Arizona State Sun Devils football

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Arizona State Sun Devils football
2017 Arizona State Sun Devils football team
Arizona State Athletics wordmark.svg
First season 1897; 120 years ago (1897)
Head coach Todd Graham
5th year, 39–26 (.600)
Stadium Sun Devil Stadium
Seating capacity 65,870
Field surface Grass
Location Tempe, Arizona
NCAA division Division I FBS
Conference Pac-12 Conference
Division South
Past conferences Independent (1897–1930)
Border (1931–1961)
WAC (1962–1977)
All-time record 600–382–24 (.608)
Bowl record 14–14–1 (.500)
Claimed nat'l titles 2 (1970, 1975)
Conference titles 17
Division titles 1 (2013)
Heisman winners 0 (2 finalists)
Consensus All-Americans 17
Current uniform
Pac-12-Uniform-ASU.png
Colors Maroon and Gold[1]
         
Fight song "Maroon & Gold"
Mascot Sparky
Marching band Arizona State University Sun Devil Marching Band
Rivals Arizona Wildcats
Website TheSunDevils.com

The Arizona State Sun Devils football team represents Arizona State University in the sport of American football. The Sun Devils team competes in the Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) and the South Division of the Pac-12 Conference (Pac-12). Arizona State University has fielded a football team since 1897 and has an all-time record of 589-369-24 (a .612 winning percentage). The Sun Devils are currently led by head coach Todd Graham and play their home games at Sun Devil Stadium in Tempe, Arizona, which has a capacity of 65,870. The Sun Devils have won seventeen conference titles.

A number of successful and professional football players once played for ASU. The school has 3 unanimous All-Americans and 16 consensus selections[citation needed] and 13 alumni currently[when?] playing in the NFL. Among the most lauded and notable[opinion] players the school has produced are Pat Tillman, Terrell Suggs, Mike Haynes, Darren Woodson, Charley Taylor, and John Henry Johnson. In addition to its players, ASU's football program has been noted[according to whom?] for its coaches, most notably[opinion] Frank Kush, for whom Frank Kush Field at Sun Devil Stadium is named. Kush also led the Sun Devils on their longest winning streak against the University of Arizona, ASU's traditional rival.[when?][citation needed]

History[edit]

Early History (1896–1954)[edit]

Frederick M. Irish served as the first head football coach at the Territorial Normal School, renamed Tempe Normal School in 1903 and now known as Arizona State University, coaching from 1896 to 1906 and compiling a record of 12–8. Territorial Normal did not field a football team in 1897, 1898, or 1901. George Schaeffer served as the head football coach at Tempe Normal School from 1914 to 1916, compiling a record of 7–8. Aaron McCreary oversaw the school's football program from 1923–1929. During this time, the school changed its nickname from the Owls to the Bulldogs and the name of the school was changed to Arizona State University.[2] McCreary left ASU with a 25–17–4 record.[3]

Ted Shipkey led the Arizona State football program from 1930–1932, compiling a record of 13–10–2.[4][5]

Shipkey was replaced by Rudy Lavik, who led Arizona State to a less impressive 13–26–3 mark in his five seasons.[6]

Dixie Howell served as ASU's head coach from 1938-1941, compiling a record of 23–15–4.[7]

In 1947, Ed Doherty became head coach at Arizona State, where he compiled a 25–17 record from 1947 to 1950. He left after ASU five days after defeating rival Arizona, 47–13, because he felt that he didn't have enough job security.[8]

Clyde Smith took over the reins of the Arizona State football program in 1952, and under his leadership, they compiled a record of 15–13–1.[9] Smith resigned following the 1954 season.[10]

Dan Devine era (1955–1957)[edit]

Coach Devine

On February 5, 1955, Michigan State assistant coach Dan Devine accepted the head coaching position at Arizona State.[11] Joining him as an assistant was Frank Kush, who would have even greater success at the school after Devine's departure. During his three years, Devine compiled a record of 27–3–1 (.887), including a spotless 10–0 mark during his final campaign.[12] In that last season, Devine's team led the nation in total offense and scoring, averaging just under 40 points per game in the latter category.[13]

Devine's success at Arizona State resulted in an offer from the Missouri, which he accepted on December 18, 1957.[14]

Frank Kush era (1958–1979)[edit]

Frank Kush was promoted to the position of head coach at Arizona State, which he would hold for the next 22 years.

