Blackpool (UK Parliament constituency)

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Blackpool
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
18851945
Number of members one
Replaced by Blackpool North and Blackpool South
Created from North Lancashire

Blackpool was a parliamentary constituency centred on the town of Blackpool in Lancashire. It returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

The constituency was created for the 1885 general election, and abolished for the 1945 general election, when it was replaced by the new Blackpool North and Blackpool South constituencies.

Boundaries[edit]

1885-1918: The Municipal Borough of Preston, the Sessional Divisions of Amounderness and Kirkham, and part of the Sessional Division of Leyland.

1918-1945: The County Borough of Blackpool, the Urban Districts of Bispham with Norbreck, Lytham, and St Anne's-on-the-Sea, and part of the civil parish of Carleton.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Year Member Party
1885 Frederick Stanley Conservative
1886 Sir Matthew Ridley Conservative
1900 Henry Worsley-Taylor Conservative
1906 Wilfrid Ashley Conservative
1918 Albert Lindsay Parkinson Unionist
1922 Leonard Molloy Unionist
1923 Hugh Meyler Liberal
1924 Sir Walter de Frece Unionist
1931 Clifford Erskine-Bolst Conservative
1935 Roland Robinson Conservative
1945 constituency abolished

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

Stanley
General Election 1885: Blackpool [1][2][3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Rt Hon. Frederick Arthur Stanley unopposed n/a n/a
Conservative win (new seat)
General Election 1886: Blackpool [1][2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Rt Hon. Frederick Arthur Stanley unopposed n/a n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a
Ridley
Blackpool by-election, 1886[1][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Sir Matthew White Ridley 6,263 71.4 n/a
Liberal John Ormerod Pilkington 2,513 28.6 n/a
Majority 3,750 42.8 n/a
Turnout 73.7 n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1892: Blackpool [1][2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Sir Matthew White Ridley 6,536
Liberal Thomas Walker 3,487
Majority 3,049
Turnout 76.4
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1895: Blackpool [1][2][5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Rt Hon. Sir Matthew White Ridley unopposed n/a n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: Blackpool [1][2][6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Rt Hon. Sir Matthew White Ridley unopposed n/a n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a
Blackpool by-election, 1900[1][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Henry Wilson Worsley-Taylor 7,059
Liberal Joseph Heap 5,589
Majority 1,470
Turnout 78.2
Conservative hold Swing
Phillipps
General Election 1906: Blackpool [1][2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Wilfrid William Ashley 10,139
Liberal Henry Vivian Phillipps 7,078
Majority 3,061
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

Ashley
General Election January 1910: Blackpool [1][7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Wilfrid William Ashley 11,567
Liberal Samuel Hodgkinson 7,943
Majority 3,624
Turnout 87.3
Conservative hold Swing
General Election December 1910: Blackpool [1][8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Wilfrid William Ashley unopposed n/a n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election 1918: Blackpool[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist
  • Albert Lindsay Parkinson
15,818
Independent Clive F Critchley 9,862
Labour Allan Gee 2,608
Majority
Turnout 68.0
Unionist hold Swing
  • endorsed by the Coalition Government

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

Hugh Meyler
General Election 1922: Blackpool
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Leonard Greenham Star Molloy 18,206
Liberal Hugh Mowbray Meyler 18,040
Majority
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1923: Blackpool [10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Hugh Mowbray Meyler 22,264 53.7 +3.9
Unionist Hon. Victor Albert Stanley 19,192 46.3 -3.9
Majority 3,072 7.4 7.8
Turnout 84.8 +6.5
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing +3.9
General Election 1924: Blackpool
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Sir Abraham Walter de Frece 25,839 58.0
Liberal Hugh Mowbray Meyler 18,712 42.0
Majority 7,127 16.0
Turnout 85.8
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing
General Election 1929: Blackpool
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Sir Abraham Walter de Frece 32,912 46.8 -11.2
Liberal Miles Mitchell 25,374 36.1 -5.9
Labour Ernest Alfred Machin 12,049 17.1 n/a
Majority 7,538 10.7 -5.3
Turnout 81.1 -4.7
Unionist hold Swing -2.7

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1931: Blackpool
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Clifford Charles Alan Lawrence Erskine-Bolst 53,010 73.1
Liberal Edgar Wallace 19,524 26.9
Majority 46.2
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing
  • Wallace was opposed to the National Government
urchase
General Election 1935: Blackpool
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Roland Robinson 48,514 65.24
Labour Harvey Thorneycroft 13,598 18.29
Liberal Henry George Purchase 12,245 16.47
Majority 34,916 46.96
Turnout 73.97
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1939/40: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  2. ^ a b c d e f The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  3. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
  4. ^ a b The Constitiutional Year Book, 1904, published by Conservative Central Office, page 146 (170 in web page), Lancashire North
  5. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  6. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  7. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  8. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  9. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-49, FWS Craig
  10. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-49, FWS Craig

Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.