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|Full name||Club Atlético Peñarol|
Aurinegros (Gold and Blacks)
Campeón del Siglo (Champion of the Century)
|Founded||28 September 1891 
|Ground||José Pedro Damiani / Centenario
(capacity: 12,000 / 65,235)
|Chairman||Juan Pedro Damiani|
|Manager||Jorge da Silva|
|Website||Club home page|
Club Atlético Peñarol (Spanish pronunciation: [kluβ aˈtletiko peɲaˈɾol] ( listen); English: Peñarol Athletic Club) also known as Carboneros, Aurinegros and familiarly as Manya, is a Uruguayan sports club from Montevideo. Founded as Central Uruguay Railway Cricket Club (CURCC) on 28 September 1891, the club changed its name to Club Atlético Peñarol in 1913. The name Peñarol comes from the Peñarol neighbourhood, located in the outskirts of Montevideo.
Throughout its history the club has also participated in sports such as basketball and cycling. However, it has been almost exclusively dedicated to football, a sport in which Peñarol has achieved great recognition.
Peñarol holds the record for the most professional Uruguayan Primera División championships, with 37 trophies. Likewise, when considering those won under the name of CURCC, it is the club with the most Uruguayan championships in history, having won 47 amateur and professional trophies. In addition, Peñarol won the Uruguayan championship of the Federación Uruguaya de Football in 1924 and the cup of the Consejo Provisorio (Provisory Council) in 1926, giving it a total of 49 Uruguayan Primera División championships.
In international competition, Peñarol is the club with the third most Copa Libertadores, having won it five times. The club was the first to win three Intercontinental Cups and holds the most titles in said competition. In September 2009, Peñarol was chosen the Best Club of the 20th Century by the IFFHS.
Amateur era (1891–1931)
Club Atlético Peñarol was founded in 28 September 1891, due to the motivation that came from employees and workers of the Central Uruguay Railway Company of Montevideo (CUR), company of English property that had run in Uruguay since 1878. Of the 118 employees, 72 were English, 45 Uruguayan and one German. The club was commonly known as CURCC or Peñarol, this last one because of the neighbourhood of the same name, located 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) away from Montevideo, —the name Peñarol came in first place from the city Pinerolo in Italy— where the club's facilities were at the time. The first president of the institution was Frank Henderson, who remained in charge until 1899.
In 1892, CURCC shifted its focus from cricket and rugby to football. The football club's first game ever was against a team of students from English High and ended with 2–0 victory. In 1895, Uruguayan footballer Julio Negrón was chosen as the team's captain, a distinction that had only been assigned to English players.
In 1900 CURCC was one of the four founding institutions of the Uruguay Association Football League, making its debut in official competition on 10 June against Albion Football Club and winning 2–1. The club won that first Uruguayan championship and repeated the tile in 1901, 1905 and 1907. In 1906 Charles W. Bayne took over the CUR's administration and rejected the leadership of the football team due to continuous financial and working issues. Thus began a series of conflicts between the company and the football club that would end in the separation of the two in 1913.
In 1908, the club left the Uruguayan league after the league rejected replaying a game against F.C. Dublín. CURCC had lost 2–3 on the road because of, in the club's opinion, referee's mistakes caused by pressure from the home fans. Once back in competition in 1909, disagreements between CUR and the club became stronger after a group of supporters of the football team burnt down one of the train wagons that were used to transport players of rival teams.
After winning the Uruguayan championship in 1911, the next year a gathering between club officials was organized to make some reforms to CURCC's policies. The proposals included more participation of associates that were not employed in the CUR company, as well as a change of name to "CURCC Peñarol". In June 1913, the directive assembly rejected said proposals. The company wanted to dissociate the club from the prejudice and violence that had come to the Peñarol neighbourhood. Nonetheless, according to the official version, CURCC approved a November handover of the football section to associates in view of their intention to keep even if it were dissolved. On 13 December 1913, the football section separated completely from the company, keeping the name of CURCC Peñarol.
The official version of what happened next is that CURCC Peñarol is the continuation of the football section of the club founded in 1891 This version is supported by FIFA, UEFA, and Conmebol; the club was congratulated on its 120th anniversary in September 2011 by the respective presidents of these organizations: Joseph Blatter, Michel Platini and Nicolás Leoz. The other position, held by Nacional fans, is that CURCC Peñarol was an independent institution with no relationship to the original club.
