Bazenville

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search
Bazenville
An old barn in Bazenville
An old barn in Bazenville
Coat of arms of Bazenville
Coat of arms
Bazenville is located in France
Bazenville
Bazenville
Coordinates: 49°18′13″N 0°35′06″W / 49.3036°N 0.585°W / 49.3036; -0.585Coordinates: 49°18′13″N 0°35′06″W / 49.3036°N 0.585°W / 49.3036; -0.585
Country France
Region Normandy
Department Calvados
Arrondissement Bayeux
Canton Ryes
Intercommunality Bessin, Seulles et Mer
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Marcel Dubois
Area1 4.07 km2 (1.57 sq mi)
Population (2012)2 145
 • Density 36/km2 (92/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 14049 / 14480
Elevation 53–67 m (174–220 ft)
(avg. 30 m or 98 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Bazenville is a French commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region of north-western France.[1]

Bazenville Airfield was a former World War II Advanced Landing Ground, mostly located outside the commune of Bazenville 1.8 km to the north-east.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Bazenvillais or Bazenvillaises.[2]

Geography[edit]

Bazenville is located some 6 km east by north-east of Bayeux and 4 km south by south-east of Arromanches-les-Bains. Access to the commune is by the D87 road from Ryes in the north-west which passes through the commune south of the village and continues south-east to Villiers-le-Sec. The D112 from Sommervieu to Crépon forms the north-western border of the commune. Apart from the village there is the hamlet of Les Noyaux. There is a British Military Cemetery in the west of the commune on the D87. The commune is entirely farmland.[3][4]

Mapping[edit]

A list of online mapping systems can be displayed by clicking on the coordinates (latitude and longitude) in the top right hand corner of this article.

Neighbouring communes and villages[edit]

[3]

Toponymy[edit]

Bazonille is mentioned as Basonni villa in 875.

Bazenville appears as Bazanville on the 1750 Cassini Map[5] and as Bazan ville on the 1790 version.[6]

History[edit]

Wing Commander James "Johnny" Johnson at Bazenville Normandy 31 July 1944

Bazenville was liberated on the same day as the Normandy landings on 6 June 1944. An interim Canadian aerodrome (referred to as Bazenville Airfield, Advanced Landing Ground B-2 Bazenville, or B-2 Crépon) was built commencing the following night near the commune in a large part of the triangle formed by the Bazenville, Crépon, and Villiers-le-Sec villages.[7]

It was on this aerodrome that the French ace Pierre Clostermann flew, on 11 June 1944, for the first time in France after his entry into the war in 1942: "All my life I will remember the people of Bazenville the first French to whom I spoke".[8]

Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[9]

From To Name Party Position
2001 2005 Pierre Vallerend Farmer
2005 2020 Marcel Dubois Retired

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2012 the commune had 145 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Population Change (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
381 321 411 409 371 370 361 362 338
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
328 316 302 291 283 272 251 229 228
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
216 200 181 146 153 173 172 192 177
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2007 2012 -
196 177 149 164 145 144 146 145 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Bazenville

Culture and heritage[edit]

Civil heritage[edit]

  • A Commemorative plaque remembering the site of the airfield where Pierre Clostermann arrived on 11 June 1944.

The commune has many buildings and sites that are registered as historical monuments:

  • A Farmhouse at Rue des Alliés (1759)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[10]
  • A Tradesman's house at Rue des Cordiers (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[11]
  • The Bazenville Farmhouse at Rue de l'Eglise (17th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[12]
  • A House at Rue de l'Eglise (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[13]
  • A Notable's House at Rue de l'Eglise (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[14]
  • The Chateau of Bazenville at Rue de la Grotte (17th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[15]
  • The Manor of Tournebu at Rue des Noyaux (17th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[16]
  • A Worker's House at Route de Villiers-le-Sec (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[17]
  • The Chateau de la Croix at Route de Villiers-le-Sec (1727)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[18]
  • The British Cemetery of Ryes (20th century).Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[19] The cemetery contains 979 graves: 630 British, 21 Canadians, one Australian, one Pole, and 326 Germans.
  • The War Memorial (1929)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[20]
  • The Grotto of Lourdes (1947)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[21]
  • Bazenville Village (Ancient times)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[22]
  • Houses (17th-19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[23]

Religious heritage[edit]

The commune has several religious buildings and sites that are registered as historical monuments:

  • A Presbytery at Rue de l'Eglise (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[24]
  • The Parish Church of Saint-Martin at le Bourg (13th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[25] The Church contains a large number of objects which are registered as historical objects. For a complete list with links to descriptions (in French and some photos click here.

Heritage Picture Gallery[edit]

The War Cemetery

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually and the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bazenville on Lion1906
  2. ^ Inhabitants of Calvados (French)
  3. ^ a b Bazenville on Google Maps
  4. ^ Bazenville on the Géoportail from National Geographic Institute (IGN) website (French)
  5. ^ Bazanville on the 1750 Cassini Map
  6. ^ Bazan ville on the 1790 Cassini Map
  7. ^ Abandoned Airfields in Lower Normandy Archived March 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. (Dutch)
  8. ^ Claude Quétel (under the direction of), Dictionary of the Landings, éditions Ouest-France, Rennes, 2011, 725 pages, p. 174 "Clostermann (Pierre)", ISBN 978-2-7373-4826-6 (French)
  9. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  10. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121792 Farmhouse at Rue des Alliés (French)
  11. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121788 Tradesman's house at Rue des Cordiers (French)
  12. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121785 'Bazenville Farmhouse at Rue de l'Eglise Camera aabb.svg (French)
  13. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121789 House at Rue de l'Eglise (French)
  14. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121790 Notable's House at Rue de l'Eglise Camera aabb.svg (French)
  15. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121783 Chateau of Bazenville (French)
  16. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121786 Manor of Tournebu Camera aabb.svg (French)
  17. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121791 Worker's House at Route de Villiers-le-Sec (French)
  18. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121784 Chateau de la Croix (French)
  19. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121793 British Cemetery of Ryes (French)
  20. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121782 War Memorial (French)
  21. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121781 Grotto of Lourdes (French)
  22. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121779 Bazenville Village Camera aabb.svg (French)
  23. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121778 Houses Camera aabb.svg (French)
  24. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121787 Presbytery at Rue de l'Eglise Camera aabb.svg (French)
  25. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121780 PA00111069 Church of Saint-Martin Camera aabb.svg (French)