Blackridge, West Lothian

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Blackridge
Scottish Gaelic: An Druim Dubh
Scots: Blackrig
Blackridge Parish Church (geograph 3420672).jpg
Blackridge Parish Church
Blackridge is located in West Lothian
Blackridge
Blackridge
 Blackridge shown within West Lothian
Population 1,926 
OS grid reference NS894670
Civil parish Torphichen
Council area West Lothian
Lieutenancy area West Lothian
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BATHGATE
Postcode district EH48
Dialling code 01501
Police Scottish
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament Linlithgow and East Falkirk
Scottish Parliament Linlithgow
List of places
UK
Scotland

Coordinates: 55°53′02″N 3°46′01″W / 55.884°N 3.767°W / 55.884; -3.767

Blackridge (Scots: Blackrig,[1][2] Scottish Gaelic: An Druim Dubh)[3] is a small town in the western part of West Lothian, Scotland.

The village name dates to 1581, first recorded as Blakrig. Later, Blackrig and then Blackrigg became the standard spelling until Blackridge became the norm in official documents after about 1840. Blackrig remains the local pronunciation.

The population, as of the mid-2013 estimate, of Blackridge is 1,926. Please note this also includes Westriggs.[4] The modern village dates from the building of the new Edinburgh-Glasgow road in 1796 and the building of a coaching inn midway between the cities, officially Westcraigs Inn but known locally as the Craig Inn. The inn now serves as housing, a community centre and library.

Industry[edit]

After the arrival of the railway line linking Airdrie and Bathgate in 1862, the exploitation of local coal reserves became more practicable although it was not until the late 1880s that the first local colliery was sunk at Westrigg. The village grew from a population of under 200 to over 2,000 by World War I with coal mining and whinstone quarrying the main employments.

The last colliery closed in the late 1950s and Blackridge became a dormitory for nearby towns with, for much of the 1960s and 1970s, the British Leyland truck and tractor assembly plant at Bathgate the principal employer.

Housing[edit]

The building of council housing from the late 1920s until the late 1960s established the modern village with 85% of residents renting from the local authority. Small scale private house building in the 1980s gave way to more substantial developments in the 1990s and early 21st century and the current local plan visualises a doubling of the number of dwellings to around 1,500 by the early 2010s.

Religion and culture[edit]

There is one church remaining in the village (Church of Scotland) The present stone building was built by public subscription and donations and is situated on the Main street in the middle of the village and celebrated its centenary in 2001.

Transport[edit]

The Scottish Government previously excluded Blackridge from the stations to be created on the Airdrie-Bathgate Rail Link, due to be reopened in 2010 but this decision was later reversed. The campaign group Platform Blackridge eventually achieved victory in the campaign and the station was confirmed on 14 October 2008 and opened on 12 December 2010.

Notable people[edit]

Blackridge can boast two native knights of the Realm: Vice-Admiral Sir Thomas Livingstone and Sir Peter Matthews, Chief Constable of Surrey in the 1970s.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Andy Eagle (2003-02-27). "The Online Scots Dictionary". Scots-online.org. Retrieved 2014-03-17. 
  2. ^ List of railway station names in English, Scots and Gaelic Archived 22 January 2013 at the Wayback Machine. - NewsNetScotland
  3. ^ "Ainmean-Àite na h-Alba ~ Gaelic Place-Names of Scotland". Gaelicplacenames.org. Retrieved 2014-03-17. 
  4. ^ "Armadale and Blackridge Ward Profile" (PDF). April 2015. Retrieved 2016-11-20. 

External links[edit]