On 12 March 1914, CURCC officially changed its name for Club Atlético Peñarol, a change that was submitted to the Uruguayan Football League two days later and approved the next day. During its first years with a new name Peñarol was not very successful, though it was on this period that the stadium Las Acacias was inaugurated, on 19 May 1916. It was in 1918 and 1920 that the club won its first two league titles under the new name and administration.
In November 1922 the Asociación Uruguaya de Fútbol (AUF) disaffiliated Peñarol because the club disobeyed the association by playing a friendly game against Racing Club from Avellaneda, club from Asociación Amateurs de Football de Argentina, an organization separated from the Asociación Argentina de Football. As a result later on that month Peñarol together with other clubs created the Federación Uruguaya de Football, a new association with its on league, of which Peñarol was champion in 1924. Nonetheless it did not remain for long, in 1926, Peñarol won the Copa del Consejo Provisorio, a tournament that would serve as a merge between AUF and FUF.
After having its first tour in Europe in 1927, Peñarol won once again the Uruguayan championship in 1928 and 1929, and at the next year Peñarol beat Olimpia 1–0 on its first game in the Centenario Stadium of Montevideo.
Professional era (1932–present)
In 1932 Peñarol and River Plate played the first game of the professional era, and Peñarol won the first Uruguayan professional championship with 40 points, five more than runners-up Rampla Juniors. After placing runner-up in 1933 and 1934, the club won four league tournaments in a row between 1935 and 1938, and the Torneo Competencia in 1936.
On the years to come, the club remained in the second position until 1944, when Peñarol once again won the Uruguayan Championship after defeating Nacional in a two game final, 0–0 and 3–2. In 1945 the club repeated the title with Nicolás Falero and Raúl Schiaffino as top goal scorers of the tournament with 21 goals, and would once again win the title in 1949, four points ahead of runner-up Nacional and with Óscar Míguez as the top scorer of the tournament.
After placing second in 1950, Peñarol won the Uruguayan Championship in 1951, year in which the four-year construction of the Palacio Peñarol began. During the 50's the club also won the national championships of 1953, 1954, 1958 and 1959.
The 1959 championship allowed Peñarol to qualify to the recently created international competition Copa Libertadores, known at the time as Copa de Campeones de América. Peñarol would win the two first organized tournaments, beating Olimpia from Paraguay in 1960 and Palmeiras from Brasil in 1961. In that last year, the club won its first Intercontinental Cup, on its second edition, after defeating Benfica from Portugal by 2–1 in the third game. The institution won three more league titles in 1960, 1961 and 1962, reaching five championships in a row (1958–1962).
After a year without titles, Peñarol won the Uruguayan Championship in 1964 and 1965, and a new Copa Libertadores in 1966, after beating River Plate by 4–2. It was also in that year that the club won for the second time the Intercontinental Cup, by defeating Real Madrid 2–0, both in the Centenario Stadium and in the Santiago Bernabéu. In the following years the club carried on with national and international accomplishments, winning the national championships of 1967 and 1968, and the Intercontinental Champions' Supercup in 1969, a tournament played with the South American clubs that had won the Intercontinental Cup. In addition, Peñarol had the longest unbeaten run in the history of the Uruguayan league, which consisted of 56 games between 3 September 1966 and 14 September 1968. Among the footballers that played in Peñarol during this time was Alberto Spencer, the Copa Libertadores' all time top scorer.
In 1970, Peñarol reached the Libertadores final again, but it lost against Estudiantes de La Plata. In this tournament the club accomplished the largest goal difference on a Copa Libertadores, having beaten Valencia from Venezuela by 11–2. Later on, with Fernando Morena as the team's star, the club won the Uruguayan championship in 1973 and in the two following years. After placing second in 1976 and 1977, Peñarol won the championship in 1978, a year in which Fernando Morena broke two records, of the most goals scored in a Uruguayan season (36) and that of the most goals scored on a single game, having made scored 7 times against Huracán Buceo on 16 July 1978. The 1970s were closed with a new championship in 1979. Morena was the top scorer of the Uruguayan tournament six times in a row, aside from being the top goal scorer in the Copa Libertadores in 1974 and 1975.
After starting the 1980s with a third place finish in 1981, Peñarol won the Uruguayan Championship with Fernando Morena and Rubén Paz, who was the top scorer of the tournament. In the following season Peñarol won the Copa Libertadores again by defeating Cobreloa from Chile 1–0, with a goal from Fernando Morena, tournament's top scorer with 7 goals, just minutes away from the end of the game. Later on that year, the club won the Uruguayan Championship and its third Intercontinental Cup by beating Aston Villa from England 2–0.
