From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Autonomous region||Iraqi Kurdistan|
|• Total||30,000 (refugees included-100,000)|
|The town received thousands of Chaldean Refugees from Baghdad and Mosul|
Ankawa or Ainkawa (Kurdish: Enkawa, Syriac: ܥܲܢܟܵܒ̣ܵܐ, Arabic: عنكاوا, ‘ankāwā) is an Assyrian populated suburb of Erbil, outside the city limits. It is seen as the "Assyrian Quarter" of Erbil. It is located five miles north-north-west of downtown Erbil, just outside the ring road that is Erbil's city limit.
Ankawa was originally called Beth Amka, which later morphed to Amku-Bad, Ankawa, and finally Ankawa. The name of the town is mentioned in different historical books, including Bar Hebraeus's book entitled "A Brief History of the Countries," where he states: "Mongolian troops attacked the area of Erbil on Sunday July 1285 and reached some villages.....including Ankawa."
Ankawa has many archaeological sites, including "The Hill," which was recorded as an archaeological site in Iraq in 1945. It is also home to St Joseph's Cathedral (Umra d'Mar Yosip), the seat of the Chaldean Catholic archbishop of Erbil. The city has recently become a principal settlement for Christians in Iraq. One of the main reasons for the cities rise is due to the ISIS takeover of the Nineveh Plans, because a fair amount of those who fled went here. The city's rise has even attracted the eye of the Assyrian Church of the East, which after several decades of being located in the United States, has decided to put its faith in the security of Iraqi Kurdistan by moving their Patriarchal see to Ankawa.
The original families of Ankawa
Al Oghana: they have immigrated from kweysenjaq.
Al Armtnay: they originally from Armota.
Al Bradosti: they have migrated to Ankawa after leaving the Bradost district, participating in building several churches in Ankawa.
Al Barkha: there is no credible source that describes their origin.
Al Palander: they have migrated to Ankawa from the area of Batas.
Al Qji: it is the name of their mother or sister being a part of the famous tribe Al Jajila.
Al Husseini: they have migrated from Telkef, named according to their sir name Husino.
Al Handula: they have migrated from Kweysinjaq.
Al dawdoka: their origin is unknown.
Al Dkhoka: their origin is unknown.
Al Sinjaqli: they have migrated from kweysinjaq.
Al Syawish: the original people.
Al Shangula: they have migrated from MarSniqa.
Al Shamaya: they have migrated from Telcef.
Al Shani: they have migrated from MarAudisho.
Al Qaasha Askar: no one has found out if they are the origin or not. But, their name came from one of the very first priests in the city.
Al kaka: It has been mentioned they are from heza.
Al Gilyana: they are one of the original families.
Al Kandalan: (Al Kwda) they have migrated to Ankawa.
Al Maleh: known as the Jembay they have migrated to Ankawa.
Al Maqdasi: they have migrated to Ankawa.
records of Ankawa
-The first school in Ankawa was built in 1921.
-The first doctor in Ankawa was Suad Yousif Atto Yousif born in 28/11/1942, and died in Holland in 1998.
-One of the oldest churches in Ankawa is saint Gorges churches dates back to 800s.
-One of the very first teachers in Ankawa was Loqa Kaka.
- One of the first priest in Ankawa was Askar.
- "Pictures Show Aftermath of ISIS Looting, Plundering Assyrian Town". Retrieved 26 November 2016.
- Richard Spencer, Iraq crisis: The streets of Erbil’s newly Christian suburb are now full of helpless people, The Daily Telegraph, August 08, 2014