From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Mumbai Metropolitan Region|
|• Type||Ravindra Chavan MLA|
|• Body||Kalyan-Dombivli Municipal Corporation|
|• Mayor||Kalyani Patil|
|• Municipal Commissioner||Ramnath Sonavane|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|PIN||421 201 to 421 206|
|Vehicle registration||MH-05 [Kalyan RTO]|
Dombivli / Dombivali / Dombivili,(Marathi: डोंबिवली ) is an important city in Kalyan-Dombivli twin city of Thane district in the Mumbai Metropolitan Region. It is one of the most modern urban centres in the Mumbai Metropolitan Region. It is located about 50 km from Mumbai. The nearest city, Thane, is only about 10 km away. The population of the twin city of Kalyan-Dombivli at the 2011 Census counted to 1,246,381 (52% males and 48% females). Dombivli is renowned for its Marathi culture and therefore known as a cultural hub. It is also known for its continually high literacy rates. Just like New Yorker, it has its own Magazine named as डोंबिवलीकर.
Dombivli's history dates back to the medieval period and no major archaeological evidences of her early habitation were found. Dombivli was first documented in the year 1075 by King Harpal Dev on stone inscriptions, situated at Mahul village near the Turbhe port. However, the stone writings in Dombivli referring to her existence during the years 1396-97 confirms the fact.
The Portuguese stationed themselves at several places when they came to Dombivli. Existence of Dombivli can also be traced back approximately in the year 1730 during the Peshwa rule. In the 19th century, farmers cultivated paddy and sold it in the areas from Kalyan to Mumbai.
Dombivli is surrounded by the ruins from the following villages.
- Chole village (Thakurli West) towards West,
- Ayre village towards East,
- Patharli village towards South, and
- Thakurli East towards North
Of the first few settlers was Late. Shri Narayan Atmaram Patkar, who emigrated in year 1880 to Kopargaon. Through Kalyan creek waters, he traded in Rice and other commodities locally grown there.
On October 1, 1983, Dombivli Municipal Council merged with that of neighbouring Kalyan, forming a new governing body, Kalyan Dombivli Municipal Corporation (KDMC). The main office of KDMC is located in Kalyan. Mr. Ravindra Chavan, BJP was elected as its First MLA after creation of separate Vidhansabha Constituency in 2009.
Confusion over inclusion into Mumbai Suburban District
The Konkan Division, one of the total six divisions of Maharashtra State, overlooks the entire administration of the region. Konkan Division comprises total six districts, viz. Mumbai City, Mumbai Suburban District, Thane District, Raigad District, Ratnagiri District and Sindhudurg District.
The administrative jurisdiction of Thane District, thus, include Dombivli city, Twin city of Kalyan-Dombivli with her Municipal Corporation KDMC, Thane City, Thane Municipal Corporation TMC, other towns and cities under Thane District, Navi Mumbai with her Municipal Corporation NMMC and the planning body CIDCO.
Mumbai Metropolitan Region comprises of four districts namely Mumbai City (complete), Mumbai Suburban (complete), Thane (partial) and Raigad (partial). Mumbai conurbation comprises of the metropolitan city of Mumbai (City, Suburban and Navi Mumbai) along with seven urban areas namely Thane, Mira-Bhayander, Kalyan-Dombivli, Ulhasnagar, Vasai-Virar and Bhiwandi-Nizampur. The entire island is called Mumbai Metropolitan Area. It does comprise of Dombivli. Dombivli is not in Mumbai Suburban District, but in Thane District, but its also a fact that it is in Mumbai Metropolitan Region. For further details, please refer to the wiki article on "Mumbai Metropolitan Region".
Demographics and Culture
The city has always Maharashtrian influence. Though predominanted previously and even now by upper-class and Brahmin Maharashtrians, people from almost all backgrounds have made Dombivli their new home. The religious makeup is mostly Hindu, presence of Jain community in significant numbers. People from the Agri and Koli population live in the outskirts and suburbs surrounding Dombivli.
It is a cosmopolitan cultural city, a cultural melting pot. Religions have no bounds here, though Hinduism has got a clear majority. Religious unity, tolerance and perseverance is the reason why there have been no communal riots in this city though sister-city Kalyan has been plagued by a number of communal riots.
One of the significant cultural events of Dombivli is the Nav-varsha Swagat Shobha Yatra that started in the suburb in late 1990s. This procession is organised on the first day of the Hindu new year popularly known as 'Gudhi Padwa'. Other major cities like Thane, Nasik and Pune have started organizing similar processions. Mixed culture has led people celebrate almost every known festival. Almost all festivals are celebrated here by almost entire crowd.
Shree Ganesh Mandir, Shree Mayureshwara Mandir, Aphale Ram Mandir, GaonDevi Mandir, Pimpaleshwar Mandir, Vitthal Mandir, Shree Swaminarayan Mandir, Khidkaleshwar Shiv Mandir, Venkateshwara (Balaji) Mandir, Bhavani Mandir and Shani Dhaam (Prati Shani-Shingnapur), Ashapura-mata Mandir,Shree Ponnu Guruvayurappan temple are some of the most prominent religious places.