In spite of financial problems through the rest of the 1980s, Peñarol won the national league in 1985 and 1986, along with its fifth Copa Libertadores in 1987. After defeating América de Cali 1–0 with a score from Diego Aguirre in the last seconds of the extra time, when the tie would have given the title to the Colombians by goal difference. It was the third Copa Libertadores won by the club in the Nacional de Chile, having also won the tournaments of 1966 and 1982 in that stadium.
In the middle of a sport crisis, Peñarol celebrated its hundredth anniversary in 1991, during a controversy generated by archrivals Club Nacional de Football involving its change of name in 1913. With Pablo Bengoechea and young Antonio Pacheco now on the team and Gregorio Pérez as coach, Peñarol managed to overcome those issues and it won the Uruguayan championship five times in a row for the second time, having won the national league between 1993 and 1997. During this period of time, the club also reached the final of the Copa Conmebol in 1994 and 1995 and finished the century with another championship in 1999 with Julio Ribas on the bench and defeating Nacional by 2–1 in the final.
The next year, Peñarol lost the Uruguayan championship final against Nacional, with many of the team's players in prison after a fight during a recent derby. Peñarol won the national championship once again in 2003, under the management of Diego Aguirre, by defeating Nacional in the final. Peñarol would not win the national league until the 2009–10 season, when the team won the Clausura tournament with 14 victories in 15 games played, 12 of them in a row. In the final of mentioned tournament, Peñarol once again defeated Nacional with a global score of 2–1. The championship qualified the team for the Libertadores 2011, in which Peñarol reached the final against Santos.
Club's historical data
Peñarol played in 26 seasons of the Uruguay Association Football League since its creation in 1900 until the end of the amateur era in 1931, being absent only between 1923 and 1926, years in which the club was disaffiliated from AUF.
During this stage, Peñarol won the Uruguayan Championship in nine occasions, with its best performances in 1900 and 1905, seasons in which the club won the tournament without conceding any points. In addition, Peñarol went also unbeaten in 1901, 1903 and 1907.[note 1] On the other side, its worst year was in 1908, in which the team left the tournament after only ten games and thus the other eight games left in the championship were considered as lost. Peñarol's biggest goal difference in a game in the amateur era came in 1903, after defeating Triunfo 12–0.
Regarding tournaments organized by FUF, the club placed second in 1923, tournament in which the team scored a record 100 goals, and obtained the championship 1924, being its best victory 10–0 against Roberto Cherry, in the cancelled tournament of 1925.
Since the beginning of the professional era in 1932, Peñarol and Nacional have been the only teams that played every single season of the Uruguayan championship.[note 2] In addition, Peñarol is the club with the most Uruguayan League titles, having won the tournament 37 times between 1932 and 2010, and the one with the most unbeaten championships (1949, 1954, 1964, 1967, 1968, 1975 and 1978). Its best performances occurred in 1949 and 1964, seasons in which the team obtained 94.44% of the points in play, while its worse tournament was in 2005–06 having finished in the 16th place after winning 32.32% of the points. Nonetheless, it was the 12-point deduction that AUF gave the team because of hooligan incidents after a game against Cerro that relegated the team to the mentioned position in the table.
Additionally, Peñarol's best victory was by 9–0 against Rampla Juniors in 1962, while it worst defeat was by 0–6 against Nacional. At the international scene, its best result was against was 11–2 against Valencia from Venezuela on 15 March 1970, with its worst defeat coming against Olimpia from Paraguay by 0–6 on 10 December 1990 during the Supercopa Sudamericana.
Peñarol holds various records, both locally and interantionally. The club holds the record for longest unbeaten run in the Uruguayan tournament with 56 games in a row between 3 September 1966 and 14 September 1968, when the team lost 0–2 against. It is also the longest defeatless run in South America on professional leagues, taking the second place if amateur times are taken into account.
Concerning international performances, Peñarol was the first club to have won the Copa Libertadores de América and the first one to do it without conceding a loss, having accomplished both in 1960. Peñarol is also the club with most appearances in the Copa Libertadores with 40, and the one with the most finals, having reached said phase on ten occasions. The club is also the record holder for the biggest win, 11–2 al Valencia from Venezuela; and the biggest goal difference on a two legged elimination, having defeated Everest from Ecuador by 5–0 and 9–1. Likewise, Peñarol is one of the five teams with the most Intercontinental Cups, being the first club to reach that amount.
