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|Colehual, colihues' bush in San Fabián de Alico.|
Chusquea culeou (Spanish: caña coligüe or colihue) is a perennial bamboo, native to the Valdivian rainforests, humid temperate forests of Chile and southwestern Argentina. Unlike most species within the genus Chusquea, it is frost-tolerant and thus widely cultivated in temperate regions.
Its hairy lanceolate leaves have a spine on their end, and its flower is a whisk of light brown colour. The plant also produces a caryopsis fruit. After blooming and releasing its seeds, the plant dies. The cane is straight, of up to 6 metres in height, and was used by the Aboriginals for the pole of their spears. They are still used by the Mapuche people for a musical instrument known as trutruca.
A feature of this Chusquea is that the stems are solid, unlike most bamboos.