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In contrast to the closely related RTI-112, dichloropane is a potent stimulant drug which produces similar effects to cocaine as well as being structurally similar to cocaine. In animal studies although, dichloropane had a slower onset and longer duration of action.
Trans -CO2Me group
The thermodynamic isomer with a trans -CO2Me group is still active. This isomer was used by Neurosearch to make 3 different phenyltropanes, and all 3 were tested in clinical trials.
^Carroll FI, Blough BE, Nie Z, Kuhar MJ, Howell LL, Navarro HA. Synthesis and Monoamine Transporter Binding Properties of 3-(3',4'-Disubstituted phenyl)tropane-2-carboxylic Acid Methyl Esters. J Med Chem. 2005 Apr 21;48(8):2767-71. PMID 15828814
^Carroll FI, Mascarella SW, Kuzemko MA, Gao Y, Abraham P, Lewin AH, Boja JW, Kuhar MJ. Synthesis, ligand binding, and QSAR (CoMFA and classical) study of 3 beta-(3'-substituted phenyl)-, 3 beta-(4'-substituted phenyl)-, and 3 beta-(3',4'-disubstituted phenyl)tropane-2 beta-carboxylic acid methyl esters. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry. 1994 Sep 2;37(18):2865-73. PMID 8071935
^Ranaldi R, Anderson KG, Carroll FI, Woolverton WL. Reinforcing and discriminative stimulus effects of RTI 111, a 3-phenyltropane analog, in rhesus monkeys: interaction with methamphetamine. Psychopharmacology (Berlin). 2000 Dec;153(1):103-10. PMID 11255920
^Cook CD, Carroll IF, Beardsley PM. Cocaine-like discriminative stimulus effects of novel cocaine and 3-phenyltropane analogs in the rat. Psychopharmacology (Berlin). 2001 Dec;159(1):58-63. PMID 11797070
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