During the constitutive assembly of the institution, presided by Roland Moor on 28 September 1891, it was stipulated that the charge for president of the Central Uruguay Railway Cricket Club would be given to the principal administrator of the Central Uruguay Railway Company of Montevideo. Hence, the first president of the club was Frank Henderson, who remained in charge until 1899.
After Henderson the CUR administrators remained as chairmen of the sports club until 1906, when Charles W. Bayne took over at the CUR offices. When Bayne took over the administration, he declined the control of CURCC because of the amount of employees who would stop working to play in the sports club and because of the damage fans had done to train wagons. As a replacement, CUR employee Roland Moor took over. Nonetheless, with Bayne in charge of CUR the sports team suffered its discrepancies.
Conflicts remained between the administration of the company and the sports club. These conflicts ended up in the complete separation of CURCC's football section from the company, along with having its name changed to Club Atlético Peñarol. Jorge Clulow, an Englishman with Uruguayan nationality, was chosen as the new chairman of the institution, remaining in charge from 1914 to 1915.
Board members 2011–14
The most recent elections were in November 2011. Juan Pedro Damiani remained as president of the club with 58% of the votes and thus seven out of eleven board members where from the official party. On the other hand, the 2809 was given three positions while the remaining one went to the 2011 party.
|President||Sr. Juan Pedro Damiani|
|Vice Presidente||Esc. Edgar Welker|
|general secretary||Cr. Gervasio Gedanke|
|Pro Secretary||Dr. Ricardo Rachetti|
|Treasurer||Cr. Walter Pereyra|
|Pro Treasurer||Sr. Rodolfo Catino|
|Honorary accountant||Cr. Juan Fernández Methol|
|General institutional coordinator||Sr. Carlos Casarotti|
|Advisors||Dr. Julio Luis Sanguinetti|
|Sr. Daniel Viñas|
|Ec. Isaac Alfie|
|Sr. Carlos Scherchener|
|AUF delegates||Dr. Jorge Barrera|
|Dr. Jorge Campomar|
|Sports Manager||Carlos Sánchez|
|Marketing Manager||Pablo Nieto|
|General manager||Álvaro Alonso|
|Institutional and sports
- As of 5 May 2013[update]
The Uruguayan Derby between Peñarol and Nacional goes back to the year 1900, which makes it the oldest football rivalry outside the British Islands. The first game ever played was on 15 July 1900 and ended 2–0 in favor of CURCC.
While Peñarol was ahead at first on head-to-head numbers, Nacional tied the statistic in the late 1910s. This led to a close fight on the following years, up until Nacional took over the lead by fourteen games in 1948, and would not give it away until the late 1970s, with a couple of exceptions in 1968. Since then Peñarol went ahead and remained in the first position ever since. The largest advantage was of 26 games in January 2004.
Taking into account both amateur and professional eras, official and friendly games, these two teams have clashed 511 times in the past, with 182 victories to Peñarol, 166 to Nacional, and 163 games ending tied.
One of the derbies remembered by Peñarol fans is that of 9 October 1949, for the Uruguayan Cup first round, named the "Clásico de la fuga" (the "escape derby"). At the end of the first half Peñarol was leading the game 2–0, but on half time Nacional decided not to show up for the second part of the game. While Peñarol fans believe they did not want to suffer a shameful defeat by a Peñarol team who was back then known as the "Maquina del 49" ("Machine of 49") for its outstanding previous results, Nacional supporters claim it was due to discomfort towards some referee calls.
Years later came another derby to remember by Peñarol supporters. On 23 April 1987 Peñarol and Nacional were tied 1–1 with 22 minutes remaining on the clock when three Peñarol players were sent off, José Perdomo, José Herrera and Ricardo Viera after a foul and following protests. Peñarol then had to face a full Nacional team with only eight players on the pitch. Nonetheless with eight minutes remaining Diego Aguirre assisted Jorge Cabrera who set the score for 2–1 on Peñarol's favor. This victory from the "aurinegro" was then known as the "Clásico de los 8 contra 11" (the "8 against 11 derby").
Furthermore, Peñarol and Nacional have faced each other in the final game of the Uruguayan Championship twelve times and Peñarol ended up in the winning side eight of those times. The last one was in May 2010, when Peñarol won the tournament after defeating its rivals 2–1 in the global score.
