Benjamin Penhallow Shillaber

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Benjamin Penhallow Shillaber

Benjamin Penhallow Shillaber (1814-1890) was an American printer, editor, and humorist. He often wrote under the guise of his fictional character Mrs. Partington.

Biography[edit]

Shillaber was born in Portsmouth, New Hampshire and began work in a printing office in 1830. He moved to Boston in the 1830s, and then became an editor with the Boston Daily Post and Saturday Evening Gazette. For the Post, Shillaber introduced his character Mrs. Ruth Partington, the American version of Mrs. Malaprop, which he would reuse frequently throughout his career.

In 1851, Shillaber became the founding editor of the The Carpet-Bag, a Boston-based humor magazine that was one of the country's first comic publications. It soon earned a national reputation and enticed contributions from humorist like George Derby and others, as well as serious writers who used pseudonyms like Enoch Fitzwhistle, Peter Snooks, and John P. Squibob. The May 1, 1852, issue ran a short article titled "The Dandy Frightening the Squatter" by a 16-year old Samuel L. Clemens, later known by the name Mark Twain.[1] Shillaber's character of Ike Partington, Mrs. Partington's nephew, may have influenced Twain's title character in The Adventures of Tom Sawyer. Twain more explicitly refers to Mrs. Partington in his book Roughing It.[2]

He died in Chelsea, Massachusetts in 1890.

Works[edit]

Illustration of Mrs. Partington, c. 1858
  • Rhymes With Reason and Without (1854)
  • Life and Sayings of Mrs. Partington (1854)
  • Knitting-Work: A Web of Many Textures, Wrought by Ruth Partington (1859)
  • Partingtonian Patchwork (1873)
  • Ike and his Friends (1879)
  • Wide-swath, Embracing Lines in Pleasant Places: And Other Rhymes Wise and Otherwise (1882)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Martin, Justin. Rebel Souls: Walt Whitman and America's First Bohemians. Boston, MA: Da Capa Press, 2014: 129. ISBN 978-0-306-82226-1
  2. ^ Rasmussen, R. Kent. Critical Companion to Mark Twain: A Literary Reference to His Life and Work. New York, NY: Infobase Publishing, 2007: 879. ISBN 978-0-8160-5398-8

External links[edit]

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainWood, James, ed. (1907). "Partington, Mrs.". The Nuttall Encyclopædia. London and New York: Frederick Warne.