During his time at Arizona State, Kush was known for being one of the most physically demanding coaches in the game. His daily football practices in the heat of the Arizona desert are still the stuff of legend today. One of his drills was known as "Bull in the Ring", whereupon he would have the players form a circle. He would put a player in the middle (most often, a player he felt needed "motivation"), call out a uniform number, and blow his whistle. That player would charge the player in the middle and the two would engage in contact until Kush blew the whistle again. Whichever of the two players gave the best effort would go back to the circle, while the player "dogging it" would stay in until Kush decided he could quit. Former NFL and Arizona State player Curley Culp once broke a teammate's facemask during this drill.

Another of his drills (which was designed to see if his running backs could take punishment carrying the ball) consisted of having only a center, quarterback, and two running backs line up on offense, with no other offensive lineman, and run running plays against the entire defense. Kush would run a running back into the line time and time again so he could get used to the pounding he would take in games.

The most famous of Kush's motivational techniques was called "Mount Kush." Mount Kush was a steep hill near the Sun Devils' practice facility (Camp Tontozona) near Payson, Arizona with several large rocks, cacti, and no shade from the Arizona sun. If a player especially needed discipline in Kush's opinion, that player would have to run up and down that hill numerous times.[15]

During his lengthy career in the desert, Kush compiled a record of 176–54–1, with only one losing season. In his first eleven years, he captured two conference titles and finished runnerup five times. That success led to him accepting the head coaching job at the University of Pittsburgh on January 4, 1969. However, just five days later, Kush had a change of heart and returned to Arizona State.

Kush's return would begin a memorable era in Sun Devil football history with five consecutive Western Athletic Conference championships as the team won 50 of 56 games from 1969 to 1973. During this time, Arizona State won the 1970 Peach Bowl and the first three editions of the Fiesta Bowl. In 1974, the team dropped to 7–4, but bounced back with authority the following year when they went 12–0, capping the year with a thrilling 17–14 win over the Nebraska Cornhuskers in the Fiesta Bowl, a game in which Kush's son, Danny, kicked three field goals, including the game winner.

A down year in 1976 saw the team fall to 4–7, but another comeback resulted the next year with a 9–3 mark. In that year's Fiesta Bowl, the Sun Devils lost a bowl game for the only time under Kush's leadership, with a 42–30 defeat to Penn State. In 1978, Kush's team once again finished 9–3, this time defeating Rutgers in the Garden State Bowl. That win would be one of the final highlights of Kush's tenure as controversy and scandal the next year toppled him from his head coaching position.

In September 1979 former Sun Devil punter Kevin Rutledge filed a $1.1 million lawsuit against the school, accusing Kush and his staff of mental and physical harassment that forced him to transfer. The most dramatic charge was that Kush had punched Rutledge in the mouth after a bad punt in the October 28, 1978, game against the Washington Huskies. During the next few weeks, overzealous fans turned things ugly when the insurance office of Rutledge's father suffered a fire and the family's attorney received two death threats.[16]

On October 13, 1979, Kush was fired as head coach for interfering with the school's internal investigation into Rutledge's allegations. Athletic director Fred Miller cited Kush's alleged attempts to pressure players and coaches into keeping quiet. The decision came just three hours before the team's home game against Washington. Kush was allowed to coach the game, with the Sun Devils pulling off an emotional 12–7 upset of the sixth-ranked Huskies, fueled by the angry crowd incensed by the decision. After the game ended, Kush was carried off the field by his team.[16] The win gave him a 3–2 record on the season, but all three victories were later forfeited when it was determined that Arizona State had used ineligible players.

After nearly two years, Kush would be found not liable in the case, but would be off the sidelines during 1980, the first time in more than 30 years that he had been away from the game. The case itself would have far-reaching implications for coaches everywhere, making them consider the different ways to best motivate and/or punish players.

