Ashland County, Ohio

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search
Ashland County, Ohio
Ashland-County-Ohio-Courthouse.jpg
Ashland County Courthouse
Seal of Ashland County, Ohio
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Ashland County
Location in the U.S. state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Founded February 24, 1846[1]
Named for "Ashland", Henry Clay's home
Seat Ashland
Largest city Ashland
Area
 • Total 427 sq mi (1,106 km2)
 • Land 423 sq mi (1,096 km2)
 • Water 3.8 sq mi (10 km2), 0.9%
Population
 • (2010) 53,139
 • Density 126/sq mi (49/km²)
Congressional district 7th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.ashlandcounty.org

Ashland County is a county in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 53,139.[2] Its county seat is Ashland.[3] The county is named for "Ashland", the home of Senator Henry Clay near Lexington, Kentucky.[4] It was formed in 1846 from parts of Huron, Lorain, Richland and Wayne Counties.

Ashland County comprises the Ashland, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Mansfield-Ashland-Bucyrus, OH Combined Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Ashland County was formed on February 24, 1846 from portions of Huron, Lorain, Richland, and Wayne counties. Like the county seat, it was named after Ashland, the Lexington, Kentucky-area home of Henry Clay, a Kentucky senator.[5]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 427 square miles (1,110 km2), of which 423 square miles (1,100 km2) is land and 3.8 square miles (9.8 km2) (0.9%) is water.[6]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 23,813
1860 22,951 −3.6%
1870 21,933 −4.4%
1880 23,883 8.9%
1890 22,223 −7.0%
1900 21,184 −4.7%
1910 22,975 8.5%
1920 24,627 7.2%
1930 26,867 9.1%
1940 29,785 10.9%
1950 33,040 10.9%
1960 38,771 17.3%
1970 43,303 11.7%
1980 46,178 6.6%
1990 47,507 2.9%
2000 52,523 10.6%
2010 53,139 1.2%
Est. 2015 53,213 [7] 0.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2013[2]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 52,523 people, 19,524 households, and 14,018 families residing in the county. The population density was 124 people per square mile (48/km²). There were 20,832 housing units at an average density of 49 per square mile (19/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.54% White, 0.81% Black or African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.55% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.21% from other races, and 0.76% from two or more races. 0.65% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 36.8% were of German, 17.3% American, 10.1% English and 8.8% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 96.1% spoke English, 1.2% German and 1.0% Spanish as their first language.

There were 19,524 households out of which 32.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.50% were married couples living together, 8.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.20% were non-families. 24.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.70% under the age of 18, 10.80% from 18 to 24, 26.50% from 25 to 44, 23.00% from 45 to 64, and 13.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 96.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,179, and the median income for a family was $46,306. Males had a median income of $32,585 versus $22,334 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,308. About 7.10% of families and 9.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.10% of those under age 18 and 7.50% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 53,139 people, 20,196 households, and 14,017 families residing in the county.[13] The population density was 125.6 inhabitants per square mile (48.5/km2). There were 22,141 housing units at an average density of 52.3 per square mile (20.2/km2).[14] The racial makeup of the county was 97.3% white, 0.7% black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 0.2% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.9% of the population.[13] In terms of ancestry, 32.7% were German, 16.1% were American, 11.2% were Irish, 10.1% were English, and 5.2% were Italian.[15]

Of the 20,196 households, 30.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.6% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.6% were non-families, and 25.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.02. The median age was 39.3 years.[13]

The median income for a household in the county was $44,542 and the median income for a family was $54,177. Males had a median income of $39,663 versus $31,012 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,558. About 10.2% of families and 15.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.6% of those under age 18 and 7.9% of those age 65 or over.[16]

Politics[edit]

Presidential election results[17]
Year Republican Democrat
2016 70.64% 17,169 23.28% 5,659
2012 63.76% 15,519 34.02% 8,281
2008 60.19% 15,158 36.93% 9,300
2004 64.89% 16,209 34.33% 8,576
2000 63.66% 13,533 31.45% 6,685

Transportation[edit]

Seal of the Clerk of Common Pleas Court of Ashland County

The Ashland County Airport is located three nautical miles (3.5 mi, 5.6 km) northeast of the central business district of the City of Ashland.[18]

Communities[edit]

Map of Ashland County, Ohio with municipal and township labels

City[edit]

Villages[edit]

Townships[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ohio County Profiles: Ashland County" (PDF). Ohio Department of Development. Archived (PDF) from the original on 8 May 2007. Retrieved 2007-04-28. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ Taylor, William Alexander (1899). Ohio Statesmen and Annals of Progress. Press of the Westbote Company. p. 243. 
  5. ^ "Ashland County". Ohio History Central. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved February 7, 2015. [permanent dead link]
  7. ^ "County Totals Dataset: Population, Population Change and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  10. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  13. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  14. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  15. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  16. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  17. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved 2016-03-26. 
  18. ^ FAA Airport Master Record for 3G4 (Form 5010 PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. Effective 30 June 2011.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°50′N 82°16′W / 40.84°N 82.27°W / 40.84; -82.27