Gudhi Padwa festival marks the beginning of the Hindu new year, March or April, according to the Saka calendar. Ganesh Mandir, in particular, glitters like none other during all major Hindu festivals, let alone Gudi Padwa.
Shree Swaminarayan Mandir
Shree Swaminarayan Mandir, located near the Dombivli railway station rowards East., is considered a significant and spiritual place.
Shree Mayureshwara Temple
One of the newer temples is that of Shri Mayureshwara. It is located in the Bhopar area. Very beautiful architecture and a must visit among newer temples.
One stretch road from Shree Ganesh Mandir to the railway station is the famous Phadke road, a must watch during almost all major festivals. Many well-known celebrities attend the events during Gudi Padwa, Shiv Jayanti, Dussehra, Ganesh Chaturthi, Diwali and New Year eve. The road is filled with crowd during festivals and the young crowd meets here on every festival making it the most crowded place during festivals.
Mumbai Pooram Event - Guinness Glory
"Mumbai Pooram" is the biggest Kerala festival held outside Kerala state. This festival is bassed on the Kerala's "Thrissur Pooram", Kerala's most famous festival held every year. Mumbai Pooram is a three-day festival having dance performances, laser shows, pyrotechnics, food festivals and exhibitions. According to Hindustan Times, more than 2600 women participated in the "Mumbai Pooram Festival" in 2012 making it the largest ever Kaikottikali performance in the world. Kaikottikali dance is a dance form comprising girls and women in traditional Kerala sarees. This mega dance event is called as "Dhathri Maha Kaikottikali". A panel of Guinness Book Of World Records was present at the venue for recording the feat. They approved the event as a viable attempt to create a world record.
It is the first fully literate city in Maharashtra and the second in India (Rank 2). Dombivli was the first city in Maharashtra to achieve 100 per cent literacy rate. S.V. Joshi High School is First high school. It has more than 100 schools including Guardian School and Junior College, Vidya Niketan School, Tilaknagar Vidyamandir, Swami Vivekanand High School, Jondhale High School, Model English School, South Indian High School, Don Bosco School, Chandrakant Patkar Vidyalaya, St.Therese Convent High School etc. and colleges like Pendharkar College, Pragati College and Model college. Also, Dombivli has got free Wi-Fi- enabled areas such as Phadke Road, Manpada Road ,Milap Nagar, Bhagshala Maidan (Kanhoji Jedhe Maidan), started by MLA Ravindra Chavan.
Based on this city, Dombivli Fast (Marathi: डोंबिवली फास्ट) is a critically acclaimed Marathi film directed by Nishikanth Kamat. The film bears resemblance to the 1993 Hollywood film Falling Down, starring Michael Douglas.
One more flim coming city way is Dombivli Return although not a sequel of Dombivli fast. Dombivli Return is a socio-psychological thriller. The movie stars award-winning actor Sandeep Kulkarni (who is also the co-producer) and Rajeshwari Sachdev in unglamorous roles playing a regular middle-class couple.
There are many good restaurants namely The New Modern's Cafe, The Modern's Pride, Anna Kadal, Prasad Food Divine, The Legend, Hotel Dwaraka, Domino's Pizza, Regency Restro Bar, Hyderabadi Biryani Darbaar, Natural Icecreams etc. The favourite eatery of crowd still remains the same "Wada Pav". Famous wada pav stalls are Thakur Wada Pav, Kunj Vihar etc.
The industrial part of this place has a number of factories manufacturing dyes, paints, and industrial and agricultural chemicals. Heavy metal factories manufacturing a wide variety of equipment are also based in this region. A few nationally prominent industrial establishments that have manufacturing plants in Dombivli are Gharda Chemicals, Vicco Labs, Lloyd Steel and Deepak Fertilizers. The city has three railway stations under her direct jurisdiction: Dombivli, Thakurli, Kopar, and upper Kopar railway station (on Diva-Bhiwandi-Vasai and Panvel-Dahanu-Boisar lines).
Though not part of Mumbai Suburban District, Dombivli is served by Mumbai Suburban railway network, i.e. it lies on the main line of the central section of Mumbai suburban railway network. Dombivli Railway Station was set up in 1887. It is also one of most important and crowded railway stations during peak hours, mainly because majority of the working population of Mumbai emerge from this area. The station has two escalators on either sides of the station. Though none of the long journey express trains halt here, it is well connected to Mumbai and Navi Mumbai.
Dombivli is connected by state highway to Panvel and Kalyan. The Kalyan-Dombivli Municipal Corporation (KDMC) provides local bus transport service (KDMT) within the city and to areas in Navi Mumbai. NMMT buses connect major Navi Mumbai suburbs. The Maharashtra State Transport service (ST) connects to nearby city of Thane, Bhiwandi, Panvel etc.
Though virtually non-existent today, the inland water transport possibility cannot be ruled out seeing the recent advancements and investments in Infrastructure projects.
"Dombivli Shaharacha Itihaas", the History of Dombivli was twice biographed, once in late 1950 and later in 2000. Many believe, "Dombivli" was derived from her inhabitants, the "Dombs", who performed the last Hindu rite of cremating the dead.
The Agri and Koli communities also called "Bhoomi putras" or the sons of the soil; former owned and still owns paddy fields and salt pans and the latter ruled the seas.