Future NFL players who played under Kush at Arizona State include Charley Taylor, Curley Culp, Danny White, Benny Malone, Mike Haynes, and John Jefferson and Steve Holden. Baseball Hall of Famer Reggie Jackson also played a year of football at Arizona State for Kush on a football scholarship before switching to baseball.[15]

Darryl Rogers era (1980–1984)[edit]

Darryl Rogers replaced Kush and led the Sun Devils to a 37–18–1 record in five seasons.[17] The best season of the Rogers era came in 1982, a 10–2 campaign that resulted in a Fiesta Bowl win and a #6 ranking in the final AP and Coaches' polls.[18]

Rogers accepted an offer to serve as head coach of the NFL's Detroit Lions and left ASU after the 1984 season.[19]

John Cooper era (1985–1987)[edit]

Coach Cooper

John Cooper left his post as Tulsa head coach and became the head coach at Arizona State in 1985 where his teams played in three consecutive bowl games, including the 1987 Rose Bowl, during his three-year tenure.[20] Notably, he was just 0–2–1 against arch-rival Arizona. He accepted the job as head coach at Ohio State on December 31, 1987.[21]

The 1986 team won the Pac-10 Championship and went on to defeat the Michigan Wolverines in the 1987 Rose Bowl.[22]

Larry Marmie era (1988–1991)[edit]

ASU promoted Larry Marmie from defensive coordinator to head coach to replace Cooper.[23] Marmie's tenure was marked by mediocrity and disappointment, with a 6–5 mark in 1988,[24] a 6–4–1 record in 1989,[25] a 4–7 campaign in 1990,[26] and a 6–5 season in 1991.[27] School administrators fired Marmie following the 1991 season, amidst fan impatience.[28]

Bruce Snyder era (1992–2000)[edit]

Bruce Snyder left California to become ASU's head coach in 1992.[29]

Snyder's 58 wins and nine-year tenure as head coach at Arizona State each rank second in school history to marks set by Frank Kush, who coached the Sun Devils from 1958 to 1979 and won 173 games. Snyder led ASU to four bowl games including a win in the 1997 Sun Bowl.[30] More than 40 ASU players coached by Snyder were selected in the National Football League Draft, including seven in the first round, and more than 40 others signed free agent contracts in the National Football League (NFL).

Snyder was named Pac-10 Coach of the Year, in 1996.[31] He is a member of the Arizona State Hall of Fame. His best Sun Devil team was the 1996 unit. With Jake Plummer at quarterback, Snyder led ASU to an 11–1 record. The Sun Devils stunned the top-ranked and two-time defending national champion Nebraska Cornhuskers in the season's second game. Arizona State reeled off the third undefeated regular season in school history en route 1997 Rose Bowl, where they came within 19 seconds of a victory over Ohio State. Had they won, the Sun Devils would have likely won at least a share of the national championship, as they would have been the only undefeated major-conference team in the nation. For his efforts that season, Snyder won a number of national coaching awards, including the Paul "Bear" Bryant Award and the Walter Camp Coach of the Year Award.[32]

Snyder stepped down as ASU head coach following the 2000 season.[33]

Dirk Koetter era (2001–2006)[edit]

Boise State head coach Dirk Koetter was hired to replace Snyder in 2001.[34] At Arizona State, Koetter compiled a 40–34 record and four Bowl appearances in six years.[35] Under Koetter, who was also the offensive play caller, the Sun Devils became known for a vertical passing attack. On November 26, 2006, The Arizona Republic reported that Koetter was being terminated as ASU football coach.[36] His final game was the 2006 Hawaii Bowl on Christmas Eve, a 41–24 loss.

Dennis Erickson era (2007–2011)[edit]

Coach Erickson

Seasoned coaching veteran Dennis Erickson left Idaho for the opportunity to lead his fourth BCS program. Athletic director Lisa Love hired him on December 9 to replace the recently fired Dirk Koetter. Arizona State was Erickson's third head coaching stint in the Pac-10, after Washington State and Oregon State. In addition to Idaho, Erickson also had college head coaching tenures at Wyoming and Miami, as well as in the NFL with the Seattle Seahawks and San Francisco 49ers.

