Boston Christmas Tree

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Boston Christmas Tree
2010 Boston Halifax Christmas tree on Boston Common USA 5273771973.jpg
Status Active
Frequency Annual
Location(s) Nova Scotia and Boston Common
Country USA and Canada
Inaugurated 1941; 75 years ago (1941)
Participants Mayor of Boston, Premier of Nova Scotia, Santa Claus
Attendance 20,000 (lighting)
Budget CA$242,000

The Boston Christmas Tree is the City of Boston, Massachusetts' official Christmas tree. A tree has been lit each year since 1941,[1] and since 1971 it has been given to the people of Boston by the people of Nova Scotia in thanks for their assistance after the 1917 Halifax Explosion. The tree is lit in the Boston Common throughout the Christmas season.

Halifax explosion[edit]

Main article: Halifax Explosion

On December 6, 1917 at 9:04:35 am,[2] the Halifax Explosion severely destroyed much of the city. Boston authorities learned of the disaster by telegraph, and quickly organized and dispatched a relief train around 10 pm to assist survivors. A blizzard delayed the train, which finally arrived in the early morning of December 8, and immediately began distributing food, water, and medical supplies. Numerous personnel on the train were able to relieve the Nova Scotia medical staff, most of whom had worked without rest since the explosion occurred. Nova Scotian children study the explosion in school and they know "Boston was one of the first responders, and really a lifesaver."[3][4]

Donation[edit]

Year Tree location Donator
2016 Ainslie Glen, Cape Breton Island Crown land[5]
2015 Pictou County Andrea and William MacEachern[6][7]
2014 Purlbrook, Antigonish County John and Ethel Ann MacPherson[8]
2013 Mill Cove Mary Lou Milligan[9]
2011 Central Argyle Ken and Donna Spinney[10]
2010 Kentville Gary and Roseann Misner[4]
2008 Clementsvale, Annapolis County Craig and Marina Cook[11]
2007 Annapolis Valley Christopher and Lisa Hamilton[12]
2006 New Ross Alan and Antoinette Broome[3]
1972 Lunenburg County Joseph Slauenwhite[3]
1971 Lunenburg County Joseph Slauenwhite[3]

In 1918, the year after the explosion, Nova Scotia donated a large Christmas tree to the city of Boston in thanks and remembrance for the help the Boston Red Cross and the Massachusetts Public Safety Committee provided immediately after the Halifax Explosion.[11] Another tree was sent in 1971, and every year since.[11][13][14] The annual gift was started by the Lunenburg County Christmas Tree Producers Association to promote Christmas tree exports as well as acknowledge the Boston support after the explosion. The gift was later taken over by the Nova Scotia Government to continue the goodwill gesture and to promote trade and tourism.[15]

It is so important to the people of Nova Scotia that "people have cried over it, argued about it, even penned song lyrics in its honor."[3] Joseph Slauenwhite donated the first two trees.[3] The tree typically comes from the southern half of the province, but in 2014 the tree came from Antigonish County, in the north[8] and in 2016 the first tree ever from Cape Breton Island was selected.[5]

The province also donates smaller trees to Rosie's Place and the Pine Street Inn, homeless shelters in Boston.[16]

Tree selection[edit]

The Christmas Tree Extension Specialist whose responsibility it is to select a tree is "always looking" for trees, and keeps a list of trees for years.[4][13][17] The scouting for the current year's tree begins in June and July.[7]

Most donors are "honored to give up their trees... [and] most will gladly watch their towering trees fall" since everyone knows the reason it is being sent to Boston.[3] Owners often would not normally "have dreamed of cutting down the big spruce Grandpa planted" but will "gladly part with it" when told it is going to Boston.[13] They "consider it a great honor" and say, 'Oh, my God, how can I refuse?"'[13] It is sometimes donated in memory of a family member who died in the explosion.[11] The process can be political as families vie to have their tree chosen.[3]

Specifications[edit]

Knowing its symbolic importance to both cities, the Nova Scotia Department of Natural Resources has specific guidelines for selecting the tree. It must be an attractive balsam fir, white spruce or red spruce, 12 to 16 meters (40 to 50 feet) tall, healthy with good color, medium to heavy density, uniform and symmetrical and easy to access.[18] The trees do not usually come from tree farms, but from open land where they can grow tall and full.[3][13]

