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|Population||331 (2006 census)|
|LGA(s)||District Council of Mount Remarkable|
Booleroo Centre is a town in the southern Flinders Ranges region of South Australia. The town is located in the Mount Remarkable District Council local government area, 282 kilometres (175 mi) north of the state capital, Adelaide. At the 2006 census, Booleroo Centre had a population of 331.
In 1853 a pastoral lease was taken out by partners William Spence Peter and George Elder who then pioneered a sheep station which they named the Booleroo run. The name was derived from a local Aboriginal word. Sources vary on its meaning with suggestions including "plenty" or "soft mud". In 1856 W.S. Peter, who also owned Gum Creek Station near Hallett, became a brother in law to George Charles Hawker of Bungaree and Anama Stations. George Elder was a brother of Alex Elder, founder of Elders Limited. On 28 February 1861 the Booleroo run was profitably auctioned when W.S. Peter decided to settle in the Canterbury region of New Zealand as a stud sheep breeder. The purchaser was former Londoner Philip Levi, whose pastoralism interests eventually included Moolooloo, North-West Bend, Gum Creek, Mount Margaret, among others.
Land reforms of the 1870s saw many pastoral leases resumed by the government in order to subdivide the land for closer farming settlement, the Booleroo run being among them. The pastoralists were to be replaced by grain farming agriculturalists.
The Hundred of Booleroo was officially proclaimed in 1875 however no town was surveyed at this time. A town site in the hundred was surveyed by the colonial government in 1878, but the early settlers established the town elsewhere. The town's location at the centre of the Hundred of Booleroo led to the name Booleroo Centre.
The major industry in Booleroo Centre today is grain production with woolgrowing and fat lamb production also important. The town is also the service centre to the surrounding agricultural district. Facilities in the town include a range of shops and Uniting, Catholic and Lutheran churches. Booleroo Centre is also host to large grain receival facilities and fertiliser depots. The Booleroo Centre Hotel, the local pub, was established in 1883.
Regional services offered in Booleroo Centre include the Booleroo Centre District Hospital, part of the Mid North Regional Health Service, providing health services to the town and a large catchment area with a population of 3,000. The Booleroo Centre District School enrolled 225 students from kindergarten to Year 12 in 2007. The school draws students from surrounding towns such as Wirrabara, Melrose and Wilmington. Homeschooling also plays a role within the community, with several local students being educated in this way during recent years.
Booleroo Centre is home to the Booleroo Steam & Traction Preservation Society. The society, developed from an annual rally first held in 1969, now maintains one of Australia's largest collections of tractors and steam engines along with farm and other steam equipment requiring over 2,900 square yards (2,425 m2) of undercover storage space. The rally is held at the town oval the last Sunday in March.
Booleroo Centre was serviced by the Wilmington railway line from 1910 until 1969. In 1884 the portion of railway between Gladstone and Laura was opened, but did not reach to Booleroo Centre. Coaches took travellers to the railhead. Agitation went on for many years until, in 1910, the first railway to Booleroo Centre was opened by the South Australian Railways. The new 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) (narrow) gauge line ran 24.25 miles (39 kilometres) between Laura and Booleroo Centre. The line was extended to Wilmington in 1915. The railway greatly facilitated the shipment of locally produced bagged wheat through Gladstone to export ports such as Port Pirie. In 1910 there were 100,000 bags of wheat stacked at Booleroo. It also provided valuable passenger services for many decades, until improvements in road transport began to replace rail, resulting in ceasing passenger service in 1969 and eventual closure in 1982.
Media related to Booleroo Centre at Wikimedia Commons
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Booleroo Centre (L) (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2007-11-16.
- "Booleroo Centre". Place names of South Australia. State Library of South Australia. Archived from the original on 29 September 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-16.
- Register newspaper, 15 February 1861, page 4.
- "Booleroo Centre". Southern Flinders Ranges Development Board. Archived from the original on 31 August 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-16.
- "Search Results for Booleroo Centre, South Australia". South Australian State Gazetteer. Department for Transport, Energy and Infrastructure. Retrieved 2007-11-16.[dead link]
- "Booleroo Whim". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 12 February 2016.[permanent dead link]
- "Welcome to Booleroo". Booleroo Centre community site. Booleroo Centre Progress Association. Archived from the original on 25 October 2009. Retrieved 2007-11-16.
- "Booleroo Centre Hotel". South Australia Central. South Australian Tourism Commission. Retrieved 2007-11-16.[permanent dead link]
- "Booleroo Centre District Hospital & Health Service Inc". Mid North Regional Health Service. Archived from the original on 28 August 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-16.
- "Booleroo Centre District School". Booleroo Centre District School. Archived from the original on 29 August 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-16.
- "Booleroo Steam and Traction Official Website". Booleroo Centre community site. Booleroo Centre Progress Association. Retrieved 2007-11-16.
- "Gladstone's Railway History". Gladstone, Southern Flinders Ranges, SA. August 2009. Retrieved 27 February 2016.