Arizona State paid $2.8 million to Koetter and a $150,000 buyout to Idaho to complete the hiring of Erickson to a five-year contract. He immediately paid dividends at ASU, leading the Sun Devils to a 10–2 regular season record in 2007, a share of the Pac-10 title, and a berth in the Holiday Bowl. Erickson was named the Pac-10 Coach of the Year; the first to ever win the award at three different Pac-10 schools. He also coached another major award winner; placekicker Thomas Weber was named the Lou Groza Award winner. Erickson worked for the relatively low salary of $500,000 from ASU in his first season, with another $2 million paid by the 49ers for the last year of his NFL contract. The remaining four years of the original ASU contract paid $1.275 million per year.[37] In 2008 the Arizona Board of Regents had approved a contract extension to keep Erickson at Arizona State through June 2012.[38]

Erickson's early success at ASU was not sustained, as the Sun Devils failed to have another winning season and lost three of four Territorial Cup rivalry games against Arizona. In his final four seasons, Erickson was 21–28 overall and 14–22 in conference. After opening the 2011 season with a promising 6–2 record, Arizona State suffered four straight Pac-12 defeats in November to end the regular season, and Erickson was fired on November 28.[39] He was allowed to coach in their bowl game on December 22, but ASU was soundly beaten 56–24 by Boise State in the Maaco Bowl in Las Vegas for their fifth consecutive loss.

Todd Graham era (2012–present)[edit]

Coach Graham

Todd Graham was announced as Arizona State University's head coach on December 14, 2011.[40] Graham came to ASU after only one season at Pittsburgh, informing his players and assistant coaches of his decision to leave Pitt for ASU via text message.[41] Graham also previously served as head coach at Rice for one season and Tulsa for four seasons.

In his first season at Arizona State, the Sun Devils went 8–5 securing their first winning season since 2007. With a win in the Kraft Fight Hunger Bowl against the Navy Midshipmen, the 2012 Sun Devils won the final three games of the season for the first time since 1978.[42] ESPN's Pac-12 Blog writer Ted Miller called Todd Graham's first season at Arizona State an "unquestioned success." [43] In 2013, Graham continued to build positive momentum and led ASU to win the Pac-12 South after defeating UCLA and rival University of Arizona. ASU finished the season 10-4 and ranked #21 in the AP Poll and #20 in the Coach's Poll.[44] For his efforts in leading ASU to a Pac-12 South championship, Graham received the 2013 Pac-12 Coach of the Year Award. In 2014, ASU finished with yet another 10 win season by going 10–3 and ranking #12 in the final AP Poll and #14 in the final Coach's Poll. The season was capped off with Graham leading the Sun Devils to victory over Duke University in the Sun Bowl.[45]

Head coaches[edit]

Tenure Coach Years Record Pct.
1897–1906 Frederick M. Irish 8 12–8 .600
1914–1916 George Schaeffer 3 7–8 .467
1919 George E. Cooper 1 0–2 .000
1922 Ernest C. Wills 1 0–3–1 .125
1923–1929 Aaron McCreary 7 25–17–4 .587
1930–1932 Ted Shipkey 3 12–10–2 .542
1933–1937 Rudy Lavik 5 13–26–3 .345
1938–1941 Dixie Howell 4 23–15–4 .595
1942 Hilman Walker 1 2–8 .200
1946 Steve Coutchie 1 2–7–2 .273
1947–1950 Ed Doherty 4 25–17 .595
1951 Larry Siemering 1 6–3–1 .650
1952–1954 Clyde Smith 3 15–13–1 .534
1955–1957 Dan Devine 3 27–3–1 .887
1958–1979 Frank Kush 22 176–54–1 .764
1979 Bob Owens 1 3–4 .429
1980–1984 Darryl Rogers 5 37–18–1 .670
1985–1987 John Cooper 3 25–9–2 .722
1988–1991 Larry Marmie 4 22–21–1 .511
1992–2000 Bruce Snyder 9 58–47 .563
2001–2006 Dirk Koetter 6 40–34 .541
2007–2011 Dennis Erickson 5 31–31 .500
2012–present Todd Graham 5 37–19 .661
Total 23 coaches 98 595–374–24 .614

Home Stadium[edit]

Main article: Sun Devil Stadium

The Sun Devils play their home games at Frank Kush Field at Sun Devil Stadium in Tempe, Arizona. Sun Devil stadium was constructed in 1958 and originally held a capacity of 30,000.[46]

On September 21, 1996, the playing surface was renamed Frank Kush Field after the long time ASU coach in a 19-0 upset of then top-ranked Nebraska.[46]

Prior to the construction of Sun Devil Stadium, the Sun Devils played their home games at the following locations:

Culture[edit]

  • Colors – Arizona State's traditional colors are maroon and gold.
  • Songs - The fight songs for Arizona State are "Maroon and Gold" and "Go Go Devils". After a touchdown "Maroon and Gold" is played. After a field goal "Go Go Devils" is played. For big plays, a shortened version of either song is played.
  • Mascot – Arizona State's mascot is "Sparky the Sun Devil". Sparky was adopted as ASU's mascot in 1946 following a vote was held to replace the Bulldog, the mascot at the time.
  • Devil Walk - Prior to each home game, fans and the Sun Devil Marching Band welcomes the team inside Wells Fargo Arena (Tempe) as they head to the football stadium. At the conclusion of the event, the marching band performs a short concert.
  • Marching Band - Main article: Arizona State University Sun Devil Marching Band

Arizona State fields a 300+ member marching band that performs at all home football games, bowl games, and the rivalry game with the University of Arizona. In addition to half time shows and stand tunes, the Sun Devil Marching Band always play the Arizona State fight songs and the Alma Mater.

Rivalry[edit]

Arizona State's main rival is the University of Arizona.

ASU has had its longest and most intense rivalry with Arizona. The football rivalry game between the schools is known as "The Duel in the Desert" and is played for the Territorial Cup. Arizona State won the first matchup in 1899, 11-2. The Arizona Wildcats have the all-time series lead with a record of 49-40-1. This record dates back to 1899, before Arizona State was recognized as a university; however, ASU was a member of the Border Conference from 1931–1961 along with the University of Arizona. ASU was not considered a "major school" until 1931. Since that year the series is tied at 38-38-1.[47]

Since becoming a university in 1958,[48] Arizona State has the overall lead in the rivalry series with a record of 31-24-1. Since ASU and Arizona became Pac-12 conference members in 1978, the University of Arizona leads the series 19-16-1. ASU has recently enjoyed more success in the series, winning six out of the past ten meetings. In recent contests, an unranked Sun Devils team upset a ranked Arizona Wildcats team 30-29 in Tucson in 2010. After a strong start in 2011, ASU ended the season with a loss to Arizona on November 19, 2011, 31-27 in Tempe. The Sun Devils finished the 2012 season with a win over the #24 ranked Arizona Wildcats in Tucson; ending the game with a score of 41-34. In 2013, the #13 ranked Sun Devils beat the Wildcats 58-21 in Tempe. In 2014, the Wildcats hosted the cup and beat the Sun Devils 42-35, and claimed the Pac-12 South Championship.

Championships[edit]

National championships[edit]

Year Record Coach Selectors
1970 11–0 Frank Kush Poling System
1975 12–0 Frank Kush National Championship Foundation, Sporting News

Conference championships[edit]

Year Conference Record Conference
Record
1931 Border 6–2 3–1
1939 Border 8–2–1 4–0
1940 Border 7–2–2 3–0–1
1952 Border 6–3 4–0
1957 Border 10–0 4–0
1959 Border 10–1 5–0
1961 Border 7–3 3–0
1969 WAC 8–2 6–1
1970 WAC 11–0 7–0
1971 WAC 11–1 7–0
1972 WAC 10–2 5–1
1973* WAC 11–1 6–1
1975 WAC 12–0 7–0
1977* WAC 9–3 6–1
1986 Pac-10 10–1–1 5–1–1
1996 Pac-10 11–1 8–0
2007* Pac-10 10–3 7–2
Total Conference Championships 17

[*] denotes conference co-champions

Records[edit]

Arizona State at the Rose Bowl

All-time bowl record[edit]

Arizona State has played in 29 bowls in its history with a combined record of 14–14–1.

