Bachhraon

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Bachhraon
बछराऊँ
بچھراوں

Bachhrayun
city
Bachhraon is located in Uttar Pradesh
Bachhraon
Bachhraon
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 28°56′N 78°13′E / 28.93°N 78.22°E / 28.93; 78.22Coordinates: 28°56′N 78°13′E / 28.93°N 78.22°E / 28.93; 78.22
Country  India
State Uttar Pradesh
District Amroha
Founded by Raja Bachhraj
Elevation 209 m (686 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 31,101
Languages
 • Official Hindi, Urdu, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 244225
Telephone code 05924

Bachhraon(Hindi: बछराऊँ, Urdu: بچھراوں‎) is a city and a municipal board in Amroha district in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India.

Geography[edit]

Bachhraon is located at 28°56′N 78°13′E / 28.93°N 78.22°E / 28.93; 78.22 near eastern bank of the Ganges river.[1] It has an average elevation of 209 metres (685 feet).

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census,[2] Bachhraon had a population of 31,101. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Bachhraon has an average literacy rate of 46%, lower than the national average of 59.5%; with 61% of the males and 31% of females literate. 19% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Many ethnic groups and cultures are represented in this town. Muslims constitute more than 75% of the population. This town is a great example of communal harmony and has a long history of peace and mutual co-operation among all communities. Peoples of this town are known for their very jolly and jovial nature with a great sense of humor.

Hindustani language (incorporates Urdu in the local dialect of Hindi) is the principal spoken language while Hindi, English & Urdu are the principal written languages.

Bachhraon's land is famous for many Muslim saints (walis) and Sufi shrines. Some famous saints are Haji Sahab Peer, Aughat Shah Warsi, Faiz Ali Shah, Sufi Salman Shah, Jhande Peer and many others.

This town has many old Mosques like Jama Masjid, Pathar Wali Masjid(Stone Mosque), Khoti Wali Masjid and also lots of temples such as Mahadev Mandir, Sotiwala Mandir and Shiv Mandir etc. Mahadev Temple is the biggest and oldest temple of this town and believe to have a natural shivling.

The Urs (Death Anniversary) of Aughat Shah Warsi & Haji peer sahab as well as annual Ramlila are widely famous.

History[edit]

Bachhroun is an old and historical place. Local theories of the origin of its name differ, according to one of the theory the name of Bachhraon derived from the name of the local ruler "Raja Bachhraj" who was contemporary of Mohammad Ghauri & Prithviraj Chauhan.

There is a historical "Sherpur" railway station, Which was used for hunting in nearby forest by British at time of colonial rule.

Educational institutions[edit]

  • St. Pius's High School
  • A.N.D.P Intermediate College
  • Indrawati Intermediate College (Girls)
  • Modern public school
  • Nanhi Duniya Jr. High School
  • Gulshan public school
  • Y.M.S Degree College (Bachhraon-Dhanaura Road)
  • Adarsh Public School
  • A.N.D.P Little Children Academy
  • Madarsa Jamia Arabia Abbasiah
  • M.M.J. High School
  • Adarsh Baal Shiksha Kendra
  • Darul Uloom Shamsul Waris Jr. High School
  • C.M.P. Inter College (Bachhraun)
  • Mahamaya polytechnic (bachhraun)

Economy[edit]

This city is famous for the farming of more than 100 varieties of mangoes and it's one of the biggest mango producers in northern India. Bachhraon is a marketplace for agricultural products. Its main industries are Agriculture based, hand-loom weaving and mini-sugar plants.

Climate[edit]

Bachhraon features an atypical version of a humid subtropical climate, with long very hot summers and brief mild winters. Summers are long and hot, from early April to mid-October, with the monsoon season in between. Beginning of March sees a reversal in the direction of wind, from the north-western direction, to the south-western. These bring the hot waves from Rajasthan, carrying sand and are called “Loo”. The months of March to May see a time of hot prickling heat. Monsoon arrives at the end of June, bringing some respite from the heat, but increasing humidity at the same time. Winter starts in late November and peaks in January and is notorious for its heavy fog. Extreme temperatures range from −0.6 °C to 43.5 °C. The annual mean temperature is 25 °C monthly mean temperatures range from 13 °C to 32 °C. The average annual rainfall is approximately 720 mm most of which is during the monsoons in July and August. The average date of the advent of monsoon winds in Bachhraon is 26 June.

References[edit]