In Uruguayan football, Peñarol and Nacional split the country in two. It is thought that the institutions are quite even in the matter, and lead the numbers on the amount of fans in Uruguay.
Many different studies of public opinion have been made, but none have been conclusive. Even though many put Peñarol at the top of the supporters table, some do the same for Nacional. In 1993 the consultant FACTUM indicated that Peñarol was the preference of 41% of football fans, while 38% went for Nacional. In that same way, FACTUM conducted another survey in 2006 that confirmed the previous results, Peñarol had 45% and Nacional 35%.
Moreover, the company MPC Consultants made a survey with 9000 Uruguayans, and it placed Peñarol at the top with 45% of the people inquired, leaving Nacional with 38%. Nonetheless, an example of opposite results was an online survey in the web page Sportsvs.com that would only ask preference between Peñarol and Nacional. In this time Nacional went ahead with 50.35%, over Peñarol's 49.45%.
Since its formation, Peñarol's barra brava has been involved in numerous violent situations, not only against other clubs, but also against the Uruguayan police. Incidents provoked by these fans even costed Peñarol 31 points since 1994, some of these meant losing three tournaments (Apertura 1994, Clausura 1997 y Clausura 2002),
In 2010 the club went on to improve the number of people associated with the club, in order to improve its sustainability. Throughout the clausura of 2010 different promotions were given, new marketing managers were hired and the peñas (groups of supporters in different cities and countries) were improved. All in all, numbers went up significantly, which proved the strategies right. In February 2013 the club had over 62,000 members, being the Uruguayan club that had the most.
Manyas: The Movie
In the early days of October 2011, Manyas: The Movie" was released in Uruguay. It was a documentary about Peñarol's fans. Directed by Andrés Benvenuto and with the production of Kafka Films and Sacromonte, the film takes on testimonies and experiences of diverse supporters throughout the country, along with opinions of football journalists. In addition, it discussed the subject with psychologists and politicians of the country.
The movie was declared of cultural interest to the Culture and Education Ministry of Uruguay and of ministerial interest to Uruguay's Ministry of Turism and Sport. The motion picture was the Uruguayan film with the biggest opening, having sold 13,000 tickets in its first weekend and 30,000 in its first fifteen days.
After putting together 35,000 dollars with raffles and fan donations, and the confection process that was carried away by Argentinian Rody Soria, expert in the subject, on 12 April 2011, Peñarol fans unveiled the, at that moment, world's biggest flag ever showed in a stadium, with 309 metres (1,014 ft) long and 46 metres (151 ft) wide, which gives it a surface of 14,124 square metres (152,030 sq ft), that covered one and a half stands of the Centenario stadium.
Since its founding, the colors that represented Peñarol have been yellow and black. These were taken from the Rocket locomotive, which had been designed by George Stephenson and had won an aptitude test in 1829.
The first jersey consisted of a plain shirt, divided in four square sections that were alternatively black and yellow. From that moment and for a longer period of time, another shirt was used, one made of two vertical halves – black to the right and with black and yellow stripes on the left – with black shorts and socks of the same color. Peñarol's actual jersey – black and yellow stripes – goes back to 1911 and it has been worn nearly continuously with only small variations.
In regard to alternative uniforms, it is known with relative certainty that the first uniform ever used was a squared jersey, similar to the club's first main shirt, also squared but with orange instead of yellow. Since then different models have been worn. In between can be mentioned a jersey with horizontal stripes instead of vertical in 1984, a yellow jersey with black shorts used in 1987, alongside uniforms completely black, grey or yellow, used mainly in these last decades. In addition, some special jerseys have been used in international friendlies, especially between 1960 and 1970. Generally CURCC's main uniform, that with two-halves, one plain and one striped, is nowadays used as a third uniform. On 4 February 2013 new models were presented, with a totally black and totally yellow uniforms as alternative.
- (1) 1987–2009, 2011 – present
Manufacturers and sponsors
Throughout its history some small changes have been made in the club's symbols, but it has always kept its original colors. Both the shield and the flag have been made by the architect Constante Facello and consist of five black stripes and four yellow ones, along with eleven yellow stars in a black background, that represent the eleven players that go into the pitch.
The terrain of the actual stadium "Cr. José Pedro Damiani", commonly known as "Las Acacias", was bought in 1913 and inaugurated officially on 19 April 1916 with a 3–1 victory over Nacional. The stadium's gate was once in the dissaperead Pocitos, Peñarol's first stadium and where the first goal in the history of the FIFA World Cup was scored, in 1930.
