||Liberal Party (formerly)|
|Spouse(s)||Maria Choi Yuen-ha|
|Alma mater||University of Michigan (BS)|
Allen Lee Peng-fei, CBE, JP (Chinese: 李鵬飛; born 24 April 1940) is a former Hong Kong industrialist and veteran politician and currently a political commentator. He is the former member of the Legislative Council of Hong Kong, serving from 1978 to 1997 and was the Senior Unofficial Member of the legislature from 1988 to 1991. He was also the unofficial member of the Executive Council of Hong Kong from 1986 to 1992. He was the founding chairman of the Liberal Party, a pro-business party in 1993 until he retired after his lost the 1998 election. Since his retirement, he has become a political commentator. Lee currently hosts Legco Review, a RTHK weekly TV programme on the news about Legislative Council, among many other posts.
Early life and education
Lee was born on 24 April 1940 in Chefoo (now Yantai), Shantung, China to a Chinese businessman. His parents had four children. He followed his family to moved to Shanghai to evade war and spent most of his childhood there. His father became a merchant in Shanghai and had represented General Motors, among other US companies in China. He later moved to the United States in 1948. Lee had led an independent life and did not know much about his absent father because they seldom stayed together. Lee knew that his father had married several times, which made him feel rather uneasy.
At the age of 14, he was a leader of the Communist Youth League, and organised marches denouncing the United States because of its involvement in the Korean War. In May 1954, his mother sent him to Hong Kong. attended and graduated from Pui Ying Secondary School. After graduation, he had planned to continue his studies at National Taiwan University but his father intended him to go to the United States. Subsequently, he was sent to the United States and began learning English in Dayton, Ohio. He was later enrolled in the University of Michigan and studied electronics engineering there.
After his graduation, he worked at the Lockheed Aircraft’s Electronics Department in California. In 1966, he was appointed by the company to open a branch factory in Hong Kong. Due to a shortage of talented manpower, Lee was invited to serve as the factory’s Test Engineer and Training Engineer.
In 1970, Lee moved on to work for Ampex as Test Engineering Manager through a friend’s introduction and was promised the position of General Manager after 2 years of satisfactory performance. He helped the company to set up a factory in Taiwan and a new Design Engineering Department. In 1973/74, Lee became the first Chinese to have ever been appointed General Manager. During the time when he was General Manager, the 1973 Oil Crisis occurred, which resulted in a sharp decrease in the number of orders. He managed to arrange the workers to take a three-day work week and survived the dire situation after half year. He also improved the working environment by installing air-conditioning and waxing the floor tiles. He offered the workers a remuneration package with a wage that was 10% above the industry average.
He left Ampex and became Tang Hsiang Chien’s business partner in 1985, establishing the Meadville Holdings Limited to produce printed circuits board (PCB). Lee and Tang were then Chairman and Deputy Chairman of the Federation of Hong Kong Industries respectively. Lee also set up a copper-clad laminate factory in Dongguan for Meadville.
Simultaneously, Lee and his ex-colleagues from Ampex set up a trading firm that sold copper foils to manufacturers PCBs and cooper-clad laminates. In 1991, he cooperated with a Japanese buyer and set up Jada Electronics Limited, focusing on selling cooper-clad laminates and copper foils, in which partnership had continued until today.
Member of Executive and Legislative Councils
In the late 1970s, Hong Kong Governor Sir Murray MacLehose established the Committee of Economic Diversification to advance Hong Kong’s high technology development. He visited Ampex in 1977 and listened to Lee’s outlook on Hong Kong’s electronic industry. Lee recommended the Governor to build a technology park, but he was snubbed because high technology may incur a high risk. Hong Kong as a result failed to take a head start and was surpassed by South Korea and Taiwan which had built the Hsinchu Science Park. Lee denounced the government for mismatching talents by appointing an Administrative Officer to be the Secretary for Trade and Industry.
In 1978, he became the youngest appointee to the Legislative Council of Hong Kong by Sir Murray MacLehose, at the age of 38. He had sat on the Consumer Council and Electronics Industry Training Board before. He also held many public positions, including chairman of the Hong Kong Productivity Council and member of the Vocational Training Council. In 1986, Governor Sir Edward Youde asked him to serve on the Executive Council of Hong Kong.
During his political career, he witnessed the Sino-British negotiations over Hong Kong's future after 1997. In May 1983, Allen Lee led a delegation of young professionals to Beijing, which included legislators Stephen Cheong and Selina Chow, as well as barristers Martin Lee and Andrew Li, architect Edward Ho, doctor Natalus Yuen, journalist Mary Lee, Wing On Bank's Dr. Philip Kwok and Albert Kwok, financier Leung Kwok-kwong and merchant Christopher Leong. They were greeted by the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China Xi Zhongxun. In the delegation, they expressed their wish to keep the status quo in Hong Kong as it was "the best guarantee to maintaining the prosperity and stability of Hong Kong." They also sought to extend the British rule by 15 to 30 years. He returned to Beijing in October 1983 and met by the National Security Bureau Zhuang Xin and former Foreign Trade Minister Li Qiang. In the meeting he was told the demands of the young professionals were rejected.
During the Sino-British negotiations over the further of Hong Kong and the drafting of the Sino-British Joint Declaration in December 1984, Lee joined the delegation of Office of the Unofficial Members of the Executive and Legislative Councils (UMELCO) to met with the British politicians in London and raised concerns about the Joint Declaration. The UMELCO also attempted to mobilise public opinion on the terms of the Sino-British agreement and made known Hong Kong's views to both the British and Chinese governments. Legislative Council member Roger Lobo moved a motion to demand a debate in the Legislative Council on the draft of Sino-British Joint Declaration in February 1984. It was backed by Allen Lee.
