Bhera

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Bhera
Country Pakistan
Province Punjab
District Sargodha
Time zone PST (UTC+5)

Bhera (Punjabi,Urdu: بهيره‎), is a city and Tehsil of Sargodha District, Punjab province of Pakistan.

History[edit]

According to the "Ancient Geography of India" by Alexander Cunningham, Bhera was once known as Jobnathnagar.[1]

The Imperial Gazetteer of India records the history of Bhera -

In the recent past centuries, Bhera was an important trading outpost on the road to Kabul, and boasted of a taksal (mint) during the rule of Ranjit Singh. The city was known for its knife and cutlery craftsmen, who made fighting daggers (Pesh-kabz) as well as hunting knives and table cutlery, often fitted with handles of serpentine (false jade) or horn.[3] Sir Robert Baden-Powell described the process by which craftsmen manufactured gem-quality serpentine aka false jade from ores obtained from Afghanistan: "The sang-i-yesham (ore) is cut by means of an iron saw, and water mixed with red sand and pounded (with) kurand (corundum). It is polished by application to the san (polishing wheel), wetted with water only, then by being kept wet with water, and rubbed with a piece of wati (smooth pottery fragment), and lastly by rubbing very finely pounded burnt sang-i-yesham on it. This last process must be done very thoroughly."[3]

Attacks on Bhera through history[edit]

Bhera has also been attacked by a series of invaders including

Bhera in Ferishta's Chronicle[edit]

Farishta records[5] that after attacking Ajoodhun now Pakpattan.

Notable people[edit]

Historical places in the vicinity[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ancient Geography of India, Page 130 – Alexander Cunningham
  2. ^ a b Imperial Gazetteer of India v22 page 214
  3. ^ a b Watt, Sir George, The Commercial Products of India, London: John Murray Publishers (1908), p. 561
  4. ^ a b c d Imperial Gazetteer of India v2 page 213
  5. ^ Farishta Vo1 Page 80 Translation by John Briggs

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 32°29′N 72°55′E / 32.48°N 72.92°E / 32.48; 72.92