The stadium's name is in honor of the late president of the institution, José Pedro Damiani. It is located in the Marconi neighbourhood in Montevideo, in "Las Acacias" avenue. Its pitch is of 37,949 square metres (408,480 sq ft) and has a capacity of 12,000 spectators.
Nonetheless, due to the fact that Montevideo's municipality does not allow Peñarol to play there, the "aurinegros" use the Centenario stadium as home ground for its games. Inaugurated on 18 July 1930, the Centenario staidum is located in Parque Batlle and can hold 65,235 people.
On 28 September 2012, the club presented the construction of a new stadium that would hold 40,000 spectators, located in the outskirts of Montevideo, around 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) away from the Aeropuerto Internacional de Carrasco.
Palacio Peñarol Cr. Gastón Güelfi
The Palacio Peñarol "Cr. Gastón Güelfi" is the club's headquarters and basketball stadium. It was inaugurated on 21 June 1955 and is located in downtown Montevideo. The Palacio has 3,896 square metres (41,940 sq ft) and aside from the basketball stadium, it is also home of the institution's museum and offices. After the collapse of the Cilindro Municipal in October 2010, the Palacio Peñarol became the venue for the important games of Uruguayan basketball.
Complejo Deportivo Washington Cataldi
The Complejo Deportivo Washington Cataldi", commonly referred to as "Los Aromos", is used as training ground for the main team. It is located on the 23rd kilometer of the eighth national route, in the Villa Los Aromos of Barros Blancos, in the department Canelones. The land was acquired in 1945 and the construction, of which the architect José Donato was in charge, lasted two years.
Centro de Alto Rendimiento
In the 118th anniversary of the institution, the Centro de Alto Rendimiento was inaugurated. These new facilities are located in the 25th kilometer of the Giannattasio Avenue and were presented by President Juan Pedro Damiani on 28 September 2009. Along with other services, the complex has five football pitches, a weight room and a gymnasium with artificial turf.
Frank Henderson School
The Frank Henderson School, which received its name in honor of the club's first president, is located a few kilometers away from the Centro de Alto Rendimiento. It was built with the objective of forming the institution's young players and serves as home to those who came from other cities.
Players and managers
First-team squad 2012–13
Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
- Coaching and medical staff
- Coach: Jorge da Silva
- Assistant coaches: Sergio Cabrera, Daniel Oddine and Jorge da Silva (son)
- Trainer: Pablo Placeres
- Goalkeepers' coach: Hugo Quevedo
- Physiotherapist: Sebastián Arbiza
- Doctors: Alfredo Rienzi and Mario Pagano
- Kinesiologists: Germinal López, Miguel Domínguez, Héctor Peña
|Enrique Bologna||Goalkeeper||Banfield (loaned)|
|Damián Macaluso||Defender||Gimnasia y Esgrima de La Plata|
|Ignacio Nicolini||Midfielder||Bella Vista (back from loan)|
|Sebastián Vázquez||Midfielder||Cerro Largo|
|Juan Manuel Olivera||Forward||Al Wasl|
|Matías Aguirregaray||Defender||CFR Cluj|
|Baltasar Silva||Defender||River Plate|
|Miguel Amado||Midfielder||Olimpia (loaned)|
|Facundo Guichón||Midfielder||Racing (back from loan)|
|Walter López||Midfielder||Cerro Porteño (back from loan)|
|Mauro Fernández||Forward||Estudiantes de La Plata (loaned)|
|Carlos Núñez||Forward||Liverpool (loaned)|
|Emiliano Albín||Defender||Boca Juniors|
|Marcelo Silva||Defender||Almería (back from loan)|
|Luis Aguiar||Midfielder||Sporting de Lisboa (back from loan)[note 8]|
|Nicolás Freitas||Midfielder||Everton (back from loan)[note 9]|
|Facundo Guichón||Midfielder||Racing (loaned)|
|Bruno Montelongo||Midfielder||River Plate (back from loan)|
|João Pedro||Midfielder||Palermo (back from loan)[note 10]|
|Rodrigo Mora||Forward||Benfica (back from loan)[note 11]|
|Leandro Gelpi||Goalkeeper||Racing (loaned)|
|Rodrigo Viega||Midfielder||Juventud (loaned)|
Throughout its history, hundreds of players have been part of at least one football game with the Peñarol jersey. Néstor Gonçalves is the player with most official games in the club's history, having appeared in 571 different matches between 28 April 1957 and 28 November 1970.
