Asa Griggs Candler
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|Asa Griggs Candler|
|41st Mayor of Atlanta, Georgia|
|Preceded by||James G. Woodward|
|Succeeded by||James Lee Key|
December 30, 1851|
Villa Rica, Georgia
|Died||March 12, 1929
|Spouse(s)||Lucy Elizabeth Howard
(m. 1878; her death 1919)
|Known for||Co-founder of Coca-Cola|
Asa Griggs Candler (December 30, 1851 – March 12, 1929) was an American business tycoon who founded the Coca-Cola Company. He also served as the 41st Mayor of Atlanta, Georgia from 1916 to 1919. Candler Field, the site of the present-day Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport, was named after him, as is Candler Park in Atlanta.
Candler was born on December 30, 1851 in Villa Rica, Georgia. His father was Samuel C. Candler. He started his business career as a drugstore clerk and manufacturer of patent medicines. In 1888 he bought the formula for Coca-Cola from its inventor John Pemberton and several other shareholders for $550. The success of Coca-Cola was largely due to Candler's aggressive marketing of the product. Candler made millions of dollars from his investment, allowing him to establish the Central Bank and Trust Corp., invest in real estate, and became a major philanthropist for the Methodist Church. He gave a $1 million plus land gift to Emory University, a Methodist college, for the school to move from Oxford, Georgia, to Atlanta. This gift was influenced by Asa's younger brother, Methodist Bishop Warren Akin Candler, who became president of Emory. Candler also gave millions to what would later become Emory Hospital. The school's original library now houses classrooms and a reading room named for him, as well as endowed chairs in the school's chemistry department.
In 1906 he completed Atlanta's then-tallest building, the Candler Building, whose intricately detailed 17 stories still stands at Peachtree and Auburn. In 1912 the Candler Building in New York opened.
Candler was elected mayor of Atlanta in 1916 (taking office in 1917) and ended his day-to-day management of the Coca-Cola Company. As mayor he balanced the city budget and coordinated rebuilding efforts after the Great Atlanta fire of 1917 destroyed 1,500 homes. In 1919 he gave most of the stock in The Coca-Cola Company to his children, who later sold it to a group of investors led by Ernest Woodruff. In 1922 he donated over 50 acres (200,000 m2) of his Druid Hills holdings to the City of Atlanta for what became Candler Park.
The "Candler Building" on the northeast corner of East Pratt Street and Market Place in eastern downtown Baltimore, still retains his name. The brick industrial styled building faces the waterfront of the "Basin" (later the famed "Inner Harbor"), of the Baltimore Harbor on the Northwest Branch of the Patapsco River. Used as a regional headquarters for the Coca Cola Bottling Company, the structure was known for having brass door knobs engraved with "CC" for the company. Between the late 1930s and 1960, the building served as the national headquarters of the new Social Security Administration, authorized under the "Social Security Act" of 1935, under the "New Deal" programs of the administration of 32nd President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
By 2000's as the old waterfront area and municipal piers area were being redeveloped from commercial and industrial uses, the Candler Building was renovated for offices and some apartments/condos, with the nearby "Power Plant Live!" development of the David Cordish Company (of famed national commercial developer David S. Cordish), from the old massive streetcar coal-burning power-generating plant from 1900, across the street, into an entertainment and retail destination and district, where the former old Centre Market (also known as "Marsh Market" for the ancient colonial Harrison's Marsh on the site), with its three neighboring buildings for wholesale fish, produce and dry goods, the oldest of the city's eleven municipal market houses, since 1760's.
Asa Candler was also a philanthropist, endowing numerous schools and universities as well as the Candler Hospital in Savannah, Georgia.
- Asa's eldest son, Charles Howard Candler (1878–1957), was chairman of the board of trustees of Emory University. His family estate was Callanwolde on Briarcliff Road in Druid Hills, now a fine arts center.
- The second son, Asa G. Candler, Jr. (1880–1953), eccentric, alcoholic and depressed, became a real-estate developer, opening the Briarcliff Hotel. His Briarcliff mansion and estate—also on Briarcliff Road in Druid Hills—was turned into an alcohol rehab center, then a psychiatric hospital, and is now Emory's Briarcliff campus. Asa Jr.'s menagerie of animals enabled a major expansion of Zoo Atlanta in the 1930s.
- Only daughter Lucy (1882–1962) became Lucy Beall Candler Owens Heinz Leide. Her husband, banker and Kiwanis president Henry Heinz was shot by a burglar in their mansion, Rainbow Terrace, in 1943, though rumours persisted that a relative murdered him. She later married cellist and conductor Enrico Leide, who founded a forerunner of the present Atlanta Symphony Orchestra.
- Third son, Walter T. Candler (1885–1967), businessman, philanthropist, and horse sportsman. His Lullwater House is now the residence of the Emory President, a park, and land used for the Veterans Administration complex in Druid Hills.
- Youngest son, William Candler (1890 - 1936), was the local financier of the Atlanta Biltmore Hotel and Biltmore Apartments. He was elected president of the Biltmore Corporation in February 1930, and was manager of the Biltmore Hotel. His mansion, named Rest Haven, is located on Springdale Road in Druid Hills.
- "A.G. Candler, Maker Of Coca Cola, Dies. Atlanta Philanthropist, 77, Had Been Ill in Hospital Founded by Him Since 1926. Amassed Large Fortune. Methodists Got $7,000,000. Other Millions Used to Help South In Times of Stress. Aided South With His Fortune. Succeeded in Company by Son. Gave $7,000,000 to Methodists". New York Times. March 13, 1929.
- Bonner, James C. Georgia's Last Frontier: The Development of Caroll County. Retrieved October 2013. Check date values in:
- Kemp, Kathryn W. (2002-09-03). "Asa Candler (1851-1929)". New Georgia Encyclopedia. Georgia Humanities Council. Archived from the original on 2007-11-13. Retrieved 2009-01-16.
- Candler Building—Atlanta: A National Register of Historic Places Travel Itinerary
- "Candler Mansion". St. John's Chrysostom Melkite Church. Archived from the original on 2007-11-14. Retrieved 2009-01-16.
Before all of this present and holy utilization of thi place, this [...] mansion [...] was formerly the home of Asa Candler
- "Husband of Coca Cola Heiress is Slain by Burglar", Paineseville Telegraph, September 29, 1943
- Mark Pendergrast, For God, country and Coca-Cola, p.133
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Asa Griggs Candler.|
- Kemp, Kathryn W. (2002). God's Capitalist: Asa Candler of Coca-Cola. Macon, GA: Mercer University Press. ISBN 978-0-86554-782-7. OCLC 48944373.
- Allen, Frederick (1994). Secret Formula: How Brilliant Marketing and Relentless Salesmanship Made Coca-Cola the Best-Known Product in the World. New York: HarperBusiness. ISBN 978-0-88730-672-3. OCLC 30109538.
- Candler, Charles Howard (1950). Asa Griggs Candler. Georgia: Emory University. OCLC 1880574. Archived from the original on November 4, 2005.
James G. Woodward
|Mayor of Atlanta
James L. Key