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|District of Uttar Pradesh|
Location of Ballia district in Uttar Pradesh
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||Ballia, Salempur and Ghosi (Lok Sabha constituency )|
|• Total||1,981 km2 (765 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,600/km2 (4,200/sq mi)|
|• Literacy||73.82 per cent|
Ballia district (Hindi: बलिया ज़िला, Urdu: بلیا ضلع) is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh state, India. Ballia district is a part of Azamgarh Division situated in eastern Part of Uttar Pradesh. Main occupation is agriculture. Ballia City is district headquarters and commercial Market of this district. There are six tehsils (talukas) in this district viz Ballia, Bansdih, Rasra, Bairiya, Sikandarpur, and Belthara. Rasra is second major commercial area of district, having one government sugar mill and one cotton weaving industry. Though Ballia's core occupation is agriculture but there are some small industries are existing. Maniar is known for its bindi (Indian ladies putting on their forehead) industry and major supplier.
According to the 2011 census Ballia district has a population of 3,223,642, roughly equal to the nation of Mauritania or the US state of Iowa. This gives it a ranking of 108th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 1,081 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,800/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 16.73%. Ballia has a sex ratio of 933 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 73.82%.
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Contribution of Ballia to Hindi Literature is immense as many prominent scholars hail from Ballia such as Hazari Prasad Dwivedi, Bhairav Prasad Gupt and Amar Kant. Other notable persons belonging to the district are brother duo Baldev Upadhyaya, famous Sanskrit critic and Krishndev Upadhyaya, (Bhojpuri) scholar with works in Bhojpuri folk literature. Ballia is surrounded by two major river Ganges and Ghaghra (Saryu) that make this land more fertile.
Ballia is also considered as a holy Hindu city. It has big and small temples. Bhrigu temple in Bhrigu Ashram is considered to be a famous temple where Bhrigu Muni was supposed to reside. Bhrigu muni is the one who according to Hindu Mythology hit Lord Vishnu on his chest. Behind Bhrigu Ashram earlier River Ganges used to flow. Famous Dadri Mela (fair) is still held annually in winter season and people from all around the Ballia and neighboring districts come here to visit it. It lasts about a month.Ballia is also famous for "Sonadih ka mela" which is held every year in month of April for 15 days.
Ballia had distinguished freedom fighters who fought against British and managed to finish the British Raj from Ballia for few days from 19 August 1942 Under leadership of Chittu Pandey and others. Due to this, region Ballia also known as Baagi ballia (the rebel Ballia).
Notable political personalities from this district include Ram Nagina Singh, Ex-MP 1952 in ballia (Prajatantrik socialist party). Chandra Shekhar Known as the 'Young Turk' became Prime Minister on Nov. 10, 1990 and continued till June 21, 1991 (224 days). He was the 8th prime minister of the country. He was born and brought up in Ibrahimpatti village in Ballia district and also MP of Ballia when he became the prime minister. He was the longest serving MP of the ballia.
Mangal Pandey, the well known freedom fighter was also from this city and he was the 1st person to fire gun against English Govt.
Chittu Pandey, Murli Manohar, Tarkeshwar Pandey, Gauri Shankar Rai and hundreds of leaders fought for independence during that period. Murli Manohar,Tarkeshwar Pandey and Gauri Shankar Rai were members of Lok Sabha and are no more. Sri Gauri Shankar Rai was member of UP Assembly, UP Council and as Member of Indian Parliament, he also represented India in UN Gen Assembly and Addressed UN General Assembly in HINDI,for the first time in history of United Nations.
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01.
Mauritania 3,281,634 July 2011 est.
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on October 19, 2013. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Bhojpuri: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- "BHojpuri Gram-geet". The Eastern Anthropologist. 4–6. 1950. Retrieved 25 May 2015.
- Singh, Anil Kumar (1985). Ballia District, a Study in Rural Settlement Geography. NGSI Research publication #33. Varanasi, India: National Geographical Society of India. OCLC 13497935.