The club's all-time top scorers in Primera División are Fernando Morena (203), Alberto Spencer (113) and Óscar Míguez (107). Morena, whose 230 goals (203 in Peñarol and 27 in River Plate) make him the player that scored the most in the Uruguayan Championship, is also the one with the most goals with Peñarol in general having scored in 440 different occasions, the player with most goals in a single Uruguayan season (36 in 1978 and the club's second best goalscorer on international tournaments with 37 goals, behind Alberto Spencer who, between 1960 and 1970, scored 58 times. Spencer and Morena are in fact the top scorers in the Copa Libertadores history, with 48 and 37 goals, respectively, playing for Peñarol.[note 12]
In addition, the "aurinegro" has contributed greatly to the Uruguayan national football team. Three players of CURCC were part of the team that represented Uruguay for the third team in the international scene, against Argentina in 1905. In that same way, five players of Peñarol were in the Uruguayan squad that won the 1930 FIFA World Cup: goalkeeper Miguel Capuccini, defender Juan Peregrino Anselmo, and midfielders Lorenzo Fernández, Álvaro Gestido and Carlos Riolfo Secco. Likewise, Peñarol was represented with nine players in the Uruguayan squad that won the 1950 FIFA World Cup: goalkeeper Roque Máspoli, defenders Juan Carlos González and Washington Ortuño, midfielders Juan Schiaffino and Obdulio Varela, and forwards Ernesto Vidal, Julio César Britos, Óscar Míguez and Alcides Ghiggia. Schiaffino and Ghiggia were even the authors of the team's two goals in the Maracanazo, the final game against Brasil.
What is more, Peñarol is the only institution that has represented Uruguay in all of its World Cup appearances.
While there is no certain information regarding managers in the amateur era of Uruguayan football, Peñarol has had a total of 62 different coaches in the professional era. The first one was Leonardo de Luca, who coached the team for two years and obtained in that period of time the Uruguayan Championship of 1932 the first ever professional tournamente in Uruguay.
Of these 63 managers, 53 were Uruguayan, while two were Hungarian (Emérico Hirschl and Bela Guttman), two were Scottish (John Harley and Randolph Galloway), one was Serbian (Ljupko Petrović), two were Brazilians (Osvaldo Brandao and Dino Sani), one was from Chile (Mario Tuane), and two from Argentina (Jorge Kistenmacher and César Luis Menotti).
Hugo Bagnulo and Gregorio Pérez have coached Peñarol the longest, having led the first-team in eight seasons. While Bagnulo had four different periods, Pérez had five. On the other hand, Athuel Velásquez has the longest uninterrupted coaching period of time in Peñarol, with five consecutive years between 1935 and 1940. Bagnulo is the manager with the most Uruguayan Leagues, having won the tournament five times. Pérez and Velásquez trail Bagnulo in that list, with four titles each. In the international scene, Roberto Scarone was the most successful one, having won two Copa Libertadores and one Intercontinental Cup with Peñarol.
Managers during the professional era
In italics, caretaker managers.
The first records of basketball from Peñarol go back to the late 1920s, when the Club Piratas was formed, institution that would in 1931 become Peñarol. Its debut in official competitions took place in 1940 in the fourth division of Uruguayan basketball. In the following years the club managed to get all promotions required consecutively to finally make it to first division in 1943, season in which, with Ramón Esnal as coach, finished in third place. The following year Peñarol was crowned champion of the Federal Championship, a tournament that gathered the most renowned basketball teams in Montevideo and with long after, in 2003, change its name to Liga Uruguaya de Basketball.
Nonetheless, in 1945 Peñarol was one the clubs that decided to disaffiliate of the Uruguayan Basketball Federation in order to establish a parallel professional tournament. After the project failed, the club rejoined the Federation in 1947. Five years later, in 1952, Peñarol won once again the Federal Championship, and would afterwards win the Winter Tournament in 1953 and 1955. After a dark period of time in the basketball scene, which included a relegation in 1968, Peñarol won the Uruguayan Championships of 1973, 1978, and 1979, this last one being the first professional tournament in the league's history. In 1982 the club enjoyed by far its most successful season, the institution won the Federal Championship, the Winter Tournament, and the Campeonato Sudamericano de Clubes. However, in 1985 the club was relegated and started off a series of bad results that, along with financial issues, would end up in the club's disaffiliation in 1997.
