From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Blekko home page
Type of site
|Owner||IBM (International Business Machines)|
|Launched||November 1, 2010|
|2,247 (February 2015[update])|
|Current status||Defunct (March 27, 2015)|
Blekko, trademarked as blekko (lowercase), was a company that provided a web search engine with the stated goal of providing better search results than those offered by Google Search, with results gathered from a set of 3 billion trusted webpages and excluding such sites as content farms. The company's site, launched to the public on November 1, 2010, used slashtags to provide results for common searches. Blekko also offered a downloadable search bar. It was acquired by IBM in March 2015.
The company was co-founded in 2007 by Rich Skrenta, who had created Newhoo, which was acquired by Netscape and renamed as the Open Directory Project. Skrenta "is still remembered most for unleashing the Elk Cloner virus on the world". Blekko raised $24 million in venture capital from such individuals as Netscape founder Marc Andreessen and Ron Conway, as well as from U.S. Venture Partners and CMEA Capital. The company's goal was to be able to provide useful search results without the extraneous links often provided by Google. Individuals who enter searches for such frequently searched categories as cars, finance, health and hotels received results prescreened by Blekko editors who used what the New York Times described as "Wikipedia-style policing" to weed out pages created by content farms and focus on results from professionals. Use of slashtags restricted the set of search results to those matching the specified characteristic and a slashtag was to be automatically added for search categories with prescreened results. Queries related to personal health were limited to a prescreened list of sites that Blekko editors had determined to be trustworthy, excluding many sites that rank highly in Google searches. As of Blekko's launch date, its 8,000 beta editors had developed 3,000 slashtags corresponding to the site's most frequent searches. The company hoped to use editors to develop prepared lists of the 50 sites that best match its 100,000 most frequent search targets. Additional tools allowed users to see the IP address that a website is running on and let registered users label a site as spam.
At the time, Blekko announced plans to earn revenue by selling ads based on slashtags and search results. The company also planned to provide data on its algorithm for ranking search results, including details for inbound links to specific sites.
As part of a permanent post in Blekko's help section was the following "Web search bill of rights":
- Search shall be open
- Search results shall involve people
- Ranking data shall not be kept secret
- Web data shall be readily available
- There is no one-size-fits-all for search
- Advanced search shall be accessible
- Search engine tools shall be open to all
- Search and community go hand-in-hand
- Spam does not belong in search results
- Privacy of searchers shall not be violated
In 2011, Blekko announced blocking "content farmy sites", to reduce spam, in line with its bill of rights.
In March 2015, IBM bought Blekko, leaving people accessing its site unable to make any searches and redirecting them to an IBM blog post here. The post tells readers that Blekko's web-crawling abilities will be integrated into IBM Watson, in addition to the acquisition of AlchemyAPI. It compares itself, AlchemyAPI, and Blekko to an oil field. In this metaphorical oil field, Blekko's technology will be used to crawl the web and deliver data to the technology acquired from AlchemyAPI, which will "refine" the information. Watson's existing systems will deliver the information to users.
Blekko used an initiative called slashtags, consisting of a text tag preceded by a "/" slash character, to allow ease of searching and categorise searches. System and pre-defined slashtags allowed users to start searching right away. Users could create slashtags after signup, to perform custom-sorted searches and to reduce spam.
The following features were available to all users:
In 2010, John Dvorak described the site as adding "so much weird dimensionality" to search, and recommended it as "the best out-of-the-chute new engine I've seen in the last 10 years". In Matthew Rogers' review of the site, he found it "slow and cumbersome", and stated that he did not understand the necessity or utility for slashtags. In his PCMag.com review, Jeffrey L. Wilson expressed approval of some search results, but criticized the site's social features which "bog down the search experience."
- "Blekko.com Site Info". Alexa Internet. Retrieved 2014-04-01.
- "About". blekko.com. Retrieved December 18, 2011.
- Efrati, Amir. "Start-Up Aims at Google: Blekko.com Taps Users to Narrow Results, Avoid Spam Sites", Wall Street Journal, November 1, 2010. Accessed October 31, 2010.
- "Prank starts 25 years of computer security woes". CTV.ca. Associated Press. August 31, 2007.
- Wollman, Dana (November 2, 2010). "Blekko launches human-driven search engine". News & Record. Associated Press. Retrieved November 3, 2010.
- Miller, Claire Cain. "A New Search Engine, Where Less Is More". New York Times, October 31, 2010. Accessed October 31, 2010.
- Van Grove, Jennifer. "Alternative search engine Blekko launches", CNN, November 1, 2010. Accessed November 1, 2010.
- Dvorak, John C. "Blekko: The Newest Search Engine", PC Magazine, November 1, 2010. Accessed November 1, 2010.
- "What is Blekko". help.blekko.com. Retrieved September 22, 2013.
- Hales, Paul (November 1, 2010). "New Search Engine Takes a Shot at Google". Thinq.
- Jeffries, Adrianne (February 1, 2011). "Upstart Search Engine Blekko Blocks Demand Media and Other "Content Farms"". New York Observer.
- Schonfeld, Erick (January 31, 2011). "Blekko Bans Content Farms Like Demand Media's eHow From Its Search Results". TechCrunch.
- Rosenblatt, Seth (May 22, 2012). "Firefox flirts with Blekko for 'instant' search". CNET.com.
- Keays, Roger (August 14, 2012). "Blekko Paywall Their /SEO Secrets". SunburntSEO.com. Retrieved August 15, 2012.
- "Data, Data, Everywhere Data. Now a Better Way to Understand It". IBM. March 27, 2015. Retrieved March 27, 2015.
- Watson, Cheralyn (January 12, 2012). "How do I remove blekko as my homepage and default search engine in Internet Explorer (IE)?". help.blekko.com. Retrieved April 10, 2012.
- Rogers, Matthew (November 1, 2010). "Blekko, the "Slashtag" search engine is slow, cumbersome, and just plain broken". DownloadSquad.switched.com.
- Wilson, Jeffrey L. (November 3, 2010). "Blekko". PCMag.com.