Christmas Tree Specialist[edit]

The Nova Scotia Department of Natural Resources Christmas Tree Specialist has the responsibility for selecting the tree each year. For the specialist the "tree can be elusive, the demands excessive, and the job requires remembering the locations of the best specimens in the province and persuading the people who own them to give them up for a pittance."[3] The first Specialist was Tom Ernst, and he was followed in the 1990s by Peter Romkey.[3] As of 2014, the Christmas Tree Extension Specialist responsible for selecting the Boston tree is Ross H. Pentz,[17] a position he has held since 2001.[12]

Tree cutting and ceremony[edit]

Before the tree is cut, each branch is individually tied to the trunk.[12] It takes two men a day and a half to prepare the tree to be cut down.[12] A crane holds the tree at the top while it is cut at the base by a chainsaw.[12]

The tree cutting ceremony has been described as "quite the local spectacle for Nova Scotians,"[19] and features representatives from the province, the United States Consulate in Halifax, the Christmas Tree Council of Nova Scotia, hundreds of local school children, a town crier, Royal Canadian Mounted Police, Nova Scotia conservation officers, an Antigonish bagpiper, the Nova Scotia Mass Choir, and Santa Claus.[7][8]

In 2014, students and staff in the environmental technologies program at the Nova Scotia Community College Strait Area Campus cut down that year's tree.[8]

Transporting the tree[edit]

School children from the Mather Elementary School wave to the tree from Tremont Street on the Boston Common

The tree travels over 750 miles (1,200 km) to Boston, with a stop at the Grand Parade in Halifax for a public send-off ceremony featuring a live musical performance by The Stanfields.[8] Attendees are also invited to sign a thank you book for Boston.[8] The tree travels by truck across Nova Scotia, then cruises on a ferry across the Bay of Fundy, continuing by truck through Maine and New Hampshire to Boston.[9]

In 2013, the tree was led out of Halifax by a group of runners in honor of victims of the Boston Marathon bombings.[9] Special permits are required to transport the tree through Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Maine.[7]

Tree arrival and lighting[edit]

A Town Crier and Santa Claus welcome the Boston Christmas Tree on the Boston Common.

The tree arrives in Boston under police escort.[16] In the same way that schoolchildren see the tree off in Nova Scotia, schoolchildren from Boston are on hand to welcome it to the Boston Common.[16]

The tree lighting takes place on the Common in late November or early December. The event attracts about 20,000 people[8] and 200,000 watch the broadcast on WCVB.[7] The 1998 tree required more than 3,200 man hours to decorate, as well as 4 12 miles (7 km) of wire and 17,000 multi-colored lights.[20] The 2006 tree was covered in 8,000 bulbs.[21]

The tree donated by Nova Scotia was placed at the Prudential Center from 1971[20] until 2002, when it was moved to the Boston Common because of planned development.[22]

Expense[edit]

While the donation of the Christmas Tree is first and foremost a gift, it is also a major marketing effort for Nova Scotia.[7][14] In 2015, the total cost of the tree, transportation, ceremonies, and parties was CA$242,000.[7][14]

The scouting of the tree costs CA$1,900, and the cutting ceremony was CA$2,500.[7] For all of their coverage and efforts, CTV Atlantic received CA$25,000.[7] Promotion on Facebook and Instagram cost an additional CA$900.[7] The sendoff in Halifax cost CA$10,000 and transporting the tree cost CA$4,000.[7] Merchandise was given away at events in both Massachusetts and Nova Scotia, including tuques at a cost of CA$11,000, flags at CA$1,000 and lanyards at CA$3,000.[7]

Provincial officials, including the the premier and his staff, were flown to Boston and put up in local hotels at an expense of CA$12,000.[7] The MacEachern family also received CA$1,000 in travel expenses.[7] WCVB, the Boston ABC affiliate received US$55,000 (CA$75,000) to broadcast a live one-hour tree lighting special.[7][14] A television commercial promoting Nova Scotia would cost about four times as much.[14] The ceremony itself cost US$30,000 (CA$41,000), which was paid by Nova Scotia to the City of Boston.[7][14]

A reception at the Omni Parker House cost CA$9,000.[7] It was attended by the official delegation, as well as Nova Scotian businessmen who traveled at their own expense, and Nova Scotians living in the Boston area.[7]