Date Bowl W/L Opponent PF PA
January 1, 1940 Sun Bowl T Catholic 0 0
January 2, 1941 Sun Bowl L Western Reserve 13 26
January 2, 1950 Salad Bowl L Xavier 21 33
January 1, 1951 Salad Bowl L Miami (OH) 21 34
December 30, 1970 Peach Bowl W North Carolina 48 26
December 27, 1971 Fiesta Bowl W Florida State 45 38
December 23, 1972 Fiesta Bowl W Missouri 49 35
December 21, 1973 Fiesta Bowl W Pittsburgh 28 7
December 26, 1975 Fiesta Bowl W Nebraska 17 14
December 25, 1977 Fiesta Bowl L Penn State 30 42
December 16, 1978 Garden State Bowl W Rutgers 34 18
January 1, 1983 Fiesta Bowl W Oklahoma 32 21
December 22, 1985 Holiday Bowl L Arkansas 17 18
January 1, 1987 Rose Bowl W Michigan 22 15
December 30, 1987 Freedom Bowl W Air Force 33 28
January 1, 1997 Rose Bowl L Ohio State 17 20
December 31, 1997 Sun Bowl W Iowa 17 7
December 25, 1999 Aloha Bowl L Wake Forest 3 23
December 25, 2000 Aloha Bowl L Boston College 17 31
December 27, 2002 Holiday Bowl L Kansas State 27 34
December 31, 2004 Sun Bowl W Purdue 27 23
December 27, 2005 Insight Bowl W Rutgers 45 40
December 24, 2006 Hawaiʻi Bowl L Hawaiʻi 24 41
December 27, 2007 Holiday Bowl L Texas 34 52
December 22, 2011 Maaco Bowl Las Vegas L Boise State 24 56
December 29, 2012 Kraft Fight Hunger Bowl W Navy 62 28
December 30, 2013 Holiday Bowl L Texas Tech 23 37
December 27, 2014 Sun Bowl W Duke 36 31
January 2, 2016 Cactus Bowl L West Virginia 42 43
Total 29 bowl games 14–14–1 785 784

Practice facilities[edit]

Bill Kajikawa Practice Fields[edit]

Bill Kajikawa Practice Fields, located on Sixth Street and Rural Road, is normally where Sun Devil football team practices when weather permits.

Camp Tontozona[edit]

An Arizona State University property, is a 36-acre (150,000 m2) camp just outside Payson, Arizona created by former legendary coach Frank Kush was used as a bonding place for his players. Tontozona has marked the unofficial start of the Sun Devils' seasons from 1960–2008. Due to the knack of losing practices to rainouts, short and torn up fields leading to excessive injuries, and travel costs, the team decided to move camp back to Tempe campus with the arrival of the Devil Dome.[49] After a 4-year absence the Sun Devils returned to Camp Tontozona starting in Aug 2012.[50] The team was able to make the return after a short fund raising effort by fans and alumni brought in over $160,000.[51]

Verde Dickey Dome[edit]

Formerly opened as Devil Dome and nicknamed,"The Bubble", $8.4 million practice facility broke ground on May 15, 2008[52] to provide a climate controlled space for the Sun Devil football team, Sun Devil Marching Band, ASU Intramurals and for other athletic department events. Before its full completion and turn over from the contractor to the university on the night of August 28, 2008 a powerful storm brought it down.[53] The Bubble was re-inflated early October and was fully repaired for use in July 2009. During the 2009 season the facility was renamed and dedicated to generous donor Dr. Verde Dickey as the Verde Dickey Center, to not only commemorate his donation for the facility but also his donations to Sun Devil Marching Band and projects such as renovation of locker rooms in Wells Fargo Arena and Sun Devil Stadium, Weatherup Basketball Center, The Athletes Performance Center, John Spini Gymnastics Center, and wrestling practice facility.[54]

All-Americans[edit]

† Consensus All-Americans

‡ Unanimous All-Americans

Retired jerseys[edit]

Retired Football Jerseys

Pat
Tillman

42
1994–98
 

Danny
White

11
1973–76
 

Bobby
Mulgado

27
1954–57
 

Wilford
White

33
1947–51
 

Other names to be placed on the facade of the Sun Devil Stadium Press Box includes John Jefferson, Ron Pritchard, and Randall McDaniel. Jefferson, Pritchard and McDaniel were honored when they were selected to be inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in South Bend, Indiana.

