BBC Persian Television
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|BBC Persian Television|
|Launched||14 January 2009|
|Country||United Kingdom (For broadcast overseas)|
|Headquarters||Broadcasting House, London|
|Sister channel(s)||BBC World News, BBC Arabic Television|
|Hot Bird||12149V - 27500 - 3/4|
|Telstar 12||12608 H - 19280 - 3/4|
|Eutelsat W3A||10720 H - 22000 - 1/2|
BBC Persian Television (Persian: ) is the BBC's Persian language news channel that was launched on 14 January 2009. The service can be accessed through satellite television, and is aimed at the 100 million Persian speakers in Iran, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan.
The annual budget of £15 million is funded by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, but as with the BBC World Service which is also funded by the FCO, the BBC remains editorially independent, though some Iranian media have accused the British Government of using the service as a propaganda tool. The Iranian government issued a statement denouncing the new service as 'suspicious and illegal', and 'working against the interests of the Islamic Republic'. On 1 April 2014, all World Service funding transfers to the Licence Fee model, which is paid for by all UK residents who watch television as it is broadcast.
In June 2009, BBC Persian's Hot Bird satellite broadcasts along with those of BBC Arabic Television, other BBC services, and those of other broadcasters were experiencing interference due to a jamming signal originating from within Iran. In response, BBC Persian started transmission on other satellites and increased their broadcast hours in order to combat the interference
The channel has been criticised by Iranian state television of encouraging "illegal" rallies and manipulating the Iranian people against the Islamic Republic, a claim which the BBC denies.
The jamming resumed on 20 December 2009 soon after BBC Persian began extended coverage of the protests resulting from the death of leading reformist cleric Grand Ayatollah Hoseyn Ali Montazeri, and on 28 December 2009, BBC Persian ceased its transmission from the Hot Bird 6 satellite., however transmissions continued from the Telstar 12, Eutelsat W2M and Atlantic Bird 4A satellites.
BBC Persian returned to a different frequency on Hot Bird 6  on 26 May 2010, after a period of test transmissions. After a new jamming in February 2011 on Hotbird, BBC Persian showed for some months only a test card along with the audio of their service. Since February 2012 BBC Persian is back on Hotbird again.
Also, due to the ban on foreign reporters in Iran, the news service currently relies on a significant amount of user-generated content, often taken with mobile phones.
It appears that Iranian presidential election, 2009 and what followed greatly elevated BBC Persian TV's stature and importance. It became the channel that extensively covered the events for the Iranians inside Iran. Outside of Iran, the channel was therefore recognised accordingly.
On 4 November 2009, BBC Persian TV was honoured for the "Clearest coverage of a single news event – television" by the Association for International Broadcasting at its annual global media excellence awards at a gala event in London, England. The award was for "the elections that shook Iran". It was a half hour narration of the unrest that developed in the streets of Iran immediately after the disputed June presidential elections.
On 20 November 2009, BBC Persian TV was honoured at the 12th annual Hot Bird TV Awards in Venice, Italy. It was named best news channel for its portrayal of unbiased news in a complex and fast-moving environment.
The channel broadcasts from London for eight hours every day. Programmes cover a variety of subjects including current affairs, documentaries, culture, science, business and the arts. Entertainment programmes such as BBC Sound and Top Gear are broadcast with Persian dubbing.
Jamaluddin (Jamal) started working for the BBC in 2001 as a journalist when he joined the BBC's Central Asia magazine in Iran and Afghanistan. Before joining the BBC, Jamal was the editor of a weekly publication for Afghan refugees living in Mashhad, the province capital of Iran's Khorasan province where he also managed a UNHCR project to train young Afghan journalists. Jamal comes from Afghanistan although he grew up and studied in Iran.
Najieh Ghulami was born in Afghanistan to a Herati mother and a Kabuli father. She was three years old when her family moved to Iran in the wake of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. Najieh began her broadcasting career in 2001 as a reporter for the BBC Persian service in Mashhad: the capital of Khorasan province in northeast Iran. She was the first Persian-speaking journalist to be accredited by the Iranian government to work for the BBC in Iran.
Farnaz Ghazizadeh has worked for some of Iran's most respected newspapers, including Neshat, Yas-e Nou and the weekly Zan (Woman). She began her broadcast career in 2000 as the presenter of a daily science programme for Iranian television. In December 2003 Farnaz emigrated to the Netherlands with her family, where she joined several other Iranian journalists to start the news website Roozonline. She joined BBC Persian in 2005 as a radio correspondent. She has produced and presented news and feature programmes, most notably Your Voice and Seventh Day.
Nader Soltanpour began his journalism career in 1997 as a producer and presenter of a weekly radio programme called Persian Voice for the Iranian community in Toronto, Canada. In 2000 Nader turned Persian Voice into Canada's first nightly radio programme in the Persian language. In 2005 Nader joined the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation as a writer and producer for The World Report, Canada's most-listened-to morning news programme. Nader joined BBC Persian TV as a presenter in 2008.
- Mitra M. Shahrani (2014). "BBC Persian: Filling the Media Void in the Persian-Speaking World". Asian Politics & Policy 6 (2): 335–338. doi:10.1111/aspp.12102.
|Wikinews has related news: News services and World Wide Web companies increase Farsi services after Iranian presidential election|
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- "Telstar 12". Lyngsat. Retrieved 2009-05-19.
- "Eutelsat W3A". LyngSat. Archived from the original on 28 March 2010. Retrieved 2010-03-27.
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- http://blogs.rnw.nl/medianetwork/bbc-says-its-satellite-broadcasts-being-disrupted-from-iran BBC says its satellite broadcasts being disrupted from Iran
- http://blogs.rnw.nl/medianetwork/bbc-adds-more-satellites-for-its-persian-tv-service BBC adds more satellites for its Persian TV service
- Luft, Oliver (2009-06-19). "Iran elections: BBC World Service battles satellite interference". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 2010-04-26.
- http://www.bbc.co.uk/pressoffice/pressreleases/stories/2009/12_december/21/persian.shtml BBC Persian television broadcasting despite interference from Iran
- http://en.kingofsat.net/channelhistory.php?ch=6262 Kingofsat - "2009-12-28 BBC Persian has left 11117.00MHz"
- http://en.kingofsat.net/detail-bbcpersian.php Kingofsat - "BBC Persian (All satellites)"
- http://widenetworks.net/hotbird.html "(Hotbird Service Provider)"
- BBC Persian works round restrictions, BBC News, 2009-06-23.
- Turner, Mimi (2009-11-20). "BBC Persian News tops Hot Bird nods". The Hollywood Reporter.[dead link]
- "BBC Persian TV". BBC.