Baileys Irish Cream
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Bailey's Flat White Martini
|Manufacturer||Gilbeys of Ireland|
|Country of origin||Ireland|
|Alcohol by volume||17.0%|
Bailey's Irish Cream is an Irish whiskey- and cream-based liqueur, made by Gilbeys of Ireland. The trademark is currently owned by Diageo. It has a declared alcohol content of 17% alcohol by volume.
History and origin
Bailey's Irish Cream was created by Gilbeys of Ireland, a division of International Distillers & Vintners, as it searched for something to introduce to the international market. The process of finding a product began in 1971 and it was introduced in 1974 as the first Irish cream on the market. The Bailey's name was granted permission by John Chesterman after Gilbeys asked to use the name from a restaurant that John Chesterman owned. The R.A. Bailey signature was fictional, inspired by the Bailey's Hotel in Kensington, London, though the registered trademark omits the apostrophe. Bailey's is produced in Dublin and Mallusk, County Antrim.
The alcohol and cream, together with some Irish whiskey from various distilleries, are homogenized to form an emulsion with the aid of an emulsifier containing refined vegetable oil. This process prevents separation of the alcohol and cream during storage. The quantity of other ingredients is not known but they include herbs and sugar.
According to the manufacturer, no preservatives are required as the alcohol content preserves the cream. The cream used in the drink comes from Glanbia, an Irish dairy company. Glanbia's Virginia facility in County Cavan produces a range of fat-filled milk powders and fresh cream. It has been the principal cream supplier to Bailey's Irish Cream Liqueurs for more than thirty years. At busier times of the year, Glanbia will also supply cream from its Ballyragget facility in County Kilkenny.
Storage and shelf life
The manufacturer claims Bailey's Irish Cream has a shelf life of 24 months and guarantees its taste for two years from the day it was made - opened or unopened, stored in a refrigerator or not, when stored away from direct sunlight at temperatures between 0 and 25 °C (32 and 77 °F).
Diageo provides nutritional information for Bailey's.
|Energy||1345 kJ (327 kcal)|
As is the case with milk, cream will curdle whenever it comes into contact with a weak acid. Milk and cream contain casein, which coagulates, when mixed with weak acids such as lemon, tonic water, or traces of wine. While this outcome is undesirable in most situations, some cocktails specifically encourage coagulation.
In 2005, Bailey's launched mint chocolate and crème caramel, variants of its Irish Cream at 17% ABV. They were originally released in UK airports and were subsequently released in the mass market of the UK, US, Australia and Canada in 2006. In 2008, Bailey's, after the success of previous flavour variants, released a coffee variant of its Irish Cream with an ABV of 17%, followed by a Hazelnut flavoured variant in 2010. The company trialled a new premium variety, Bailey's Gold, at several European airports in 2009. The Gold version also was marketed towards the Japanese consumer. The latest additions to the Bailey's flavour family are Biscotti, launched in 2011, and a sub-brand premium product Bailey's Chocolat Luxe, which combined Belgian chocolate with Bailey's in 2013. The company released a Vanilla-Cinnamon variety in the US market in 2013.
International spirit ratings competitions, including at the San Francisco World Spiritis Competition, the Beverage Testing Institute, and others, have assessed Bailey's offerings. In general, Bailey's has performed well, with the classic Irish Cream generally receiving the highest awards.
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- Thomas N Garavan, Barra O' Cinneide, Mary Garavan, Anna Cunningham, Ambrose Downey, Trevor O'Regan and Briga Hynes Cases in Irish Business Strategy and Policy, p. 56, at Google Books
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