Current Professional Football players/coaches/commentators[edit]

Other notable players[edit]

Shante' Carver -Retired NFL Defensive end ASU Hall Of Fame

Future non-conference opponents[edit]

Announced schedules as of July 24, 2015[55]

2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023
vs San Diego State vs UTSA at Michigan State vs BYU at BYU vs LSU at LSU
at Texas Tech at San Diego State vs Kent State at UNLV vs UNLV
vs New Mexico State vs Michigan State vs Sacramento State vs Northern Arizona vs UL-Lafayette

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Color Palette" (PDF). Communication Guide. Arizona State University. Retrieved 2015-11-05. 
  2. ^ http://www.azarchivesonline.org/xtf/view?docId=ead/asu/tnsrec.xml
  3. ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=4IX5ac_Q_lQC&
  4. ^ http://www.sports-reference.com/cfb/coaches/ted-shipkey-1.html
  5. ^ http://www.cfbdatawarehouse.com/data/coaching/alltime_coach_year_by_year.php?coachid=2136
  6. ^ http://www.sports-reference.com/cfb/coaches/rudy-lavik-1.html
  7. ^ http://www.sports-reference.com/cfb/coaches/dixie-howell-1.html
  8. ^ "Tempe Coach Quits on Top -- No Security". The Washington Post. November 17, 1950. Retrieved 2010-12-14. 
  9. ^ http://www.sports-reference.com/cfb/coaches/clyde-smith-1.html
  10. ^ https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=5R0LAAAAIBAJ&sjid=UFADAAAAIBAJ&pg=2887,2605342
  11. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2002/05/10/sports/dan-devine-football-coach-is-dead-at-77.html
  12. ^ http://www.sports-reference.com/cfb/coaches/dan-devine-1.html
  13. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2002/05/10/sports/dan-devine-football-coach-is-dead-at-77.html
  14. ^ http://www.scout.com/college/missouri/story/44806-a-celebration-of-dan-devine
  15. ^ a b Perry, Dayn (2010). Reggie Jackson The Life and Thunderous Career of Baseball's Mr. October. HarperCollins. p. 18. ISBN 978-0-06-156238-9. 
  16. ^ a b Reid, Ron. "There's The Devil To Pay," Sports Illustrated, October 29, 1979.
  17. ^ http://www.sports-reference.com/cfb/coaches/darryl-rogers-1.html
  18. ^ http://www.sports-reference.com/cfb/schools/arizona-state/1982-schedule.html
  19. ^ http://articles.latimes.com/1985-09-25/sports/sp-19908_1_lions
  20. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20010305195222/http://ohiostatebuckeyes.fansonly.com/sports/m-footbl/mtt/cooper_john01.html
  21. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20010305195222/http://ohiostatebuckeyes.fansonly.com/sports/m-footbl/mtt/cooper_john01.html
  22. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20010305195222/http://ohiostatebuckeyes.fansonly.com/sports/m-footbl/mtt/cooper_john01.html
  23. ^ http://articles.latimes.com/1988-01-06/sports/sp-22809_1_arizona-state
  24. ^ http://www.sports-reference.com/cfb/schools/arizona-state/1988-schedule.html
  25. ^ http://www.sports-reference.com/cfb/schools/arizona-state/1989-schedule.html
  26. ^ http://www.sports-reference.com/cfb/schools/arizona-state/1990-schedule.html
  27. ^ http://www.sports-reference.com/cfb/schools/arizona-state/1991-schedule.html
  28. ^ http://articles.latimes.com/1991-11-28/sports/sp-244_1_arizona-state
  29. ^ http://www.espn.com/college-football/news/story?id=4065325
  30. ^ http://www.espn.com/college-football/news/story?id=4065325
  31. ^ http://www.espn.com/college-football/news/story?id=4065325
  32. ^ http://www.espn.com/college-football/news/story?id=4065325
  33. ^ http://www.espn.com/college-football/news/story?id=4065325
  34. ^ "Dirk Koetter Becomes 21st ASU Football Coach". Sun Devil Athletics. December 2, 2000. Retrieved January 15, 2016. 
  35. ^ http://www.sports-reference.com/cfb/coaches/dirk-koetter-1.html
  36. ^ Metcalfe, Jeff (November 26, 2006). "Koetter out as ASU football coach". The Arizona Republic. Retrieved April 7, 2011. 
  37. ^ azcentral.com - ASU looks to extend Erickson - 2008-02-27
  38. ^ "online video - channel 12 news video - arizona republic video - phoenix video". azcentral.com. 
  39. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on April 19, 2012. Retrieved November 28, 2011. 
  40. ^ "Todd Graham Profile". Arizona State University. 2011-12-15. Retrieved 2012-09-14. 
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