Blasiphalia

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Blasiphalia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Hymenochaetales
Family: Repetobasidiaceae
Genus: Blasiphalia
Redhead (2007)
Type species
Blasiphalia pseudogrisella
(A.H.Sm.) Redhead (2007)

Blasiphalia is a fungal genus in the family Repetobasidiaceae. A monotypic genus, it contains the honey colored omphalinoid agaric[1], Blasiphalia pseudogrisella, which grows with the liverwort genus Blasia.[1] Phylogenetically related agarics are in the genera Rickenella, Gyroflexus, Loreleia, Cantharellopsis and Contumyces, as well as the stipitate-stereoid genera Muscinupta and Cotylidia and clavarioid genus, Alloclavaria.[2] Blasiphalia is most similar to Rickenella and Contumyces, and was only just recognized as a distinct genus in 2007 based upon molecular analysis. The fungus is unique in parasitizing Blasia[2] by forming clasping appresoria on its host's rhizoids.[3][4] Its basidiospores also germinate on the host's gemmae[5] and clasp them and therefore can be disseminated together with the gemmae.

Etymology[edit]

Blasiphalia is a nonsense, nontraditionally formulated name vaguely referring to the liverwort genus Blasia and a fragment of the word 'omphalia' in reference to previous classifications that would place it in Omphalina.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Larsson, K.-H.; et al. (2006) [2007]. "Hymenochaetales: a molecular phylogeny for the hymenochaetoid clade". Mycologia. 98 (6): 926–936. doi:10.3852/mycologia.98.6.926. PMID 17486969. 
  2. ^ Dentinger, B.T.M. & McLaughlin, D.J. (2006). "Reconstructing the Clavariaceae using nuclear large subunit rDNA sequences and a new genus segregated from Clavaria". Mycologia. 98 (5): 746–762. doi:10.3852/mycologia.98.5.746. PMID 17256578. 
  3. ^ Redhead, S.A. (1981). "Parasitism of bryophytes by agarics". Canadadian Journal of Botany. 59 (1): 63–67. doi:10.1139/b81-011. 
  4. ^ Kost, G. (1988). "Interactions between Basidiomycetes and Bryophyta". Endocytobiosis and Cell Research. 5: 287–308. 
  5. ^ Redhead, S.A. (1980). "Gerronema pseudogrisella". Fungi Canadenses. 170. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-05-27. Retrieved 2007-07-18. 

External links[edit]