From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Mumbai Metropolitan Region|
|• Type||Municipal Corporation|
|• Body||Kalyan-Dombivali Municipal Corporation|
|• Mayor||Rajendra Devlekar (Shivsena)|
|• Deputy Mayor||Vikram Tare (BJP)|
|• Municipal Commissioner||E. Ravendrian (IAS)|
|• MLA||Mr. Subhash Bhoir (Shivsena), Mr.Ravindra Chavan (BJP) Mr.Narendra Pawar (BJP) Mr.Ganpat Gaikwad (Indepnedent - BJP Supporter)|
|Elevation||13.534 m (44.403 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|PIN||421 201 to 421 206|
|Vehicle registration||MH-05 [Kalyan RTO]|
Dombivli / Dombivali is an important city in Kalyan-Dombivli twin city of Thane district in the Mumbai Metropolitan Region,belonging to Kalyan taluka. It is one of the urban centres in the Mumbai Metropolitan Region. It is located about 50 km from Mumbai. The nearest city, Thane, is only about 27 km Roadaway & 10 km railway. The population of the twin city of Kalyan-Dombivli at the 2011 Census counted to 1,246,381 (52% males and 48% females).
Dombivli is located at. It has an average elevation of 13.534 metres (44.403 feet).
Dombivli's history dates back to the medieval period and no major archaeological evidences of her early habitation have been found.The earliest habitant known was addalal. Dombivli was first documented in the year 1075 by King Harpal Dev on stone inscriptions, situated at Mahul village near the Turbhe port. However, the stone writings in Dombivli referring to its existence during the years 1396-97 confirms the fact.
The Portuguese stationed themselves at several places when they came to Dombivli. Existence of Dombivli can also be traced back approximately in the year 1730 during the Peshwa rule. In the 19th century, farmers cultivated paddy and sold it in the areas from Kalyan to Mumbai.
Dombivli is surrounded by the ruins from the following villages.
- Chole village, Thakurli (W)
- Ayre village towards East,
- Patharli village towards South, and
- Thakurli East towards North
Of the first few settlers was Late. Shri Narayan Atmaram Patkar, who emigrated in year 1880 to Kopargaon. Through Kalyan creek waters, he traded in Rice and other commodities locally grown there. Dombivli witnessed the residence of many remarkable people, like late shri.Manohar Govind Mokashi who was a freedom fighter, also was the founder member of "Rashtriya shikshan sanstha" and chief promoter for "Dombivli nagari sahakari bank Ltd".
A number of variations prevail regarding how this town got its name. Some historians believe that Dombivli got its name from the stringent caste system which was prevailing in India at that time. During the 14th century, each community occupied a small area which was named according to its caste. The areas where Thakurs lived were called “Thakurli”, where “Patharwats”lived was called “Patharli” while low caste people or “Dombas” ( who performed the last Hindu rite of cremating the dead) lived in “Dombivli”. Since “Dombas” was amongst such sub castes so it is believed that the presence of these settlers at the place gave this town its present-day name “Dombivli”.
On October 1, 1983, Dombivli Municipal Council merged with that of neighbouring Kalyan, forming a new governing body, Kalyan Dombivli Municipal Corporation (KDMC). The main office of KDMC is located in Kalyan. Mr. Ravindra Chavan, BJP was elected as its First MLA after creation of separate Vidhansabha Constituency in 2009. Recently Mr. Ravindran,The municipal commissioner has started a drive to decongest the core areas & is backed strongly by the citizens.
Dombivli is one of the first few cities in India to initiate free WiFi services for common public.
Inclusion into Mumbai Suburban District
The Konkan Division, one of the total six divisions of Maharashtra State, overlooks the entire administration of the region. Konkan Division comprises total seven districts, viz. Mumbai City, Mumbai Suburban District, Thane District, Raigad District, Ratnagiri District, Sindhudurg District, Palghar District.
The administrative jurisdiction of Thane District, thus, include Dombivli city, Twin city of Kalyan-Dombivli with her Municipal Corporation KDMC, Thane City, Thane Municipal Corporation TMC, other towns and cities under Thane District, Navi Mumbai with her Municipal Corporation NMMC and the planning body CIDCO.
Mumbai Metropolitan Region comprises four districts namely Mumbai City (complete), Mumbai Suburban (complete), Thane (partial) and Raigad (partial). Mumbai conurbation comprises the metropolitan city of Mumbai (City, Suburban and Navi Mumbai) along with seven urban areas namely Thane, Mira-Bhayander, Kalyan-Dombivli, Ulhasnagar, Vasai-Virar and Bhiwandi-Nizampur.
In popular culture
Based on this city, Dombivali Fast is a critically acclaimed Marathi film directed by Nishikanth Kamat. The film bears resemblance to the 1993 Hollywood film Falling Down, starring Michael Douglas. Another movie called Dombivli Return was released in 2014; although not a sequel of Dombivli Fast. Dombivli Return is a socio-psychological thriller.
The industrial part of this place has a number of factories manufacturing dyes, paints, and industrial and agricultural chemicals. Heavy metal factories manufacturing a wide variety of equipment are also based in this region. A few nationally prominent industrial establishments that have manufacturing plants in Dombivli are Gharda Chemicals, Vicco Labs, Lloyd Steel and Deepak Fertilizers. The city has three railway stations under her direct jurisdiction: Dombivli, Thakurli, Kopar, and upper Kopar railway station (on Diva-Bhiwandi-Vasai and Panvel-Dahanu-Boisar lines).Dombivli is one of the fastest developing suburb of Mumbai.
Dombivli is served by Mumbai Suburban railway network, i.e. it lies on the main line of the central section of Mumbai suburban railway network.Dombivli railway station was built in 1887. Fast local trains on Central Railway route halt at Dombivli. Though none of the long journey express trains halt here, it is well connected to Mumbai and Navi Mumbai through Thane.Dombivli is the busiest railway station on the central line in Mumbai suburban railway network. Though during rush hours the station is an unacceptably over crowded affair.
Dombivli is connected by state highway to Panvel and Kalyan. The Kalyan-Dombivli Municipal Corporation (KDMC) provides local bus transport service (KDMT) within the city and to areas in Navi Mumbai. NMMT buses connect major Navi Mumbai suburbs. The Maharashtra State Transport service (ST) connects to nearby cities of Thane, Bhiwandi and Panvel.