From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
||It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Coffeehouse. (Discuss) Proposed since November 2012.|
||This article needs additional citations for verification. (June 2008)|
A café (// or //), also spelled cafe, in most countries is an establishment that focuses on serving coffee. The name derives from the French, Portuguese and Spanish word for the drink and is sometimes pronounced "kaff" (//) in Britain.
In the United States, "cafe" may refer to an informal restaurant offering a range of hot meals and made-to-order sandwiches, also known as a coffeeshop, while what is regarded as a café elsewhere is termed a coffeehouse.
In most European countries, such as Austria, Denmark, Germany, Norway, Sweden, Portugal, and others, the term café means a restaurant primarily serving coffee as well as pastries such as cakes, tarts, pies, Danish pastries, or bun. Many cafés also serve light meals such as sandwiches. European cafés often have tables on the pavement (sidewalk) as well as indoors. Some cafés also serve alcoholic beverages, particularly in Southern European countries.
In the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland a café (with the acute accent) is similar to those in other European countries, while a cafe (without acute accent, and often pronounced "caff") is more likely to be a greasy spoon style eating place, serving mainly fried food, in particular breakfast dishes.
In the Netherlands and Belgium, a café is the equivalent of a bar, and also sells alcoholic beverages. In the Netherlands a koffiehuis (nl) serves coffee, while a coffee shop (using the English term) sells soft drugs (cannabis and hashish) and is generally not allowed to sell alcoholic beverages.
In France most cafés serve as lunch restaurants in the day, and bars in the evening. They generally do not have pastries except during mornings, where a croissant or pain au chocolat can be purchased with breakfast coffee.
In Italy cafés are similar to those found in France and known as bar. They typically serve a variety of espresso coffee, cakes and alcoholic drinks. Bars in city centres usually have different prices for consumption at the bar and consumption at a table.
A café or coffee shop is a restaurant with full-service tables and counters and broad menu offerings over extended periods of the day. In hotels, the coffee shop is a more popular-priced alternative to the formal dining room. Coffee shops often encourage families and provide special menus for children. To establish a family-friendly atmosphere, in many localities coffee shops do not serve wine or beer.
The most common English spelling, café, is the French, Portuguese and Spanish spelling, and was adopted by English-speaking countries in the late 19th century. As English generally makes little use of diacritical marks, anglicisation includes a tendency to omit them and to place the onus on the readers to remember how it's pronounced, without being given the accents. Thus the spelling cafe has become very common in English-language usage throughout the world, especially for the less formal, i.e. "greasy spoon" variety (although orthographic prescriptivists often disapprove of it). The Italian spelling, caffè, is also sometimes used in English. In southern England, especially around London in the 1950s, the French pronunciation was often facetiously altered to // and spelt caff.
The English words coffee and café both descend from the continental European translingual word root /kafe/, which appears in many European languages with various naturalized spellings, including Italian (caffè); Portuguese, Spanish, and French (café); German (Kaffee); Polish (kawa); Ukrainian (кава, 'kava'); and others. European awareness of coffee (the plant, its seeds, the beverage made from the seeds, and the shops that sell the beverage) came through Europeans' contact with Turkey, and the Europeans borrowed both the beverage and the word root from the Turks, who got them from the Arabs. The Arabic name qahwa (قهوة) was transformed into kaweh (strength, vigor) in the Ottoman Empire, and it spread from there to Europe, probably first through the Mediterranean languages (Italian, Spanish, French, Catalan, etc.) and thence to German, English, and others, though there is another well-based theory that it first spread to Europe through Poland and Ukraine, through their contacts with the Ottoman Empire.
|Look up café in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
- Café Procope
- Cafe Scientifique
- Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE)
- Greasy spoon
- Internet café
- Parisian café
- Sidewalk cafe
- Transport cafe
- Viennese café
- Motorcycle. Alford, Steven E., Ferriss, Suzanne. Objekt Series, 2007. Page 82
- Britslang: An Uncensored A-Z of the People's Language, Including Rhyming Slang Puxley, Ray. Robson, 1 Apr 2005. p. 216
- Shorter Slang Dictionary. Fergusson, Rosalind; Partridge, Eric; Beale, Paul. Psychology Press, 1994
- A Café is a coffee-house, a restaurant; strictly a French term, but in the late 19th c. introduced into the English-speaking countries for the name of a class of restaurant. Oxford English Dictionary
- A coffee-house; a teashop; an informal restaurant; a bar.; Oxford Essential Dictionary of Foreign Terms in English
- Christopher C. Muller and Robert H. Woods. An expanded restaurant typology. Cornell Hotel & Restaurant Administration Quarterly 35.n3 (June 1994): pp27(11).
- Bernard Davis, Sophie McCoy, Andrew Lockwood, & Sally Stone. Food and Beverage Management Butterworth-Heinemann, 3rd ed., 1998.
- "Blue Mountain Café vs Blue Mountain Coffee". Jamaican Blue Mountain Coffee. http://www.jamaicanbluemountaincoffee.net/JamaicanCoffeeBlog/blue-mountain-cafe-or-blue-mountain-coffee/. Retrieved 2012-12-10.
- Oxford English Dictionary, Second Edition (1989), entry number 50031127 (café).
- Oxford English Dictionary, Second Edition (1989), entry number 00333259 (caffé, n)
- Oxford English Dictionary, Second Edition (1989), entry number 50031130 (caff)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Cafés|
- Merriam-Webster: café
- Classic Cafes - The Very Best of London's Twentieth Century vintage Formica caffs