Auburn Gresham, Chicago

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Auburn Gresham
Community area
Community Area 71 - Auburn Gresham
Location within the city of Chicago
Location within the city of Chicago
Coordinates: 41°44.4′N 87°39.6′W / 41.7400°N 87.6600°W / 41.7400; -87.6600Coordinates: 41°44.4′N 87°39.6′W / 41.7400°N 87.6600°W / 41.7400; -87.6600
Country United States
State Illinois
County Cook
City Chicago
Neighborhoods
Area
 • Total 3.77 sq mi (9.76 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total 48,743
 • Density 13,000/sq mi (5,000/km2)
Demographics (2010)[1]
 • White 0.27%
 • Black 97.78%
 • Hispanic 0.94%
 • Asian 0.07%
 • Other 0.94%
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP Codes part of 60620
Median income[2] $34,767
Source: U.S. Census, Record Information Services

Auburn Gresham, one of the 77 official community areas, is located on the far south side of the city of Chicago, Illinois. It was the original location of the South Side Irish Parade before it was relocated to the Beverly neighborhood farther southwest in the city.

Auburn Gresham's development as a community dates back to the early nineteenth century, when the area was defined primarily by small German and Dutch settlements. A later influx of Irish railroad workers and others lured to the South Side by newly extended city services in the late nineteenth century led to further residential and commercial growth. In the 1920s, the population increased nearly threefold, from 19,558 to 57,381.[3] The plethora of bungalow-style housing and brick two-flat apartment buildings throughout Auburn Gresham serves as lasting evidence of the community's formative years.

Auburn Gresham is serviced by a Metra commuter rail stop at W. 87th St. and Vincennes Ave., which provides daily inbound service to LaSalle Street Station in Chicago and outbound service to Joliet. Community leaders have long encouraged the construction of an additional Metra rail stop at W. 79th St.[4] In 2014, the City of Chicago obtained a half-acre parcel of land on which to construct the station.[5] CTA red line stops at 79th St. and 87th St. are also available along the Dan Ryan Expressway in nearby Chatham.

Chicago Public Library operates the Thurgood Marshall Branch in Auburn Gresham at W. 75th St. and S. Racine Ave. The 13,500 square foot library, which features a 125-seat auditorium, reading garden, and several artworks, opened in April 1994.[6][7]

St. Sabina Church is located in the community, headed by Rev. Michael Pfleger. The church and its priest have been pivotal in helping transform Auburn Gresham, with new housing and store fronts opening up in the neighborhood. One of the largest new single-family home developments in Chicago is nearly complete at W. 87th St. and S. Parnell Ave., in the southeast corner of Auburn Gresham.

Auburn Gresham is home to the St. Leo Campus for Veterans, which includes the Catholic Charities' St. Leo's Residence, the Auburn Gresham Community Based Outpatient Clinic, the St. Leo's Veteran's Garden, and the Pope John Paul II Residence.[8] The community is also home to Perspectives Leadership Academy and Perspectives Technology Academy which are a part of the Renaissance 2010 program. Both schools are housed in the same building that was home to the former Calumet High School (Chicago) in the Auburn Gresham community. Calumet High School (Chicago) was one of Chicago's oldest high schools opening its doors to Auburn Gresham neighborhood students in 1919. The Auburn Gresham community is also home to the first urban S.O.S. Children's Village in the U.S.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 19,558
1930 57,381 193.4%
1940 57,293 −0.2%
1950 60,978 6.4%
1960 59,484 −2.5%
1970 68,850 15.7%
1980 65,132 −5.4%
1990 59,808 −8.2%
2000 55,928 −6.5%
2010 48,743 −12.8%
[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Paral, Rob. "Chicago Demographics Data". Archived from the original on 2 June 2013. Retrieved 21 September 2012. 
  2. ^ Paral, Rob. "Chicago Census Data". Retrieved 21 September 2012. 
  3. ^ "Auburn Gresham". Encyclopedia of Chicago. 2005. Retrieved 2012-08-05. 
  4. ^ "Funding keeps Metra in neutral". Chicago Tribune. 2009-12-30. Retrieved 2012-08-05. 
  5. ^ "City of Chicago :: Land Acquisition Will Support New "Auburn Park" Metra Station". www.cityofchicago.org. Retrieved 2016-11-23. 
  6. ^ "Thurgood Marshall". Chicago Public Library. 2012. Archived from the original on 2012-08-14. Retrieved 2012-08-05. 
  7. ^ "Library Does Justice To A Memory". Chicago Tribune. 1994-07-22. Retrieved 2012-08-07. 
  8. ^ "St. Leo Campus for Veterans". The Catholic Charities. Retrieved 2012-08-10. 
  9. ^ Paral, Rob. "Chicago Community Areas Historical Data". Archived from the original on 18 March 2013. Retrieved 3 September 2012. 

External links[edit]