Senior member and Liberal Party chairman
From 1988 to 1991, Lee was the Senior Unofficial Member of the Legislative Council, succeeding retiring Lydia Dunn. After the Tiananmen Square Massacre in June 1989, Lee joined the liberals to launch the Hong Kong People Saving Hong Kong campaign to press Britain to open its doors to all its colonial subjects here and grant them full British passports before the colony is handed back to China in 1997. He and the UMELCO also made concession to the liberals, to agree on a compromised model of a more democratic political system after 1997 in the drafting of the Hong Kong Basic Law.
In the wake of the landslide victory of the liberal forces led by the United Democrats of Hong Kong (UDHK) in the first ever direct election of the Legislative Council in 1991, Lee formed the Co-operative Resources Centre (CRC), a conservative parliamentary group with other appointed and indirectly elected members from the business sectors. He subsequently resigned as Senior Member among accusation of conflict of roles. The CRC later transformed into the Liberal Party in 1993, where he was the founding chairman.
In 1992, he resigned from the Executive Council with other unofficial members after Governor Chris Patten took office. He soon found himself align with the Beijing government in opposition to Patten's reform proposals which largely expanded the electorates for the 1995 Legislative Council election. He sought to resolve the Sino-Hong Kong confrontation through negotiations. Allen Lee's Liberal Party and its allies tried to amend the Patten proposals and was backed by Lu Ping, Director of the Hong Kong and Macao Affairs Office. However with the support of the pro-democracy camp, Patten's proposals were narrowly passed. For this event, Jonathan Dimbleby described him as a "weather vane" in his book The Last Governor.
In the 1995 Legislative Council election, Lee ran in the New Territories North-east. He returned to the Legislative Council by receiving 15,216 votes, 34.82% of the ballots, gaining the only seat for the Liberal Party and becoming the sole conservative candidate to be directly elected. He became closer to the Beijing authorities, being appointed as Hong Kong Affairs Adviser, member of the Preparatory Committee and became member of the Provisional Legislative Council (PLC), a provisional legislature installed by Beijing countering the 1995 elected colonial legislature. He was also made a delegate of the Chinese national legislature, the National People's Congress (NPC) in late 1997.
In 1998, Lee ran in New Territories East in the first Legislative Council election after the handover of Hong Kong but was narrowly beaten by pro-democratic candidate Cyd Ho, receiving 33,858 votes, 10.25% of the ballots. The defeat marked the end of his political career, as he announced his retirement as Liberal Party chairman after the election results. He stepped down in December in 1998 and was succeeded by James Tien.
After his retirement, he became involved in the mass media, taking up posts as radio host. He has become more open to speak out his support in democracy and universal suffrage and his criticism of the HKSAR and Chinese governments. He joined the democrats in the 1 July massive protest of 2003 against the legislation of the Hong Kong Basic Law Article 23.
In 2004, Lee temporarily replaced Albert Cheng as the host of Teacup in the Storm, Hong Kong's most prominent current affairs programme on Commercial Radio Hong Kong. Cheng resigned because he had been under pressure from pro-Beijing businessmen to stop being critical of the Beijing government. Lee also resigned two weeks on 19 May after as the radio host citing the same reason, following another anti-government critic Wong Yuk-man who also worked at the Commercial Radio as a talk show host. Lee claimed that one Mainland official had called him at night, praising his wife and daughter before saying that he wanted to talk about his radio show. Lee said his decision to quit was also driven by the fear of possible harassment of his family. The successive resignations of the three hosts sparked a heated political controversy related to press freedom and media self-censorship. Simultaneously, Lee also quit as the delegate of the National People's Congress in 2004, saying that he had faced pressure not to speak openly.
Lee currently hosts Legco Review, a RTHK weekly TV programme on the news about Legislative Council, among many other posts.
- "Lee Peng Fei, Allen". Hong Kong Memory.
- Fionnuala McHugh, The interview: Allen Lee Peng-fei, The Standard, 20 June 1999
- Chung, Sze Yuen (2001). Hong Kong's Journey to Reunification: Memoirs of Sze-yuen Chung. Chinese University Press. p. 65.
- Zheng, Yushuo (2003). Hong Kong under One Country, Two Systems. Caituan Fa Ren Qu Ce Hui. p. 106.
- Chung, Sze Yuen (2001). Hong Kong's Journey to Reunification: Memoirs of Sze-yuen Chung. Chinese University Press. p. 74.
- Chung, Sze Yuen (2001). Hong Kong's Journey to Reunification: Memoirs of Sze-yuen Chung. Chinese University Press. pp. 123–5.
- Basler, Barbara (21 December 1989). "Hong Kong to Push for Rights as Britons". The New York Times.
- Pepper, Suzanne (2008). Keeping Democracy at Bay: Hong Kong and the Challenge of Chinese Political Reform. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 367.
- Chan, Joseph M.; Lee, Francis L.F. (2013). Media and Politics in Post-Handover Hong Kong. Routledge. p. 10.
|Legislative Council of Hong Kong|
|Senior Chinese Unofficial Member
|Senior Unofficial Member
as Representative for New Territories North
|Member of Legislative Council
Representative for New Territories North-east
|Replaced by Provisional Legislative Council|
|New parliament||Member of Provisional Legislative Council
|Replaced by Legislative Council|
|Party political offices|
|New political party||Chairperson of the Liberal Party