Peñarol has participated in cycling in the Vuelta Ciclista del Uruguay (the Uruguayan tour) since it started in 1939. Although having performed well in those first years it was not until the ninth edition, in 1952, that a Peñarol cyclist would win the tournament, when Dante Sudatti finished first with a time of 48 hours, 38 minutes and 38 seconds. A club's cyclist also ended at the top of individual's classification 1953 and 1956, while it was in this second year that the club first won the teams' tournament.
However, after winning the team classification again in 1959, the club went to darker ages and would only win one individual championship, in 1964, in the following years. Nonetheless, the club got three individual titles in a row between 1989 and 1991. What is more, the Peñarol team finished at the top in 1990 and 1991. 2002 was the fourth year that the club managed to win the individual and team classifications.
Peñarol first started playing futsal in 1968. During its first two decades the club obtained important triumphs, both at a national level and in the international scene, among which the crowning in the World Interclub Championship of 1987 stands out.
In 1995 FIFA took over the sport and thus Peñarol started competing officially in AUF tournaments. Peñarol won the first three Uruguayan Championships, in 1995, 1996, and 1997, and also finished at the top in 1999 and 2004. Some years later the club got another three tournaments in a row, in 2010, 2011, and 2012.
In January 2013 Peñarol inaugurated officially its beach soccer section. Diego Monserrat, goalkeeper of the Uruguayan national team for many years, was the institution's first coach in this sport, while also goalkeeper Felipe Fernández was the club's first captain. On the second half of the same month, Peñarol won one of the three groups of five teams, that formed the qualifaction tournament to the "Super Liga", name given to the Uruguayan Championship of the discipline. After victories on quarterfinals and semifinals, Peñarol was declared champion of the tournament without the need of a final, after the other semifinal was suspended.
- Uruguayan League (49):
- Uruguayan Championship (AUF) (47): 1900, 1901, 1905, 1907, 1911, 1918, 1921, 1928, 1929, 1932, 1935, 1936, 1937, 1938, 1944, 1945, 1949, 1951, 1953, 1954, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1964, 1965, 1967, 1968, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1978, 1979, 1981, 1982, 1985, 1986, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2003, 2009–10, 2012–13
- Uruguayan Championship (FUF) (1): 1924
- Uruguayan Championship (Consejo Provisorio) (1): 1926
Official international tournaments
- Intercontinental Cup (3): 1961, 1966, 1982
- Copa Libertadores (5): 1960, 1961, 1966, 1982, 1987
- Intercontinental Champions' Supercup (1): 1969
Other international competitions
- Copa de Honor Cousenier (AFA/AUF)[note 13] (3): 1909, 1911, 1918
- Tie Cup (AFA/AUF)[note 13] (1): 1916
- Copa Aldao (AFA/AUF)[note 13] (1): 1928
- Copa Escobar-Gerona (AFA/AUF)[note 13] (1): 1942
- IFA Shield (IFA)[note 14] (1): 1985
South American Club of the Century
In 2009 the International Federation of Football History & Statistics released the best clubs of the 20th century for each continent. This renowned international organization gave points for each victory in quarterfinals or harder stage, in international competitions. Peñarol was position in the first place of South America, over Independiente from Argentina and Nacional from Uruguay.
The 10 Best Clubs of the 20th Century:
|9||América de Cali||Colombia||220,00|
- Moreover, in 1903 CURCC did not lose during the regular season, but lost the tiebreaker final against Nacional 2–3.
- In 1948 the tournament was cancelled because of a player strike.
- On the left, the year in which they received the distinction.
- Worn against Club Atlético Atlanta of Argentina.
- Worn against Club Guaraní of Paraguay.
- Worn against Estudiantes de La Plata of Argentina.
- Worn against FK Inter Bratislava.
- Aguiar was loaned to San Lorenzo in the same transfer period.
- Freitas was transferred to Rosario Central in the same transfer period.
- João Pedro was transferred to Santos in the same transfer period.
- Mora was loaned to River Plate of Argentina in the same transfer period.
- Alberto Spencer scored 54 times in Copa Libertadores, 48 with Peñarol and 6 with Barcelona.
- Established before CONMEBOL was created, this Cup was organized by the Argentine and Uruguayan Associations, between teams that belonged to them.
- Fourth oldest club cup, organized by the Indian Association and played between Indian clubs and other invited ones.
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