Media coverage[edit]

The "regional media coverage [of the tree cutting ceremony is] huge."[4] Television personalities from CTV Atlantic host the tree cutting ceremony and the send off in Halifax.[7] In addition, their contract commits them to doing weather items and "tree related elements" live from Boston during the evening news on both the day of the lighting and the day after.[7] In 2015, CTV produced and aired a 30 second commercial over a period of 10 days.[7] They also provided digital promotion and news promotions.[7] CTV estimates that this contribution represents a CA$30,000 benefit to the province.[7]

The tree is also promoted on Facebook and Instagram.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ San Fillipo, Juliette (November 7, 2012). "19 Holiday Events in Boston to Add to Your Calendar Right Now". BostonInno. Retrieved January 1, 2015. 71st Annual Boston Common Tree Lighting Ceremony - Thursday, Nov. 29 
  2. ^ "The Halifax Explosion". Retrieved October 31, 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k O'Brien, Keith (November 26, 2006). "Oh! Christmas tree". The Boston Globe. Retrieved January 1, 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c d Kandarian, Paul (October 18, 2010). "Hub holiday tree a continued thanks from Nova Scotia". Boston.com. Retrieved January 1, 2015. 
  5. ^ a b "Boston Christmas Tree a Cape Breton First" (Press release). Nova Scotia Department of Natural Resources. October 28, 2016. Retrieved October 28, 2016. 
  6. ^ Gans, Felicia (November 20, 2015). "Boston's Christmas tree arrives". The Boston Globe. Retrieved November 20, 2015. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x Julian, Jack (November 15, 2016). "Here's the breakdown of the Christmas tree for Boston costs". CBC News. Retrieved November 17, 2016. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g "2014 Boston Tree Location A First" (Press release). Nova Scotia Department of Natural Resources. November 6, 2014. Retrieved January 1, 2015. 
  9. ^ a b c Hanson, Melissa (November 13, 2013). "From Nova Scotia with love: Boston's Christmas tree begins its odyssey to the Common". Retrieved January 1, 2015. 
  10. ^ Dezenski, Lauren (December 1, 2011). "Multimedia: Christmas in Bean Town". Boston University's Daily Free Press. Retrieved January 1, 2015. 
  11. ^ a b c d "The Halifax Christmas Tree for Boston". University of Virginia Claude Moore Health Sciences Library. Retrieved January 1, 2015. 
  12. ^ a b c d e "Boston benefits from N.S. Christmas tree tradition". CanWest News Service. November 18, 2007. Retrieved January 1, 2015. 
  13. ^ a b c d e Abraham, Yvonne (July 23, 2008). "He's checking it twice, Hub". The Boston Globe. Archived from the original on January 1, 2015. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f Fox, Jeremy C. (November 16, 2016). "Boston's Christmas tree comes with a hefty price tag — for Nova Scotia". Boston Globe. Retrieved November 18, 2016. 
  15. ^ Campbell, Mark (November 1993). "Tree Expert Picks Province's Annual Gift to Boston". Nova Scotia Magazine. p. 12. 
  16. ^ a b c "Boston Christmas Tree Arrival". Boston Central. Retrieved January 1, 2015. 
  17. ^ a b Ryan, Andrew (November 17, 2006). "From a Nova Scotia yard to light up the Common; City's Christmas tree is making 750-mile journey". Archived from the original on January 1, 2015. 
  18. ^ Janjigian Heald, Hana (December 15, 2006). "Nova Scotia's Christmas Tree gift to Boston has a Dedham connection". 14 (51). The Dedham Times. p. 3. 
  19. ^ Wang, Shan (November 17, 2014). "O Canada: Nova Scotia Is Throwing a Parade for Our Christmas Tree". Boston.com Staff. Retrieved January 1, 2015. 
  20. ^ a b "Boston's Prudential Christmas Tree Has A History Of Its Own" (Press release). December 3, 1998. Retrieved January 1, 2015. 
  21. ^ Zinck, Angie (22 November 2006). "Tree of thanks". LightHouseNow. Retrieved January 1, 2015. 
  22. ^ Leccese, Mark (September 29, 2002). "'Tis Not: No Room At the Pru". The Boston Globe. p. 3. 

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